View clinical trials related to Multiple Sclerosis.Filter by:
Cognitive difficulties can affect many people who live with multiple sclerosis (MS). These difficulties, such as within thinking, memory, and problem solving, can have an impact on important aspects of an individual's life, including their daily activities, work, and how they manage their condition. Previous studies have suggested that cognitive difficulties affect approximately 40-70% of people living with MS, yet there are currently no treatments to target these problems. Recent research has directed towards a non-invasive intervention which stimulates a part of the brain (called the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, or DLPFC for short) which is reported to participate in cognitive processes, such as memory, thinking, and attention. This intervention, called "intermittent theta burst stimulation" (iTBS), involves placing a magnetic device to the skull to activate the DLPFC underneath. This technique has been used successfully in the treatment of depression and is widely considered safe and painless. Previous studies have also shown that iTBS intervention can lead to improvements in cognitive processes. Before the investigators can progress to a large trial to explore its clinical effectiveness for reducing cognitive problems for people with MS, some aspects regarding its feasibility need to be clarified, for example whether it is an acceptable and tolerable intervention for people living with MS. A single-centre, mixed methods feasibility randomised controlled trial will be conducted to compare four groups (10 participants each) of iTBS administration. At baseline, End of Intervention (EOI), and 8-week follow up, the investigators will complete outcome measures to evaluate cognition, mood and fatigue. Participants will also undergo MRI scans at baseline and EOI. Following participation, participants will be interviews and the investigators will organise a post-participation workshop to explore their experiences of the trial, including the tolerability of the protocol and acceptability of the visit schedule, and any differences in cognition.
Persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) might be more susceptible to infections and cancers and chronic diseases than general population, not because of the presence of the disease itself, but in relation to some specific therapies use or the degree of disability. Based on the currently available knowledge, the use of many disease-modifying drugs (DMDs) requires special attention to the possibility of infectious events or onset of cancer. In this perspective, a still unmet clinical need in PwMS is the acquisition of a complete picture of the immunization status against the main infectious diseases and the risk of cancer and other chronic diseases. Adherence to preventive pathways can reduce screening time for access to specific treatments, increase safety within complex therapies and reduce the risk of comorbidities. Despite of the relevance of preventive medicine in clinical decision making, there are no studies in literature on the adherence of these patients to screening and vaccination campaigns in Italy. The purpose of the study will be to describe the adherence to preventive medicine by PwMS, investigating possible differences between PwMS and people without MS (PwoMS) in the access to vaccinations and screenings. In addition, the investigators will try to identify, in both groups, the potential variables correlated to preventive medicine adherence, including the influence of the Covid(Coronavirus disease)-19 pandemic. This 1-year project is conceived as a multicenter, observational and retrospective study, divided in two parts. The first one is conceived as a cross-sectional study that will enrol approximately 1250 patients from databases of Clinical Centers, Rehabilitation Units and local branches of the Italian MS Society in Northern, Central and Southern Italy. Patients over 25 years of age with a confirmed diagnosis of MS will be enrolled. Data will be collected through a questionnaire administered by telephone, upon written informed consent. The second part is designed as a case-control study, that will enrol a subgroup of 300 PwMS (case group) and 300 PwoMS, matched by gender, age and residence area (control group) to analyse the impact of disease and/or disability to access/adherence to preventive medicine. Knowledge of immunization status and chronic diseases risk is critical for clinical practice in the management of new DMDs but also for public health in determining the possible need for integrated care pathways targeted to PwMS.
