View clinical trials related to Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2.Filter by:
There are severe deficiency of database concerning the oral health status in Egyptian patients with Diabetes type 2. Our aim in the present study is to study the prevalence of oral mucosal alterations in type 2 DM patients and the effect of hyperglycemia on these alterations in controlled and uncontrolled patients to increase their awareness and minimize all the possible risk factors,to achieve a proper management for all oral problems.
REMIT-DM is a feasibility pilot study where participants will be recruited soon after their diagnosis of type 2 diabetes to be placed immediately on insulin therapy for maximum of four weeks with titrations of insulin guided by glucose levels and trends provided by a continuous glucose monitor (CGM), with the purpose of achieving diabetes remission.
The overall goal is to explore the hypothesis that prebiotic fiber Psyllium will ameliorate diarrhea in African American men (AAM) with Type2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2D).
In this multi-center, randomized, double-blind, active-controlled, phase II non-inferiority study, we aimed to test the non-inferiority of evogliptin vs linagliptin in terms of reduction of albuminuria at week 24 from baseline in patients with type 2 diabetes having renal insufficiency.
The objective of the study is to investigate whether lactulose, given orally as powder or liquid, increases blood glucose levels in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2. The dose of lactulose given in the study is normally used for treatment of constipation.
Cardiac failure (HF) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are two clinical conditions with a significant impact on public health worldwide. In the elderly population the prevalence of T2DM is constantly increasing as well as its incidence in all Western countries including Italy. The combination of HF and T2DM is frequent and leads to an increased risk of death and of non-fatal adverse cardiovascular (CV) events which justifies the frailty of this population. Although diabetic patients (pts) with HF respond to recommended treatments for HF, the effective and safe control of blood glucose levels is still an outstanding clinical problem, since glucose lowering drugs may increase the risk of CV adverse events. Insulin, used in about 30% of diabetic patients with HF, causes adverse effects such as fluid and sodium retention and unwanted effects of hypoglycemia. Even if insulin remains a milestone in glucose lowering therapy of T2DM, its risk/benefit ratio is still controversial, more so when given to old patients with HF. The issue has gained relevance since new antidiabetic agents, as the sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT- 2) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide (GLP-1) analogues, with a safer CV profile have been made available. While the transferability of the CV benefits attributed to the new drugs needs to be assessed in clinical practice, the present study explore the benefit/risk profile of insulin in HF. Objectives: to assess comparatively in patients with heart failure and T2DM the benefit/risk profile over 1-year follow-up of two antidiabetic strategies, standard care with vs without insulin in terms of humoral and clinical endpoints including body weight change, all-cause mortality and burden of care components (hospitalizations for CV events and episodes of severe hypoglycemia).
One of the purposes of the management of the patient with chronic kidney disease (CKD)is to slow the decline of renal function. The mechanisms by which the renal function declines involve inflammatory and fibrotic responses due in part by the effects of oxidative stress. Pentoxifylline (PTX)is a drug that stimulates adenosine receptors, and produces inhibition of phosphodiesterases, as well as being a dopaminergic modulator through D1 and D2 receptors. Its main effects are inhibition of the inflammatory state by decreasing serum levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-ɒ) and monocyte chemo attractant protein 1 (MCP_1), which may slow down the decline of renal function. It also produces diminish of sympathetic activity, with the reduction of circulating levels of norepinephrine (NA), which may contribute to the reduction of glomerulosclerosis in diabetic patients. In the connective tissue increases the activity of the collagenases and decrease of collagen, fibronectin and glucosamine of the fibroblasts as well as inhibition of oxygen free radicals. Due to its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic effects, PTX can result in an excellent therapeutic option for the prevention of CKD in DM2. This work proposes the use of pentoxifylline as treatment CKD in DM2. Its application in patients with CKD will allow a therapeutic management with different targets, for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antifibrotic effects that will be evaluated by means of fibrosis, inflammation and oxidative stress markers. The results will be of great importance in clinical practice, since they will justify the use of a new pharmacological tool, already known, with minimal adverse effects and low cost, accessible to all strata of the population since it is found as generic.
The objective of this project is to evaluate the effectiveness and cost effectiveness of a health app (NOVAME) designed to improve the self-control of patients with T2DM and their health outcomes. The central focus of NOVAME is the continuous support to the patient and monitoring through the app that will act as a personalized and dynamic virtual coach that will help the patient to adopt healthy habits and change their behaviors through training plans in different areas: exercise physical, healthy eating, therapeutic education and emotional management The design of the evaluation is the randomized clinical trial, in the intervention arm patients will use the app NOVAME and in the control group, patients don't receive any additional educational or supporting activities beyond the usual activities provided by the Canary Islands Health Service (CIHS). The main outcome measure is the change in HbA1c at 3 months, requiring a total of 197 patients to detect a difference of at least 0.4% considering a 10% loss. As secondary measures HbA1c is collected at 12 months and other biochemical results (lipids and glucose), BMI and a series of questionnaires to measure changes in life habits (diet, physical activity), anxiety and depression, knowledge about their disease , degree of empowerment, satisfaction and usability of the app, .. Will be collected at 3 and 12 months. The differences between the arms will be measured with mixed generalized linear models. The cost effectiveness will be calculated by calculating life years adjusted for quality (QALY) and the cost of the disease, including the use of resources reported by patients. The benefits of the technology will be expressed in terms of HbA1c and QALY.
Our research team is proposing a study to investigate the effects of osteopathic manipulative treatment on the blood sugar levels of persons with Type 2 diabetes. The goal of this study is to determine if osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) can improve the blood sugar levels of individuals with Type 2 diabetes. Half of the participants will receive osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) and the other will receive OMT-sham treatment.
The study will investigate the effect of personalized diet on blood glucose control in individuals with diabetes as compared with ADA diet. The primary objective is to test whether personalized diets based on DayTwo's algorithm can improve glycemic control and metabolic health compared to standard ADA acceptable dietary approach for diabetes at the end of a 3-month intervention period.