View clinical trials related to Opioid-Related Disorders.Filter by:
STRIDE2 is a longitudinal, non-randomized study of individuals living with HIV who are dependent on opioids. This study is funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01DA030768, Altice, PI; Taxman & Lawson, Co-PIs) and is being conducted by George Mason University, Yale University, and Howard University.
Methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) has shown clear efficacy for relieving opioid withdrawal symptoms and reducing the morbidity and mortality of opioid dependence. A notable phenomenon associated with MMT is increased food intake, enhanced sweet preferences, and weight gain. The underlying neural mechanisms for opioid-related overconsumption are not well understood but are thought to arise from role in 1) increasing the palatability and hedonic aspects of food and 2) diminishing satiety signaling systems. In the proposed project, the investigators will examine methadone's potential role in opioid-related overconsumption of food. The investigators propose to examine eating behavior, sucrose preferences, and an event-related potential (ERP) component that is induced by appetitive motivation for highly rewarding foods in patients with a history of opioid dependence receiving methadone maintenance therapy (O+MMT) and not receiving opioid agonist therapy (O-MMT). A matched sample of obese and overweight adults without history of opioid use (HOC) will also be examined.
To test the feasibility and acceptability of a novel approach for improving the delivery and effectiveness of XRNTX treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD) - the MAT-PLUS intervention. The components of the MAT-PLUS intervention are: XRNTX, initiated during an episode of inpatient/residential treatment and dosed monthly, provides opioid receptor blockade, relapse prevention and overdose prevention; Significant other engagement empowers family members or other designated concerned others, providing concrete guidance for monitoring, supervision, and improving adherence for their loved one in treatment; Assertive outreach incorporates frequent multi-channel outreach, in a model that specifically targets engagement and motivation for medication adherence; Counselor care coordination and case management focused on medication management and adherence. This objective #1 will be accomplished by conducting a small-scale, 2-arm, open label, RCT pilot study of 4 months of treatment with the MAT-PLUS intervention (significant other engagement and training, medication care coordination by counselors, assertive outreach) + TAU (monthly doses of XRNTX + routine counseling), vs TAU for n=40 (20 per arm) patients with OUD. Adult patients ages 18+ who receive an initial dose of XRNTX during an index episode of inpatient/residential/detox treatment for opioid addiction at a public-sector community treatment program treatment, with intention to continue in outpatient treatment. The experimental arm will receive the MAT-PLUS intervention for 4 months of ongoing outpatient treatment with XRNTX. The control arm will receive 4 months of standard TAU (XRNTX + clinic-based counseling) without MAT-PLUS. At the beginning of the trial an additional small (N = 4 or 5) group of test patients will receive the MAT-PLUS intervention to test and refine the study procedures.
This double-blind, randomized, controlled trials will investigate the effect of accelerated, repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation on opiate craving and perceived pain .
This study aims to measure synaptic density in the brains (including in ventral striatum [VS] and medial prefrontal cortex [mPFC]) of abstinent subjects with Cocaine Use Disorder (CUD) or Opiate Use Disorder (OUD) as compared to healthy control (HC) subjects using 11C-UCB-J PET. Subjects will undergo a single 11C-UCB-J (also known as 11C-APP311) PET scan. This would be the very first to image synaptic density in human cocaine and opiate users, thereby testing whether altered synaptic density in the rodent brain is recapitulated in CUD and OUD humans. If confirmed, the current study would provide compelling clinical-translational support for an important pathophysiological mechanism of addiction - aberrant structural synaptic plasticity. As such, the current study has considerable potential for advancing the neurobiological understanding of human cocaine and opiate addiction.
Prescription opioid overdose represents a public health crisis. A number of efforts have been implemented to address opioid prescribing and opioid risk mitigation strategies for prescribers, but relatively few efforts have sought to address this problem directly with individuals who use opioids. This gap likely fails to fully address the inherent reinforcing nature of the medications that make it challenging to reduce use. The specific aim of this study is to pilot test a toolkit that pairs an intervention with the distribution of naloxone. External facilitation (supervision check-ins) will aid translation to delivery by non-research staff. Firstly, data will be collected from participants over time as a control group, prior to training site staff. Next, non-research staff will be trained on the intervention. Staff at the site will use the online "toolkit" developed in the beginning of this project to deliver the interventions and naloxone to their clients/patients as part of usual care. After staff at the site(s) are trained, additional data will be collected from participants during the intervention period and after 3-months.
