There are about 127 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Nigeria. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
It will be a randomized controlled trial. There will be two study groups. Study group 1 will be given dexamethasone while study group 2 will be given betamethasone. The control group will be given placebo.
Dysmenorrhoea is a common problem in women of reproductive age. It is associated with painful uterine contractions and discomfort. The primary aim of the study was to determine the effect of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) on pain intensity associated with primary dysmenorrhoea among female undergraduate students of Obafemi Awolowo University. The study involved 50 females undergraduates of Obafemi Awolowo University with primary dysmenorrhoea lasting for at least 5 days. They were allocated in to two groups equally. One group was treated with TENS and other group served as control. The treatment was for 5 days and Pain intensity was measured before and after the treatment in the two groups. The post treatment pain intensity was then compared.
The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ), SF-12 Health Survey, Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), and Back Beliefs Questionnaire (BBQ) are important and widely used validated patient self-reported measures commonly used in clinical trials and health research involving patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain. However, till date, validated Hausa versions of these tools are unavailable for use despite not only Hausa language is commonly spoken in Nigeria but in other parts of the world. The purpose of this study is to perform, using evidence-based guidelines, translation, cultural adaptation and validation of the ODI, RMDQ, SF-12 health survey, PCS, and BBQ into Hausa language among CLBP patients in Northern Nigeria.
The main purpose of this pilot single blind randomised controlled trial is to assess the effects of exercise and education program on pain and functional disability in rural Nigerian community-dwelling individuals with chronic nonspecific LBP (CNLBP).
The non-maintenance of ART adherence is a major barrier to the achievement of optimal treatment outcomes among adolescents living with HIV. ART adherence is a challenge among adolescents living with HIV because of lack of appropriate information, their unique emotional state and lifestyles but the most commonly quoted challenge to adherence is forgetting to take antiretroviral drugs. There is evidence to suggest that short message service (SMS) reminder- interventions may enhance drug compliance among adolescents living with other chronic diseases such as asthma and diabetes. Available literature underscores the need for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of effective interventions to promote ART adherence among adolescents with HIV. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of interactive and tailored SMS reminders on ART adherence among adolescents (15-19 years) living with HIV in Ogun State, Nigeria. The study hypothesizes that the use of personal mobile phones and SMS reminders for the improvement of ART adherence among adolescents living with HIV are feasible, acceptable, and effective. A single-blind, parallel-design (ratio 1:1), and multi-center RCT of 200 adolescent living with HIV who are non-adherent to medications will be conducted over a one-year period in Southwest Nigeria. All the participants will receive routine adherence counseling during clinic visits and one SMS reminder each for follow-up appointments 48 hours and 24 hours before the follow-up visit date. The intervention group will also receive daily ART adherence reminder SMS. Participants will be assessed at baseline and during follow-up visits at 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 weeks after the baseline. Baseline assessment of participants will include socio-demographic characteristics; HIV/AIDS risk behaviour assessment, Alcohol and Drug abuse assessment, Client Satisfaction Survey, ART adherence assessment, CD4count and viral load assessments. ART adherence and client satisfaction will be assessed at each follow-up visit while CD4count and viral load assessments will be done at 8 and 16 weeks. It is possible that tailored SMS reminders will mitigate the barrier of forgetfulness in ART-adherence and lead to improved drug compliance, viral suppression, and quality of life among adolescents living with HIV.
Low back pain (LBP) is the leading cause of disability globally with increasing concern about its impact in low-income countries especially where health care services are less extensive. This is true especially to developing nations like Africa where prevalence of LBP seems to be on the increase and more specifically, Nigeria is no exception. According to previous studies in Nigeria, the burden of LBP among rural Nigerians is greater compared to urbanites but unfortunately lack access to physiotherapy services. While both biomechanical and psychosocial factors are known to be important issues, current approach to LBP mainly focus on purely biomedical model in this context. The purpose of this study is to assess the combined effects of supervised graded motor control exercise (MCE) and patient education (PE) program in the management of chronic nonspecific LBP (CNLBP) among rural community-dwelling individuals.
This study seeks to measure the costs associated with HIV prevention service delivery to female sex workers (FSW) in Nigeria, as well as examine the relationship between management practices at the community-based organizations (CBOs) and costs. To complete these goals, the study will collect both retrospective and prospective data from CBOs and from centralized information from study partners (Society for Family Health, SFH). In the prospective section of the study, CBOs will be sampled and assigned to either treatment or control groups. Data collected at the CBOs will be aggregated by the CBO managers, and those in the treatment group will receive feedback on their performance on a monthly basis. Those in the treatment group will additionally receive a management training to guide their management practices. Researchers hypothesize that there will be improvements in management indicators and therefore decreases in costs at CBOs in the treatment group. Results will be disseminated to local, national, and international stakeholders.
Research Objectives: 1. To test the FeLiCiA, a 6 week intervention developed for the management of psychological morbidities associated with infertility, using external randomised control trial methods, on patients showing positive indicators for psychological morbidity amongst patients with infertility at UCH Ibadan, Nigeria. 2. To explore and understand patient perspectives on the benefits of the FeLiCiA counselling in addition to usual clinical care. Summary of Research: Population: Sample size N=42 Men & Women (aged 21-45) with GHQ 12 score indicative of mild to moderate psychological morbidities (3 or more) among patients attending University College Hospital for infertility treatment. Intervention: FELICIA [N= 21 intervention] 6 weekly counselling Follow up at 6/52 and 6/12. Inclusion Criteria: Age 21-45; Exclusion Criteria: Previously diagnosed mental illness; severe anxiety & depression or suicide intent (immediate referral); Age<21/>45. Comparison: [N=21 control group] Treatment as usual Outcome: Primary-GHQ12 score less than 3 Secondary- 1. Sustained GHQ12 score less than 3 2. Patient perspectives on benefits and effectiveness of intervention, and patient empowerment post intervention.
Back pain is one of humanity most frequent complains. About nine of ten adults experience back pain at some points in their life and five out of ten working adults have back pain every year. When continued for long period it may constitute a disability which tries the patient of the most stoical individual as well as the doctor called to bring relief to the suffering victim. Kneading massage with topical analgesic is a common practice by physiotherapist especially in Nigeria in the management of low back pain, work has been done to know the efficacy of lofnac gel (topical analgesic) via phonophoresis in the management of low back pain(ojoawo,2015), but the comparison of the efficacy of kneading massage and phonophoresis in the management of low back pain has not been well documented. The purpose of this study therefore, is to compare the efficacy of kneading massage and phonophoresis using lofnac gel in the treatment of non-specific chronic low back pain.
This study aimed at understanding the impact of educational pamphlet on Risk Perception of Periodontal Disease using A Randomised Clinical Trial model among patients in a Nigerian outpatient dental clinic