This study aims to assess the following research questions: 1. Map and benchmark the gut microbiome of patients with RRMS, and PPMS versus matched healthy controls 2. Determine whether RRMS or PPMS have a unique bias for a gut microbiome classification recently characterized. 3. Search for relationship with inflammation, amino acid plasma levels, heart rate variability (vagus nerve tone) and hair cortisol as a biological marker of chronic stress 4. Determine whether the gut microbiome is different in MS patients during a relapse. 5. Determine whether the gut microbiome remains stable after 3 months
In multiple Sclerosis (MS), storage and voiding symptoms are well described. Urodynamic patterns underlying storage symptoms are clearly defined, but the assessment of voiding phase in neurological diseases is a sensitive topic. The international continence society (ICS) recommended performing pressure flow studies to assess voiding phase. Assessments of sphincter relaxation and detrusor contractility during voiding phase are tough aims to achieve. Indeed, there is no consensus for the detrusor contractility assessment on women or on patients with neurogenic bladder. Similarly, assessment of sphincter during bladder filling and during the voiding phase is not included in ICS recommendations. In the end, it is the physicians who conclude from the non-formalized urodynamic data if there is a DSD or detrusor underactivity. In MS patients undergoing urodynamics, studies reported 43% DSD and 12% impaired contractility. These data should be interpreted with caution due to the variability of the assessment methods. This study aims to describe the voiding phase of MS patients with standardized urodynamic evaluation and parameters. This prospective observational study was conducted in a neuro-urology department of a French university hospital. All the MS patients consulting for a first urodynamic evaluation without urinary treatment were included. Standardized urodynamic evaluation included an uroflowmetry, urethral pressure profile, two pressure-flow studies. If no detrusor contractility was observed during the pressure flow studies, cystometries with 100ml/min filling rate and ice water test were performed. Anal sphincter activity was recorded using surface electromyography electrodes. Demographic data (age, sex), disease course of the MS, treatments, Expanded Disability Status Scale, urinary symptoms using the Urinary Symptom Profile and the Neurogenic Bladder Symptom Score were collected. For assessment of detrusor contractility, the following parameters are reported: the bladder voiding efficiency; the projected isovolumetric pressure (PIP) or bladder contractility index (BCI); the Watts factor. For women, we presented 3 more parameters the PIP1; the Valentini-besson-Nelson parameter k and an urodynamic cut-off proposed by Gammie et al. for DUA. Presence of Detrusor-sphincter dyssynergia was reported if there were a detrusor contraction concurrent with an involuntary contraction of the periurethral striated muscle.
This trial was an obsevational phase IV prospective multicenter study designed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of Cinnomer® in patients with MS in Iran. The primary objective of this study was safety assessment of Cinnomer® Secondary objectives were: - Effectiveness assessment of Cinnomer® - Assessment of the patients' QoL - Evaluation of the patients' depression status
Efficacy and safety of ofatumumab and siponimod compared to fingolimod in pediatric patients with multiple sclerosis
This is an open-label, multicenter, observational study evaluating GI symptoms in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients who switch from dimethyl fumarate (DMF) to Bafiertam®.
To assess the efficacy of Mayzent on microglia pathology in patients with active SPMS, as compared to the active control group of MS patients treated with the Ocrevus, as measured by changes in microglial activation in the lesional and non-lesional NAWM and NAGM and in the peri-plaque area of chronic lesions in the brain.
The purpose of this observational study is to improve understanding of the biology of why ALS, MS and FTD have different effects on different people and facilitate better measurement of the disease in future drug testing. To do this, brain and spinal cord neural network functionality will be measured over time, in addition to profiling of movement and non-movement symptoms, in large groups of patients, as well as in a population-based sample of the healthy population. Patterns of dysfunction which relate to patients' diagnosis and coinciding and future symptoms which align with categories of patients with similar prognoses will be investigated and their ability to predict incident patients' symptoms in future will be measured.
Project Rational A better understanding of the causes of physical disability is an important unmet need in progressive Multiple Sclerosis patients. Progressive Multiple Sclerosis patients most often present a worsening pyramidal syndrome of lower and, to a lesser extent, upper limbs (Lublin et al., 2014) suggesting a strong corticospinal tract involvement. The systematic high resolution Magnetic Resonance Imaging exploration of lesions location and severity, as well as extra-lesional tissue, on pan-medullar and encephalic motor tracts offers the opportunity to better understand the pathological mechanism associated with motor impairment. Scientific aims This project will follow a twofold approach. First, the investigators will consider an "inter-patient" approach where independent and absolute Magnetic Resonance metrics for each limb will be related to disability. Second, the investigators will consider an "intra-patient" approach (i.e. comparing differences of Magnetic Resonance metric and of clinical score from the left and the right side in the same patient). For this purpose, progressive Multiple Sclerosis patients with asymmetric motor impairment will be studied. Confronting clinical and Magnetic Resonance Imaging metric value asymmetries indeed offers the unique opportunity to free oneself from many confounding factors such as genetics, age, duration of disease evolution, acquisition bias, etc. These two approaches will allow us to precisely study the impact of local factors such as Multiple Sclerosis lesions located on motor tracts on motor disability. Methodology The investigators propose an observational multicenter cross-sectional and prognostic study. This study will involve two French centers (Rennes, Marseille) and will include a total of 40 progressive Multiple Sclerosis patients with an asymmetrical motor deficit. Twenty sex and age matched controls will be needed to calibrate quantitative Magnetic Resonance imaging (magnetization transfer ratio). Encephalic and pan medullar structural and quantitative Magnetic Resonance images will be acquired at inclusion and clinical follow-up examinations will be performed at inclusion and 24 months. Detailed motor evaluation "per limb" will be performed, including the motor American Society Injury. Association sub-score and upper and lower limbs muscle strength measurements using a dynamometer.