View clinical trials related to Substance Use Disorders.Filter by:
For several years, the French Addictovigilance Network (FAN) highlights potential problematic consumptions with zolpidem. To prevent abuse and misuse of zolpidem, the French Health Products Agency has changed the regulatory framework of zolpidem prescription. Thus, since the 10th of April 2017 zolpidem prescriptions have to be secured (particular support, dosage written out). The investigators hypothesized that this change will affect zolpidem consumption but also the consumption of all sedative drugs. In order to assess the incidence of the regulatory change for zolpidem prescription the investigators conduct a two part study: an epidemiological study with French National Health Insurance Fund for Employees database and an observational study with general practitioners and zolpidem consumers.
Alarming rates of unhealthy alcohol, non-prescription drug, and tobacco use highlight the preventable health risks of substance abuse and the urgent need to advance behavioral health systems. Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) is an efficacious and effective strategy for the delivery of early intervention and treatment services for people with substance use disorders as well as for those who are at-risk for developing these disorders. A mixed methods phased cluster randomized approach is used to evaluate SBIRT implementation in one medical surgical unit from each of 14 hospitals to inform SBIRT implementation methods for rural, community and urban settings in Indiana. The long-term objective is to develop an SBIRT toolkit to disseminate and sustain SBIRT use to increase the screening of substance use, delivery of brief interventions, and referral to treatment services. A broader dissemination will follow based on results of this study.
The fastest growing HIV epidemics globally are driven by injection drug use, but only a small percentage of HIV-positive people who inject drugs (PWID) have achieved viral suppression. The proposed project will adapt a couple-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence intervention for PWID and assess the feasibility and acceptability of conducting dried blood spot testing to objectively measure ART adherence as part of an intervention in a clinical setting. This project advances HIV intervention science by providing an intervention that leverages social support within the dyad to improve ART adherence among PWID, which could lead to increased viral suppression, thus decreasing HIV transmission and HIV-related morbidity and mortality.
High-relapse rates to addiction are likely due to motivational (limbic) and cognitive (executive) factors. The purpose of this proposal is to determine the relationship between functional connectivity in executive control regions (namely the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex) and both proximal and extended outcomes in treatment seeking cocaine and opiate users. This longitudinal neuroimaging study will assess the integrity of executive and limbic circuits 4 timepoints before and after a 28-day intensive outpatient treatment program. Controls will also be recruited as a comparison group. The fundamental neuroscience knowledge gained from this proposal will be used to develop new evidence-based brain stimulation treatment strategies to enhance the integrity of these circuits and subsequent outcomes in traditional treatment programs. The purpose of this study is not only to look at the integrity of these circuits in individuals entering treatment but also to see how these circuits change after treatment and if this can be used to predict outcomes. From the larger societal perspective this research may help us determine which individuals are likely going to benefit the most from treatment and perhaps those that are at a greater risk for relapse.
Transition-age youth (TAY) from ages 18-26 are vulnerable to substance substance use disorder (SUD). This developmental period, termed "emerging adulthood" includes leaving home, entering college or working for the first time; and for some, aging out of foster care or state custody, which end at age 18. The emerging-adulthood period is prime for experimentation with substances and the development of SUD, and associated problems. A major challenge for TAY is the capacity to regulate their emotions, given the hormone changes and emotional intensity of this stage of life. Indeed, substance use can be a short-term way to regulate emotion. The importance of ER is identified as a core skill that is critical to the successful transition to adulthood. The initial component of ER, accurate identification of emotion, is itself a major challenge. In the phase 1 project a mobile app was developed that uses automated emotion detection to help TAY better recognize their emotions in relation to SUD. We found positive results in our phase 1 study. Phase 2 will see the continuation of the development of the app features. Phase 2 also includes a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the app among TAY with SUD in their natural environment, such as home, and we will conduct pre- and post-evaluation to compare outcomes between the app condition and a control-app condition. The primary outcomes are substance use and emotion regulation. User satisfaction, feedback at the end of phase 2 and app metrics will also be explored. The app can potentially have major public health and clinical impact. It could help improve TAY's ability to become more aware of emotions and understand them in relation to SUD via emotion-focused technoloy. If the product is successful it could be expanded to other populations.
According to the World Health Organization the population suffering from addiction problems is increasing. This population is characterized by multiple needs at the medico-psychosocial level. However, some of these patients, a particular subgroup that we are going to be interested in the so-called "high need" user group, find it difficult to access and stay in outpatient treatment programs. They often present a chaotic use of the health system, including a high number of hospitalizations in times of crisis. They also show very low utilization of health care services, accompanied by social marginalization. This can be related to relapses and poor social functioning. A high number of relapses occur particularly at the end of hospitalization. Interventions in the field of addiction, such as Transitional Case Management (TCM) should increase the adherence of these patients to treatment by accompanying them in the sensitive period following hospitalization. One of the objectives of the study is to evaluate the impact of TCM on the number, duration and type of hospitalizations, as well as the number of emergency room visits. The investigators will also measure the duration until the possible future hospitalization, after the TCM. The secondary objectives of this study will be to see the effect of TCM on adherence to outpatient treatment. The investigators will focus on the impact of follow-up on the participant's medico-psycho-social network, substance use and other psychological variables. The investigators will also evaluate his or her psychiatric symptoms and global and social functioning. Life satisfaction and satisfaction with the care received will also be measured. The investigators will compare the population treated by the TCM with the other users of the addiction service who are hospitalized. The study will investigate this through questionnaires at the beginning of care, at one month, three months, six months and 12 months after the start of TCM management.
