View clinical trials related to Liver Diseases.Filter by:
Graves' orbitopathy (GO) is a characterized by orbital soft tissue inflammation and oedema associated with glycosaminoglycan deposition and fibrosis. The most frequent cause is Graves' disease. The classification is comprised based on the severity of orbital changes ranging from mild, moderate-to-severe GO and sight-threatening GO, which includes dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON). Intravenous methylprednisolone (IVMP) pulse therapy is the first-line treatment in the active-phase of moderate-to-severe GO and DON. This therapy is more effective and better tolerated than oral glucocorticoids (GCs). The current recommendation of the European Group of Graves' Orbitopathy (EUGOGO) is that cumulative doses of IVMP should not exceed 8.0g in each treatment course, and pulses should not be given on consecutive or alternate days, except in the case of DON. According to EUGOGO recommendations patients with moderate-to-severe GO are treated with IVMP cumulative dose 4.5g during a 12-week period (for the first 6 weeks 0.5g IVMP per week, for the next 6 weeks 0.25g IVMP per week). According to EUGOGO recommendations patients with DON should receive 3.0g IVMP (1.0g/day for 3 consecutive days) as the basic treatment. This limitation in doses are due to the necessity of the prevention of severe side effects that are rare but may be fatal. One of the most severe adverse events is acute liver injury (ALI), in some cases irreversible and/or fatal. The estimated morbidity and mortality of ALI was found to be 1-4 % and 0.01-0.3%, respectively. Since 2000, there were 5 reported fatal cases. Mechanisms causing an IVMP-induced ALI remains incompletely elucidated. There are some possible hypotheses that may explain the occurrence of ALI. Firstly, GCs can lead to reactivation of autoimmune hepatitis: an immune "rebound phenomenon" following GCs withdrawal. The second mechanism of ALI is reactivation of viral hepatitis. Finally, there is well known direct toxic effect of GCs on hepatocytes, probably dose-dependent. This study was performed to evaluate the influence of two different, routinely used schemes of therapy with IVMP in patients with moderate-to-severe GO (first scheme) and DON (second scheme) on biochemical liver parameters. Patients included into the study were treated according to EUGOGO recommendations with routine doses of IVMP and routine scheme of administration for moderate-to-severe GO and DON. No additional treatment was performed during the study protocol.
This is an open-label, single-dose study in male and female subjects with severe hepatic impairment and in male and female subjects with normal hepatic function.
In the UK, around 1 in 16 men and 1 in 20 women will develop bowel cancer at some point in their lives. Most bowel cancers happen when a type of growth in the bowel called an adenoma eventually becomes cancerous. Cutting out adenomas reduces the risk of developing bowel cancer. Certain people are more likely to have adenomas than others, for example people who are overweight. People who are overweight are also more likely to develop liver disease by laying too much fat down in the liver. Studies in Asia have shown that people with fatty liver disease are more likely to have adenomas and these are more commonly found in the part of the bowel (right colon) furthest from the bottom end. Information on the link between obesity, fatty liver disease and adenomas is very limited, particularly in the Western population. The investigators will assess the link between body weight, fatty liver and adenomas in the UK population. 1430 patients will be invited; some through the bowel cancer screening programme and some with symptoms such as low blood count, bleeding or changed bowel habit. These patients will already have been referred for a camera test looking into the bowel, called a colonoscopy. Information including height, weight and some health questions will be taken. Blood samples will be taken. The investigators will compare the number of patients with adenomas who have liver disease or who are overweight with those who don't. This information will be used to develop a scoring system to predict risk of adenomas. This will help the investigators to decide if undertaking colonoscopies in these patients will identify those at increased risk of bowel cancer.
This study is a phase 1 non-randomized, open-label, single-dose, parallel-group study of PF 04965842 in subjects with severe renal impairment and subjects without renal impairment (Part 1) and in subjects with mild and moderate renal impairment (Part 2).
Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study comparing multiple doses of HTD1801 to placebo.
In patients with hepatic lesions, to evaluate the efficacy of contrast enhanced ultrasound compared to MRI in differentiating focal nodular hyperplasia and hepatic adenoma.
In China, with the improvement of living standards, there is a significant increase in the rate of prevalence of type 2 diabetes and hyperlipidemia, associated with Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease（NAFLD） which has gradually become a major public health problem in our country. The latest study found that intestinal microflora imbalance is closely correlated with NAFLD. In this subject, the investigators aim to explore whether intestinal microbiota transplantation(IMT) could reverse the change of intestinal microflora imbalance and has direct effects of NAFLD.
To investigate the synergic therapeutic effect of thiazolidinediones and SGLT2 inhibitor on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, the effect of empagliflozin 10mg, pioglitazone 15mg monotherapy and combination therapy n patients with type 2 diabetes and fatty liver will be compared and analyzed. This study included a total of 60 patients (20 per subgroup) for randomized controlled trials with prospective, open label, randomized, single-institution clinical trials. The drug will be maintained for a total of six months. The primary endpoint is the difference of liver fat change measured by MRI-PDFF in co-localized regions of interest within nine liver segments between three groups.
Acute on chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a distinct entity encompassing the acute deterioration of liver function, culminating in multiple organs failure and high short-term mortality. Definitions and descriptions of ACLF vary between Western and Eastern types, and alcoholism and hepatitis B virus (HBV) are the main etiologies, respectively. To determine whether there are unified diagnostic criteria, severity classification and prognostic model for different etiologies of ACLF. Investigators had launched a multicenter prospective cohort with the same inclusion criteria and disease indicators as those used in the European CANONIC (Chronic liver failure-ACLF in Cirrhosis) study in China，the Ch-CANONIC study(NCT02457637). From Jan 2015 to Dec 2016, 2,600 inpatients with chronic liver disease complicated with ALI and/or AD were recruited. Data were collected during a 28-day hospitalization and continuous follow-ups were performed once a month until 36 months after hospitalization (at least 18 months up to now). Of these patients, 71.5% had HBV-related disease, 1833 had cirrhotic disease, and 767 had non-cirrhotic disease diagnosed by CT scan. Due to the lack of pathological gold standards, the diagnosis of ACLF is based on the clinical assessment of short-term mortality from organ functional parameters. In subsequent statistics and data analysis, investigators focused on (but not limit in) the relationship between short-term mortality and 6 parameters (bilirubin, INR, Creatinine, SpO2/FiO2, mean arterial pressure and West-Haven grade) from CLIF-C OFs (Chronic liver failure-Consortium Organ Failure score). And then a specific mathematical model has been constructed to obtain the available organ failure cutoff values. Subsequently, investigators carried out a diagnostical criteria for ACLF based on the results obtained from the model and get a good internal-validation result through risk ratio. Meanwhile, investigators conducted a precise prediction model for patients' prognosis and achieved a good predictive effect with consistency by AUC internal-validation. In addition, investigators summarized the course and some characteristics of ACLF. Therefore, investigators hope to launch another prospective multi-center cohort study with the same inclusion and exclusion criteria, and continue to recruit 800 to 900 patients (about 30% of the previous cohort) as the external validation cohort for the preliminary results mentioned above.
This is a phase 2A, single center, open-label, single-arm, 24-week study to evaluate the safety, tolerability and efficacy of Saroglitazar Magnesium 4 mg in liver transplant recipients with NAFLD as assessed by MRI-PDFF and MRE. The study will be conducted over a period of up to 33 weeks and will include 5 weeks screening, a 24 week treatment period and 4 week follow-up period. The primary end point of the study is to assess the safety of Saroglitazar Magnesium 4 mg in liver transplant recipients with NAFLD over 24 weeks of treatment.