There are about 1391 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Ireland. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Alcohol dependence poses a major problem for Irish and UK society, placing a huge burden on the health system. It is difficult to treat and relapse is common. There is an urgent need to develop novel treatment methods. One growing area of intervention is the use of mobile phone technology to develop personalised, patient-centred treatments. These can be used in outpatient settings, allowing patients to manage their own illness and take control of their recovery. In this study the investigators will investigate how a smartphone application, UControlDrink, can help alcoholics stay abstinent from alcohol. The application consists of a number of features known to aid recovery such as supportive messages and online therapy.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a progressive neurological disorder of the brain and spinal cord. It affects approximately 120,000 people in the United Kingdom and 2.5 million people globally. Most people with MS experience two stages of the disease: Early MS - Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS), which is partially reversible, and Late MS - Secondary Progressive MS (SPMS), which affects the majority of patients, usually after 10 to 15 years after diagnosis. SPMS results from progressive neuronal degeneration that causes accumulating and irreversible disability affecting walking, balance, manual function, vision, cognition, pain control, bladder and bowel function. The pathological process driving the accrual of disability in SPMS is not known at present. Immunomodulatory anti-inflammatory disease modifying therapies (DMTs) are increasingly effective in reducing relapse frequency in RRMS, however, they have been unsuccessful in slowing disease progression in SPMS. This is the overwhelming conclusion from an analysis of 18 phase 3 trials (n=8500), of which 70% of the population had SPMS, all performed in the last 25 years. There is no current disease modifying treatment (DMT) for SPMS. In an earlier study (Multiple Sclerosis-Simvastatin 1; MS-STAT1), 140 people with SPMS were randomly assigned to receive either placebo or simvastatin for a period of two years. The investigators found that the rate of brain atrophy (loss of neurons - 'brain shrinkage'), as measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), was reduced in patients receiving simvastatin compared to those taking placebo. Several other long term studies have also reported that there might be a relationship between the rate of brain atrophy and the degree of impairment. The study is designed to test the effectiveness of repurposed simvastatin (80mg) in a phase 3 double blind, randomised, placebo controlled trial (1:1) in patients with secondary progressive MS (SPMS), to determine if the rate of disability progression can be slowed over a 3 year period. The results generated from this trial may help to improve the treatment options of people with MS. In addition, taking part in this trial will mean regular review by an experienced neurologist regardless of the drug that patients are randomly allocated to receive.
It is well known that sleep is essential for brain development and learning. Infants require extensive sleep for development of the hippocampus, pons, brainstem, and midbrain and for optimizing physical growth. It is also essential for brain plasticity; the genetically determined ability of the infant brain to change its structure and function in response to the environment. Studies in young animals have shown that sleep deprivation leads to increased programmed cell death, smaller brain size, and loss of brain plasticity, all of which have negative long-term impact on behaviour and learning ability. Infant massage, a form of systematic tactile stimulation by human hands, improves sleep hygiene. Very little is known about how massage influences early brain development but it is certainly linked to the theory of environmental enrichment, which has been well established in animal models. The aim of this project is to optimise the infant's sensory experience through a multi-sensory enrichment programme, including massage (a massage utilising a scented lotion before sleep each day), to encourage more structured sleep and ultimately show improved developmental and cognitive outcomes.
Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy is an outpatient treatment for patients with intrarenal calculi. Standard of care involves offering oral analgesia prior to commencing the treatment. Most patients do not take the offered analgesia after the initial treatment. It has been suggested that distraction techniques may be equivalent to oral analgesia in improving tolerability of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy treatment. The use of distraction techniques also removes the potential side effects of mediation administration.
The investigators are doing this study to see the effect of insulin degludec in pregnant women with type 1 diabetes, and if it is safe to use. In this study the medicine insulin degludec is compared to another medicine called insulin detemir. Participants will either get insulin degludec or insulin detemir and take it together with a medicine called insulin aspart - which treatment participants get is decided by chance. Participants will get pre-filled insulin pens. Participants will need to take blood sugar measurements several times a day. The study will last between 10 and 25 months depending on whether participants are already pregnant when they join the study. The number of visits and the tests ( for example blood and urine samples and ultrasound scans) the participants will have also depends on whether they are pregnant at study start
The investigators aim to ascertain how food reward signals and eating behaviour relates to the gut-brain pathway in weight-losing patients after curative surgery for oesophageal cancer, and how this pathway responds to clinical treatment for this unintentional weight loss. The primary outcomes are the blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) signal on functional MRI (fMRI), and the breakpoint during the progressive ratio task (PRT - a measure of eating behaviour), how these differ in response to multiple clinical treatment options, as well as how they relate to weight gain while on treatment.
This is a prospective, multi-center, open-label, single-arm feasibility trial to assess device safety and efficacy of the Cordella™ Heart Failure System in 10 NYHA Class III heart failure patients who will receive the Cordella™ Sensor implant.
This study is a secondary analysis of the dietary, phenotypic and demographic data collected within the National Adult Nutrition Survey (NANS), Ireland, to determine meal patterns using a variety of statistical methods.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab + epacadostat vs pembrolizumab + placebo as a treatment for recurrent or progressive metastatic urothelial carcinoma in patients who have failed a first-line platinum-containing chemotherapy regimen for advanced/metastatic disease.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate treatment of advanced Parkinson's Disease (PD) patients on levodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) monotherapy in a routine clinical setting.