View clinical trials related to Aging.Filter by:
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of digital cognitive training in the functionality of older adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment.
This study is following up on previous studies that have demonstrated that geriatric subjects respond different to ultraviolet B (UVB) light than young subjects. The treatment of geriatric skin with dermal rejuvenation therapies (dermabrasion, fractionated laser resurfacing) restores the appropriate UVB response. Ongoing studies have tested the ability of fractionated laser resurfacing (FLR) to assess how long this wounding effect lasts—and have found that this appears to be a durable response which lasts for at least two years. The findings that FLR protects geriatric skin at two years is the impetus for this study. This study is an interventional study to assess if FLR treatment of one forearm of geriatic subjects with multiple actinic keratosis will result in the short-term removal of actinic keratosis, and the long-term decrease in levels of future actinic keratosis and other non-melanoma skin cancers in comparison to the untreated arm. Study length and visit: The first part of the study is completed in 1 day then there are follow up visits at 90 days and every 6 months for 5 years.
To investigate if motivational-interviewing will enhance the expected effect from physical activity monitors, on physical activity in older adults, we will conduct a two-arm randomized controlled trial in 2019. Both groups in the trial will receive a physical activity monitor for everyday use in the 12-week intervention period and a folder with information about the benefits of physical activity in older age. Participants in the intervention group will in addition to the use of the physical activity monitors receive a motivational feedback session by phone of about 20 minutes constructed from the theoretical framework of Motivational interviewing by Rollnick, Miller & Butler and Social Cognitive Theory by Bandura. The content of the session focuses on investigating the most relevant possibilities and barriers for the participant to increase his or her levels of PA. The primary outcome will be between group difference in average steps per day throughout the intervention period, measured objectively by the physical activity monitor (Garmin Vivofit 3). Secondary outcomes include participant reported outcome measures such as 'International Physical Activity Questionnaire', 'Nordic Physical Activity Questionnaire', 'EQ5D Quality of life questionnaire', 'UCLA Loneliness Scale', 'Self Efficacy for Exercise', and 'Outcome expectancy for Exercise'. To ensure 80% power with an alpha-level on 0.05, we will include 128 participants. The study will enroll in March 2019.
The purpose of the study is to determine if nutritional interventions can help older patients maintain physical function after being in the hospital. We will test the feasibility and effect of nutritional interventions with whey protein, collagen or placebo on functional recovery from hospitalization in community dwelling older adults.
The purpose of this study is to explore the feasibility of delivering anticipatory care planning provided by nurses through a series of home visits. Many people with long-term health conditions can benefit from an anticipatory care plan as it helps them feel more in control of their life and allows them to manage changes in their health and well-being. The purpose of this study is to find out if effect of home visits by specially trained nurses for people aged 70 years and over who have been identified as being 'at risk' of developing frailty would be beneficial. Half of the patients in this study will receive home visits from trained nurses in addition to their usual care. Nurses will work with their GP, other healthcare providers and possibly family caregivers to plan and arrange any additional services that the participants require. The other half of patients in the study will receive usual care.
Aims 1. To determine whether the 4 Mountains test of allocentric (i.e. viewpoint-independent) spatial memory, and tests of memory for a recent experience (e.g. watching a brief video), to diagnose the early stages of Alzheimer's disease. 2. We operationalise this as the ability of these tests to predict whether or not an individual progresses from having some cognitive difficulties (diagnosed as 'mild cognitive impairment' MCI) to subsequently developing Alzheimer's disease up to two years later. 3. To assess whether the ability to diagnose early stages of Alzheimer's disease can be improved by combining the scores from different memory tests, from questionnaires assessing spatial and social aspects of everyday life. 4. To assess whether scores on the spatial memory test are correlated with patients' reports of their everyday spatial memory, using a newly-developed questionnaire. Outcome Measures Primary study objective: To determine the ability of allocentric spatial and episodic memory test performance to predict progression from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's disease. Secondary outcome measure 1. To assess to what extent social characteristics of everyday life may impact upon progression from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's disease. 2. To correlate allocentric spatial test performance with real-world spatial ability as assessed through a novel spatial questionnaire.
This is a planning project with a clinical trial pilot to prepare for a larger fully powered clinical trial. Goals of this pilot project are: to identify and address any modifications of the games required for adaptation to diminished sensory abilities; to optimize training dosage and test timing of retention of effects; and to test and refine the battery of outcome assessments. Primary outcome assessment are tests of attention distraction (subtest from a Useful Field of View Test). This pilot will explore a number of secondary outcome measures including EEG and functional imaging biomarkers of change, measures of general cognitive improvement and measures of function including a driving simulator task.
Two hallmarks of both healthy aging and age-related disease are 1) memory and navigational deficits, particularly in orienting towards goal locations and planning how to navigate to them, and 2) increased susceptibility to stress and altered regulation of the stress response. However, there are marked individual differences in these age-related changes. The investigators' proposal will help characterize factors that contribute to this variability. Participants will be pseudorandomly assigned to stress-manipulated or control groups. The investigators will give both groups a novel immersive navigation task, validated by the PI in healthy young adults. This paradigm gives participants the opportunity to either (a) flexibly draw on spatial memory in order to plan efficient routes to goal locations, or (b) fall back on inefficient, but cognitively less-demanding, stimulus-response associations (i.e., habits). Using neuroimaging and behavioral measures, the investigators' protocol will test whether experimentally-induced stress leads individuals to bring fewer details about future locations to mind when route planning, and whether such restricted prospective thought ultimately biases participants towards relatively inflexible, habitual actions.
The overarching goal of this study is to develop and evaluate a telephone delivered behavioral change intervention for older Veterans with chronic low back pain (cLBP) and comorbid depression, and to ultimately assess its effect on cLBP-related pain, depressive symptoms, and disability. Investigators will conduct a pilot randomized controlled trial to assess feasibility for older Veterans with cLBP and depression assigned to receive the behavioral interventions (n=25) versus waitlist control (n=25). For participants assigned to the intervention arm, trained health coaches will deliver the intervention via telephone. All participants, regardless of what group they have been assigned to will undergo several outcome assessments (pre-screening, baseline, mid-point, final assessments) conducted by a blinded research assistant. Subjects randomized to the waitlist control group will be offered the same intervention once the active intervention group has completed the active sessions and assessments.
This study aims to determine the feasibility and acceptability of conducting a larger randomized clinical trial to test whether individuals with MCI can benefit from mindfulness training.