View clinical trials related to Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2.Filter by:
Impact of lifestyle intervention in at-risk Asian Indians at worksite remains largely unexplored. The aim of this study was to assess impact of the multi-component interventions on body weight, body fat patterning and cardio-metabolic risk factors in overweight individuals working in corporate worksites in New Delhi, north India.
The purpose of this study is to identify and evaluate the event rate of the composite endpoint of all-cause mortality (ACM) or hospitalization for heart failure (HF) for participants with Type 2 Diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and established cardiovascular (CV) disease among new users of sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) as compared with new users of non-SGLT2i anti-hyperglycemic agent (AHA).
In this study, the investigators are going to investigate the efficacy of choline alfoscerate on improvement of cognitive function assessed by MMSE compared to plaebo.
To investigate the effect of cilostazol compared with aspirin on carotid atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
In this research work, the concept of strengthening technique of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) incorporated with tendon gliding exercise (TGE) will be used to improve neuromuscular function of upper extremity of patients with diabetes mellitus. The first specific aim of the study is to examine the effects of home-based PNF exercise on the motor, sensation and functional performance parameters of upper extremity of the patients with diabetes mellitus. In addition, whether adding a tendon gliding exercise (TGE) to the home-based PNF exercises can provide better treatment effects for the patients with diabetes mellitus will also been investigated in this study. One of the hypothesis of this study is the prescribing home-based PNF exercise program has a positive treatment effect on neuromuscular function of the upper extremity of patients with diabetes mellitus. And,the other is home-based PNF in conjunction with TGE provides better benefits for neuromuscular function of the upper extremity of patients with diabetes mellitus.
The aim of this study is to determine whether fasting and post-prandial glucagon secretion is suppressed by gliclazide in patients with HNF1-/4-alpha MODY. Participants will undergo an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) before and after omitting their gliclazide medication for 3 days.
A Phase 2 study with two cohorts of differing doses designed to evaluate the efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetics (PK) of MEDI0382 in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Approximately 63 subjects will be enrolled across two cohorts.
Around the world, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been increasing since the last two decades, with approximately 347 million patients with diabetes by 2013 according to the World Health Organization (WHO). This pronounced increase is due to an increase in the prevalence of obesity, reduction in physical activity levels, accelerated urbanization and aging of the population. In Colombia, T2DM ranks fifth in the main morbidity and mortality causes, including only deaths caused directly and without adding the strong influence that T2DM has on cardiovascular disease mortality. Insufficient tissue response to normal insulin concentrations, called insulin resistance, is one of the central pathophysiological mechanisms in the development of T2DM. However, there is currently no simple, practical, safe and reproducible method that allows the diagnosis or identification of insulin resistance, nor the follow-up to its evolution. At the moment, the gold standard for assessing the degree of insulin sensitivity or resistance is the "hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp", a laborious technique, of high cost and high technical difficulty, requiring specialized personnel and hospitalization. Non-invasive methods based on mathematical regressions, such as the Homeostatic Model Assessment (HOMA-IR), are imperfect and widely variable, and have not been validated in the Latin American population, less Still Colombian. Therefore, the development of new, easily obtainable quantitative tools for the diagnosis of insulin resistance is required. This requires not only the identification of new and better biomarkers, but also the determination of their diagnostic performance and operational characteristics. This project will investigate 3 molecular targets (myokines), novel and easy to measure, with high probability of being good biomarkers of insulin resistance. The research will include validation of its association with insulin resistance measured by the reference method, as well as its measurement in apparently healthy individuals. Finally, operator-receiver characteristics of each test will be analyzed, in order to propose a cutoff point for the diagnosis of insulin resistance.
Hyperglycemia during admission is associated with increased rate of complications and longer hospital stays, thus insulin treatment is recommended for all diabetes patients with hyperglycemia. Inpatient studies of non-critically ill patients show better glycemic control with the use of basal-bolus insulin therapy compared to sliding scale insulin therapy, but increased rates of hypoglycemia. The investigators hypothesize that basal-bolus insulin therapy with a new ultra-long-action basal insulin can treat hyperglycemia more efficiently than sliding scale insulin, with few episodes of hypoglycemia.
A pervasive and persistent finding is the health disadvantage experienced by those in food insecure households. While clear associations have been identified between food insecurity and diabetes risk factors, less is known about the relationship between food insecurity and incident type 2 diabetes. The objective of this study is to investigate the association between household food insecurity and the future development of type 2 diabetes. The investigators used data from Ontario adult respondents to the 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey, linked to health administrative data (n = 4,739). Food insecurity was assessed with the Household Food Security Survey Module and incident type 2 diabetes cases were identified by the Ontario Diabetes Database. Multivariable adjusted Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for type 2 diabetes as a function of food insecurity.