View clinical trials related to Diabetes Mellitus, Non-Insulin-Dependent.Filter by:
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) results from a combination of insufficient insulin secretion from pancreatic islets and insulin resistance of target cells. The investigators have extensive pre-clinical data suggesting that BSE through its high content of the isothiocyanate sulforaphane improves hepatic insulin sensitivity. BSE as a dietary supplement could therefore benefit both patients with T2D and individuals at risk for the disease. BSE-containing sulforaphane is suggested to activate Nuclear factor-like 2 (NRF2). The investigators aim to study the clinical effect of using BSE as a dietary supplement on glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity.
In diabetics there is an abnormally increased production of AGEs due to hyperglycemia. An association was shown between AGE measured by biopsy (invasive) and DE patients with diabetes (increase of AGE level in the corpora cavernosa). To date no studies have explored the link between DE and the measure of AGE by a non-invasive method of Auto-fluorescence (AF) Skin (AGEReaderTM). If the hypothesis of an association between DE and AGE measured by AF was checked, screening for erectile dysfunction and measurement of AGEs could help to improve the overall management of diabetic patient (including cardiovascular) and their quality of life.
Investigators proposed to refine and test the feasibility and acceptability of a 4-month multi-modal lifestyle intervention in African American female breast or endometrial cancer survivors diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
India is the "Diabetes Capital of the World" with 41 million Indians having diabetes i.e. every fifth diabetic in the world is an Indian. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) constitutes the major chunk of diabetes and has insulin resistance as the hallmark feature in the pathogenesis. However, with the progression of the disease the insulin resistance becomes stable whereas β - cell function shows a gradual decline due to its ongoing apoptosis. This ultimately leads to inability of the β - cells to cope up with the increased demand of insulin caused due to insulin resistance and manifests as hyperglycemia. As β - cell failure is progressive and inexorable, as demonstrated in United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study, most of the patients with T2DM would eventually require insulin and it would be difficult to achieve to attain a strict glycemic control . It is well known that diabetes related complications which account for morbidity and mortality in this disease can be prevented or delayed by strict glycemic control. However, even with intensive insulin therapy it has been shown that glycemic control can never be perfect with patients exhibiting hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia during 24 hour glucose profile. Also insulin therapy is not physiological as there is no hepatic "first - pass" metabolism of insulin which is required for halting the hepatic glucose output, which is responsible for fasting hyperglycemia. This led the researchers to evolve various strategies of β - cell replacement therapy e.g. pancreatic transplantation and islet cell transplantation. Initially the results of islet cell transplantation were dismal but after the induction of glucocorticoid free immunosuppressive therapy and the use of adequate number of islet cells from multiple donors, the results of islet cell transplantation have been better. However, islet cell transplantation has its own limitations viz insufficient supply, being technically demanding and requirement of lifelong immunosuppressive therapy in the recipient.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether Sudarshan Kriya Yoga intervention has effect on the quality of life , anxiety and depression of Type 2 Diabetic Patients.
Stem cells have promising potential in treating diabetes. However the therapeutic outcome in diabetic patients will profoundly depend on their delivery to pancreas. Our objective is to label stem cells with PET tracer F18-FDG to carry out in vivo cell tracking. The labeled stem cells will be given through different routes (intravenous and intraarterial)and tissue distribution studied. Patients will be followed up for the next 6 months. Glucagon stimulated C peptide will be measured at baseline and at 6 months and HOMA IR and HOMA beta will be calculated.
The highly promising and innovative tracer on 111In-DTPA-AHX-Lys40-Exendin 4 has been applied to determine beta cell mass in healthy volunteers and patients with type 1 diabetes. However, the high retention of the tracer in the kidneys was leading to a kidney/pancreas uptake ratio of 41±23. This high renal uptake is complicating absolute BCM quantification by SPECT imaging. In order to reduce the kidney/pancreas uptake ratio, investigators propose a co-infusion with the plasma expander Gelofusine since it has been shown in several pre-clinical and clinical studies that Gelofusine can reduce the renal retention of several other, closely related tracers. When investigators are able to reduce the kidney/pancreas uptake ratio, these findings will improve the interpretation of clinical quantitative SPECT, having important implications for therapeutic decision making for patients with diabetes, insulinomas or congenital hyperinsulinism, and may also have a major impact on our understanding of the pathophysiology of these diseases.
Diabetes is associated with a substantially increased risk of heart failure, which is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Despite the development of new therapeutic strategies to improve glycemic control, recent clinical data from the saxagliptin assessment of vascular outcomes recorded in patients with diabetes mellitus-thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (SAVOR-TIMI) 53 study observed an unexpected finding of an excess of adjudicated heart failure hospitalizations. This excess occurred in the setting of pre-existing heart failure (HF) hospitalization and in those with elevated biomarkers for heart failure such as N terminal pro Brain type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP). A wealth of preclinical data did not suggest a mechanistic basis for an excess of heart failure events, however these preclinical studies primarily focused upon prevention based strategies as opposed to regression studies once established heart failure was present. This proposal seeks to understand if and how dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP4i,specifically saxagliptin) may influence the development of heart failure, by evaluating changes in cardiac structure and function using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
The investigators are conducting this research to study the effect of Liraglutide on blood pressure. Several studies have shown increased cardiovascular complications and deaths in diabetics with hypertension. The importance of blood pressure control in diabetes has been shown in many clinical trials. No drug already approved for treating Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is known to reduce blood pressure along with improving diabetes. However, prior research studies with liraglutide have suggested that treatment with liraglutide improves blood pressure. This effect is seen very quickly and even prior to any weight loss. The mechanism behind this effect is yet to be determined.
A number of strategies have been evaluated to improve clinical outcomes in diabetics patients, however no studies explored the efficacy of a nurse-led reminder program through email (NRP-e) to improve medication adherence, even if it is fundamental in the management of diabetics. The study aims at evaluating for the first time the efficacy of a nurse-led reminder program through email (NRP-e) to improve medication adherence in diabetic patients.