View clinical trials related to Physical Activity.Filter by:
By using the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) model as a theoretical backdrop, the proposed study aims to provide an 8-week e-health learning strategies for Chinese cardiac patients, with which they can follow at home after rehabilitation discharge. The current study will examine whether the cardiac rehabilitation patients in intervention group would increase their physical activity (PA) level and fruit-vegetable intake (FVI), improve the social-cognitive variables of PA and FVI, and enhance mental health outcomes in comparison with control condition; and whether the social-cognitive variables would mediate the association between intervention and adopting a healthy lifestyle. The study findings may contribute to the current multiple health behaviour intervention research and support Chinese cardiac patients to maintain rehabilitation outcomes and cultivate a healthy lifestyle.
The main aim of the project in this application is two-fold. First we will explore and describe facilitators and barriers for being physically active and perform physical training for people with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease COPD (Step 1). Secondly, with user involvement, we will develop and evaluate a novel e-health program with a training module and an evidence-based educational component, the rEACH-COPD e-health program with the aim to increase the understanding and management of the disease and to facilitate every-day living with COPD (Step 2-3). According to the guidelines of the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare (SoS), physiotherapy led exercise is an important part of rehabilitation for people with COPD. The e-health training program will follow evidence-based guidelines, i.e. recommendations from SoS and the American College of Sport Medicine (ACSMS). Offering individualized and evidence-based training will increase adherence to training. With regular physical activity and exercise there is a potential to improve health-related quality of life, physical capacity, activity and participation in every day life in people with COPD. By an improved health, physical function and quality of life a decreased use of health care is expected. Thus, this program may, in the long term, contribute to reduced costs for the society.
Aim study 1:Assess the accuracy of PREP2 when applied in a subacute rehabilitation setting. Aim study 2: Prediction of real life UL use. Method: A prospective cohort study. Main outcome measure study 1: Action Research Arm Test (ARAT), measuring UL motor function. Main outcome study 2: use ratio between affected and unaffected UL measured by accellerometer. Secondary outcome measure: Fugl-Meyer Motor Assessment for UL (FM).
Through the internet and mobile phone SMS technology, and by using the Health Action Process Approach model as a theoretical backdrop, this 8-week theory-based intervention study aimed at developing a healthy lifestyle by supporting physical activity (PA) and a healthy dietary for Chinese university students. The investigators would examine whether the two intervention groups improve the participants' motivation for PA and healthy diets in comparison to the control group; whether, with the help of an intervention program, students are able to increase the PA levels and healthy diet consumption, and whether there are different effects between the two intervention programs.
This project aims to verify the chronic effect of Mat Pilates exercise on climacteric symptoms, ambulatory blood pressure responses, lipid and glucose profile and pro and anti-inflammatory and antioxidant markers in postmenopausal normotensive and hypertensive women. All volunteers received the same intervention.
The primary purpose of this study is to examine physical fitness, PTSD, and satisfaction with a Tai Chi intervention for older (aged 60 and older), sedentary, trauma-exposed veterans, in comparison to a wellness education attention control. Secondary outcomes include physical activity, depression, well-being, late-onset stress, functional status, cognition, and exercise self-efficacy. Outcomes will be examined pre- to post-intervention and in comparison to the control condition.
The school system is one setting in which children's physical activity levels may be increased through daily physical activity (DPA) policies and initiatives. Adherence to DPA policies is typically poor and results are limited in regard to the associated benefits for participating children. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate a range of psychosocial outcomes following a community-led, in-school DPA initiative for 9-14 year old children and youth. This program evaluation examined the impact of a DPA program consisting of 20 minutes of teacher-led DPA for 20 consecutive weeks. Student outcomes were measured using a questionnaire administered at three time points: baseline, mid-intervention, and post-intervention. A teacher questionnaire regarding program adherence and student behaviour was completed at post-intervention.
An early mobilization (EM) program will be implemented in the Cardiovascular Intensive Care Unit at the Jewish General Hospital (JGH), an academic tertiary hospital in Montreal, Quebec. The investigators will perform a prospective, pre/post-EM intervention study in adults aged ≥60 years old admitted to the Cardiovascular Intensive Care Unit (CICU) at the JGH. During a 3-month period, the investigators will prospectively enrol patients to the pre-intervention cohort. The EM intervention will then be implemented. During a 12-month period, the investigators will prospectively enrol patients to the intervention cohort. 1 and 12 months following hospital discharge, patients in the pre-intervention and post-intervention cohorts will be contacted by phone by a member of the research team to assess for functional status and quality of life measures. The primary effectiveness outcome will be the mean improvement in level of function (LOF) during CICU admission. Covariates predicting improvement in LOF ("responsiveness") and ones which do not ("non-responsiveness") will be assessed. The recovery of physical function at 1 month and 6 months as measured by the SF-36 physical component summary score will be assessed. The SF-36 scores of the highest scoring tertile of LOF on hospital discharge will be compared with the lowest scoring tertile. Hospital readmission at 30 days and discharge home vs. healthcare facility will also be compared. For safety, the composite and individual components of the number of falls, injuries, and dislodgements over the total number of attempted mobility activities will be recorded. The results from the intervention cohort will be compared to the pre-intervention cohort for all results.
International data indicate that approximately 10% of the elderly will be affected by sarcopenia, a multifactorial syndrome that leads to the progressive and generalized loss of mass and muscular strength, leading to a decrease in quality of life, increased physical dependence, fragility, morbidity And mortality. Parallel to aging, it is well described in the literature that older people present a phase advance, which promotes alteration in the sleep-wake rhythm, as well as reduction of sleep time and quality. In this sense, two questions need to be answered: Do sarcosis elderly present major changes in sleep-wake rhythm and in sleep parameters when compared to non-sarcopenic elderly? The improvement of sarcopenia through resistance training is also related to the improvement of the sleep-wake rhythm of the sleep parameters. In order to answer these questions, the objective of the project is to evaluate whether sarcopenic individuals present changes in the sleep-wake rhythm and sleep quality at higher levels when compared to non-sarcopenic individuals and whether the benefits of resistance training for sarcopenic individuals are related to Regulation of sleep-wake rhythm and sleep patterns.
Background: Weight reduction, especially of visceral fat in patients awaiting bariatric surgery (BS), may facilitate the surgical process, and reduce postoperative complications. Normally, to achieve weight reductions a nutritional treatment is prescribed, but the effects of exercise on these patients have been little studied. Objectives: To know the effects of an exercise program on body composition and cardiovascular risk factors in patients awaiting BS. Methods: Twenty-three patients awaiting BS were divided into two groups: a) an experimental group (EG, n = 12); b) a control group (CG, n = 11). Both groups received the usual care prior to surgery, but the EG also performed a 12-week exercise program in which endurance and resistance training were combined. Body composition, anthropometric measures, cardiovascular risk factors, physical fitness, basal metabolic rate and quality of life were assessed at baseline and at the end of the study.