View clinical trials related to Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection.Filter by:
Pilot study to determine feasibility for treating patients with two chronic inflammatory conditions of the urinary bladder: chronic interstitial cystitis and recurrent urinary tract infections using a standardized hyperbaric oxygen treatment plan. Presently there are no good treatments for these conditions and hyperbaric oxygen may be a safe and readily accessible therapy as it has proven successful an another type of chronic inflammatory condition of the urinary bladder known as "radiation cystitis". The study will determine if patients will consider this an acceptable treatment for their conditions and that it is well tolerated.
The primary objective of this pilot study is to investigate the safety and tolerability of controlled human urine transfusion in female patients with recurrent UTI's. Seconday and exploratory objectives are to evaluate the diversity of the urine microbiome after urine transfusion, to assess the longevity of changes in the urine microbiome in patients after urine transfusion over a period of 6 months and to assess the frequency of UTI's after the transfusion.
Recurrent urinary tract infections are quickly becoming a public health obstacle in our aging population. Almost 50% of women have at least one urinary tract infection in their lifetime; following this first infection, there is a 25-35% chance that she will have another infection in the subsequent 3-6 months. With each documented infection, a patient receives anywhere from a three to seven day course of antibiotics for treatment. Repeated courses of antibiotics often lead to the development of multi-drug resistant infections that are difficult to treat with our arsenal of oral medications. It is theorized that most, if not all, urinary tract infections are caused by bacteria from the gastrointestinal tract. If there is a generalized gut dysbiosis due to repeated courses of oral antibiotics, it will likely be difficult to ever adequately treat repeat urinary tract infections. This same theory led to the development and utilization of fecal microbiota transplantation in the treatment of refractory Clostridium difficile diarrhea. There are now several studies that have reported on the efficacy of fecal transplantation in the treatment of C.difficile infections as well as the correction of gut dysbiosis. Given this positive response in treatment of refractory infectious diarrhea, the investigators propose that the correction of gut dysbiosis can also treat refractory recurrent urinary tract infections. Therefore, the investigators propose this pilot study to determine the effectiveness of fecal transplantation in the treatment of refractory, recurrent urinary tract infections.
In this multi-centre prospective randomized controlled trial the efficacy of segmental acupuncture in the prevention of recurrent urinary tract infections will be assessed. The study (acupuncture) group will receive 12 acupuncture treatments according to a standardized protocol, plus recommendation for use of cranberry products. The control group will receive recommendation for use of cranberry products only.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether increased water intake is effective in preventing episodes of uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTI) in pre-menopausal women suffering from UTI recurrences.
Approximately, 3% of males and 8% of females will develop a urinary tract infection (UTI) during childhood, and most of these will be effectively treated by short-term antibiotic therapy. A subset of these children (20-48%), will develop recurrent UTI (RUTI), which may have long-term effects in the form of hypertension or renal damage. In an effort to prevent RUTIs physicians prescribe sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (Septra) or nitrofurantoin as low dose antibiotic prophylaxis. However, recent evidence suggests that during prophylactic therapy the body is exposed to antibiotic levels capable of increasing antibiotic resistance and bacterial virulence. This has been shown to be true in the uropathogens E. coli and Staphylococcus saprophyticus, yet it is not known if Enterococcus sp. demonstrate similar mechanisms. Additionally, antibiotics have been shown to disrupt the natural balance of the human microbiome, potentially leading to major long term problems. As a uropathogen, enterococci consistently rank in the top 3 causes of RUTI, especially in children under 3 years of age. Additionally, Enterococcus is notorious for developing antibiotic resistance and studies have shown that children with enterococcal UTIs exhibit a higher rate of recurrence than those with non-enterococcal UTIs. The investigators hypothesize the current practice of antibiotic prophylaxis in children with RUTI is detrimental and can change the bacterial and sensitivity profiles of these patients.
The investigators would like to know if the use of vaginally applied estrogen can prevent the problem of repeated urinary tract infections (UTI) in women who have gone through menopause. The investigators will use two forms of vaginal estrogen that are available by prescription (a ring and a cream) and compare their efficacy to that of a placebo (without any active ingredient). The investigators are going to look at if the vaginal estrogen can prevent UTIs altogether and also the number of UTIs each group experiences over a 6 month period. After 6 months, all subjects will receive vaginal estrogen and the women on the non-active treatment will be randomized to either the estrogen ring or cream. The investigators will then be able to compare the number of UTIs on and off active vaginal estrogen treatment within those subjects who started on the placebo. The investigators are also going to look at quality of life before and during treatment using questionnaires and whether subjects stop using the treatments or do not use them as directed (compliance).
Background- In recurrent urinary tract infections (RUTIs) usual prophylactic antibiotic regimes do not change the long term risk of recurrence. Objective- D-Mannose is a sugar, it sticks to E. coli bacteria, the aim of the study was to evaluate its efficacy in the treatment and prophylaxis of recurrent UTIs. Design, setting and participants- : In this crossover trial female patient were eligible for the study if they had recurrent UTIs, that is three ore more episodes during the preceding 12 months. Suitable patients were randomly assigned to antibiotic treatment with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole or to a regimen of oral D Mannose for 24 weeks, and received the other intervention in the second phase of the study. Outcome measurements and statistical analysis- The time to recurrence of UTI, bladder pain (VAS p) and urinary urgency (VAS u) were evaluated at the end of antibiotic therapy and at the and of 24 weeks fo D Mannose. The results for quantitative variables were expressed as mean values and SD as they were all normally distributed (Shapiro-Wilk test). T-test for paired data was used to analyze differences of time of recurrence, VAS pain, Vas urgency and number of voidings between treatment. Data analysis was performed with STATA statistical package (release 11,1, 2010, Stata Corporation, College Station, Texas, USA).
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) could be used to treat Recurrent urinary tract infection (RUTI).
Probiotics are dietary supplements containing potentially beneficial bacterial strains such as Lactobacillus. The safety of oral administration of probiotics has been demonstrated in hundreds of studies using adults over the last 30 years. Very few studies have been conducted with children. UTI in girls occur when virulent bacteria migrate from the rectum and colonize the vagina and peri-urethral mucosa, thus gaining access to the bladder. This study will randomize girls to ARM A (probiotics + placebo) and ARM B (antibiotics + placebo) to determine if UTIs are decreased when the probiotics are given.