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Social Stigma clinical trials

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NCT ID: NCT03488927 Recruiting - Depression Clinical Trials

Development and Pilot Trial of an Intervention to Reduce Disclosure Recipients Negative Social Reactions and Victims Psychological Distress and Problem Drinking

Start date: September 10, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this randomized controlled trial is to evaluate an intervention, Supporting Survivors and Self: An Intervention for Social Supports of Survivors of Partner Abuse and Sexual Aggression (SSS). SSS trains potential recipients of IPV or SA disclosure on the best methods of responding to a victim's disclosure. Consenting college students will be randomized into the SSS intervention or a wait-list control condition. Evaluation data will be multi-informant (i.e., data from both informal supports and victims) and multi-method (i.e., qualitative and quantitative). The investigators hypothesize that individuals receiving the SSS intervention, compared to individuals in the wait-list control condition, will provide less negative and more positive social reactions to victims' disclosure.

NCT ID: NCT03065842 Completed - Pregnancy Clinical Trials

A Pre and Post Test Intervention Design to Prevent Abortion and Contraceptive-use Stigma Among School Youths in Kenya

Start date: February 5, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

In many low-income countries, unsafe abortion is recognized as a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. Social stigma surrounding abortion and contraceptive use plays a critical role in the social, medical, and legal marginalization of abortion and contraceptive services. Though this stigma is pervasive and threatens women's health, it is not well understood how it can be reduced. The Stigmatizing Attitudes, Beliefs and Actions Scale (SABAS) was designed in 2013, to measure abortion stigma at individual and community level. Objective: I) to conceptualize abortion stigma among; health care providers, secondary school teachers and students, and II) to determine if a school based intervention targeting stigma specifically faced by girls when accessing abortion and contraceptive services, compared to usual standards, will decrease related stigma and increase contraceptive use among students, who are sexually active. Design, Setting, Participants: I) Focus group discussions (FGD) with service providers at YFC (n=12), secondary school teachers (n=16) and secondary school students (n=20), and II) a quasi-experimental pre- and post-intervention study, targeting 800 secondary school students (14-20 y), in Kisumu, Kenya. Two schools will be cluster-randomised into one interventions unit (n=400 students) and one control unit (n=400 students), according to the study site, size and academic standards of school. The region is chosen because of its low rate of contraceptive use and high rate of unsafe abortion. Standard deviation is the measure of dispersion or variability in the data. The sample size of 400 is based on a previous study and will give a power of 80% to detect differences (95% Cl) between the two groups (sample size and power will be re-calculated after baseline and take into account variability (SD) in the data). Intervention: An abortion- and contraceptive-use stigma reduction intervention (1-month program), capturing negative stereotypes about women that are associated with abortion and contraceptive use. Main Outcome (re-calculated after baseline): Abortion-stigma reduction. Secondary outcome: Contraceptive-use stigma reduction. Measured at baseline (pre-test), and post-test at 1- and 12-months, by using the validated SABA-scale. Analyses: Qualitative content analysis and repeated measures, ANOVA. Funded by: The Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare 2015-01194, and The Swedish Research Council 2016-05670

NCT ID: NCT02796248 Completed - Type 1 Diabetes Clinical Trials

STigma and Its Impact on Glucose Control aMong Youth With diAbetes, a Canada-Wide Study

Start date: May 2016
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

Stigma related to chronic disease is rejection or judgement or exclusion by others that is related to the chronic disease itself and is unwarranted. We are trying to figure out what proportion of young people with type 1 diabetes experience stigma in Canada. By young people, we mean teenagers and young adults; specifically, people who are between 14 and 25 years of age. This is a challenging period in life when identities are developed and peer opinions are felt to be particularly important. Experiencing stigma in this life period may be especially hurtful and may have bad effects on taking care of type 1 diabetes. This may lead to important medical problems like dangerously low or high blood sugar values. By understanding how common stigma is, we can figure out the need for programs and strategies to deal with it. We will ask young people with type 1 diabetes to help us study this problem by completing an online survey. We will 'advertise' our study through type 1 diabetes clinics, websites, and social media. People who are eligible and interested will click on an internet link and be directed to the survey. Staff at clinics in Montreal, Calgary, and Vancouver will also draw their attention to the posters and/or provide small flyers with the internet link for the study. Participants will be asked about their general sense of well-being, their habits and behaviours, and their blood sugar control, including frequency of both lows and highs. They will also be asked if they are willing to mail in a small blood sample. If yes, they will receive a kit with a small lancing device and instructions on how to clean their finger tip, prick it, and express a few drops of blood into a small container. They will then mail this back to us in a postage-paid envelope. We will use this to measure their hemoglobin A1c, an overall measure of blood sugar control. We will use this information to (1) calculate the proportion of young people with type 1 diabetes who experience stigma; (2) figure out what factors and behaviours might predict or signal the experience of stigma; (3) see if there is a link between stigma and A1c control and/or frequent lows by report; (4) explore challenges and solutions voiced through the open-ended questions.

NCT ID: NCT02680899 Completed - Clinical trials for Substance-Related Disorders

Adolescent Mental Health InSciEd Out

Start date: February 2016
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The study herein seeks to determine whether students undergoing InSciEd Out curriculum in mental health and addiction (called My Mind, My Body) experience changes in their mental health-related knowledge, attitudes, and help-seeking behavioral intentions. The research group hypothesizes that students undergoing InSciEd Out mental health and addiction curriculum will exhibit pre-post increases in mental health literacy, decreases in mental health stigmatization, and increases in mental health help-seeking behavioral intentions.

NCT ID: NCT02410434 Completed - Social Stigma Clinical Trials

Reducing Lesbian, Gay , Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Stigma in Swaziland and Lesotho

Start date: February 2015
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The specific objectives of this study are reduce stigma towards lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender persons in Swaziland and Lesotho, using performance ethnography at community roundtables.

NCT ID: NCT02388243 Completed - Clinical trials for Substance-Related Disorders

The Computer-based Drug and Alcohol Training Assessment in Kenya

Start date: September 2014
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of the two RCT registered here is to determine whether clinicians trained on the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST)-linked brief intervention (BI) through the model of training are able to deliver effective brief intervention for risky level of alcohol use. It is one study part of a larger program of research. The investigators hypothesize that the model of online training with mentor and peer activities is an effective way to train clinicians to deliver the ASSIST-linked brief intervention. The investigators hypothesize that eligible participants receiving the brief intervention will decrease their alcohol consumption and experienced improved health and social outcomes more than those receiving only screening results and written information (p<0.05). The investigators hypothesize the level of decrease in alcohol consumption will be similar to that of trials conducted in high-income countries (HIC).