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NCT ID: NCT03568344 Not yet recruiting - Malaria Clinical Trials

Community Access to Rectal Artesunate for Malaria

Start date: June 15, 2018
Study type: Observational

Many malaria deaths occur in places where people have poor access to preventive and curative health services. Prompt access to quality health services is critical in the case of severe childhood diseases, among which severe malaria is particularly frequent in endemic areas. In communities where parenteral treatment of severe malaria is not available, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends administration of a single rectal dose of artesunate (RAS) to children less than 6 years, followed by immediate referral to an appropriate facility where the full package of care for severe malaria can be provided. Many African countries have already endorsed the use of pre-referral RAS. But treatment guidelines vary widely across these countries and often do not align with the WHO recommendation. With the impending availability of quality-assured rectal artesunate (QA RAS) and countries poised to scale-up this intervention, it is critical to investigate the safe and effective implementation of RAS as part of a continuum of care for severe malaria patients. To ensure that RAS is well targeted, it is equally urgent to learn more about frequency, treatment seeking and risk factors for severe malaria at community level. The CARAMAL project has two major components: the pilot implementation of QA RAS in selected areas of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Nigeria and Uganda, and operational research on the introduction of QA RAS into established integrated community case management (iCCM) platforms. The CARAMAL project is funded by Unitaid and coordinated by the Clinton Health Access Initiative, Inc. (CHAI). UNICEF is responsible for QA RAS implementation. Swiss TPH in partnership with the local research organizations Akena Associates Ltd. in Nigeria, Kinshasa School of Public Health in DRC and Makerere University School of Public Health in Uganda carries out the operational research component to generate evidence for the responsible implementation of RAS. Finally, the CARAMAL project will generate a better understanding of severe febrile illness, its management at all levels and key determinants of health outcomes.

NCT ID: NCT03551912 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Postoperative Complications

The Nigerian Surgical Outcomes Study. This Study is Aimed at Observing for Complications Within 30 Days After Surgery

Start date: June 2018
Study type: Observational

The Nigerian Surgical Outcome Study is a national 30-day observational cohort study of complications after surgery. Various institutions across Nigeria will be involved. The study aims at providing detailed data describing post-operative complications, requirement for intensive care and mortality. All patients undergoing either elective surgery during a 7-day study period with a planned overnight stay will be recruited.

NCT ID: NCT03534999 Completed - Hip Fractures Clinical Trials

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation on Pain Intensity of Patients With Hip Arthroplasty

Start date: October 2, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Fifty patients with hip arthroplasty were purposively recruited for the study. They were allocated into two groups randomly with equal number. One group had TEN, other served as control. Pain intensity was measured every day of the treatment.

NCT ID: NCT03533868 Recruiting - HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials

Reaching 90% HIV Suppression: The Role of POC Viral Load Monitoring in Nigeria

Start date: April 9, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The UNAIDS 90-90-90 goals represents an ambitious strategy to end the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic by 2020 [UNAIDS, 2015]. While viral load (VL) quantification is the gold standard of HIV treatment monitoring, it is only routinely available and employed in resource-rich countries. The use of an affordable, reliable, point-of-care (POC) VL assay has been considered a "game-changer", where increased access, minimal lab worker training, and same day results could be addressed in a single solution. To date, POC VL assays have been evaluated by their manufacturers with reference panels of samples with some in-country laboratory evaluations. While these are appropriate and critical first steps, it is also important to evaluate the impact of this new technology against the standard of care (SOC) method of VL monitoring in an actual resource-limited setting. Nigeria has the second highest burden of HIV in the world, with an estimated 3.2 million infected and serves as a relevant setting for testing feasibility and efficacy of POC VL monitoring [UNAIDS, 2016]. In order to present the case for implementing the use of POC VL testing across Nigeria, data on the acceptability, feasibility and efficacy of using POC testing for VL monitoring are needed. To address this need, the investigators have designed a randomized controlled trial comparing POC VL to monitoring to the SOC, which follows the Nigerian National Guidelines, to provide operational evidence for implementation of POC VL testing in Nigeria. This trial is aimed at testing the hypothesis that using POC versus SOC VL monitoring in HIV-infected patients newly initiating ART will improve overall ART outcomes, increase ART adherence and program retention rates, and result in faster switches to second-line treatment of patients failing first-line ART.