This is a pilot study to collect preliminary data to support a grant application. The goal of the study is to evaluate whether the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved and generically-available medication buspirone reduces symptoms of opioid withdrawal among patients undergoing a clinically-indicated and supervised taper from their opioid pain medications. This is premised on strong preclinical scientific support but has not yet be well-examined in humans.
Background: Many people suffer from drug addiction. But currently, treatments are not very effective. One group of patients in this study are enrolled in addiction treatment through physician health programs (PHPs). About 70% of these patients are able to stop using drugs for extended periods of time. By studying this specific group of patients, researchers want to understand the difference between those who may or may not respond to treatment. They want to study the brain while people do thinking and feeling tasks and when they relax. They will study brain chemicals, a stress hormone, and certain genes. The results may help them understand the brain basis for addiction and recovery. Objectives: To use brain imaging to find differences between people with and without drug addiction. To see if these differences help predict addiction. Eligibility: Healthy, right-handed adults ages 25 65, enrolled in a physician health program or those with no history of addiction and with at least 16 years of education Design: Participants enrolled in a PHP will be screened under this study and participants with no history of addiction will be screened under another study. At the study visit, participants will: Have a routine check-up, including tests for pregnancy, drugs, and alcohol. Give 11 blood samples. Rate their cravings. Test their frustration with stressful situations by responding to questions on a screen. Practice the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tasks: Shock task. Two electrodes placed on a foot will deliver brief, low-strength electrical shocks that get gradually stronger, but not painful. Participants will see drug or neutral images. They will rate their discomfort. Thinking tasks. Participants will answer questions about pictures, numbers, and money. They will press buttons in response to things they see. Do the MRI tasks in 2 sessions (morning and afternoon) in the scanner. Participants will lie in an MRI machine which will take pictures of the brain while doing these tasks. Some participants will repeat the visit twice over a year at set intervals. Meals will be provided, and visits will include meal breaks and smoking breaks for those who smoke.
The United States (US) faces a crisis of pain management. According to the 2012 National Health Interview Survey, almost 50 million adults in the US reported having significant chronic or severe pain (Nahin 2015). Doctors in the US still prescribe opioids across the board for pain despite a growing recognition of an epidemic of opioid overdose and use disorder. Few solutions have been successfully proposed and implemented. Placebos represent a novel and potentially fruitful means of addressing this issue. However, clinicians often use placebos deceptively and with little rationale or evidence of benefit, making their use ethically problematic. In contrast with their typical current use, a provocative line of research suggests that placebos can be intentionally exploited to extend analgesic therapeutic effects. Recently, we reviewed a database of placebo studies including 22 studies in both animals and humans hinting of evidence that placebos may work as a dose extender of active painkillers. Placebos given after repeated administration of active treatments can acquire medication-like effects based on learning mechanisms. Here, we will test if dose-extending placebos are effective in relieving clinical acute pain in opioid patients with rib fractures. Patients will be randomized to three arms. Arm 1 will be a Full Dose (FD) group, which will receive all NSAIDs as described in the Guidelines for NSAID use in Orthopedic Patients and Oxycodone (10mg). Arm 2 will be a Partial Reinforcement (PR) group, which will receive NSAIDs, Oxycodone (10mg), and placebos to reach a 50% reduction of the total intake of opioids. Finally, Arm 3 will be a Control (C) group receiving NSAIDs and placebos. Patients will be assigned to one of three arms according to a 1:1:1 schedule of randomization. Study IDs will be generated by the pharmacy and blinding will occur by ensuring that oxycodone and placebos look, smell, and taste identical. Rescue therapy will be provided as needed. This novel prospect of placebo use has the potential to change our general thinking about painkiller treatments, the typical regimens of painkiller applications, and the ways in which treatments are evaluated.
There was a study titled "A prospective evaluation of opioid utilization after upper extremity surgical procedures: Identifying consumption patterns and determining prescribing guidelines" by Dr. Matzon and team from Thomas Jefferson University that came up with a simple set of opioid guidelines post-surgically. These guidelines are helping to guide surgeon's prescribing patterns and ideally limit the number of prescribed pain medicines. We plan to identify typical narcotic analgesic usage post sports orthopaedic surgery. We hope to identify the number of narcotic pain pills to prescribe to patients undergoing orthopaedic sports surgery in the future.