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To investigate the effect of CTLA4-Ig (abatacept) on phenotype, transcriptional profile, B cell receptor usage and functional parameters of circulating B cells expressing anticitrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA) in patients with early, methotrexate-naïve, ACPA positive rheumatoid arthritis.
By this project, the investigators are going to try to demonstrate that to use objects connected to make a physical activity can have an impact on the clinical activity of the disease by bringing the subjects which present a spondyloarthritis to make a physical activity. The investigators shall show furthermore, than the use of connected objects also has better chances to glue the patients presenting a spondyloarthritis to a practice of regular physical activity that a simple recommendation.
Rheumatic diseases regroup a variety of disorders affecting the locomotor system including joints, muscles, connective tissues and soft tissues around the joints and bones. Inflammation and/or autoimmune reactions contribute to the aetiology of many rheumatic diseases. Such autoimmune conditions, commonly referred to as inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRD), include arthritis of various origins such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) or spondylarthritis (SpA). Patients with autoimmune diseases such as RA or SpA are in higher risk of fractures compared to the general population. Initial pharmacotherapies for IRD remain NSAID treatment for pain relief, and anti-resorptive agents (e.g., TNF-alpha blockers) which aim at reducing bone loss and preventing occurrence of new bone erosions. Yet current treatments may have strong side effects and are not always effective (e.g., 35-40% of the patients treated with TNF-alpha inhibitors will initially or progressively loose response). Therefore there is a need for further treatment modalities in IRD, which would focus on both suppressing inflammation and treating bone disorders. Current research studies indicate that Bone Therapeutics' allogeneic osteoblastic cells exhibit in vitro potent immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory properties (in addition to osteo-regenerative and immune-privileged properties). The present research study aims at investigating in vitro the properties of these osteoblastic cells in the context of inflammatory rheumatic diseases. In this purpose, in vitro assays will be used to test these immunosuppressive effects on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of subjects diagnosed with RA, PsA and SpA.
Rationale: Currently, only 22% of all patients referred to the rheumatologist by primary care are diagnosed with an inflammatory rheumatic disease (IRD). Previous research has shown that structured referral sheets and community-based specialist service improve appropriateness of referrals. Objective: The aim of this study is to improve the number of effectively referred patients with IRD to the rheumatology outpatient clinic with either use of validated referral pro formas or triage of IRD by specialists in a primary care setting compared to usual care. In addition, the investigators want to provide tools for the general practitioner to recognise IRD and improve early referral of patients with IRD, and a cost-effectiveness analysis will be performed to evaluate the decreasing effect on health-care cost. Study design: Cluster randomized trial with randomization of general practitioner clinics. Study population: Primary care patients of 18 years or older who are suspected of an IRD and considered by a GP for referral to a rheumatologist. Intervention: One group of GPs will use a standardized referral strategy for IRD, another group will consist of triage by a rheumatologist in the local primary care clinic, the third group is usual care. Main study parameters/endpoints: Percentage of patients diagnosed with an IRD by a rheumatologists after 12 months. In addition, cost effectiveness, quality of life, work participation and health care costs at baseline and after 12 months. Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness: There is no additional risk to participating patients. Patients might benefit from early referral since the referral pro formas point out important aspects of IRD that are frequently overlooked. Patients will be requested to fill in three online questionnaires related to quality of life, work participation and socio-economic costs. There are no additional visits, physical examinations or other tests.
Etiopathogenesis of Chronic inflammatory rheumatisms (CIR) includes genetic, autoimmune and environmental factors. Their impact on the quality of life is important, leading to a sometimes severe disability. Thus they are likely to affect female fertility through several mechanisms, including autoimmune since the association between immunity and fertility has already been demonstrated in other autoimmune diseases. This study wants to evaluate and compare the birth rate between CIR and control group.
