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Adolescents and young adults (AYA) patients experience significant distress in specific areas at diagnosis. The investigators hypothesize that providing developmentally-appropriate AYA-specific psychosocial care, with an individualized multi-disciplinary program will alleviate this distress, as well as improve health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The investigators' primary aim is to evaluate the impact of psychosocial interventions on HRQOL. The secondary aims are to firstly identify the types of psychosocial distress experienced and secondly, to assess the feasibility of implementing a psychosocial screening and intervention program amongst AYA patients newly diagnosed with cancer.
This research study is evaluating how well a decision support tool works to improve clinicians' use of recommended chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) assessment and management strategies in participants receiving chemotherapy.
Comparison between internal jugular vein versus via axilar vein with single-incision for placement of implantable ports in cancer patients. Investigators are recruiting 240 patients and randomizing 120 for each arm. Primary outcome is early complications, until 30 days and secondary outcome late complications, between 30 days and 6 months. The follow-up is 12 months.
Trial Phase: Phase III: A multi-centre efficacy pragmatic factorial design randomised controlled trial with patient informed development and process evaluation Indication: Patients undergoing major electively resectable intra - cavity cancer surgery with or without neoadjuvant cancer treatments (including chemotherapy (NAC), chemoradiotherapy (CRT), or immunotherapy). Objective: To investigate the efficacy of a community based Structured Responsive Exercise-training Programme (SRETP) ± psychological support on surgical outcome by reducing postoperative length of stay (LOS) and complications. Secondary Objective: To investigate the efficacy of a community based Structured Responsive Exercise-training Programme (SRETP) ± psychological support to improve disease-free overall survival. Cardiopulmonary Exercise test (CPET) variables, physical activity, morbidity, radiological markers of sarcopenia, toxicity, tumour down-staging, tumour regression, disability adjusted survival (WHODAS) overall survival and quality of life (QoL).
This is a research study for people who have a solid tumor that was not effectively treated by conventional therapy or for which there is no known effective therapy. This is a phase I study of a drug called nab-paclitaxel used together with gemcitabine. Gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel will be given intravenously, once a week for 3 out of 4 weeks, for a 28-day cycle. The goals of this study are: - To find the highest dose of nab-paclitaxel that can be safely given in combination with gemcitabine without causing severe side effects - To learn what kind of side effects nab-paclitaxel given in combination with gemcitabine can cause - To learn more about the pharmacology (how the body handles the drug) of nab- paclitaxel given in combination with gemcitabine - To evaluate tumor tissue for levels of certain proteins that may help with predicting who will benefit most from treatment with nab-paclitaxel - To determine whether nab-paclitaxel given in combination with gemcitabine is a beneficial treatment for relapsed and/or refractory solid tumors
Purpose of Pilot Trial To determine the feasibility of conducting a multicentre randomized open label controlled trial evaluating the use of prophylactic dose rivaroxaban to prevent central venous catheter (CVC) associated venous thromboembolism(VTE) among cancer patients. Hypothesis: treatment with low dose rivaroxaban (10mg) will reduce the incidence of upper extremity venous thrombosis in a high risk population with cancer and CVC. Design: This is a pilot interventional study to be conducted at 3 Canadian Centres. The Ottawa Hospital, QEII Health Science Centre and University of Alberta Hospital. It is an open label randomized controlled trial. Consenting participants, meeting eligibility criteria will be randomized at the time of enrollment to one of two groups. Rivaroxaban 10mg po daily x 90 (+/- 3 ) days OR Standard of Care Participants in the treatment arm will have study drug dispensed at Day 1 and take medication for 90 days. Follow up visits (in person or phone) will occur at Day 30 (+/- 3 days) and Day 90 (+/- 3 days) month and 3 months post enrollment. Overall, participants will be followed for 3 months. Adverse events will be collected for the first 90 days. Outcomes The primary feasibility outcome for the pilot study is the number of participants recruited per centre per month. We will obtain baseline details of the patient's type, location and treatment of cancer, comorbidities and medications. Secondary feasibility outcomes of the pilot study will include, consent rates, loss to follow up, adherence to therapy defining 80% or greater medication taken as having good adherence to study drug, proportion of screened patients who meet eligibility criteria.
Polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocytosis (ET), and myelofibrosis (MF) are chronic Philadelphia negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) that are characterized by clonal proliferation of hematopoietic stem cells, intramedullary fibrosis, and splenomegaly. While disease manifestations may vary amongst the spectrum of MPNs, quality of life considerations including fatigue, concentration difficulties, pain, sleep disturbance, and depression are negatively affected in most MPN patients. Inflammation has been suggested to be involved in the development of disease-related symptoms. Specific pro-inflammatory cytokines (e.g., IL-1, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α) have been associated with particular patient-reported symptoms, including fatigue, abdominal complaints, microvascular symptoms, and constitutional symptoms. Pharmacologic therapy can positively impact MPN related symptoms, specifically with JAK inhibition, however, these treatments often come with negative side effects (e.g., anemia, thrombocytopenia). Much opportunity remains for improving MPN symptoms (i.e., fatigue, insomnia, loss of muscle mass, and debilitation) and quality of life. Yoga, a gentle form of meditative exercise, has been shown to improve symptom management and quality of life parameters in cancer patients and may be effective in improving MPN-related symptoms. Here we propose a study evaluating the efficacy of an online yoga intervention comparing a yoga group to a wait-list control group for improving symptom burden and quality of life in MPN patients. Secondarily, we plan to evaluate the feasibility of collecting potential biomarkers that are related to MPN disease-related activity, such as fatigue (i.e., cortisol and serum cytokines).
Cancer is one of the leading causes of death internationally. When planning treatment for most cancers, it is important to know how far it has spread, including whether or not the cancer has spread to the local lymph nodes (LNs) because this affects the treatment strategy. This is termed "staging", and can be achieved by medical imaging, such as by ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. However, these are imperfect, and sometimes incorrect treatment decisions are made because of errors in staging by imaging. Improved accuracy would be of great clinical value for almost all solid organ tumours. An emerging technique to address this is photoacoustic tomography (PAT), a non-invasive, safe modality that relies on light and sound to generate images. Laser light is applied to the area to be imaged; this is absorbed, and causes the illuminated tissue to emit ultrasound waves. These can be detected and turned into an image by post-processing techniques similar to those used in conventional diagnostic ultrasound. By changing the wavelength of light used, the technique can be adjusted to optimise detection of various body components, including fat, water and both oxygenated and deoxygenated blood. This means the images can represent tissue composition and function rather than just anatomical structure. Hitherto, most work on PAT has been on healthy volunteers, and has focused on imaging the vasculature. We would like to see whether we are able to generate images of deeper structures inside the body. Initially we will focus on patients with vascular disease, whom we expect to have abnormal blood vessels; and subsequently we will attempt to image tumours and LNs in patients with cancer.
The use of MRI imaging and image fusion in radiation therapy has dramatically increased during the past decade. However, the existing MRI-imaging protocols, imaging software and pulse sequences are all optimized for diagnostic purposes. With the introduction of the MR-linac, there is a critical and imminent need to develop imaging protocols that build and adapt the existing imaging parameters within the scope of the FDA-approved software to acquire MRI images that have less geometric distortion and better spatial resolution.
This research study is studying a combination of a targeted therapy and an immune therapy as a possible treatment. The drugs involved in this study are: - Prexasertib (LY2606368) - LY3300054