View clinical trials related to Rheumatic Diseases.Filter by:
The prevalence of OSA (Obstructive sleep apnea，OSA) is 2%-4% in general population and 16%-47% in surgical-heart failure patients. Our previous study found that OSA was associated with the increasing incidence of perioperative adverse events.The continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), as the standard treatment for OSA, is extensively applied clinically. The previous study reported that postoperative AHI was reduced and SPO2 was increased by CPAP treatment. However, whether CPAP treatment can improve OSA postoperative and related adverse events or not in patients with rheumatic valvular heart diseases (RVHD) were not reported.The purpose of this study is to observe the effective of preoperative CPAP on postoperative sleep parameters and adverse events, such as AHI changes, duration of ICU stay and duration of mechanical ventilation.
The modifications of the medicinal treatments secondary to the hospitalizations have multiple reasons: reassessment of the previous treatment (conciliation), new therapeutic necessities, potential risk of iatrogeny or of drug interaction, restrictions of the therapeutic booklet, classification in reserve or hospital prescription ... These modifications are potentially generating extra costs for the Health Insurance and are monitored under the terms of the Contract of Good Use. The aims of this analysis are to define the medical-pharmaceutical rationale of the treatment changes imposed by hospitalization in a university-hospital center, their influence on the security of the medical treatment of patients and their financial implications for healthcare organizations
Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) affects at least 32.9 million people, mostly children living in low-resource settings. Long-term intramuscular benzathine penicillin G (BPG) prophylaxis is proven to prevent progression of chronic valve changes in patients with established rheumatic heart disease (RHD) and to allow regression of valve changes in patients with a history of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) with mild RHD. However, in low-resource settings ARF is an elusive diagnosis, and most patients (85%) are diagnosed only when RHD is severe and irreversible, medications ineffective, and surgical intervention is expensive and/or unavailable. Identification of latent RHD might be an opportunity to substantially reduce RHD morbidity and mortality. However, detection of latent RHD is only important if outcomes are improved. The appropriate management of children with latent RHD is unknown and no formal recommendations exist. While some clinicians prescribe penicillin prophylaxis for children with latent RHD, clinical equipoise exists regarding the best practice. To fill this gap, the investigators propose a randomized controlled trial in children with latent RHD to evaluate the efficacy of BPG prophylaxis compared to no prophylaxis. Our primary outcome measure is progression of valvular changes on echocardiogram at 2 years. A sample size of 824 children is needed to detect a 50% reduction of progression (expected range 7.5-12.5% progression in BPG-arm vs. 15%-25% progression in control-arm) with 90% power. AIM 1: To compare the proportion of children (aged 5-15 years) with latent RHD receiving BPG prophylaxis who progress to worse valvular disease at 2-years compared to children not receiving BPG prophylaxis. Hypothesis 1: Prophylaxis with BPG will result in fewer children with latent RHD showing progression of echocardiographic valve changes at 2 years compared to children with latent RHD not receiving BPG prophylaxis. (The investigators expect at least a 50% relative reduction in progression in the BPG arm: range 15%-25% control arm vs. 7.5-12.5% BPG-arm.) AIM 2: To compare the proportion of children (aged 5-15 years) with latent RHD receiving BPG prophylaxis who regress to improved valvular disease at 2-years compared to children not receiving BPG prophylaxis. Hypothesis 2: Prophylaxis with BPG will result in more children with latent RHD showing regression of echocardiographic valve changes by 2 years compared to children with latent RHD not receiving BPG prophylaxis. (The investigators expect at least a 50% relative increase in regression in the BPG arm: range 10-20% control arm vs. 20-40% BPG arm.) This study is highly significant because it will establish if BPG prophylaxis improves outcomes for children with latent RHD. Feasibility will be ensured through the experience, resources, community support, and accessible patient population of our investigational team. The results of our study will have high impact, immediately informing international policy on the standard of care for children diagnosed with latent RHD and shaping, over 2-3 years, practical and scalable programs that could substantially decrease the global burden of RHD.
Tolerogenic dendritic cell (tDC)-based clinical trials for the treatment of autoimmune diseases are now a reality. Clinical trials are currently exploring the effectiveness of tDC to treat of type 1 diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis and Crohn's disease. The general objective of this study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of a single intra-articular injection (into the knee joint) of autologous monocyte-derived dendritic cells generated in the presence of interferon-alpha (IFN-α)/granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and tolerized with Dexamethasone in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients.
One common anesthetic that is performed for total knee replacement surgery is spinal anesthesia with an adductor canal regional block, which involves injecting numbing medication in the thigh region for pain control after surgery. The aim of this study is to determine whether the addition of another regional block called obturator nerve block, which involves injecting numbing medication in the upper thigh region, will improve pain control after surgery while not sacrificing mobility after surgery.
The study is to investigate the effect of a soft robotic glove approach providing continuous passive motion of fingers (flexion and extension) on degenerative arthritis patients. The approach may help reduce pain, maintain mobility and flexibility and to improve hand function.
Fulfilling by all patients consequently seen by 6 rheumatologists in a same outpatient rheumatology clinic (in at least one month period) of a set of 6 questionnaires, including RAPID3 and pain catastrophizing scales.
Prospective Post-Market Clinical Follow up study according to MEDDEV 2.12/2 rev2 of the European Union. Patients receiving the primary knee implant BPK-S UC as primary implant in either variant ceramic or CoCr (metal) are eligible for the study and will be followed up for 5 years after implantation or until revision of the prosthesis, whichever occurs first. Demographic data will be collected together with data regarding safety and benefit at defined timepoints (preoperative, intraoperative and at 3 months, 1 year, 2 years and 5 years after implantation). Patients will be divided in 2 cohorts (ceramic and metal) and stratified by age.
clinical audit on the Managment of rheumatic fever in assiut university children hospital.
This proposed study will assess the immunogenicity, safety, and clinical efficacy of an influenza vaccine booster dose strategy in patients with autoimmune diseases who are receiving immunosuppressive therapies. Investigators will compare serologic responses to single versus a booster dose of influenza vaccine in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD- Crohn's Disease or Ulcerative Colitis) or rheumatologic diseases who are receiving immunosuppressive therapies. Subjects will be randomized to receive either one or two doses of influenza vaccination in year #1. In year# 2, all participants will be given two doses of influenza vaccine. Serologic responses will be measured pre and 4-6 weeks post vaccination. This study will also assess the immunogenicity and safety of a booster vaccine strategy in the prevention of influenza-like illness (ILI). Investigators anticipate that booster dose strategy will improve both clinical and serologic responses in this vulnerable population.