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NCT ID: NCT03516318 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Using Social Media to Improve ART Retention and Treatment Outcomes Among YLHIV in Nigeria

Start date: June 1, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

A randomized control trial to test the effectiveness of a structured online support group, SMART (Social Media to improve ART Retention in Treatment) Connections, to improve retention in HIV care services among youth living with HIV (YLHIV) in Nigeria.

NCT ID: NCT03476512 Completed - Hypertension Clinical Trials

Treatment Adherence and Blood Pressure Outcome Among Hypertensive Out-patients

Start date: February 1, 2017
Study type: Observational

It is estimated that more than 70% of patients on antihypertensive medications do not take them as prescribed. Treatment non-adherence practice may be particularly higher in developing countries where there is poor accessibility to medicines and healthcare services, coupled with low level of awareness of the lifelong nature of hypertension treatment among patients. Optimal control of blood pressure has been reported to reduce the incidence of morbidity and mortality associated with hypertension. Thus, adoption of healthy lifestyle as well as ensuring regular and continuous adherence to prescribed medications are integral to successful management of hypertension to achieve the target blood pressure goals. The present study comprehensively evaluated adherence to pharmacotherapy and non-pharmacological measures among ambulatory hypertensive patients attending two healthcare institutions in Sokoto, Northwestern Nigeria. Reasons for treatment non-adherence were evaluated, while perception and beliefs about hypertension and its management were also explored, with pharmacist-led patient-specific adherence education provided as appropriate to resolve the knowledge gap(s). Association between treatment adherence and blood pressure outcome at contact and the subsequent 2-months clinic appointment were investigated. Patients aged 18 years and above, with a primary diagnosis of hypertension, and who were on antihypertensive medications for at least 3-months were recruited from the medical outpatient clinic of Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital and the Specialist Hospital, both within Sokoto metropolis, Sokoto state, Northwestern Nigeria. Newly diagnosed patients, in-patients and those who declined participation were excluded from the study.

NCT ID: NCT03473795 Enrolling by invitation - Clinical trials for Non-Communicable Disease

Developing Non-Communicable Disease Registries in Africa : A Step Towards Providing Quality Data for Improving Patient Outcomes

Start date: March 16, 2018
Study type: Observational [Patient Registry]

This umbrella protocol seeks to develop robust data registries for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) with the aim of providing accurate and comprehensive data for the evaluation of such diseases in sub-Saharan African countries.Healthy volunteers will be included in the study for comparison.

NCT ID: NCT03446937 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Effect of Antenatal Corticosteroids on Neonatal Morbidity.

Start date: December 1, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

It will be a randomized controlled trial. There will be two study groups. Study group 1 will be given dexamethasone while study group 2 will be given betamethasone. The control group will be given placebo.

NCT ID: NCT03446859 Completed - Clinical trials for Primary Dysmenorrhea

TENS on Pain Intensity in Primary Dysmenorrhea

Start date: August 4, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Dysmenorrhoea is a common problem in women of reproductive age. It is associated with painful uterine contractions and discomfort. The primary aim of the study was to determine the effect of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) on pain intensity associated with primary dysmenorrhoea among female undergraduate students of Obafemi Awolowo University. The study involved 50 females undergraduates of Obafemi Awolowo University with primary dysmenorrhoea lasting for at least 5 days. They were allocated in to two groups equally. One group was treated with TENS and other group served as control. The treatment was for 5 days and Pain intensity was measured before and after the treatment in the two groups. The post treatment pain intensity was then compared.

NCT ID: NCT03412279 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Chronic Low Back Pain

Validation of the Translated Hausa Versions of the Oswestry Disability Index, Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, SF-12 Health Survey, Pain Catastrophizing Scale, and Back Beliefs Questionnaire in Individuals With Chronic Low Back Pain

Start date: January 1, 2018
Study type: Observational

The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ), SF-12 Health Survey, Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), and Back Beliefs Questionnaire (BBQ) are important and widely used validated patient self-reported measures commonly used in clinical trials and health research involving patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain. However, till date, validated Hausa versions of these tools are unavailable for use despite not only Hausa language is commonly spoken in Nigeria but in other parts of the world. The purpose of this study is to perform, using evidence-based guidelines, translation, cultural adaptation and validation of the ODI, RMDQ, SF-12 health survey, PCS, and BBQ into Hausa language among CLBP patients in Northern Nigeria.

