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The purpose of this study is to determine whether patients are able to participate in a prehabilitation program (prior to the beginning of treatment) which includes: (1) a partially-supervised and home-based exercise program or (2) a home-based exercise program or (3) just a prehabilitation education session.
Introduction The promotion of physical activity among older adults is considered to be one of the main actions that can result in more successful aging. Currently, there are few studies focusing on the effects of long-duration physical activity interventions in older adults. Thus, the purpose of the following study was to analyze the effects of an 8-month multicomponent intervention program on cardiorespiratory capacity, body composition, and strength in a group of nonagenarians. A secondary objective was to determine if the impact of the program differed according to the participants' way of life (institutionalized vs. community dwelling). Methods Participants Participants in this research represent a subset from an ongoing study aimed at collecting baseline and follow-up data over three years, to evaluate the health-related changes observed in a cohort of older adults f The present research was carried out on the basis of data obtained from the individuals in this sample who participated in a multicomponent intervention program offered to the inhabitants of the said region and who met the following inclusion criteria: a) being ninety years of age or older; and b) holding a medical certificate confirming their suitability for sport. The exclusion criteria were a) lack of independent ambulation (walking with an assistive device); b) recent upper or lower limb injuries; c) neurological or orthopedic diagnosis in upper or lower-extremities. Intervention A multicomponent intervention program was developed consisting of two 60-minute sessions per week, held on non-consecutive days, for a period of 8 months. The sessions consisted of a warm-up phase (10') in which individuals performed joint mobility exercises and walked at a rate of 3 km/h. Afterwards, muscular strength work was carried out on the upper and lower limbs, including calisthenic exercises, and the use of dumbbells or medicine balls (1-3kg). Generally, the exercises were organized in two sets of 10-15 repetitions, resting for two minutes between sets. Communal ball games and relay games were then practiced (over a distance of 30 meters). Finally, 10 minutes were devoted to relaxation and stretching exercises. multicomponent intervention program was designed and monitored by a specialist in gerontogymnastics. Evaluations Two weeks before the start and after the end of the exercise program, a series of assessments were carried out, which were monitored by specialists in physical exercise and sport, who did not know whether those evaluated were institutionalized or not. Body composition Weight was measured to the nearest 0.1 kg using a Tefal digital scale (type PP1200VO) with the participants wearing light clothing and no shoes. Height was measured to the nearest millimeter with a field stadiometer (Seca 220). The body mass index (BMI) was calculated taking the body weight in kilograms and dividing it by the height in meters squared (BMI: kg/m2). Densitometry Bone mineral density content (BMD) of the femoral neck was measured using a dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) machine (Hologic QDR 1000®), which reported BMD in grams per square centimeter (g/cm2). This method was used to ensure better reproducibility, a lower radiation dose and better image resolution (Watts 2004). The minimum significant alteration, with a 95% confidence interval, was 4.7%. Muscular strength Upper limb muscle strength was assessed with the Handgrip Test (HG) on the right hand using a dynamometer (SH5001, SAEHAN Corporation, South Korea). For each measurement, patients were asked to perform their maximum voluntary contraction for 5s. Each measurement was repeated three times with patients resting for 30s between trials. The best performance was recorded for further analysis. Lower limb muscle strength was assessed with the Isometric Knee Extension Test (KNEE), performed three times on the right leg with participants seated on a custom-built chair with a load cell (Vetek VZ101BS, Vaddo, Sweden). For each measurement, participants were asked to perform their maximum voluntary contraction for 5 s. The test was repeated 3 times and participants rested for 2 min between trials. The best performance from the three trials was considered for further analysis. Cardiorespiratory fitness In order to assess the effect of the program on the participants' cardiorespiratory fitness, the six-minute walk test (6MWT), was performed, following standard procedure. The subjects were instructed to walk at their own pace from one end to the other of a 100-foot-long measured distance in an enclosed, level, corridor, and to cover as much ground as possible in 6 min. They were allowed to stop and rest during the test, but were instructed to resume walking as soon as they felt able to do so.