Pediatric chronic pain disorders are common and consequential in Western societies, occurring in 25-80% of population-based samples with a median prevalence of 11-38% and significant pain-related disability in 3-5% of these children. Pediatric chronic pain disorders have a negative impact on many aspects children's lives including mobility, night sleep, school attendance, peer relationships, family functioning, and overall quality of life. Parents caring for these children risk loss of parental earnings, and these disorders place a high financial burden on healthcare. In a nationally representative sample in the United States, costs related to health care were significantly higher ($1,339 per capita) for children with chronic pain disorders compared to children with common pediatric health conditions of ADHD, asthma and obesity. In children with clinical chronic pain conditions, such as daily headaches or fibromyalgia, chronic pain is presumably a persistent state of an overly excitable nervous system. This phenomenon known as central sensitization is characterized by excessive pain sensitivity that occurs in response to non-painful stimuli, such as light touch or contact with clothing, and slightly painful stimuli, such as a light pinprick. This hypersensitivity results from peculiar changes in the working of the central nervous system, including the spinal cord and brain, and leads to unusual intensification of pain that is out of proportion to the inciting stimulus. For example, light touch from clothing on the skin is perceived as intensely painful. Central sensitization is also thought to contribute to the spreading of pain to other body sites in several chronic pain disorders. In chronic pain disorders, the function of the central descending inhibitory modulating system is likely impaired and is traditionally measured by a phenomenon identified as "conditioned pain modulation (CPM)" and more recently measured by a phenomenon of "offset analgesia" (OA). The OA test is more robust than the CPM test and likely more acceptable to most patients, especially children, because it is shorter in duration and uses a more tolerable painful stimulus. Compared to CPM, the OA test is more tolerable because it is conducted using a painful test stimulus that is less than the maximal (suprathreshold). Additionally, the time of exposure to the painful stimulus is significantly shorter, a few seconds, in the OA test compared to CPM. The central descending inhibitory pathway that modulates pain as tested by OA is functional and mature in healthy children as young as 6 year of age, but it has yet to be investigated in children with chronic pain disorders. The investigators plan to test OA responses in a population of common pediatric pain disorders with overlapping symptomology attributed to central sensitization (such as chronic musculoskeletal pain, chronic abdominal pain and chronic headaches and chronic regional pain syndromes) and compare their responses with an age- and sex-matched control group. The characteristics of OA responses in each group will allow for assessment of the presence or absence of central sensitization as a mechanism driving the persistent, abnormal pain in a subgroup of these chronic pain disorders. The investigators hypothesize that central sensitization is the potential contributory mechanism of the central nervous system heightened sensitivity to two testing stimuli of painful (moderate heat discomfort sensation) and non-painful (warmth sensation) in children with chronic pain disorders. These types of sensations mimic those that children would be expected to experience their natural environment during typical activities of daily living such as showering/bathing in warm water or hand washing. Additionally, the Pain Sensitivity Questionnaire (PSQ) and Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) will be used as clinical screening tools for subjective report of sensitization symptoms, and are simple and easy to administer in a clinical setting. The investigators hypothesize that these measures will correlate with the objective offset analgesia responses thus allowing for assessment of central sensitization in children with chronic pain disorders. These tests are advantageous because they are feasible to perform rapidly in a clinic setting and have utility for measurement of patient responses to therapeutic interventions. If this concept is supported by this study, future studies could utilize OA to examine the effects of various pharmacological and physical interventions used to manage children with chronic pain disorders including intensive interdisciplinary rehabilitation or specific interventions such as aerobic exercise, which likely modulates pain via similar mechanisms.
Self-management of chronic illness can be highly demanding and people need to mobilize their personal strengths in order to live well with their condition. A mobile application was designed in collaboration with people with chronic illness and health care providers with the aims to support awareness of patients' strengths and patient-provider dialogues that include strengths. The aim of the present study is to evaluate with mixed methods the perceived usefulness and usability of the application and potential effects of the application on patients and patient-health care provider communication on strengths.
According to World Health Organization (WHO), since December 2016, Brazil is showing a significant increase in cases of yellow fever in humans. In view of this, vaccination is suitable for residents and travelers to the risk area. However, for immunosuppressed patients there is a formal recommendation not to vaccinate with live virus vaccine. On the other hand, the safety and efficacy of the vaccine has been demonstrated in patients with HIV, and safety and seroconversion have also been demonstrated in patients with rheumatic disease who were inadvertently revaccinated for yellow fever. Faced with the impossibility of leaving the high-risk area for some patients the vaccination could be released to only those who have low level of immunosuppression as suggested by some recommendations of medical societies. The availability of a fractional vaccine in the State of São Paulo, which has proved its efficacy, opens the possibility of exposure to a lower number of copies of the virus in the first exposure of immunosuppressed patients, allowing, if necessary, a safer revaccination, after 28 days to obtain of a more effective immunogenic response. The objectives of the study are to evaluate the immune response of the immunization with fractional yellow fever vaccine (neutralizing antibodies) in patients with systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases residing in a high-risk area. Secondarily, evaluate the possible association between immunogenicity and vaccination with: demographic data, clinical and laboratory activity of the disease in patients with chronic rheumatic diseases, evaluate the curve of viremia and report adverse events. Patients and healthy controls will be vaccinated for yellow fever in the Immunization Center of Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (HC-FMUSP). The patients' screening for exclusion and inclusion criteria will be done at the rheumatology outpatient clinic after medical evaluation. For the controls will be the routine screening of the Immunization Center. The vaccination protocol will be a fractional dose of the yellow fever vaccine on day D0 for both groups. Patients will be evaluated on day D0, D5, D10, D30-4 and D365 and controls only on days D0, D10, D30-45 and D365 for aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), platelets, urea and creatinine, immunoglobulin M (IgM) by immunofluorescence for Yellow Fever, viremia, autoantibodies.
This study will assess the mental health and clinical benefits of Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis who have anxiety or depression. MBSR, an interactive form of meditation that includes gentle yoga, will be taught by a certified instructor over an eight-week period. Mental health surveys will be conducted within one month of the study start and end as well as mid-course. Clinical assessments will be conducted within one-month of the study start and end.
The prevalence of OSA (Obstructive sleep apnea，OSA) is 2%-4% in general population and 16%-47% in surgical-heart failure patients. Our previous study found that OSA was associated with the increasing incidence of perioperative adverse events.The continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), as the standard treatment for OSA, is extensively applied clinically. The previous study reported that postoperative AHI was reduced and SPO2 was increased by CPAP treatment. However, whether CPAP treatment can improve OSA postoperative and related adverse events or not in patients with rheumatic valvular heart diseases (RVHD) were not reported.The purpose of this study is to observe the effective of preoperative CPAP on postoperative sleep parameters and adverse events, such as AHI changes, duration of ICU stay and duration of mechanical ventilation.