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The investigators propose to study the association of the KCNJ11 (Potassium Voltage-Gated Channel Subfamily J Member 11) polymorphisms on diabetes risk in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) and Jackson Heart Study (JHS) cohorts. The investigators also propose to test for an interaction between serum K and these genetic variants. By testing for such an interaction, it will be determined if, among participants with these genetic variants, a low-normal serum K was a stronger predictor of diabetes risk compared to those participants without these genetic variants.
The Automated Insulin Delivery (AID) System is an investigational insulin delivery device being developed for use for participants with diabetes. The purpose of this study is to assess the safety of the AID system and to test whether the AID System functions as it was designed to. This study will last approximately 12-18 days, not including screening. Screening is required within 28 days prior to the start of the study.
This study will evaluate the safety and tolerability of LY3209590 when given by injection under the skin to participants with type 2 diabetes. It will also investigate how the body processes the study drug and the effect of the study drug on blood sugar levels. Information about any side effects will be documented. This study will last approximately 17 weeks, not including screening. Screening is required within 4 weeks prior to the start of the study.
The goal of this pilot study is to produce a high-quality, theory-driven, therapeutic, web-based intervention that provides extended training and peer support to adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes who are newly implementing CGM. Overall, this web-based intervention represents an efficient way to bring together professionally-supported CGM educational materials and social support to overcome known barriers and address factors associated with inconsistent CGM use.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in patients with diabetes (T2DM) is increasing in prevalence and can lead to cirrhosis. Lifestyle intervention with caloric restriction (CR) is the cornerstone of treatment but remission is variable. Alternatively, the PI has shown alternate day fasting (ADF) is safe and well tolerated in obese patients and there might be additional beneficial effects. The objective is to combine the expertise of the PI with this novel intervention and the expertise of Dr. Cusi in NAFLD to explore the effects of ADF vs CR in patients with NAFLD and T2DM to test the following hypotheses: H1: In patients with NAFLD and T2DM, the ADF intervention will result in more favorable metabolic changes than CR: H1a: Hepatic triglyceride by MRS will decrease more with ADF than CR (Primary Outcome) and remain lower following a period of free living H1b: There will be greater improvements in glucose homeostasis following ADF vs CR H1c: There will be greater improvement in lipid metabolism following ADF vs CR and changes in ketone metabolism will predict changes in hepatic triglyceride content H2: ADF will have similar safety and tolerability and result in a similar degree of weight loss in participants with NAFLD and DM compared to CR
a randomized prospective study aims at comparing the impact of a "living theater" session with a simple "writing workshop " on emotional distress (Problem Areas in Diabetes Questionnaire PAID) and illness perception ( Illness Perception Questionnaire IPQR) during a 5 day education course
The concept consists of an initial period (two weeks) of intensive data capture by use of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) during basal insulin initiation, followed by a second period (variable duration) of basal insulin titration guided by self monitored blood glucose. Data captured during the first period are used as input to an algorithm that estimates the optimal daily dose for the individual patient. The estimated optimal daily dose is used to guide the titration of the basal insulin during the second period. The goal is to safely and successfully achieve blood glucose targets. The concept is based on the use of basal insulin degludec (Tresiba, Novo Nordisk A/S).
The GPPAD-POInT Study is designed as a randomized, placebo-controlled, double blind, multicentre, multinational primary prevention phase IIb study aiming to induce immune tolerance to beta-cell autoantigens through regular exposure to oral insulin for a period of 29 to 32 months. The hypothesis is that regular exposure to oral insulin throughout the period in life where beta-cell autoimmunity usually initiates will tolerize against insulin and train the body's immune system to recognize the treatment product without reacting adversely to it in a manner seen in children who develop T1D. This immune tolerance induction therapy would reduce the likelihood of beta-cell autoimmunity. The study objective is to determine whether daily administration of oral insulin from age 4 months - 7 months until age 3.00 years to children with elevated genetic risk for type 1 diabetes reduces the cumulative incidence of beta-cell autoantibodies and diabetes in childhood.
The objective of this study is to analyze the Demographics, Clinical Profiles, Management, in-Hospital and Long-Term Outcomes of Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome Syndrome And Myocardial Infarction with Non-obstructive Coronary Artery Disease.
This study is a non-interventional, multicentre observational study to be conducted at 1000 sites in India. The study targets to enrol approx. 50000 patients with approx. 50 patients per site. The study would enrol Diabetes Mellitus patients who provides written informed consent. No study medication will be prescribed or administered as a part of study procedure. Patients, who have been treated as per Investigators' routine clinical practice will be screened for enrolment in study. The study will be initiated after obtaining written approval of Independent Ethics Committee (IEC) /Institutional Review Board (IRB).