View clinical trials related to CHD - Coronary Heart Disease.Filter by:
Fruit and vegetables are a cornerstone of healthy dietary patterns and dietary guidelines worldwide. The supporting evidence, however, is largely derived from observational studies of protective associations with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in health-conscious populations or from randomized trials of the effect of specific fruit or vegetable derived nutrients on CVD risk factors. A growing body of literature has influenced a shift away from a focus on single nutrients to a focus on whole foods and dietary patterns. To what extent fruit and vegetables should contribute to dietary patterns for cardiovascular health and whether specific types of fruit or vegetables should be recommended is unclear. Although previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses have elucidated the association between the intake of total and some specific fruit and vegetables with cardiovascular outcomes, a comprehensive synthesis comparing the certainty of the evidence for the different types of fruit and vegetables in relation to a range of cardiovascular outcomes has yet to be completed. We propose to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available prospective cohort studies using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach to assess the association between different types of fruit and vegetables and different cardiovascular outcomes that include CVD, coronary heart disease [CHD], and stroke incidence and mortality.
The study aim is to assess polyethylene glycol (PEG) coated collagen patch (Hemopatch) on the quality of drainage after surgery, the length of hospital stay, the number of reoperations due to haemorrhage and treatment cost. The study will be conducted in 200 patients undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) with the use of extracorporeal circulation and Internal mammary Artery (IMA) harvesting. Traditional method of haemostasis will be applied in 100 patients and Hemopatch will be additionally used in 100 subjects to prevent haemorrhage after IMA harvesting and sternum closure.
Angina and heart attacks are caused by narrowings in the coronary arteries (blood vessels) supplying the heart. These narrowings can be opened using a balloon and stent (angioplasty). Traditionally, stents are constructed from metal and are permanent. However, newer stents are being constructed from carbohydrate polymers (scaffolds), which allow them to reabsorb over time leaving no permanent implant. New data has suggested that these scaffolds appear to reduce recurrent angina and may alter the blood flow down the artery. However, it is not known whether this is due to the scaffolds themselves or the way the scaffolds are inserted. In this study we hope to measure the blood flow to the heart and assess changes in that flow during stent and scaffold insertion. It is also important to know whether these effects are durable and thus, a cohort of patients will return at 3-months to be restudied. These data are important to help us understand why blood flow is affected by stent/scaffold selection or device implantation technique and whether this results in better long-term outcomes.
SilverCloud provides internet-delivered interventions for depression and anxiety in NHS Mental Health Services. The interventions have proved successful in the management of depression and anxiety for clients presenting to mental health services, with recovery rates exceeding the national standard. Recently SilverCloud has embarked on tailoring the interventions for patients with long-term conditions including COPD, pain and diabetes. The purpose of the customisation is to make the interventions more meaningful and relevant to patients with LTCs, but all the while having the same goal of addressing depression and anxiety disorders. In doing so it would be expected that individuals might be in a better position to effectively self-manage their LTC. The current study, therefore, seeks to assess the possible effectiveness of implementing customised internet-delivered interventions for depression and anxiety for people with long-term conditions presenting to NHS mental health services.