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The purpose of this study is to compare the bioavailability of Nefopam Hydrochloride 30mg Tablets (test product) and Acupan® 30mg Tablets (reference product).
This study is to assess protectivity following four doses of bOPV which given simultaneously with Pentabio® and 1 dose of IPV at the 4th visit
Bioequivalence study of two formulations containing a fixed dose combination of 600 mg Efavirenz, 200 mg Emtricitabine and 300 mg Tenofovir Disproxyl Fumarate in coated tablets under a single-dose, two-way crossover design.
Formate is an important metabolite, serving as a donor of one-carbon groups to the intracellular tetrahydrofolate pool. However, little is known of its circulating concentrations or of their determinants. This study seeks to define formate levels and their determinants in a young, healthy population. Serum formate will be measured in 1701 subjects from the Trinity Student Study. The subjects, males and females, aged 18 to 28 years, were enrolled at Trinity College, Dublin. Formate levels will be compared with other one-carbon metabolites, vitamin status, potential formate precursors, genetic polymorphisms, and lifestyle factors.
The purpose of this study is to compare the absorption of four different inhalation products with the reference product in healthy volunteers.
The study will assess the distribution and variability of whole blood clotting time (WBCT) measurement in human blood collected from healthy volunteers that is untreated and spiked with predetermined concentrations of edoxaban or enoxaparin.
Evidence is accumulating that there are sex differences in energy and substrate metabolism. The positive or negative consequences of such metabolic differences between men and women need to be evaluated with respect to health outcomes. The importance of aberrant lipid metabolism in metabolic diseases such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease, makes understanding the distinction between "normal" vs aberrant critical to future treatment and prevention strategies. Sex differences in the effects of catecholamines on lipid metabolism and substrate oxidation in non-obese, healthy individuals, have been consistently observed. In addition, distinct differences in men and women exist in the distribution of body fat, with men typically having greater central adiposity than women. Accumulation of fat in the abdomen is associated with an increased risk for metabolic abnormalities such as hyperlipidemia and insulin resistance. In the current study, therefore, the role of testosterone in determining the sex differences in catecholamine mediated substrate metabolism and deposition of dietary fat into upper versus lower body adipose tissue depots will be addressed.
The study was conducted to investigate the metabolic effects of three different calcium compounds in healthy adults.
The purpose of this study is to compare the bioavailability of co-codamol 15mg/500mg capsules (test product) and co-codamol 30mg/500mg tablets (reference product).
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the major causes of death and disability in industrialised countries. Results from several epidemiological and clinical studies indicate a positive correlation between elevated total serum cholesterol levels, mainly reflecting the LDL-cholesterol fraction, and risk of CHD. It is thought that a reduction in total plasma cholesterol levels in populations suffering from primary hypercholesterolemia (elevated cholesterol) can lower the incidence of coronary thrombosis. Currently, therefore there is extensive interest in the management of serum cholesterol and other blood lipids. Diet is viewed as a major influencing factor that can reduce levels. This is largely driven by the expense of drug therapy, the large numbers of individuals affected and unwanted side effects of such treatments. Dietary strategies for prevention of CHD implicate adherence to a low-fat/low-saturated fat diet. Although such diets may present an effective approach, they are difficult to maintain on a long-term basis and efficacy diminishes over time. As such, new approaches towards identification of other dietary means of reducing blood cholesterol levels have been evaluated. These include, among others, the use of probiotics. Probiotics are 'live microbial feed supplements that offer a benefit to health'. They are marketed as health or functional foods whereby they are ingested for their purported positive advantages in the digestive tract and/or systemic areas like the liver, vagina or bloodstream. The main goal of the study was to test whether probiotics can directly degrade cholesterol as well as produce metabolites that interfere with its synthesis in the liver. The effect may also be partially ascribed to an enzymatic deconjugation of bile acids.