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People with sarcoidosis, particularly those with significant lung and/or cardiac involvement, who become infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) are likely at increased risk of complications or death from COVID-19. While SARS-CoV-2 vaccines are highly efficacious in preventing COVID-19 in the general population, whether vaccination provides similar protection in people with sarcoidosis is unknown. The investigators hypothesize that people with sarcoidosis develop less robust antibody and cell-mediated immune responses to SARS-CoV-2 vaccination than healthy individuals, both as a consequence of the disease itself and due to treatment with immunosuppressive medications. This hypothesis will be examined by determining levels of anti-SARS-CoV-2 spike protein immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody (Specific Aim 1) and measuring SARS-CoV-2-specific activation of peripheral blood T cells (Specific Aim 2) following SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in individuals with sarcoidosis treated and not treated with immunosuppressive medications, in comparison to age- and sex-matched healthy controls. For Specific Aim 1, a second-generation anti-SARS-CoV-2 spike IgG assay calibrated against an independent virus neutralization assay will be utilized. The results of this investigation will address a critical gap in the understanding of vaccine responses in people with sarcoidosis. In addition, the study will contribute knowledge needed to inform clinicians' recommendations to sarcoidosis patients regarding risk of infection after SARS-CoV-2 vaccination, and will help lay the basis for future trials to evaluate the possible benefit of vaccine boosters in individuals with poor immune responses to initial vaccination.
The aim of the study is to assess the expression of TLR 3, 7, and 9 in the population of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and in B lymphocytes (CD19+), T lymphocytes (CD4+ and CD8+) using flow cytometry in relation to the clinical parameters and outcome of COVID 19 patients .
The practice of providing palliative care in the situation of the COVID-19 pandemic in the perspective of physicians and nurses - survey study (PEOpLe-C19 study)
The purpose of the study is to describe the safety and efficacy outcomes of a cohort of ICU patients with severe COVID-19 respiratory disease treated with therapeutic dose Apixaban for COVID-19 at a tertiary public health care setting.
TERABio Ltd. has developed a rapid screening tool intended to determine if a tested individual is COVID-19-free (Negative to COVID-19).
SARS-CoV-2 is a highly transmissible and pathogenic coronavirus that emerged in late 2019 and has caused a pandemic of acute respiratory disease, collectively called coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19). SARS-CoV-2 has a high transmission rate, and severe cases of COVID-19 require admission to hospital intensive care units with the need for mechanical ventilation and associated high mortality. Currently cases continue to rise in many countries as the 'second and third waves' of SARS-CoV-2 infection evolve. The authorized vaccines and most vaccines in development are focused on the major antigenic target of the virus, the SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) protein. Authorization was granted in Brazil by ANVISA for the Fiocruz/Oxford-AstraZeneca ChAdOx1-S COVID-19 vaccine as a 2-dose homologous vaccination regimen, 28- to 84-days apart. Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) was also granted for Sinovac Biotech's CoronaVac vaccine as a 2-dose homologous vaccination regimen, 28 days apart. Further vaccines, using different platforms are approved or expected to be approved for use against SARS-CoV-2. Most of the vaccines are expected to be authorized as 2-dose, homologous vaccination series. SCB-2019 is Clover's adjuvanted recombinant SARS-CoV-2 trimeric S-protein subunit vaccine. The SCB-2019 antigen includes SARS-CoV-2 S protein as a trimer fused to Trimer-Tag and is produced in Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO). SCB-2019 preserves the native trimeric structure of S-protein in the prefusion form and induces neutralizing antibodies to SARS-CoV-2. Trimer-Tag is derived from the fully-human C-propeptide domain of pro-collagen and is capable of self-trimerization, thus fusing any biologically-active proteins in-frame with Trimer-Tag. The resulting fusion proteins expressed in mammalian cells are secreted as disulfide bond-linked homotrimers. The immunogenicity and safety of different dose levels (3, 9, and 30 μg) SCB-2019 vaccine, administered as 2-dose regimen 21-days apart was assessed in a phase 1 clinical study. All dose levels were well-tolerated and induced neutralizing antibodies against S protein of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Based on the results of that study, Clover selected 30 μg of SCB-2019 in combination with the CpG 1018/alum adjuvant system for further evaluation in the phase 2/3 clinical program as having the most favorable benefit/risk profile. The pivotal study (CLO-SCB-2019-003) included approximately 30,000 healthy participants and individuals with stable pre-existing chronic medical conditions, is being conducted in multiple countries, including in Brazil. The primary purpose of that study (CLO-SCB-2019-003) is to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of SCB-2019 in the prevention of COVID-19. The study showed efficacy. Heterologous boost vaccinations using different platforms may elicit immune responses of greater magnitude and breadth than can be achieved by priming or boosting with the same vaccine (He et al, 2021, Spencer et al., 2021). Also, given the anticipated challenges of vaccinating large proportions of the population, especially with respect to supply, out-of-stock situations, and potential misadministration, it is important for policy makers to have data on flexible vaccination schedules, where the third dose might be different from the priming platform. Protein-based adjuvanted vaccines have the advantage of being from a known and licensed technology that can produce high quantities of vaccine. Protein-based adjuvanted vaccines have also been shown to be highly immunogenic, both in the context of COVID-19 (Keech 2020; Richmond 2021) and other licensed vaccines (Skwarczynski 2016). The purpose of this study is to compare the immunogenicity and safety of heterologous and homologous booster schedules in individuals who received ChAdOx1-S or CoronaVac vaccination previously. The study will be performed in 2 stages - Stage 1 will serve to down-select one of the SCB-2019 formulations for boosting. Stage 2 will compare homologous and heterologous booster regimens in individuals who have received a 2-dose primary vaccination series of either ChadOx1-S or of CoronaVac.
This study aims to assess the clinical presentation, radiological patterns and outcome of COVID-19 infection in patients with chronic pulmonary disease. Inter-relationship between the severity of COVID-19 infection and chronic pulmonary diseases.
The psychological health of frontline healthcare workers, caring for critically ill patients with COVID-19, has deteriorated during the pandemic. Nurses appear to be most seriously affected. Despite the availability of supportive interventions, uptake is poor, and none have been found beneficial in randomised controlled trials. The investigators have developed a two-pronged approach (combining the FLASH technique and Guided Imagery) that aims to reduce existing symptoms of distress and provide participants with techniques to help them cope with future stressful events. This approach has been developed with experienced psychological practitioners, and staff members. The FLASH technique is a recently developed therapy which aims to reduce psychological distress following traumatic events. It allows participants to process traumatic memories without feeling distress. Using guided imagery, a trained psychological practitioner helps participants to direct attention from distressing or intrusive memories, by evoking or generating positive mental images, sounds, tastes, smells and movement. Emerging evidence suggests that both techniques are safe and effective. PROACTIVE will investigate the feasibility and acceptability of this two-pronged approach to address existing traumatic symptoms and enhance future resilience for intensive care nurses. Findings will inform the design of a larger trial which tests intervention effectiveness.
Phase I study of the safety, tolerability and immunogenicity of GLS-5310 DNA vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19)
This study is designed to test the efficacy and safety of combinations of two well-understood agents - famotidine and celecoxib in patients hospitalized with moderate-to-severe COVID-19 (based on World Health Organization [WHO] Ordinal Scale for Clinical Improvement). Both famotidine and celecoxib separately demonstrate clinical activity in mitigating COVID-19 disease symptoms or severity, and appear to have separate and complementary mechanisms of action.