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Peripheral chemoreceptors and baroreceptors are located in close proximity in the carotid artery wall at the level of the carotid bifurcation. Baroreceptor stimulation lowers sympathetic activity and blood pressure. In contrast, chemoreceptor stimulation raises sympathetic activity and blood pressure. Thus, beneficial effects of electrical carotid sinus stimulation on blood pressure could be diminished by chemoreceptor overactivity and/or concomitant chemoreceptor activation through the device. Therefore, our study will assess baroreflex/chemoreflex interactions in patients with resistant hypertension equipped with carotid sinus stimulators. The study will inform us of potential additional anti-hypertensive benefits of simultaneous chemoreceptor denervation during electrode placement. Furthermore, the results may provide information about suitable electrode design to spare co-activation of peripheral chemoreceptors. Taken together, the study will help develop strategies for improving responder rate and efficacy of carotid sinus stimulators in patients with resistant hypertension.
The study aimed to assess the success of a clinically indicated renal denervation by different tests and correlate the results of the tests with the clinical outcome.
The ANDORRA study is a, multicenter, prospective, open, randomized, controlled blinded endpoint trial (PROBE) comparing two treatment strategies (renal artery stenting + standardized and optimized medical treatment [SOMT] versus SOMT alone) of 12 months duration in patients with confirmed resistant hypertension (RH) and angiographically proven grade III unilateral or bilateral atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS) ≥ 60%.
This is a four-week randomized controlled single blinded trial of subjects presenting with resistant hypertension in a specialized diabetes care unit of Cameroon. They are randomly assigned using the method of blocks to treatment with a daily 25mg of spironolactone or to routine intensification of antihypertensive regimen , all added to previous regimen with unchanged diet. Visits are scheduled at the start of the treatment, at weeks two and four following add-on therapy initiation. The primary outcome is change in office and self-measurement blood pressure recorded at each visit, and secondary outcomes are variations in serum potassium, sodium, and creatinine levels.
Resistant hypertension is defined as uncontrolled blood pressure (BP ≥ 140/90mmHg) despite the current use of three or more antihypertensive drugs at full doses, including a diuretic. Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is at high risk for cardiovascular morbidity and is highly prevalent in patients with resistant hypertension. The prospective observational POP-ART study will assess the efficacy of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on BP in patients with resistant hypertension and collect data from usual care.
This study was recommended by NICE, as part of its 2006 guidance for the treatment of hypertension, and is urgently required to provide evidence for the treatment recommendations in patients with resistant hypertension. The study will be a randomised placebo-controlled double-blind crossover comparison of an α-blocker (α), β-blocker (β), and K+-sparing diuretic (∆). Patients will have a BP at entry above target on ABPM or home monitoring despite supervised administration of maximum tolerated doses of A+C+D. Over 48 weeks they will then receive, in random order either placebo or two doses each of doxazosin (α), bisoprolol (β) or spironolactone (∆). Each treatment cycle will last 12 weeks, with a forced dose-doubling at 6 weeks. The time course for the study will be similar to study one. 340 patients will provide 90% power, at α=0.01 to detect a 3 mmHg overall difference in home sBP between any one drug and placebo, with spironolactone hypothesized to be best overall. The study will be able to detect a 6 mmHg difference in sBP between each subject's best and second-best drug predicted by tertile of plasma renin, justifying routine use of the measurement in patients with resistant hypertension.
The purpose of the study is to evaluate the safety and performance of the Moderato System by implanting the Moderato pacemaker in patients who require a dual chamber pacemaker, and who also have hypertension, in order to reduce their blood pressure.
Carotid baroreflex activation therapy (BAT) by the Rheos® system produces a sustained fall in blood pressure in patients with resistant hypertension. Since the activation electrodes are implanted at the level of the carotid sinus, it is conceivable that the nearby located carotid body chemoreceptors are stimulated as well. Physiological stimulation of carotid chemoreceptors not only raises respiration, but it also increases sympathetic activity which may in part counteract the effects of BAT. The aim of the present study is to investigate whether there is evidence for concomitant carotid chemoreflex activation during BAT. We hypothesized that there is no clinically relevant co-activation of the carotid body chemoreceptors during BAT in patients with resistant hypertension.
The purpose of this study is to estimate the proportion of patients with "true" resistance among patients referred to the Medical Outpatient Department of the Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin with the diagnosis "resistant hypertension". Moreover, data on medication adherence will be collected based on therapeutic drug monitoring and on the answers to validated questionnaires. Finally, efficacy, safety and costs of renal sympathetic denervation will be compared to an intensified drug treatment in an exploratory way.
Resistant hypertension (RHTN) is a common clinical problem faced by both primary care clinicians and specialists worldwide. Patients with RHTN have higher rates of cardiovascular events and mortality compared with patients with more easily controlled hypertension. In addition, RHTN is often complicated by metabolic abnormalities. Homeopathy, although widely used in hypertension, but no study has been taken to evaluate the impact on resistant hypertension. The aim of this trial was to evaluate individualized homeopathy on BP in patients with resistant hypertension.