View clinical trials related to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.Filter by:
For patients admitted to the medical ward, it is often difficult to predict if their clinical condition will deteriorate, however subtle changes in vital signs are usually present 8 to 24 hours before a life-threatening event such as respiratory failure leading to ICU admission, or unanticipated cardiac arrest. Such adverse trends in clinical observations can be missed, misinterpreted or not appreciated as urgent. New continuous and wearable 27/7 clinical vital parameter monitoring systems offer a unique possibility to identify clinical deterioration before patients condition progress beyond the point-of-no-return, where adverse events are inevitable. The WARD-COPD project aims to determine the correlation between cardiopulmonary micro events and clinical adverse events during the first four days after hospital admission with acute exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (AECOPD).
This study will investigate the effects of positive expiratory pressure (PEP) on hyperinflation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Inspiratory capacity (IC) is the primary outcome
This project seeks to pilot-test the feasibility of using a melodica training program to teach pursed lip breathing for Veterans with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with moderate to severe dyspnea (shortness of breath). Dyspnea occurs commonly among COPD patients and can limit activities of daily living. Pursed lip breathing is a strategy that can improve dyspnea and exercise capacity among COPD patients. The melodica is a musical instrument that looks like a keyboard with a mouthpiece on the side. The melodica is played by exhaling through the mouthpiece while pressing the keys. The MELODY pilot project protocol has been grounded on concepts from occupational therapy; specifically, providing participants with a meaningful new activity that is enjoyable, that can be provided across a spectrum of skill levels, that can provide participants with a new sense of self, and that can improve health outcomes (i.e., dyspnea and exercise endurance).
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the 4th leading cause of death worldwide and affects 1.2 million people in the UK, costing the NHS >£800 million annually. COPD patients are more susceptible to bacterial infections and both chronic and acute infections are common. COPD patients with chronic lung bacterial infection have worse quality of life, faster disease progression, more symptoms and frequent exacerbations. Acute infections are the main cause of COPD exacerbations which cause COPD patients to become acutely unwell and often result in hospitalisation especially in the winter. Antibiotics are frequently used to treat COPD exacerbations and this contributes to the development of antibiotic resistance. Therefore there is a need to develop antibiotic-independent approaches to reducing or preventing bacterial infection in COPD. The investigators have carried out work in in animal studies and in humans showing that there is a link between high levels of glucose in the lung and bacterial lung infection. Levels of glucose in the lung are higher in COPD patients compared with people without COPD. These higher glucose levels support greater bacterial growth probably because glucose is a nutrient for bacteria. Therefore reducing airway glucose has the potential to inhibit bacterial growth in COPD patients. In animal studies the investigators have demonstrated that the diabetic drug metformin decreases airway glucose and bacterial growth. The investigators wish to determine if metformin can achieve the same effects in COPD patients. Metformin is safe and cheap, and has been extensively used in COPD patients with diabetes with an excellent safety record. The primary aim of this study will be to determine whether metformin reduces lung glucose in a small group of non-diabetic COPD patients. If it demonstrates that metformin reduces lung glucose concentrations it will justify a larger clinical trial of metformin as a treatment for COPD.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether early diagnosis of OSA and initiation of and adherence to CPAP therapy in patients hospitalized for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease reduce 30-day hospital readmission rates.
A study to evaluate the effects of ACT-541468 on respiration in patients with moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
This is a prospective multicenter cohort study which includes all consecutive COPD patients who come for a visit in one the participating pneumologist. They will have to do a sputum and to complete some questionnaries. Questionnaries will be redone by phone after 1 and 3 months and during the visit after 6 months. We will correlate aspergillus presence in sputum with quality of life (QoL), and COPD symptoms evaluated by questionnaires.
This study will evaluate the efficacy and safety data of AZD8871 in patients with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study will determine the 24-hour efficacy (lung function) profile of AZD8871 600 μg relative to placebo dry powder inhaler (DPI) based on trough forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) following repeated dosing (2 weeks). Anoro® Ellipta® (umeclidinium/vilanterol) once daily is included as an active control. This study aims at providing a novel approach to the treatment of COPD with greater efficacy than single-mechanism bronchodilators, equivalent to long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) and long-acting β2-agonist (LABA) administered as free- or fixed-dose combination therapies, with an equivalent or superior safety and tolerability profile.
This study aims to investigate the correlation between pulmonary microbiota dynamics (including bacteria, fungi and viruses) and COPD exacerbation for COPD patients admitted to ICU
The rationale for this non-interventional study in confirmed moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients aged 40 years and above, is to assess real-life effectiveness and safety of Trimbow® in clinical practice, and to bridge the gap with the existing clinical data.