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A large proportion of people seeking treatment for drug and alcohol issues also have clinically significant depression symptoms. This combination of problems tends to have a negative impact on treatment and leads to poor health and disability, yet relatively few studies have focused on the development of interventions for treating this comorbidity. There is emerging evidence to suggest that Behavioural Activation (BA) may be a viable and cost-effective treatment for comorbid depression and substance use problems, however more research is needed in order to establish its effectiveness in routine practice. The aim of this study is therefore to investigate the efficacy of a brief (6-session), manualised BA intervention among service users with depression who are accessing Community Drugs and Alcohol treatment. We are planning to recruit up to 128 service users who are actively using substances to be randomly assigned to either the 6-week BA intervention or Treatment as Usual in Community Drugs and Alcohol services. These participants will be recruited from either a Community Drugs and Alcohol service or a Community Mental Health service. Our research will assess whether the BA intervention is more effective than usual care in (1) reducing depression symptoms, (2) reducing substance use, and (3) improving treatment engagement (i.e. session attendance). We expect that our results will establish the efficacy of integrating BA for depression into routine Community Drugs and Alcohol Treatment.
The purpose of this study is to determine efficacy and effect of CVS (caloric vestibular stimulation)
In recent years ketamine abuse becomes prevalent in youth in some Asian countries. Chronic ketamine abuse may lead to uropathology and cognitive impairments. No pharmacological interventions have been identified as effective for treating ketamine abuse or helpful in achieving or maintaining abstinence from ketamine. Cognitive-behavioral treatment is currently an important psychosocial intervention for addictive problems. This study aimed to test whether a brief cognitive-behavioral training program has a positive influence on stage transitions among ketamine abusers.
Develop and implementation an addiction recovery support program for cardiac surgery patients admitted with a diagnosis of infective endocarditis secondary to IV drug addiction.
According to the World Health Organization the population suffering from addiction problems is increasing. This population is characterized by multiple needs at the medico-psychosocial level. However, some of these patients, a particular subgroup that we are going to be interested in the so-called "high need" user group, find it difficult to access and stay in outpatient treatment programs. Persons with substance use disorder often present a chaotic use of the health system, including a high number of hospitalizations in times of crisis. These individuals also show very low utilization of health care services, accompanied by social marginalization. This can be related to relapses and poor social functioning. A high number of relapses occur particularly at the end of hospitalization. Community Interventions, such as Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) should increase the adherence of these patients to treatment by accompanying them in the community and helping them during sensitive and crisis periods. One of the objectives of the study is to evaluate the impact of ACT on the time until service disengagement, measuring treatment adherence. The secondary objectives of this study will be to see the effect of ACT on duration and type of hospitalizations, as well as the number of emergency room visits. The investigators will focus on the impact of ACT on the participant's medico-psycho-social network, substance use and other psychological variables. The investigators will also evaluate his or her psychiatric symptoms and global and social functioning. Life satisfaction and satisfaction with the care received will also be measured. The investigators will compare the population treated with ACT with sex, age and substance-matched controls which do not respond to ACT inclusion criteria chosen from new admissions of our addictology consultation. The study will investigate this through questionnaires at the beginning of care, at three months, six months and 12 months after the start of the ACT intervention.
The purpose of the study is to develop and implement an addiction recovery support program for cardiac surgery patients admitted with a diagnosis of infective endocarditis secondary to IV drug addiction. This is a single center/single unit (7-3600) exploratory study to examine the efficacy of three interventions on a subject's SOCRATES 8D score at time of discharge, at three months, and at six months. A convenience sample of all patients admitted to 7-3600 who meet the inclusion criteria for this study will be approached and provided information related to this study. Once entered into the study, the subjects will continue in the study through their hospitalizations and up to 60 days post hospitalization. This is a quality improvement study designed specifically for the cardiac surgery population. The unit is the primary unit that subjects who are admitted with IE are located. The study's objectives include: By date of discharge, subjects enrolled in the Peer Recovery Support Program will: 1. Actively engage in the program as defined by meeting with a Peer Support Volunteer at least two times prior to discharge, and or use of resilience journal, and or review of NA book. 2. Demonstrate negative drug screens done randomly during their hospitalization. 3. Actively contact at least one outpatient recovery program that they might enroll in prior to discharge (information about recovery programs to be provided by unit SW). 4. Demonstrate appropriate changes in their SOCRATES 8D survey scores from admission to program to post discharge. 5. Participate in follow up phone call with completion of SOCRATES 8D survey at 30 and 60 days post discharge.
For several years, the French Addictovigilance Network (FAN) highlights potential problematic consumptions with zolpidem. To prevent abuse and misuse of zolpidem, the French Health Products Agency has changed the regulatory framework of zolpidem prescription. Thus, since the 10th of April 2017 zolpidem prescriptions have to be secured (particular support, dosage written out). The investigators hypothesized that this change will affect zolpidem consumption but also the consumption of all sedative drugs. In order to assess the incidence of the regulatory change for zolpidem prescription the investigators conduct a two part study: an epidemiological study with French National Health Insurance Fund for Employees database and an observational study with general practitioners and zolpidem consumers.
Alarming rates of unhealthy alcohol, non-prescription drug, and tobacco use highlight the preventable health risks of substance abuse and the urgent need to advance behavioral health systems. Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) is an efficacious and effective strategy for the delivery of early intervention and treatment services for people with substance use disorders as well as for those who are at-risk for developing these disorders. A mixed methods phased cluster randomized approach is used to evaluate SBIRT implementation in one medical surgical unit from each of 14 hospitals to inform SBIRT implementation methods for rural, community and urban settings in Indiana. The long-term objective is to develop an SBIRT toolkit to disseminate and sustain SBIRT use to increase the screening of substance use, delivery of brief interventions, and referral to treatment services. A broader dissemination will follow based on results of this study.
The fastest growing HIV epidemics globally are driven by injection drug use, but only a small percentage of HIV-positive people who inject drugs (PWID) have achieved viral suppression. The proposed project will adapt a couple-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence intervention for PWID and assess the feasibility and acceptability of conducting dried blood spot testing to objectively measure ART adherence as part of an intervention in a clinical setting. This project advances HIV intervention science by providing an intervention that leverages social support within the dyad to improve ART adherence among PWID, which could lead to increased viral suppression, thus decreasing HIV transmission and HIV-related morbidity and mortality.
High-relapse rates to addiction are likely due to motivational (limbic) and cognitive (executive) factors. The purpose of this proposal is to determine the relationship between functional connectivity in executive control regions (namely the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex) and both proximal and extended outcomes in treatment seeking cocaine and opiate users. This longitudinal neuroimaging study will assess the integrity of executive and limbic circuits 4 timepoints before and after a 28-day intensive outpatient treatment program. Controls will also be recruited as a comparison group. The fundamental neuroscience knowledge gained from this proposal will be used to develop new evidence-based brain stimulation treatment strategies to enhance the integrity of these circuits and subsequent outcomes in traditional treatment programs. The purpose of this study is not only to look at the integrity of these circuits in individuals entering treatment but also to see how these circuits change after treatment and if this can be used to predict outcomes. From the larger societal perspective this research may help us determine which individuals are likely going to benefit the most from treatment and perhaps those that are at a greater risk for relapse.