There are about 2109 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Ireland. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
To evaluate the effect of 16-weeks consumption of Mitocholine on Executive Function and Homocysteine levels in a population experiencing Mild Cognitive Impairment. The study will also include measures of memory, language, S-adenosylmethionone (SAM), Betaine, Choline.
To explore the efficacy of a 12-week resistance exercise programme plus or minus an oral nutritional supplement on the nutritional status of community-dwelling older adults who receive homecare and are at risk of both malnutrition and sarcopenia.
The goal of this superiority crossover randomised controlled trial is to investigate whether there is an optimal position at which to perform kangaroo mother care (KMC) in extremely preterm infants in the NICU. The main question it aims to answer is: 1) is there an optimal position for an infant to be held during KMC and 2) to optimise benefits for infants receiving KMC. Participants will be: 1) randomised into two groups which determine which angle they will start at first, 2) assessed over two hour-long sessions on different days with a change in the angle at the 30 minute point, 3) monitored using a Massimo NIRS machine which will record oxygen saturations, cerebral NIRS values and heart rates, and 4) monitored for any episodes of desaturations and bradycardias during this time. Participants will then be assessed beginning with the the other angle first on a different day. The researchers will then compare the two groups to see if being held at a 30 degrees during KMC is superior to being held at 60 degrees in terms of physiological stability.
ADEPPT is an international, multicentre, single-arm phase II trial. The protocol treatment consists of adagrasib, which is administered at a dose of 600 mg orally, twice daily until progression or unacceptable toxicity.The primary objective of this trial is to assess the clinical efficacy of adagrasib treatment, in terms of objective response, in patients with KRASG12C-mutant NSCLC, including the elderly (≥70 years) or patients with poor performance status (ECOG PS=2).
The study is to evaluate the performance of the PulseAI neural network technology at interpreting ECG data recorded using a single-lead Smartwatch (Apple Watch).
Motor neuron disease (MND) or ALS is a nervous system disease. ALS leads to a loss of movement ability that eventually leads to death. At the moment, there is no known treatment for ALS. Early diagnosis in individuals improves clinical care and facilitates timely entry into clinical trials. However, current methods for diagnosis are primarily clinical, and to date, no cost-effective biomarkers have been developed. Our objective is to identify a robust non-invasive neurophysiological-based system that can be used both as a biomarker of disease onset, and a measurement of progression using quantitative EEG and surface EMG (bipolar and high-density). The investigators postulate that analysing the joint recordings of EEG and EMG (bipolar or high-density) can give measures that better distinguish healthy people and ALS patient subgroups and that the findings can be developed as biomarkers of early diagnosis and disease progression.
This study aims to compare epidemiology, management of invasive ventilation and outcomes in critically ill patients with COVID-19 ARDS and ARDS from another pulmonary infection. We will use individual patient data from four recently published large observational COVID-9 studies, including the 'Practice of VENTilation in COVID-19 patients' (PRoVENT-COVID) study, the 'Epidemiology of COVID-19 patients in the ICU' (EPICCoV) study, the 'SATI-COVID-19 - Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients With COVID-19 on Mechanical Ventilation in Argentina: a Prospective, Multicenter Cohort Study' and the CIBERESUCICOVID - Personalized Risk and Prognosis Factors and Follow-up at One Year of the Patients Hospitalized in the Spanish Intensive Care Units Infected with COVID -19' study. We will use the individual patient data from ARDS patients with another pulmonary infection from the 'LUNG -SAFE - Large Observational Study to UNderstand the Global Impact of Severe Acute Respiratory FailurE' study and the 'ERICC - Epidemiology of Respiratory Insufficiency in Critical Care' study.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects 10% of all women, and it usually co-exists with high levels of sex hormones called androgens, such as testosterone. Women with PCOS are at increased risk of metabolic complications such as diabetes, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, high blood pressure and heart disease. However, very little is understood about how androgen excess may drive the metabolic complications observed in women with PCOS. Skeletal muscle is an important site of energy metabolism; increasingly, it is suspected that skeletal muscle energy balance is adversely impacted by androgens, thereby driving metabolic complications. To take this theory forward, we want to investigate the effects of androgens on muscle energy metabolism. We will perform detailed metabolic testing (including blood tests and muscle biopsies) in women with PCOS before and after taking tablets that block the action of testosterone for 28 days. In addition, we will be using a gold standard technique to see how women with PCOS metabolise fat and other nutrients by measuring markers in blood and breath samples after a breakfast test meal. This clinical research will increase our understanding of the complex relationships between hormonal abnormalities and metabolic disease in women with PCOS.
Unrecognised changes in patients' vital signs after surgery can result in preventable complications. Current standard practice includes routine monitoring of patient vital signs up until hospital discharge. Upon discharge from hospital, all forms of routine vital sign monitoring ceases. The availability and use of wearable technology in healthcare is increasing rapidly. The role of wearable technology in the remote monitoring of patients at high-risk of post-operative complications and hospital readmission after discharge from hospital is unclear. This pilot study is aimed to assess the feasibility of using wearable technology in patients recovering from major intracavity surgery after hospital discharge in the Irish healthcare setting.
Study Rationale: No accurate tests currently exist to diagnose Parkinson's disease (PD) and the conditions which mimic it (atypical parkinsonism) at a very early stage. Similarly there are no accurate ways to track how these diseases progress in a very precise manner. Recording eye movements and pupils may be a very sensitive way of doing this and may contain important information about a patient's diagnosis and their cognitive and motor function. Hypothesis: We hypothesize that measuring eye movements and pupil changes while people watch short video clips will differentiate PD and atypical parkinsonism at an early stage. We hypothesize that eye movements and pupil changes will be able to track how a person's disease changes over time and could even predict their disease course from the start. Before we can do this, we need to be able to accurately differentiate between PD and atypical parkinsonism and see how eye movements vary among people with the same disease. Study Design: We will ask a large number of people with PD and atypical parkinsonism to watch very brief video clips while we record eye movements and pupil responses. This is like changing the television channel every few seconds and observing what happens to a person's eyes as they search the new clip. We will compare these results between different disease groups and correlate them with clinical features of PD and atypical parkinsonism. Impact on Diagnosis/Treatment of Parkinson's disease: This may have enormous impact in the assessment of people with PD. It may become an important diagnostic tool, a prognostic marker at the early stage of disease, as well as providing the ability to track disease progression in clinical trials. Next Steps for Development: Once we can demonstrate that eye tracking can differentiate these conditions, we will follow a large number of patients to see how their eye movements and pupils change over time with their disease. If this is a reliable way to track disease it could be used to measure disease progression in these conditions and response to treatment.