View clinical trials related to Substance Use Disorders.Filter by:
The purpose of this research study is to: 1. assess how participants like the AWAITS e-health application as measured by their feedback on the intervention 2. test the impact of AWAITS on knowledge about opioid overdose and risk-reduction strategies. 3. assess the proportion of participants who accept a list of local treatment providers 4. test the impact of AWAITS on interest in being tested for HCV/HIV.
There is a significant revolving door of incarceration among homeless adults, a population with substantial health disparities. Homeless adults who receive the professional coordination of individualized care (i.e., case management) during the period following their release from jail experience fewer mental health and substance use problems, are more likely to obtain stable housing, and are less likely to be re-incarcerated. The proposed study will use mobile technology to address these barriers and fill gaps in the understanding of the causes of the revolving door of homeless incarceration. This research represents a step toward integrated service connection and healthcare service provision for one of the most underserved, high need, and understudied populations in the United States. Smart phone apps that increase the use of available healthcare services and identify predictors of key outcomes (e.g., homelessness, re-arrest, medication compliance) could be used to reach hard to reach populations with histories of significant and persistent health disparities (e.g., homeless adults).
This research study proposes to embed HIV testing outreach workers from a young adult focused medical and HIV treatment program into an alternative sentencing program to deliver a new service delivery model (Link2CARE) that integrates evidence-based protocols for justice-involved young adults to: a) promote HIV and STI testing, and HIV and SU risk screening, b) provide onsite intervention, and c) cross-system linkage to HIV, STI, and SU care. Phase 1 has already been completed. In phase 1, the intervention components were adapted for use among justice involved young adults and the resulting protocols were piloted with justice involved young adults, finalizing the resulting 4-session Link2CARE intervention. In phase 2, we will test Link2CARE among N=450 justice-involved young adults enrolled at the alternative sentencing program and conduct process evaluations with N=15 alternative sentencing program staff.
The study tests a structured referral process for opioid overdose survivors, from pre-hospital emergency care to long-term treatment of the individual's substance use-related disorder.
This study evaluates the effectiveness of integrating empirically-supported treatments for an opioid use disorder into a primary care setting. These treatments will include ASAM Criteria multidimensional assessment, cognitive behavioral therapy and relapse prevention with contingency management, medication-assisted treatment, and recovery support services. Half of participants will be assigned to opioid use disorder treatment in a federally qualified health center, and half will receive treatment at a publicly-funded intensive outpatient addiction treatment program which has the ability to offer medication-assisted treatment.
The purpose of the current study is to evaluate the preliminary efficacy of the Therapeutic Education System-Native Version (TES-NAV) (an efficacious web-delivered psychosocial intervention for substance use disorders adapted with American Indians/Alaska Natives [AI/AN]) to determine whether a future large-scale effectiveness trial is warranted. Specifically, a randomized controlled trial among urban AI/AN (N=80) attending outpatient addiction treatment services will be conducted to (1) estimate preliminary effect size of 12 weeks of TES-NAV on substance use disorder outcomes; (2) explore relevant moderators of TES-NAV outcomes; and (3) assess cultural factors that may correspond to variation in outcome.
The proposed randomized controlled trial (RCT) will investigate the usefulness of electroencephalographic (EEG) biofeedback, also called neurofeedback (NF), a treatment method that can potentially prevent relapses among patients with a substance use disorder (SUD) through its calming effect on the central nervous system. The study will examine whether NF can improve general well-being and quality of life (QoL) and subsequently its ability to play a role in relapse prevention strategies. Specifically, the effect on physical and psychological distress will be investigated.
Crack addiction has become a severe public health problem in Brazil. Crack users present elevated prevalence rates of psychiatric comorbidities, sexual transmitted infections and unemployment with high probability of living or have lived in the streets, history of incarceration and engagement in illegal activities. For the last 20 years a treatment called Contingency Management (CM) have achieved the best results regarding reduction of substance use, promotion of abstinence, treatment attendance and retention in treatment. The first CM study conducted in Brazil advocates for the efficacy of CM on all of these outcomes, suggesting that CM can be effective in a Brazilian population of crack users.
