There are about 460 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Uganda. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Helping babies breathe (HBB) is a neonatal resuscitation training program for low-resource settings to health care workers to provide prompt respiratory support to save babies at birth. Despite massive roll-out, new-born mortality reduction has stagnated over the years. Innovative teaching methods with existing technology such as video-debriefing needs to be tested to promote competence (skills and knowledge) attainment and retention.
Sickle cell anaemia (SCA) is a common hereditary haemoglobin disorder in Africa. World wide it is estimated that about 300,000 newborns are born every year. Of which 75% of them live in Sub-saharan Africa (SSA). In Uganda, about 15,000 babies are born with sickle cell disease per year. In Uganda, the stroke prevalence was found to be 6.2% in children admitted to the National referral hospital in Kampala. Notable between 21 to 30% of these children presented with co-morbidities such as anaemia, bacteraemia and painfull crisis. Stroke in SCA is mediated by several mechanism such as cellular adhesions, inflammatory markers, hemolysis associated oxidative stress and hemostatic activation. Stroke in SCA is primarily a large vessel stroke and the mechanisim state above lead to a narrowing of the lumen of the cerebral arteries Arterial ischaemic stroke which occurs frequently in children with SCA has been associated with bacterial infections. Recent studies have shown that minor infections such as flu like infections can play a critical role in the trigger of stroke in children. Our hypothesis is that viral flu infections is a key trigger for the risk of stroke in children with SCA. Our objective is to prevent the occurrence of flu illnesses in children with SCA thereby reducing the risk for stroke in our population of children with SCA. Methods: A randomized controlled double blinded study Study site: The study will be conducted at the Sickle Cell Clinic (SCC), Mulago Hospital. Inclusion criteria: will be ;age between 2 years and 12 years;All children whose parents will have consented and those above 7years will have to assent. Exclusion criteria: all children with previous strokes; children who have acute illness and are not clinically stable; any child with previous documented adverse event following immunization (AEFI). Sample Size: Using Open EPI calculator for cohort studies we calculated a total sample size of 136 participant to achieve our objective. Using a 95% confidence interval, power of 80% and an unexposed outcome of 25% (4) using a ratio of 1:1. Each arm will have 68 participants. With anticipated 10% loss to follow up a total sample size of 150 with each arm having 75 participants. Study utility: Globally, stroke triggers have been recently identified independent of the existing risk factors such as high cerebral velocity speeds on TCDs. Flues like illnesses have been reported to be stroke triggers in children with arterial ischaemic strokes worldwide.This study may influence the role of influenza vaccination in the prevention of stroke triggers in children with sickle cell anaemia. It will also add to the existing modalities which have helped to reduce the incidence of stroke amongst this high risk group of children with
The main goal of ERAS is to enhance the recovery of patients, and this has secondary effects, such reduced length of hospital stay, minimal postoperative complications and lessen readmission rates. ERAS protocols have been shown to be feasible and safe across the world. Although it has been shown to be effective in the developed settings and can potentially reduce the length of hospital stay, and the cost of healthcare in the perioperative period. The multimodal program of ERAS has been less implemented in the low and middle income African countries. Studies done outside Uganda (Egypt and South Africa) have demonstrated that ERAS program can be feasible and yields favorable outcomes in patients.
Survey experiment to estimate drivers of mental illness stigma
The MTN-041 study is a multi-site exploratory study using focus group discussions (FGDs) and in-depth interviews (IDIs) to identify individual, interpersonal, social and cultural factors that may affect potential uptake of two safe and effective HIV prevention products, the monthly dapivirine (DPV) vaginal ring (VR) and daily oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), by pregnant and breastfeeding women in Africa.
It is estimated that 47,000 women die every year due to consequences of unsafe abortion globally. The majority of pregnancy related deaths occur in low income countries where induced abortion is restricted, unmet need for contraception is high, and women's status is low. Uganda has a high total fertility rate of 5.4 children per woman, low contraceptive prevalence rate of 39%, and more than half of these pregnancies are unintended. Induced abortion is controversial and restricted in Uganda and legally permitted only to save a woman's life. As a result, women often resort to unsafe abortion- that's either performed by a person lacking the necessary skills or in an environment that does not conform to minimal medical standards. Of the estimated 314,304 women who undergo unsafe abortions each year in Uganda, about 41% receive treatment for complications. This equates to an annual rate of 12 per 1,000 women aged 15-49 years being hospitalized for induced abortion complications, which is considered high in international comparison. In Uganda, outside the larger hospitals and private settings, access to safe post abortion care and surgical facilities are scarce. Studies have showed that trained midwives can deliver safe, effective and acceptable post abortion care using misoprostol in the first trimester. Currently in Uganda, treatment of second trimester incomplete abortion is restricted to physicians. This study will provide evidence on whether treatment for incomplete abortion using misoprostol by mid-level providers can be extended to the early second trimester period. The investigators hypothesize that misoprostol treatment for incomplete second trimester abortion provided by midwives is equivalent to that of physicians requiring no further surgical intervention. Women with incomplete abortion will be randomly allocated to undergo a clinical assessment and treatment with misoprostol either by physician or midwife with safety and effectiveness as main outcomes in the RCT carried out in hospital and high volume health centres in Central Uganda.
The purpose of the study is to Evaluate the Effect of Ticagrelor versus Placebo in Reducing the Rate of Vaso-Occlusive Crises in Paediatric Patients with Sickle Cell Disease
In this retrospective cohort study, we mapped the care cascades for both Hypertension and HIV within a HIV program in Uganda with the goal of identifying opportunities for developing contextually appropriate integrated care models, .
This phase II clinical trial studies the side effects of pomalidomide and how well it works in treating patients with Kaposi sarcoma and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Biological therapies, such as pomalidomide, may stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop tumor cells from growing and it may also block the growth of new blood vessels necessary for tumor growth.
Randomized, placebo-controlled trial of the effect of 84 days of daily iron supplementation on iron status, gut microbiome profile, infectious disease frequency, and HIV disease severity in moderately anemic [hemoglobin 9 - <11 g/dL (6-59 mo); hemoglobin 9 - < 11.5 g/dL (5 -12 years)], HIV-infected Ugandan children between the ages of 6 mos and 12 years.