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The primary objective is to determine the safety and tolerability of the novel compound, MRx0518 in patients with solid tumours at 30 days post-surgery. 20 participants will receive open label MRx0518 in a preliminary safety phase. After successful evaluation by the Independent Safety Monitoring Committee (IDMC), a further 100 participants will be recruited to receive MRx0518/Placebo.
To evaluate an alternative clinical genetics cancer care delivery model, using non-genetic providers to introduce and order genetic testing. 250 prostate and 250 pancreatic patients will be recruiting. They will undergo genetic testing and complete study questionnaires. Results from this pilot study will be used to inform the strategies used by the CREP CGS and GI/GU physicians to deliver genetic testing and return genetic risk information to patients with prostate or pancreatic cancer.
Conventional treatment options for localized prostate cancer include prostatectomy, radiotherapy and active surveillance. However, prostatectomy and radiotherapy carry certain degree of morbidity, including the risks of urinary incontinence, erectile dysfunction and injury to the structures in the proximity. Active surveillance carries the risk of disease progression and psychological distress to the patients. Focal therapy employs the concept of only destroying the significant lesion, resulting in disease cure and improved functional outcome. Among the different options of focal therapy, high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is one of the most commonly employed energy sources. It exerts its effect through thermal and mechanical destruction of cancer tissue. This study aims at assess the effectiveness of such treatment in prostate cancer management. In this study, investigators evaluate the early oncological outcome and objective functional outcome of patients undergoing HIFU for the treatment of localized intermediate risk prostate cancer.
A significant proportion of patients with localized prostate cancer, and treated for curative intent by radiotherapy, have a local recurrence. Among these patients with local recurrence, few receive curative remedial treatment but most of them are treated with palliative hormonal therapy without any chance of long-term recovery. The use of Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) in focal treatment (only on recurrence) is an effective and not very morbid option, especially compared to surgery. The quality of this treatment is conditioned by both an early diagnosis of recurrence, a precise localization of recurrence in the prostate and a rigorous extension assessment for the detection of occult metastases. Innovations in medical imaging have led to the development of a new generation of "hybrid" machines that combine PET (Positron Emission Tomodensitometry) and MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) technology. Associated with the use of 68Gallium-labeled PSMA (Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen), a new tracer specific for prostate cancer, the investigators believe that this PET-MRI imaging technique can: 1. To identify at an early stage the metastatic patients and to allow a more adapted therapeutic management. 2. A better evaluation of the limits of local recurrence and therefore a more precise definition than with MRI alone of the tumor zone to be destroyed. Finally, the investigators believe that the PET-MRI / 68Ga-PSMA exam, used for the selection of patients eligible for focal HIFU treatment and used for the treatment itself, should allow obtaining an optimal control of the cancer recurrence with the least possible side effects.
For patients with intermediate-risk prostate cancer plus a predicted risk of >5% for positive lymph nodes and with high-risk prostate cancer, international guidelines recommend ePLND along with the RP. Besides an improved accuracy in staging, the therapeutic role of ePLND remains controversial. We hypothesize that ePLND prolongs time to biochemical recurrence (BCR) and prostate cancer-specific survival (PCSS) in intermediate- and high-risk PCa patients.
Patients with a biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy for moderate- or high- risk prostate cancer are randomly assigned to hypofractionated, accelerated high dose radiation therapy group (65 Gy, 26 fractions) and a control group of standard treatment group (66 Gy, 33 fractions). The criteria for stratification at randomization include 1) risk groups, 2) androgen deprivation therapy, and 3) PSA before salvage radiation therapy, which affect biochemical recurrence. It is expected that hypofractionated, accelerated high dose radiation therapy will have a superiority in terms of biochemical control to conventional radiation therapy, and the present study would like to confirm this. In addition, we aimed to evaluate and compare the toxicity and quality of life index of two radiation therapy regimens.
Prostate gland is a clinically important male sexual organ and its main function is for the production of semen. Globally, it is the second most common cancer in men globally and is also the fifth cancer cause for death in male. Despite the improvement in the understanding of prostate cancer, the current usage of serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) as a diagnostic marker is still not ideal. Many patients with elevated PSA and then subjected to prostate biopsy were found to have no prostate cancer. Therefore, there is a need to discover new biological markers to improve the current situation in diagnosis and also management of prostate cancer. From the earlier small-scale studies, urinary spermine levels have been shown to correlate well with prostate cancer diagnosis and cancer aggressiveness. Due to its nature, it could provide a more convenient and non-invasive method for detecting prostate cancer. The purpose of this study was to collect urine samples to study the role of potential new urine diagnostic markers (including Spermine and others) for prostate cancer diagnosis.
Prostate biopsy is typically performed via either the transrectal or transperineal approach. This study is a case-control study being done to determine if a novel prostate biopsy protocol incorporating a transperineal approach, rectal swab to detect resistant bacteria and broad antibiotic prophylaxis will reduce infectious complications and hospital readmission compared to current biopsy practices.
The Trans-Atlantic Prostate Group (TAPG) was established to examine the hypothesis that through a detailed retrospective analysis of outcome in a group of men with clinically localised prostate cancer at diagnosis, variables such as biological, pathological and clinical markers, could be identified that might accurately predict the prognosis of clinically localised prostate cancer. In 1999, the TAPG group initiated the "Prognostic Factors in Prostate Cancer for Patients Treated by Watchful Waiting" study, referred to as the TAPG study. It is a retrospective population-based tissue sample study in men diagnosed with localised prostate cancer 1990-2006, inclusively. Initially the cohort comprised men diagnosed with prostate cancer with transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) and needle biopsies 1990-1996, but was expanded from 2005 to include men diagnosed with prostate cancer 1990 - 2006. Data was collected from six regional cancer registries and eligibility was confirmed via hospital sites, which sent the relevant tissue samples to the TAPG Central Coordinating Office (CCO). Selection of eligible patients for the study completed in 2010. Since this year the TAPG CCO has been collecting cancer registration and mortality updates on the cohort members from regional cancer registries.
The prostate gland is a clinically important male accessory sex gland and vital for its production of semen. Prostate cancer (PCa) is now ranked 3th in annual incidence of male cancer and ranked 5th for cancer-related death in men in Hong Kong which accounts for about 10.9 deaths per 100,000 persons. Its incidence is rising rapidly, almost tripled in the past 10 years. Fortunately, with the improvement in awareness of the disease and also increasing use of serum prostate specific antigen for early case identification, many patients are diagnosed at an earlier stage. However, unlike other malignancy, PCa is characterized by its slow progression nature. Therefore, some patients with low grade low volume disease might never suffered from PCa related complications or mortality. As a result, recent year, there is an increase use a more conservative approach, active surveillance (AS), for management of early prostate cancer. The principle of AS is selecting patients with low risk of disease and offered them regular monitoring, instead of radical local therapy, unless patient's cancer was noticed to progressing. By using this approach, patients might avoid possible complications related to treatment. Currently, people could use some clinical parameters, imaging and repeated prostate biopsy to assess and monitor the aggressiveness/ progression of PCa. However, these parameters suffered from defects, such as low correlation to the final PCa pathology or not readily repeatable for patients. Therefore, there is a need to identify more easy, safe and repeatable monitoring of the aggressiveness of prostate cancer. Exosome is genetic materials secreted by cells and could be measured in various body fluid. There are some studies suggested it is a potential marker for PCa diagnosis and monitoring. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship of urinary exosome and the aggressiveness of prostate cancer.