National mandates for increasing accountability in behavioral healthcare have created an urgent need for effective quality assurance (QA) procedures featuring pragmatic measures of treatment implementation quality in usual care (UC). The most practical method for assessing treatment quality in UC is therapist self-report; unfortunately, therapist-report measures of fidelity to evidence-based practices (EBPs) have demonstrated weak validity to date. This study addresses this need for effective QA procedures by first developing treatment quality assurance procedures designed to increase the adoption and quality of empirically supported family-based services (FBS) for adolescent substance use (ASU) in usual care, and then testing two system-level implementation strategies for installing the new quality procedures in ASU treatment sites. FBS have achieved the strongest evidence base for treating ASU and are a prime candidate for upgrading the quality of ASU services in various systems of care. FBS comprise both family participation in services, the systemic parameters wherein family members are included in assessment and treatment activities; and family therapy techniques, the specific interventions that clinicians use to directly target family members and family functioning for change. For FBS to fulfill their potential to enhance ASU treatment systems, FBS implementation must be supported by effective quality assurance procedures designed to ensure that FBS are delivered with fidelity. The proposed study will leverage a strong research-government partnership between the applicant organization and the New York single-state agency for SU services. The study will first develop innovative quality procedures (Aim 1) that use existing FBS quality metrics to promote high-fidelity FBS: Measurement Training and Feedback System for Implementation (MTFS-I), a pragmatic evidence-based method for increasing FBS quality by providing monthly feedback on therapist-reported FBS delivery along with brief online FBS training modules. The study will then experimentally compare two system-level implementation strategies designed to foster MTFS-I utilization in usual care for ASU. Core Training Only will contain two 3-hour training sessions: Mapping existing FBS and identifying site goals for FBS improvement; and Installing and sustaining the MTFS-I. Core + Facilitation is an additive strategy that will begin with the Core Training sessions and then continue with monthly facilitation meetings for one year to promote MTFS-I use and progress toward FBS improvement. The study will feature a three-group cluster randomized trial testing Core Training Only versus Core + Facilitation versus no-intervention Control in 9 ASU clinics across New York State. MTFS-I utilization data will be collected from Core Training and Core + Facilitation sites for one-year follow-up (after initial Core Training); FBS quality data on family participation and family therapy technique use will be collected from all sites over one-year follow-up; observational coding methods will verify therapist reports of FBS quality; and client outcome data for all sites will be retrieved from administrative data warehouses over one-year baseline and one-year follow-up. These data will enable between-condition comparisons of FBS delivery (Aim 2: MTFS-I utilization, family participation, family therapy technique use) and client outcomes (Aim 3: therapeutic goal achievement, substance use change). If study aims are achieved, investigators would be positioned to mount a fully powered RCT to test the effectiveness of these FBS quality improvement procedures at scale.
The investigators seek to assess the effectiveness of Project POINT (Planned Outreach, Intervention, Naloxone, and Treatment). Located in Indianapolis, Project POINT is a collaboration between Indianapolis Emergency Medical Services (EMS), the Eskenazi Emergency Department, Midtown Mental Health, and researchers at Indiana University. POINT is a quality improvement initiative that connects trained outreach workers with emergency department (ED) patients who experienced a non-fatal overdose. A member of the POINT team (a recovery coach or care coordinator with specialized training) meets patients after they have experienced an opioid overdose and, following a model of patient-centered care, offers them a range of evidence-based services including a brief assessment of high-risk behaviors, Hepatitis C and HIV testing, harm reduction counseling informed by motivational interviewing,and treatment referrals with follow-up to either a medication assisted treatment (MAT) provider, detoxification services, or an inpatient treatment setting The primary goal of this project is the establishment of POINT as an effective and scalable intervention for engaging patients in MAT. This study employs a Hybrid Type 1 effectiveness implementation design to take full advantage of current POINT expansion efforts currently happening in Indiana.The goal of this pilot study is to replicate POINT in a new hospital and test its feasibility through (a) assessment of the chosen implementation strategy and (b) the testing of research protocols and secondary data collection procedures.