There are about 113 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Nigeria. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Determine the knowledge attitude and practices of all levels of health care providers about neonatal jaundice
Recent advances in molecular diagnostics of tuberculosis, especially the GeneXpert Mycobacterium tuberculosis/Rifampicin test have reduced the time to diagnose Rifampicin Resistant Tuberculosis (RR-TB) but only rifampicin resistance is diagnosed, leading to presumptive diagnosis of resistance to isoniazid and maybe other drugs. Thus in low and middle income countries, most drug sensitivity testing relies on phenotypic drug resistance testing, which takes up to 4 months. In addition, currently, culture on monthly sputum samples is recommended by the World Health Organization for follow-up of Rifampicin Resistant Tuberculosis patients under treatment. Unfortunately, culture is often not locally available and samples need to be transported from field to culture laboratories. The associated transport delays lead to high rates of contamination and false negative culture, particularly in laboratories in low resource settings. Many gaps for the diagnosis and management of RR-TB patients still need to be addressed and the DIAMA project (DIAgnostics for Multidrug resistant tuberculosis in Africa) study aims to address some of them.
This study will assess the current practice of medication reconciliation among pharmacists in the selected institutions with a view to making an intervention to address gaps discovered
This is a-two phase study. Phase 1 will adapt a 3-metabolite biosensor that identifies patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) and precancerous polyps to Nigerian patients. Phase 2 will pilot test and evaluate the point-of-care (POC) biosensor device in Nigeria.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of a comprehensive, coordinated transition protocol which includes an early introduction to the adult provider, an integrated case management team and a peer-facilitated organized support group on retention in care, viral suppression and psychosocial wellbeing among adolescents living with HIV.
This study will be conducted as a stratified cluster randomized trial. The unit of randomization will be the outpatient therapeutic feeding center. The 10 health centers will be stratified by size, and centers within a stratum will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to one of two schedules of treatment: (1) standard weekly visits or (2) monthly visits with support for home-based surveillance.
The evidence on how primary care provider supply and skill relates to patient outcomes is limited and inconclusive. The issue of skill is a particularly important one in low-income countries where the shortage of skilled medical professionals has led to greater use of the task-shifting model in which medical tasks are redistributed from highly skilled health workers to mid-level providers who receive less training. In this large-scale cluster-randomized trial, the investigators randomly select primary health care facilities to receive a highly skilled provider (a doctor), a mid-level health provider, or no additional providers (the control group). The investigators study the effect of this intervention on patient outcomes. Embedded within this trial is another experimental intervention in which pregnant women residing in communities served by the primary health care facilities are assigned to receive a cash transfer conditional on using antenatal, delivery and postnatal care. The investigators study the effect of the cash transfer on health care utilization and on maternal and infant outcomes.
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a global disease with significant morbidity and mortality, and Nigeria probably has the highest burden of the disease in the world. Unfortunately, much about the disease including its aetiology, epidemiology and treatment is not yet well described. This will be a prospective, national, multicenter cohort study, conducted in centres in Nigeria. It is expected that approximately 500 patients with PPCM and 500 apparently healthy pregnant women will be recruited over a 6-month period with follow‐up at 3-monthly intervals for 18 months.
This study will examine the feasibility and acceptability of an intervention designed to improve retention in HIV care services and improve anti-retroviral therapy (ART) adherence among adolescents ages 15-19 years living with HIV enrolled in ART services.
Breastfeeding remains the optimal mode of feeding for infants younger than six months. Exclusive Breast Feeding (EBF) among HIV-infected mothers has been shown to be associated with a sustained and significant reduction in HIV transmission and has the potential to reduce infant and under-five mortality. Given the considerable authority among men as decision makers in sub-Saharan African, we may be witnessing a missed opportunity to engage men in the education, awareness, and decision-making for EBF. Understanding the role and impact of male partners on this decision-making process require further examination to inform the development of effective and sustainable evidence-based interventions to support the initiation and sustainment of EBF.