Through a cluster randomized control trial, 148 male adolescents' students were randomly assigned into either intervention group who received an educational program for two months (n=79), or control groups (n=69) who didn't attend the program. The principle outcomes were the changes in physical activities, consumption of healthy diet, sedentary life habits and anthropometric measurements. The outcomes of the intervention group were compared with their own baseline readings, as well as with the readings of the control group. Rationale: - Saudi adolescents are in need for more exploration of their health problems and related health behaviors and application of intervention preventive services. - As a National Guard community medicine resident : I have a major interest in the health of adolescent and in fulfilling the aim of the school health programs of application of interventional preventive service that will target this vulnerable risky group. Aim: - Promote healthy life style among National Guard adolescents age group by application of interventional preventive program. Objectives: I. To measure physical activity patterns , sedentary behaviors and dietary habit among randomly selected adolescent in intervention and control group at National Guard Schools in Jeddah city 2014-2015. II. To implement an interventional school promotional program among the school children from the addressed age group in 2014-2015. III. To measure the effect of the interventional school promotional program among the two groups in relation to demographic, socioeconomic and other factors related to health in 2014-2015 .
The purpose of this study is to test the efficacy of Lace Up and Move (LUAM), a structured after-school exercise intervention, designed to increase moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and enhance sleep quality among Hispanic and African American (AA) boys and girls.
TITLE: Effects of a high-intensity progressive-cycle program on quality of life and motor symptomatology in Parkinson's disease population BACKGROUND: The benefits of aerobic exercise in persons with Parkinson's disease (PD) have been widely studied; however, little research has been done on the effect of high-intensity aerobic exercise in this group. HYPOTHESIS: The high-intensity aerobic training in pedaliers, combined with balance training, improves motor symptoms and quality of life in a population with Parkinson Disease, Hoehn & Yahr 1-3. OBJETIVES: To ascertain whether high-intensity aerobic training with exercise peddlers and balance training can improve motor symptoms and quality of life in a PD population of Hoehn &Yahr (H&Y) disability score 1-3. METHODOLOGY Setting: Rehabilitation centers in secondary care. Design: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Participants: A total of 14 patients participated in the 8-week study. Interventions: They were comprised of a control group (n=7) that followed a balance protocol and an experimental group (n=7) that performed high intensity (70%) aerobic workout using an exercise peddler + a balance protocol once a week. Main Outcome Measures: The primary outcome measures included the 8-Foot Up and Go, test, 6-minute walk test, test 2-minute step tets, Parkinson Disease Questionnaire-39 (PDQ39), Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS) and Tinetti test.
The purpose of this study is test the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Family Media Use plan among teens and their parents through a randomized intervention and assess impact on outcomes including family media rules and health behavior outcomes.
Although the importance of regular physical activity in patients with knee osteoarthritis is known, and fear of movement is considered as one of the causes of physical inactivity and is widely researched in terms of its role in the pathogenesis of pain, there remains to be limited number of studies on kinesiophobia in these patients. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the levels of kinesiophobia and physical activity in patients with knee osteoarthritis and to investigate whether they were associated with demographic characteristics, body mass index, pain intensity, depression, disability, radiological grade, and quality of life.
The overall goal of the Developing Real Incentives and Volition for Exercise (DRIVE) Project is to evaluate whether matching an intervention to individual differences in motivation (high autonomous vs high controlled) is a feasible strategy for engaging African American women in greater total physical activity (PA). The DRIVE Project will develop and evaluate two novel interventions: 1) a challenge-focused program that targets greater PA enjoyment, PA valuation, and relatedness through team-based activities, behavioral skills, and a positive social climate; and 2) a rewards-focused program that targets greater PA competency and relatedness through financial incentives, behavioral skills, and structured social support. To this end, the investigators will be implementing a randomized pilot study at a community center. It is hypothesized that participants who receive an intervention that is matched to their motivation for PA initiation (High Autonomous & Challenge-Focused; High Controlled & Rewards-Focused) will demonstrate greater improvements from baseline to post- in total physical activity than those who receive an unmatched intervention (High Autonomous & Rewards-Focused; High Controlled & Challenge-Focused). The DRIVE project will provide proof-of-concept for the feasibility and usefulness of developing motivationally-targeted intervention programs for engaging African American women in greater PA.
This research analyzes whether hippotherapy improves the physical activity, cardiopulmonary fitness, and attention in children with cerebral palsy and whether this enhances their general health and quality of life.
Using a randomized two-group, repeated measures experimental design, the goal of the proposed study is to investigate the efficacy of a 12-week nutrition and exercise education, physical activity, coping skills training, and home-based physical activity intervention in Hispanic women and their 3-4 year old children and 6 months of continued monthly contact to help overweight and obese Hispanic mothers improve adiposity, weight, health behaviors, and self-efficacy and their 3-4 year old children improve their adiposity and weight gain trajectory and health behaviors.