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This is a single-center, phase I study consisting of 2 parts. The first part is a multiple ascending dose (MAD) part with a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled design in 3 treatment groups of 8 subjects (6 active; 2 placebo). The second part is a food effect (FE) part with a randomized, open-label, 2-period, 2-way crossover, single dose design in 8 subjects.
This randomized controlled pilot study has as a main aim to investigate the relationship between glucose and cognition and wellbeing, as well as food intake in an at-work setting. Additionally, the continuous glucose data collected in the study will be used to investigate the inter- and intraindividual variability in glucose response to foods/meal in a real-life setting. Finally, the study aims to determine if self-monitoring and feedback about food intake and health stimulate individuals to make healthier choices. This study will have two groups, the feedback group and the control group. The study will consist of two self-monitoring periods of two weeks. In between these two self-monitoring periods, the participants in the feedback group will be given feedback on their measurement data. The control group will not get any feedback.
Project 3 of the PPG grant "Stress and Atherosclerotic Plaque Macrophages A Systems Biology Approach," funded by the NHLBI, examines the relationship between psychosocial stress and atherosclerotic inflammation, cell proliferation and burden using novel PET/MRI. Individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder, trauma controls and healthy controls will be recruited into a two center clinical study. The study team will use functional MRI to examine the relationship between activation of fear circuits in the brain and relate these data to hematopoietic system activation, and vascular inflammation measured by FDG-PET, and atherosclerotic burden measured by MRI.
The "beverage hydration index" (BHI) assesses the hydration potential of any consumable fluid relative to water. The BHI is a relatively new metric. Our purpose was to assess the BHI of beverages never previously tested, including an amino acid-based oral rehydration solution (AA-ORS), a glucose-containing ORS (G-ORS) and a sports drink (SD) compared to water (control).
To establish the bioequivalence of one fixed dose combination (FDC) tablet of empagliflozin/linagliptin/metformin extended release (XR) versus the free combination of empagliflozin tablet, linagliptin tablet, and metformin XR tablets administered as a single dose under fed conditions
This is a Phase 1, single center, fixed sequence, open label, drug-drug interaction study of the effect of multiple doses of rifampin 600 mg daily, a strong CYP3A inducer, on the exposure of mifepristone at 2 dose levels.
Investigate the postprandial glycemic responses of healthy individuals when consuming commercially available table grape varietals or grape juice, compared to a standard amount of glucose.
The purpose of this study is to see if a new brain stimulation technique, static magnetic field stimulation (tSMS), which involves holding a static neodymium magnet over the scalp, can influence normal rhythms of brain activity.
The investigators are interested in how attentional filter training/ distractor inhibition training could influence cognitive functions like working memory, executive control, problem solving, decision making and attentional control.
Investigate the in vivo effects of n-3 PUFA supplementation on inflammation, gene expression and epigenetic signatures. Ex vivo stimulation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) collected pre and post n-3 supplementation and measurement of it's effect on inflammation, gene expression and epigenetic signatures.