NCT ID: NCT03398174 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Chronic Low Back Pain

A Pilot Trial of Combined Exercise and Education in Rural Community-Dwelling Individuals With Chronic Low Back Pain

Start date: January 20, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The main purpose of this pilot single blind randomised controlled trial is to assess the effects of exercise and education program on pain and functional disability in rural Nigerian community-dwelling individuals with chronic nonspecific LBP (CNLBP).

NCT ID: NCT03394391 Not yet recruiting - HIV Infections Clinical Trials

The Effectiveness of SMS in Improving Antiretroviral Medication Adherence Among Adolescents Living With HIV in Nigeria

Start date: April 1, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The non-maintenance of ART adherence is a major barrier to the achievement of optimal treatment outcomes among adolescents living with HIV. ART adherence is a challenge among adolescents living with HIV because of lack of appropriate information, their unique emotional state and lifestyles but the most commonly quoted challenge to adherence is forgetting to take antiretroviral drugs. There is evidence to suggest that short message service (SMS) reminder- interventions may enhance drug compliance among adolescents living with other chronic diseases such as asthma and diabetes. Available literature underscores the need for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of effective interventions to promote ART adherence among adolescents with HIV. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of interactive and tailored SMS reminders on ART adherence among adolescents (15-19 years) living with HIV in Ogun State, Nigeria. The study hypothesizes that the use of personal mobile phones and SMS reminders for the improvement of ART adherence among adolescents living with HIV are feasible, acceptable, and effective. A single-blind, parallel-design (ratio 1:1), and multi-center RCT of 200 adolescent living with HIV who are non-adherent to medications will be conducted over a one-year period in Southwest Nigeria. All the participants will receive routine adherence counseling during clinic visits and one SMS reminder each for follow-up appointments 48 hours and 24 hours before the follow-up visit date. The intervention group will also receive daily ART adherence reminder SMS. Participants will be assessed at baseline and during follow-up visits at 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 weeks after the baseline. Baseline assessment of participants will include socio-demographic characteristics; HIV/AIDS risk behaviour assessment, Alcohol and Drug abuse assessment, Client Satisfaction Survey, ART adherence assessment, CD4count and viral load assessments. ART adherence and client satisfaction will be assessed at each follow-up visit while CD4count and viral load assessments will be done at 8 and 16 weeks. It is possible that tailored SMS reminders will mitigate the barrier of forgetfulness in ART-adherence and lead to improved drug compliance, viral suppression, and quality of life among adolescents living with HIV.

NCT ID: NCT03393104 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain

Motor Control Exercise and Patient Education Among Rural Community-Dwelling Individuals With Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain

Start date: March 3, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Low back pain (LBP) is the leading cause of disability globally with increasing concern about its impact in low-income countries especially where health care services are less extensive. This is true especially to developing nations like Africa where prevalence of LBP seems to be on the increase and more specifically, Nigeria is no exception. According to previous studies in Nigeria, the burden of LBP among rural Nigerians is greater compared to urbanites but unfortunately lack access to physiotherapy services. While both biomechanical and psychosocial factors are known to be important issues, current approach to LBP mainly focus on purely biomedical model in this context. The purpose of this study is to assess the combined effects of supervised graded motor control exercise (MCE) and patient education (PE) program in the management of chronic nonspecific LBP (CNLBP) among rural community-dwelling individuals.

NCT ID: NCT03371914 Active, not recruiting - HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials

Costs, Efficiency and the Role of Management in HIV Prevention Interventions for Female Sex Workers in Nigeria

Start date: August 12, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This study seeks to measure the costs associated with HIV prevention service delivery to female sex workers (FSW) in Nigeria, as well as examine the relationship between management practices at the community-based organizations (CBOs) and costs. To complete these goals, the study will collect both retrospective and prospective data from CBOs and from centralized information from study partners (Society for Family Health, SFH). In the prospective section of the study, CBOs will be sampled and assigned to either treatment or control groups. Data collected at the CBOs will be aggregated by the CBO managers, and those in the treatment group will receive feedback on their performance on a monthly basis. Those in the treatment group will additionally receive a management training to guide their management practices. Researchers hypothesize that there will be improvements in management indicators and therefore decreases in costs at CBOs in the treatment group. Results will be disseminated to local, national, and international stakeholders.