There are about 137 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Nigeria. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Many malaria deaths occur in places where people have poor access to preventive and curative health services. Prompt access to quality health services is critical in the case of severe childhood diseases, among which severe malaria is particularly frequent in endemic areas. In communities where parenteral treatment of severe malaria is not available, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends administration of a single rectal dose of artesunate (RAS) to children less than 6 years, followed by immediate referral to an appropriate facility where the full package of care for severe malaria can be provided. Many African countries have already endorsed the use of pre-referral RAS. But treatment guidelines vary widely across these countries and often do not align with the WHO recommendation. With the impending availability of quality-assured rectal artesunate (QA RAS) and countries poised to scale-up this intervention, it is critical to investigate the safe and effective implementation of RAS as part of a continuum of care for severe malaria patients. To ensure that RAS is well targeted, it is equally urgent to learn more about frequency, treatment seeking and risk factors for severe malaria at community level. The CARAMAL project has two major components: the pilot implementation of QA RAS in selected areas of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Nigeria and Uganda, and operational research on the introduction of QA RAS into established integrated community case management (iCCM) platforms. The CARAMAL project is funded by Unitaid and coordinated by the Clinton Health Access Initiative, Inc. (CHAI). UNICEF is responsible for QA RAS implementation. Swiss TPH in partnership with the local research organizations Akena Associates Ltd. in Nigeria, Kinshasa School of Public Health in DRC and Makerere University School of Public Health in Uganda carries out the operational research component to generate evidence for the responsible implementation of RAS. Finally, the CARAMAL project will generate a better understanding of severe febrile illness, its management at all levels and key determinants of health outcomes.
The Nigerian Surgical Outcome Study is a national 30-day observational cohort study of complications after surgery. Various institutions across Nigeria will be involved. The study aims at providing detailed data describing post-operative complications, requirement for intensive care and mortality. All patients undergoing either elective surgery during a 7-day study period with a planned overnight stay will be recruited.
Fifty patients with hip arthroplasty were purposively recruited for the study. They were allocated into two groups randomly with equal number. One group had TEN, other served as control. Pain intensity was measured every day of the treatment.
The UNAIDS 90-90-90 goals represents an ambitious strategy to end the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic by 2020 [UNAIDS, 2015]. While viral load (VL) quantification is the gold standard of HIV treatment monitoring, it is only routinely available and employed in resource-rich countries. The use of an affordable, reliable, point-of-care (POC) VL assay has been considered a "game-changer", where increased access, minimal lab worker training, and same day results could be addressed in a single solution. To date, POC VL assays have been evaluated by their manufacturers with reference panels of samples with some in-country laboratory evaluations. While these are appropriate and critical first steps, it is also important to evaluate the impact of this new technology against the standard of care (SOC) method of VL monitoring in an actual resource-limited setting. Nigeria has the second highest burden of HIV in the world, with an estimated 3.2 million infected and serves as a relevant setting for testing feasibility and efficacy of POC VL monitoring [UNAIDS, 2016]. In order to present the case for implementing the use of POC VL testing across Nigeria, data on the acceptability, feasibility and efficacy of using POC testing for VL monitoring are needed. To address this need, the investigators have designed a randomized controlled trial comparing POC VL to monitoring to the SOC, which follows the Nigerian National Guidelines, to provide operational evidence for implementation of POC VL testing in Nigeria. This trial is aimed at testing the hypothesis that using POC versus SOC VL monitoring in HIV-infected patients newly initiating ART will improve overall ART outcomes, increase ART adherence and program retention rates, and result in faster switches to second-line treatment of patients failing first-line ART.
A randomized control trial to test the effectiveness of a structured online support group, SMART (Social Media to improve ART Retention in Treatment) Connections, to improve retention in HIV care services among youth living with HIV (YLHIV) in Nigeria.
It is estimated that more than 70% of patients on antihypertensive medications do not take them as prescribed. Treatment non-adherence practice may be particularly higher in developing countries where there is poor accessibility to medicines and healthcare services, coupled with low level of awareness of the lifelong nature of hypertension treatment among patients. Optimal control of blood pressure has been reported to reduce the incidence of morbidity and mortality associated with hypertension. Thus, adoption of healthy lifestyle as well as ensuring regular and continuous adherence to prescribed medications are integral to successful management of hypertension to achieve the target blood pressure goals. The present study comprehensively evaluated adherence to pharmacotherapy and non-pharmacological measures among ambulatory hypertensive patients attending two healthcare institutions in Sokoto, Northwestern Nigeria. Reasons for treatment non-adherence were evaluated, while perception and beliefs about hypertension and its management were also explored, with pharmacist-led patient-specific adherence education provided as appropriate to resolve the knowledge gap(s). Association between treatment adherence and blood pressure outcome at contact and the subsequent 2-months clinic appointment were investigated. Patients aged 18 years and above, with a primary diagnosis of hypertension, and who were on antihypertensive medications for at least 3-months were recruited from the medical outpatient clinic of Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital and the Specialist Hospital, both within Sokoto metropolis, Sokoto state, Northwestern Nigeria. Newly diagnosed patients, in-patients and those who declined participation were excluded from the study.
This umbrella protocol seeks to develop robust data registries for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) with the aim of providing accurate and comprehensive data for the evaluation of such diseases in sub-Saharan African countries.Healthy volunteers will be included in the study for comparison.
It will be a randomized controlled trial. There will be two study groups. Study group 1 will be given dexamethasone while study group 2 will be given betamethasone. The control group will be given placebo.
Dysmenorrhoea is a common problem in women of reproductive age. It is associated with painful uterine contractions and discomfort. The primary aim of the study was to determine the effect of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) on pain intensity associated with primary dysmenorrhoea among female undergraduate students of Obafemi Awolowo University. The study involved 50 females undergraduates of Obafemi Awolowo University with primary dysmenorrhoea lasting for at least 5 days. They were allocated in to two groups equally. One group was treated with TENS and other group served as control. The treatment was for 5 days and Pain intensity was measured before and after the treatment in the two groups. The post treatment pain intensity was then compared.
The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ), SF-12 Health Survey, Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), and Back Beliefs Questionnaire (BBQ) are important and widely used validated patient self-reported measures commonly used in clinical trials and health research involving patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain. However, till date, validated Hausa versions of these tools are unavailable for use despite not only Hausa language is commonly spoken in Nigeria but in other parts of the world. The purpose of this study is to perform, using evidence-based guidelines, translation, cultural adaptation and validation of the ODI, RMDQ, SF-12 health survey, PCS, and BBQ into Hausa language among CLBP patients in Northern Nigeria.