View clinical trials related to Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2.Filter by:
The purpose of this study is to examine the drug-drug interaction in your body when given the study drug, bexagliflozin, with the heart failure medication digoxin. The study will evaluate whether bexagliflozin effects the amount of digoxin in your blood and how safe the study drug is and how well the study drug is tolerated when taken with digoxin.
Conventional lifestyle modification in the management of type 2 diabetes focuses on weight loss, through caloric restriction and exercise, to reduce insulin resistance. This approach is limited because some people either do not need to lose weight, do not want to lose weight, cannot lose weight, or cannot maintain weight loss over a lifetime. This study proposes to evaluate the effectiveness of a lifestyle modification that focuses on reducing post-meal blood glucose (BG) elevations instead of weight loss. It works by teaching participants to: 1) choose low glycemic load foods that do not significantly increase their blood glucose, and 2) increase their routine physical activity after meals when it can offset post-meal blood glucose elevations. The study will also evaluate the role feedback about blood glucose fluctuations can play in improving the effectiveness of this program.
Patients with type 2 DM may develop a cardiomyopathy often called diabetic cardiomyopathy which is characterized by left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in early stages Type 2 DM is associated with various types of subclinical target organ damage resulting in elevated risk of CVD events, moreover there is growing evidence that a prediabetic status, such as impaired fasting glucose is also related to subclinical target organ damage when compared to a group with normal glucose metabolism Diabetes mellitus is a well-studied major risk factor for coronary heart diseases, which is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Another distinct entity of diabetes-related cardiac affection is the diabetic cardiomyopathy. This entity of cardic affection by diabetes still needs more and more attention, not only because it is common in diabetic patients, but also because of its easy detection by the simple, inexpensive and widely available diagnostic echocardiography.
Short-term intensive insulin therapy (SIIT) induces glycemic remission in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. But remission rate reduces over time. This study aims to investigate whether sequential treatments using fixed dose combination of pioglitazone/metformin (15mg/500mg) after SIIT can improve clinical outcomes inpatients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. We plan to include 50 patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes who are drug naïve and meet the inclusive criteria will be enrolled. After baseline assessments, SIIT will be applied to all patients using insulin pump to achieve and maintain euglycemia for 2 weeks. After completion of intensive treatment, insulin pump will be stopped. Patients were randomly assigned into either of the following two groups: PIO/MET group: pioglitazone/metformin (15mg/500mg) will be orally administrated twice daily to the subjects for 12 weeks; placebo group: placebo is given twice daily to all subjects for 12 weeks. Afterwards, patients will be followed up for 48 weeks. Primary endpoint is difference in remission rate at the end of study. Secondary endpoints include proportion of patients who achieve glycosylated hemoglobin A1C <7% at the end of study; differences in β-cell function , insulin sensitivity and incidence of adverse events among treatment groups.
Hypothesis: Pharmacotherapy follow-up can improve clinical outcomes of outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: In this single blind, placebo-controlled trial, the participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus are randomized into two groups: 1. pharmaceutical care intervention (n=30, attended by the protocol of follow-up) and 2. control (n=30, attended by the usual procedure of dispensing). Primary outcomes evaluated are: hospitalization (percentage of participants hospitalized), severe evolving complication - ischemic or proliferative retinopathy, severe renal insufficiency, severe hypoglycemia, coronaropathy or evolving foot lesion (presence or absence). Other parameter cheked: A1c hemoglobin (HbA1c), blood glucose (BG), blood pressure (BP), total cholesterol (TC), waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI) and mortality. The investigators follow up all patients for up to 12 months.
Progression of T2DM is widely accepted to be contributed by two main components: beta cell function deterioration where insulin secretion is impaired and insulin resistance where insulin physiological response is reduced. Insulin resistance and beta cell function will be estimated through a mathematical model, homeostasis model assessment. Fasting insulin and C-peptide will be measured using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Insulin resistance and beta cell function is then compared with the glycaemic control, HbA1C.
The Corazón de la Familia study is a randomized controlled trial to examine the effects of a novel family-focused lifestyle modification intervention to reduce risk for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) among Hispanics/Latinos. Facilitated by community health workers, the family-focused intervention engages two members of a family in an educational program addressing lifestyle behaviors to support sustained engagement in healthy lifestyles among Hispanics with high risk for type 2 diabetes or CVD. In this study, we will conduct a randomized controlled trial using a 2-group design and compare the short-term and long-term impact of the family-focused active intervention to an individual-focused control condition on biological and behavioral type 2 diabetes and CVD risk factors. Furthermore, we will examine outcomes of participants in the family-focused intervention to determine how each family member's engagement in healthy lifestyle behaviors and level of support for the other family member's engagement in healthy lifestyle behaviors affects their own and their partner's outcomes.
Diabetes mellitus is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Substantial clinical and experimental evidence suggest that both diabetes and insulin resistance cause a combination of endothelial dysfunctions, which may diminish the anti-atherogenic role of the vascular endothelium. Therefore, in patients with diabetes or insulin resistance, endothelial dysfunction may be a critical early target for preventing atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. It has been implicated as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and premature cardiovascular mortality for patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus, as well as for patients with essential hypertension. A complete biochemical understanding of the mechanisms by which hyperglycemia causes vascular functional and structural changes associated with the diabetic milieu still eludes us. In recent years, the numerous biochemical and metabolic pathways postulated to have a causal role in the pathogenesis of diabetic vascular disease have been distilled into several unifying hypotheses. The role of chronic hyperglycemia in the development of diabetic microvascular complications and in neuropathy has been clearly established. However, the biochemical or cellular links between elevated blood glucose levels, and the vascular lesions remain incompletely understood. A number of trials have demonstrated that statins therapy as well as angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors is associated with improvements in endothelial function in diabetes. Although antioxidants provide short-term improvement of endothelial function in humans, all studies of the effectiveness of preventive antioxidant therapy have been disappointing. Actually, control of hyperglycemia thus remains the best way to improve endothelial function and to prevent atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular complications of diabetes.
Short-term intensive insulin therapy(SIIT) is able to reverse β cell dysfunction and induce glycemic remission in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. However, proportion of patients with response gradually decreases over time. There is no consensus on which treatment should be given in order to maintain the benefit in glycemic control and β cell recovery. In this multi-center, randomized, controlled study, effects of various sequential treatments ( metformin, linagliptin and combined with both drugs) on long-term blood glucose control as well as preservation of β cell function after SIIT were investigated. In total, 448 patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes who meet the inclusive criteria will be enrolled in eight centers in China. After baseline assessments, all patients will be treated with insulin pump to achieve and maintain euglycemia for 2 weeks. After completion of intensive treatment, insulin pump will be stopped. Different treatments will be applied to patients for 48 weeks according to randomization: Group A: Linagliptin 5 mg Qd + Metformin 0.5 g bid; Group B: Linagliptin 5 mg Qd; Group C: Metformin 0.5 g bid; Group D: No oral drugs. Primary endpoint is proportion of patients achieving glycosylated hemoglobin A1C <7% at the end of the study. Secondary endpoints include proportion of patients achieving glycosylated hemoglobin A1C <6.5% at the end of study; differences in β-cell function , insulin sensitivity, GLP-1 and glucagon secretion among treatment groups, and differences in adverse events among treatment groups.
The investigators measured serum METRNL levels in newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) compared with normal glucose tolerance or prediabetes and explored the correlations between its serum levels and various metabolic parameters