NCT ID: NCT03516318 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Using Social Media to Improve ART Retention and Treatment Outcomes Among YLHIV in Nigeria

Start date: June 1, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

A randomized control trial to test the effectiveness of a structured online support group, SMART (Social Media to improve ART Retention in Treatment) Connections, to improve retention in HIV care services among youth living with HIV (YLHIV) in Nigeria.

NCT ID: NCT03476512 Completed - Hypertension Clinical Trials

Treatment Adherence and Blood Pressure Outcome Among Hypertensive Out-patients

Start date: February 1, 2017
Study type: Observational

It is estimated that more than 70% of patients on antihypertensive medications do not take them as prescribed. Treatment non-adherence practice may be particularly higher in developing countries where there is poor accessibility to medicines and healthcare services, coupled with low level of awareness of the lifelong nature of hypertension treatment among patients. Optimal control of blood pressure has been reported to reduce the incidence of morbidity and mortality associated with hypertension. Thus, adoption of healthy lifestyle as well as ensuring regular and continuous adherence to prescribed medications are integral to successful management of hypertension to achieve the target blood pressure goals. The present study comprehensively evaluated adherence to pharmacotherapy and non-pharmacological measures among ambulatory hypertensive patients attending two healthcare institutions in Sokoto, Northwestern Nigeria. Reasons for treatment non-adherence were evaluated, while perception and beliefs about hypertension and its management were also explored, with pharmacist-led patient-specific adherence education provided as appropriate to resolve the knowledge gap(s). Association between treatment adherence and blood pressure outcome at contact and the subsequent 2-months clinic appointment were investigated. Patients aged 18 years and above, with a primary diagnosis of hypertension, and who were on antihypertensive medications for at least 3-months were recruited from the medical outpatient clinic of Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital and the Specialist Hospital, both within Sokoto metropolis, Sokoto state, Northwestern Nigeria. Newly diagnosed patients, in-patients and those who declined participation were excluded from the study.

NCT ID: NCT03473795 Enrolling by invitation - Clinical trials for Non-Communicable Disease

Developing Non-Communicable Disease Registries in Africa : A Step Towards Providing Quality Data for Improving Patient Outcomes

Start date: March 16, 2018
Study type: Observational [Patient Registry]

This umbrella protocol seeks to develop robust data registries for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) with the aim of providing accurate and comprehensive data for the evaluation of such diseases in sub-Saharan African countries.Healthy volunteers will be included in the study for comparison.

NCT ID: NCT03446937 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Effect of Antenatal Corticosteroids on Neonatal Morbidity.

Start date: December 1, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

It will be a randomized controlled trial. There will be two study groups. Study group 1 will be given dexamethasone while study group 2 will be given betamethasone. The control group will be given placebo.

NCT ID: NCT03446859 Completed - Clinical trials for Primary Dysmenorrhea

TENS on Pain Intensity in Primary Dysmenorrhea

Start date: August 4, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Dysmenorrhoea is a common problem in women of reproductive age. It is associated with painful uterine contractions and discomfort. The primary aim of the study was to determine the effect of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) on pain intensity associated with primary dysmenorrhoea among female undergraduate students of Obafemi Awolowo University. The study involved 50 females undergraduates of Obafemi Awolowo University with primary dysmenorrhoea lasting for at least 5 days. They were allocated in to two groups equally. One group was treated with TENS and other group served as control. The treatment was for 5 days and Pain intensity was measured before and after the treatment in the two groups. The post treatment pain intensity was then compared.

NCT ID: NCT03412279 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Chronic Low Back Pain

Validation of the Translated Hausa Versions of the Oswestry Disability Index, Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, SF-12 Health Survey, Pain Catastrophizing Scale, and Back Beliefs Questionnaire in Individuals With Chronic Low Back Pain

Start date: January 1, 2018
Study type: Observational

The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ), SF-12 Health Survey, Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), and Back Beliefs Questionnaire (BBQ) are important and widely used validated patient self-reported measures commonly used in clinical trials and health research involving patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain. However, till date, validated Hausa versions of these tools are unavailable for use despite not only Hausa language is commonly spoken in Nigeria but in other parts of the world. The purpose of this study is to perform, using evidence-based guidelines, translation, cultural adaptation and validation of the ODI, RMDQ, SF-12 health survey, PCS, and BBQ into Hausa language among CLBP patients in Northern Nigeria.