The specific aims are to: 1. Pilot test a randomized controlled trial of Project PRIDE for feasibility for subsequent research projects. A sample of 123 men aged 18-25 who identify as gay, bisexual, queer, or some other non-heterosexual identity, who are HIV negative, who report at least once instance of condomless anal sex in the absence of PrEP in the past 60 days, and who report drug use at least once in the past 60 days will be recruited and randomized to one of two conditions: 1. Project PRIDE: an eight-session primary HIV-prevention intervention; or 2. Wait-list control condition: after approximately 5 months, participants will receive Project PRIDE. 2. Test the feasibility of obtaining biological measures of stress, drug use, and HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) status. To examine the impact of the intervention on stress physiology, participants will provide saliva samples that will be used to assess diurnal stress (i.e., cortisol) at pre-test, post-test, and 3-month follow-up. To substantiate self-report measures, participants will provide urine samples that will be used to assess drug use. Participants will be tested for gonorrhea, and chlamydia at each time point by providing a separate urine sample, HIV via oral swab and for syphilis by providing a blood sample. 3. It is hypothesized that, compared to the wait-list control group, those in the treatment group will report significant reductions in mental health problems (depression, anxiety. loneliness), minority stressors (internalized homonegativity, sexual orientation concealment), substance use (drug and alcohol), condomless anal sex, number of sex partners, and stress-related biomarkers (salivary cortisol). In addition, compared to the wait-list control group, those in the treatment group will report significant improvements in self-esteem.
The proposed study is a 3-site, 12-week, novel, feasibility, investigation of patients who have co-occurring diagnoses of schizophrenia and current substance use disorder (alcohol, cocaine, heroin, or cannabis). Eighty patients will be randomly assigned to switch to brexpiprazole (the brexpiprazole group) or remain on the same antipsychotic treatment (the control group). The study will be conducted at 3 sites in the US. The investigators expect to enroll 80 subjects across 3 sites. UMass Medical School, Worcester MA is the lead site. Sub-sites include Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC).
The study aims to evaluate the level of emotional intelligence in patients diagnosed with substance use disorder and to evaluate the benefits in emotional skills after a brief intervention based on emotional intelligence.
Addiction is a chronic relapsing disorder. High magnitude and long-duration voucher-based abstinence reinforcement is one of the most effective treatments for alcohol and drug addiction and can maintain abstinence over extended periods of time, but practical methods of implementing these interventions are needed. Workplaces could be ideal and practical vehicles for arranging and maintaining abstinence reinforcement over long time periods. Investigators' research on a model Therapeutic Workplace has shown that employment-based abstinence reinforcement, in which participants must provide alcohol- or drug-free urine samples to maintain maximum pay, can maintain alcohol and drug abstinence. Now investigators need to develop effective and economically sound methods to arrange long-term exposure to employment-based abstinence reinforcement. Investigators are proposing to evaluate the effectiveness and economic benefits of a Wage Supplement Model of arranging long-term exposure to employment-based abstinence reinforcement. Under this model, successful Therapeutic Workplace participants are offered abstinence-contingent wage supplements if they obtain and maintain competitive employment. Governments have used wage supplements effectively to increase employment in welfare recipients. The Wage Supplement Model harnesses the power of wage supplements to promote employment, while simultaneously using the wage supplements to reinforce drug and alcohol abstinence. The intervention will combine 3 elements -- the Therapeutic Workplace, Individual Placement and Support (IPS) supported employment, and abstinence-contingent wage supplements. IPS is a supported employment intervention that has been proven effective in promoting employment in adults with severe mental illness. Under this model, participants will be exposed to the Therapeutic Workplace to initiate abstinence and establish job skills. To promote employment and prevent relapse to drug use, participants will receive IPS Plus Abstinence-Contingent Wage Supplements. A randomized trial will evaluate the effectiveness and economic benefits of the Abstinence-Contingent Wage Supplement Model in promoting employment and sustaining drug abstinence. Participants will be enrolled in the Therapeutic Workplace for 3 months and then randomly assigned to a Usual Care Control group or an IPS Plus Abstinence-Contingent Wage Supplement group for one year. Usual Care Control participants will be offered counseling and referrals to employment and treatment programs. IPS Plus Abstinence-Contingent Wage Supplement participants will receive the IPS intervention and abstinence-contingent wage supplements. This novel intervention could be an effective and economically sound way to promote long-term employment and drug abstinence.