View clinical trials related to Sickle Cell Disease.Filter by:
The overall goal of this study is to identify the optimal nutritional requirement for treatment of severe acute malnutrition in children with sickle cell disease (SCD). No international standard or evidence based guidelines exist for treatment of moderate or severe acute malnutrition in children with SCD.
SCD is an inherited disorder of hemoglobin that affects over 100,000 Americans, most of whom live in low-resourced neighborhoods. Acute SCD complications result in 230,000 emergency department visits and $1.5 billion annually in acute-care expenditures. Prior research indicates that increased disease-specific knowledge correlates with improved clinical outcomes in SCD. Thus, targeting strategies to improve disease-specific knowledge is a high priority in the care of individuals with SCD. Significant evidence describes how educational materials, including online educational programs, can be used to increase disease-specific knowledge. In this study, the investigators will evaluate a mobile phone technology intervention based on the prior evidence that technologies can improve SCD-specific knowledge.
DISPLACE is a three part, multi-center U.S. based study to evaluate the barriers to stroke screening and prevention in children with sickle cell anemia (SCA). In the United States, TCD (Transcranial Doppler ultrasound) is a proven method of screening children with SCA for stroke. However, many children are not getting the screening they need. This study will examine the issues that hinder and help children get the screening at 28 different hospitals and sickle cell centers to improve care for all children with sickle cell anemia. The investigators will then plan a study (part 3) aimed to improve stroke screening and prevention in sickle cell anemia.
The purpose of the study is to Evaluate the Effect of Ticagrelor versus Placebo in Reducing the Rate of Vaso-Occlusive Crises in Paediatric Patients with Sickle Cell Disease
Thiotepa is a chemotherapy drug used extensively in bone marrow transplantation. Thiotepa is a prodrug that undergoes metabolic conversion in the liver by CYP2B6 and CYP3A4 to its primary active metabolite, TEPA. The goal of this study is to determine what causes some children to have different drug concentrations of thiotepa and TEPA in their bodies and if drug levels are related to whether or not a child experiences severe side-effects during their bone marrow transplant. The hypothesis is that certain clinical and genetic factors cause changes in thiotepa and TEPA drug levels in pediatric bone marrow transplant patients and that high levels may cause severe side-effects.
Melphalan is a chemotherapy drug used extensively in bone marrow transplantation. The goal of this study is to determine what causes some children to have different drug concentrations of melphalan in their bodies and if drug levels are related to whether or not a child experiences severe side-effects during their bone marrow transplant. The hypothesis is that certain clinical and individual factors cause changes in melphalan drug levels in pediatric bone marrow transplant patients and that high levels may cause severe side-effects.
Fludarabine and clofarabine are chemotherapy drugs used extensively in bone marrow transplantation. The goal of this study is to determine what causes some children to have different drug concentrations of clofarabine and fludarabine in their bodies and if drug levels are related to whether or not a child experiences severe side-effects during their bone marrow transplant. The hypothesis is that clinical and individual factors cause changes in clofarabine and fludarabine drug levels in pediatric bone marrow transplant patients and that high levels may cause severe side-effects.
Stroke is a frequent complication of sickle cell disease (SCD), with varying levels of central nervous system (CNS) involvement. The summation of several ischemic events, even when silent, can lead to devastating consequences, from reduced academic performance to physical dependence. Despite knowledge that brain flow velocities evaluated by Doppler ultrasound identify pediatric SCD patients at a greater stroke risk (Adams et al, NEJM 1998; 339:5-11), this method is not able to predict the occurrence of strokes in adults. There is also no consensus on the management of adult patients in relation to primary and secondary prevention. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of the administration of Simvastatin on CNS structural and functional vascular changes in 30 adult patients with SCD (SS and Sβ), above 35 years of age, observed through Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). The data on the effect of simvastatin on disease manifestations is quite scarce, however this drug reportedly significantly reduces plasma concentrations of adhesion molecules and inflammatory markers, such as E-selectin, VEGF, CRP and IL-6 (Hoppe et al, BJH 2011; 153:655-663; Hoppe et al, BJH 2017;177:620-629). Thus, in addition to the search for early diagnostic markers and risk stratification for primary or recurrent stroke, we will also compare CNS images before and 12 months after the administration of Simvastatin. The drug alter stroke recurrence rates in the general adult population, but their effects on vascular changes in patients with SCD have not yet been adequately elucidated. This is particularly important because these are low cost drugs which present good tolerability, and could be part of the therapeutic arsenal of SCD, even in low income settings. Concomitantly with the CNS evaluation, this study also intends to investigate molecular pathways that may be affected by the drugs. We will evaluate microvesicle release patterns, as well as the content of microRNAs possibly involved in the occurrence of stroke, in addition to metabolomic studies and plasma cytokine profile.
This multi-center study will compare the effectiveness of adding virtual peer mentoring (PM) to a structured education-based (STE) transition program for emerging adults with sickle cell disease to determine its effect on decreasing the number of acute care visits per year, improving patient-reported outcomes, and reducing healthcare utilization among emerging adults with sickle cell disease (EA-SCD)
This multisite prospective study seeks to determine if HLA-identical sibling donor transplantation using alemtuzumab, low dose total-body irradiation, and sirolimus (Sickle transplant Using a Nonmyeloablative approach, "SUN") can decrease the toxicity of transplant while achieving a high cure rate for children with sickle cell disease (SCD).