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The primary objective of the Master@Heart Trial is to investigate whether lifelong endurance exercise reduces the incidence of non-calcified plaques (both mixed and soft plaques) as compared to late-onset endurance exercise and a non-athletic lifestyle.
Acromegaly is chronic, systemic and highly disabling disease. People with Acromegaly show a significant reduction in peripheral muscle strength associated with a loss resistance and lethargy. They tend the fatigue more easily when compared to individuals without the disease, which involves exercise intolerance and disability resulting in a quality of life impaired. Acromegaly have important functional limitations that adversely affect the performance in the activities of day-to-day and contribute to the worsening of the disease. Based on previous studies, the investigators believe that acromegaly participants with would have benefit from a treatment protocol facing physical performance and improved quality of life. Main Objective: To evaluate the effect of home rehabilitation on quality of life of participants with acromegaly. Methods: In this study of longitudinal intervention, they will undergo a rehabilitation program lasting three months, three times a week lasting 60 minutes each session. The protocol will be the assessment of Acromegaly Quality of Life Questionnaire (AcroQol) questionnaire, functional assessment by the walk test of six minutes (6MWT), peripheral muscle strength and assessment of joint integrity, fatigue will be measured by the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-F) questionnaire that evaluates the fatigue in the chronic participants. The assessment will be in 3 different moment (month 0, month 2 month 3). The treatment protocol will consist of warm-up and cool-down, strengthening exercise and muscular endurance, aerobic training, and balance training and proprioception. Prospects: The participants with acromegaly will benefited significantly after undergoing a physical therapy rehabilitation protocol the following parameters: Resistance and muscle strength, pain conditions and disorders skeletal muscle, improvement in activities of daily living and consequent better quality of life.
The intervention proposed for this project aims to improve the practice of physical activity (PA) for people with type 2 diabetes by increasing their motivation using a portable device to monitor PA (FitBit). This study will provide preliminary data to assess the feasibility of the intervention, its acceptability for patients with type 2 diabetes, and its potential impact of PA motivation and PA level.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death in patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). Patients who spend a lot of time being inactive have an increased chance of developing CVD. Thus, interventions that can help to increase the levels of physical activity in patients with CKD are needed. A recent study the investigators completed with kidney transplant participants showed a benefit from the investigators supervised exercise programme. However, the investigators results showed that 11 of the 18 patients who dropped out from the 12-month study were from black and minority ethnic groups. Some patient feedback from these participants suggested that cultural beliefs; including women not being comfortable to exercise in front of men in an exercise class environment, and difficulties around appropriate dress for exercise classes, contributed to some of these participants' decisions to withdraw from the study. This has prompted the investigators to investigate, the cultural influences that may contribute to patient decisions about partaking in physical activity and exercise training. The aim of this study is therefore to invite patients with CKD from the three most widely represented ethnic groups found in our South-East London Hospital Trust (Black African and African-Caribbean; South Asian, and White Caucasian patients) to discuss their beliefs and the cultural influences that may affect their decision on whether to engage with exercise and physical activity. Participants will complete a questionnaire on physical activity levels, and a questionnaire that looks at a patient's readiness to be involved in physical activity, prior to attending interviews or group discussions. The questionnaires will be translated for use with non-English speaking participants and will be used to ensure we get views on physical activity from those participants who are active and not, and ready to be involved in physical activity, and not. A combination of individual interviews and group discussions will then be used to explore the understanding of the terms 'physical activity' and 'exercise', and cultural barriers to participation. The investigators will have interpreters present for all discussions, undertaken in the community. The work from this pilot study will be used to inform and design a larger multi-centre study with an aim to design physical interventions that are culturally sensitive, and appropriate for all patients with CKD in the United Kingdom.
The goal of the project is to conduct a feasibility pilot randomized trial comparing delivery of a post-partum weight loss intervention via Facebook versus via in-person group sessions. The project will provide preliminary data needed to finalize the design of a large randomized trial to compare the non-inferiority and cost-effectiveness of the post-partum weight loss intervention delivered via Facebook versus in-person group sessions. If efficacious and cost-effective, the Facebook-delivered intervention leads naturally to strategies for scaling up for widespread impact.
The primary aim of this project is to create an online weight management tool (Physical activity, weight management and cognitive behavioral therapy) to prevent significant weight gain following kidney transplantation. Designing the online interactive weight management resource for kidney transplant patients will involve patient and health care professional input through Qualitative methodology such as 'Think-Aloud' interviews and one-to-one semi-structured interviews. This online resource will be called "exertion" and will be created by the research team, with technical support from the Software Company (SPIKA). Results from this study will refine the resource, and lead to a study application for a randomized controlled feasibility trial where we plan to test the "exertion" online application. Therefore this project has potential to influence clinical practice for kidney transplant recipients. It will allow patients, who may not have routine access to physio or dietetic input to address weight gain with support. A study flow chart summarizing the project can be found below.
The aim of this study is to examine the effect of a single bout of moderate exercise, standardized breakfast and buffet meal on appetite-related hormones, type two diabetes and cardiovascular risk factors with a comparison between healthy South Asian and white European men. It is of interest to see if any factor differences occur in appetite-regulating hormones and cardiovascular disease risk factors whilst exercising. If so strategies may be used to alter regulation in diet and exercise to reduce risk cardiovascular disease as this is the number one cause of death globally.
The improvement in morbidity and mortality observed with kidney transplantation is often curtailed by post-transplant weight gain, which is common among kidney transplant recipients (KTR). Post-transplant weight gain is associated with serious health issues such as cardiovascular disease, new onset diabetes after transplantation, and graft failure. Although these adverse effects of post-transplant weight gain are well recognized, interventions that target the modifiable risk factors of diet and physical activity to address post-transplantation weight gain are lacking. The purpose of this study is to test the feasibility of an in-home, televideo health coaching to increase the healthy behaviors of KTRs who are 6 months post-transplantation.
This study examines the behavioral, molecular, and structural biomarkers of brain health that will allow for the stratification of individuals according to their "cognitive signature" and function. This study will randomize older adults into one of four interventions for a period of 12 months: 1) Aerobic Exercise, 2) Resistance Exercise, 3) Yoga Exercise, 4) Health Education (involves stretching and range of motion activities). This aims of this study will examine whether and how these different types of training interventions exert effects cognitive function, brain structure, biomarkers of brain health and cognition, and physical function.
Most adults do not achieve the US aerobic physical activity (PA) guidelines (≥150 minutes/week of at least moderate intensity PA). Inadequate PA is considered a major risk factor for cardio-metabolic diseases and other poor health outcomes. Recommendations now endorse PA in reducing risk for certain diseases. Unfortunately, low PA levels are seldom identified and treated within clinical practice. This study will build on previous prevention efforts by focusing on the identifying and treating low PA levels in adults clinical care patients and referring them to an intervention that is feasible for delivery through clinical care.