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Exercise is widely suggested as an important lifestyle change for weight loss, however, the optimal level of intensity moderate versus vigorous remains unclear. It is known that in athletes, during very high-intensity exercise, fat oxidation is decreased and energy is gained mainly from carbohydrate utilization. The aim of this study is to find an optimal workload based on fat oxidation rate during exercise in volunteers with a sedentary lifestyle.
This is a single dose inpatient and outpatient study to test whether an effect on the ability of platelets to stick to white blood cells in subjects who smoke.
This study investigates the effect of a posture shirt on posture during functional tasks such as office work.
Comparative randomized, single dose, two-way crossover open-label study to determine the bioequivalence of Glibenclamide from Glibesyn 5 mg tablets (Manufactured by Medochemie LTD Cyprus) and Daonil 5 mg tablets (Sanofi-Aventis Cyprus Ltd. ) after a single oral dose administration of each to healthy adults under fasting conditions
This 2-part study will assess the effect of formulation and food on the pharmacokinetics of Indoximod in healthy volunteers. Part 1 is a randomized single ascending dose study of indoximod salt formulation to characterize the PK profile and determine the safety and tolerability of each dose in healthy male volunteers. Part 2 is an open-label, randomized, 3-period, 3-way crossover study. Participants will receive single doses of Indoximod base or salt formulation, in the fasted or fed state.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether effects of intranasal oxytocin on amygdala and reward system responses vary as a function of treatment dose in women in comparison to men.
The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of red furu (Chinese fermented soybean product) consumption on serum vitamin B12, Homocysteine concentration and other cardio-metabolic risk factors in healthy young volunteers.
This study evaluates the adaptations on the functional capacity and cardiovascular in elderly after a physical activity program circuit training. The participants were divided into three groups: Circuit training based on high-intensity interval training group (HIICT), Circuit training at moderate intensity group (MICT) and Control group (CG).
There is a strong correlation between major adverse health consequences of obesity and development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). NAFLD is characterized by abnormal hepatic accumulation of triglycerides and other lipids. It has become a worldwide health problem that accelerates cirrhosis, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and especially premature cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The plasma level of glutathione (GSH) is typically depleted in individuals with metabolism related disorders. However, cellular GSH levels cannot be increased by supplementing GSH and it must be synthesized within the liver either de novo or by salvation pathway. The level of GSH is not enough to maintain and regulate the thiol redox status of the liver in subjects with high hepatic steatosis at fasting stage due to the depletion of glycine. Glycine can be synthesized via the interconversion of serine. It has been shown that the serine synthesis is downregulated in patients with NAFLD and supplementation of serine has attenuated alcoholic fatty liver by enhancing homocysteine metabolism in mice and rats. Depleted liver glutathione is also restored by the administration of N-acetylcystein as in acetaminophen poising. L-carnitine and nicotinamide that both stimulate the transfer of fatty acids from cytosol to mitochondria have been identified as two additional cofactors that are depleted in patients with NAFLD. In this study, the kinetics in blood of pivotal metabolic cofactors, serine, L-carnitine, N-acetylcystein and nicotinamide after single and simultaneous dietary supplementation, are measured.
This was a Phase I, single centre, open-label, non-randomised study and was designed to be conducted in up to 2 parts. The purpose of Part 1 was to identify a MR formulation of PCS499 that would provide an optimal dosing regimen in patients. The purpose of Part 2 of the study was to generate repeat dose information for the selected MR formulation of PCS499 in order to provide additional PK information for future patient studies.