View clinical trials related to CHD - Coronary Heart Disease.Filter by:
Abstract Cardiac surgery in adults is associated with the occurrence of post-operative complications. Even minor complications can increase the cost of their treatment. Given the potentially preventable nature of a number of these postoperative complications, preventive methods should be used to improve outcomes after cardiac surgery. One of them, is the choice of anaesthetic technique. Objectives: To evaluate the effects of sevoflurane, isoflurane and propofol on blood oxygen transport function and body energy expenditure during cardiac surgery in adults. Materials and methods. A total of 90 patients were included in the study. All patients were divided into 3 groups: 1- (n=30) included patients who were anesthetized with propofol. The second group (n=30) consisted of patients who underwent sevoflurane inhalation anaesthesia. Group 3 (n=30) was treated with isoflurane. All patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting under cardiopulmonary bypass.
This study is a prospective, registry trial aimed to compare the clinical and angiographic outcomes of OCT-guided and angiography-guided PCI in patients with coronary DES-ISR.
Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD), the most prevalent type of cardiovascular disease among adults, has been identified as one of the chronic diseases which are epidemic in the world. Teaching and encouraging the working population to adopt a healthier lifestyle could favor in preventing and/or decreasing the incidence of CHD among this population. The use of mobile application (app) is the next logical wave of healthcare support tools to prevent and manage chronic diseases like CHD. Aims: The aims of the study are to develop a mHealth programme, entitled "Care4Heart" for the working population in Singapore, and thereafter examine its feasibility and effectiveness in increasing the awareness and knowledge of coronary heart disease (CHD) as well as improving their heart-related lifestyle. Methods: A two-phase study design will be adopted. Phase 1 is a pilot, two-arm randomized controlled trial (RCT) study and phase 2 is a single group pretest and repeated posttest longitudinal study. The study will be conducted in National University of Singapore. A convenience sampling will be used, and a total of 240 healthy working adults will be recruited via posters advertising in campus canteens, which comprising 80 participants in Phase 1 and 160 participants in Phase 2 study. The first recruited 80 participants will be randomly allocated to an intervention group and a control group, and only those in the intervention group will receive 4-week "Care4Heart" programme. For the participants recruited in phase 2 (n = 160), the newly developed mobile app will be installed onto their' smartphones, and a well-trained research assistant will brief the participants about the utilization of the app. The main outcomes will be measured using the survey questionnaires: Awareness of CHD, Heart Disease Fact Questionnaire-2, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and Perceived Stress Scale. Data will be collected at baseline, and at the 4th week for phase 1 study while a third data collection at the 6th month thereafter will be conducted for phase 2 participants. Data will be analyzed using IBM SPSS 22.0. Applications: If this project is proved to be feasible and effective, "Care4Heart" app, a novel CHD prevention programme will be popularized nationwide to promote knowledge and elicit positive heart-related behavioral changes for the working population in Singapore
Study objective - to assess the efficacy, tolerability and adherence of bisoprolol/perindopril FDC in patients with HT and stable CAD in everyday practice. Type of the program: multicenter, observational, uncontrolled, open program. The program will involve 480 general practitioners (GPs) and cardiologists from the primary care facilities.Each doctor includes four patients. It is planned to include not less than 1920 patients in total.
Although coronary heart disease (CHD) treatment guidelines recognize obesity as a major modifiable risk factor,2 nearly half of all CHD patients are obese and the current standard of care fails to implement evidence-based obesity treatment for this high-risk population. Multiple lines of evidence suggest that weight loss improves outcomes in CHD patients. The primary goal of this study is to determine the feasibility of adding a 6-month behavioral weight loss intervention to exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation.
Fruit and vegetables are a cornerstone of healthy dietary patterns and dietary guidelines worldwide. The supporting evidence, however, is largely derived from observational studies of protective associations with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in health-conscious populations or from randomized trials of the effect of specific fruit or vegetable derived nutrients on CVD risk factors. A growing body of literature has influenced a shift away from a focus on single nutrients to a focus on whole foods and dietary patterns. To what extent fruit and vegetables should contribute to dietary patterns for cardiovascular health and whether specific types of fruit or vegetables should be recommended is unclear. Although previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses have elucidated the association between the intake of total and some specific fruit and vegetables with cardiovascular outcomes, a comprehensive synthesis comparing the certainty of the evidence for the different types of fruit and vegetables in relation to a range of cardiovascular outcomes has yet to be completed. We propose to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available prospective cohort studies using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach to assess the association between different types of fruit and vegetables and different cardiovascular outcomes that include CVD, coronary heart disease [CHD], and stroke incidence and mortality.
The study aim is to assess polyethylene glycol (PEG) coated collagen patch (Hemopatch) on the quality of drainage after surgery, the length of hospital stay, the number of reoperations due to haemorrhage and treatment cost. The study will be conducted in 200 patients undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) with the use of extracorporeal circulation and Internal mammary Artery (IMA) harvesting. Traditional method of haemostasis will be applied in 100 patients and Hemopatch will be additionally used in 100 subjects to prevent haemorrhage after IMA harvesting and sternum closure.
Angina and heart attacks are caused by narrowings in the coronary arteries (blood vessels) supplying the heart. These narrowings can be opened using a balloon and stent (angioplasty). Traditionally, stents are constructed from metal and are permanent. However, newer stents are being constructed from carbohydrate polymers (scaffolds), which allow them to reabsorb over time leaving no permanent implant. New data has suggested that these scaffolds appear to reduce recurrent angina and may alter the blood flow down the artery. However, it is not known whether this is due to the scaffolds themselves or the way the scaffolds are inserted. In this study we hope to measure the blood flow to the heart and assess changes in that flow during stent and scaffold insertion. It is also important to know whether these effects are durable and thus, a cohort of patients will return at 3-months to be restudied. These data are important to help us understand why blood flow is affected by stent/scaffold selection or device implantation technique and whether this results in better long-term outcomes.
SilverCloud provides internet-delivered interventions for depression and anxiety in NHS Mental Health Services. The interventions have proved successful in the management of depression and anxiety for clients presenting to mental health services, with recovery rates exceeding the national standard. Recently SilverCloud has embarked on tailoring the interventions for patients with long-term conditions including COPD, pain and diabetes. The purpose of the customisation is to make the interventions more meaningful and relevant to patients with LTCs, but all the while having the same goal of addressing depression and anxiety disorders. In doing so it would be expected that individuals might be in a better position to effectively self-manage their LTC. The current study, therefore, seeks to assess the possible effectiveness of implementing customised internet-delivered interventions for depression and anxiety for people with long-term conditions presenting to NHS mental health services.