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Present clinical study will be conducted in China to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of single and repeat oral doses of trametinib, the safety profile and the clinical activity in Chinese subjects with solid tumor. Approximately 10 evaluable subjects will be enrolled in the study, Subjects will receive trametinib 2 mg once daily (QD). Study treatment will continue until disease progression, death or unacceptable toxicity. The study will be completed after all subjects have discontinued from study treatment or last enrolled subject has had at least 16 weeks of follow-up, whichever occurs first.
This study is being conducted to characterize the safety and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of combining afuresertib, independently with 2 approved drugs: enzalutamide (Xtandi®, "Xtandi is a trademark of Astellas Pharma, Inc." ) and abiraterone (Zygita®, "Zytiga is a trademark of Janssen Biotech, Inc."). The study will be conducted in two parts. Part 1, a dose escalation phase, will establish RP2D of afuresertib when administered with enzalutamide or abiraterone. Part 2, a dose expansion phase, will further evaluate long-term safety of the combinations at the RP2Ds in additional subjects. Dose-finding cohorts will be studied in parallel and will evaluate safety and pharmacokinetic to guide selection of the dose regimens for further evaluation. Part 2 will begin once the RP2Ds have been established in Part 1. Additional doses and/or schedules may be explored if warranted, based upon the pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) assessments or emerging preclinical evidence. Overall, approximately 60 chemotherapy-naïve subjects with mCRPC and who are receiving either enzalutamide or abiraterone will be enrolled into the study.
The mechanisms of action of the side effects associated with targeted therapies are still poorly understood. He was found in patients treated with gefitinib, increased levels of thromboxane B2 and P-selectin Thromboxane B2 is the result of the hydrolysis of thromboxane A2, which is itself obtained from Prostaglandin H2 under the action of the thromboxane synthetase. The thromboxane A2 is produced by platelets and the active pro-thrombotic properties as follows: stimulation of platelets and activation of other increased platelet aggregation. The selectins are cell adhesion proteins with a role in the adhesion phenomena. P-selectin is expressed by platelets and endothelial cells. The demonstration of increased plasma levels of thromboxane B2 and P-selectin leaves suggest a role of platelet activation in the occurrence of side effects associated with targeted therapies. Kanazawa's study was conducted in 39 Japanese patients, trying to assess the value of low-dose acetylsalicylic acid or 100mg per day, that is to say, anti-aggrégantes doses, the occurrence rash and diarrhea induced by gefitinib. In this study, the group of patients treated with acetylsalicylic acid presented a lower rate of side effects significantly, 58.3% versus 77.8%. The frequency of diarrhea was 18.5% (or 5 patients) in the standard group versus 0% in the group with acetylsalicylic acid. Similarly, it was found a reduction in the occurrence of skin rash, 33.3% or 4 patients in the acetylsalicylic acid group versus 74.1% s, 20 patients in the standard group. Finally, in this study, it was not revealed significant differences in terms of response to treatment with gefitinib (37% in the standard group versus 33% in the group treated with aspirin patient) It does not exist in our knowledge of prospective data evaluating the effect of acetylsalicylic acid on the reduction of side effects associated with targeted in a population of patients of Caucasian-type treatment.
This is a Phase I, open-label, non-randomized, sequential, two-period, repeat-dose study to evaluate the effect of trametinib 2 milligram (mg) once daily on the repeat-dose pharmacokinetic (PK) of an oral contraceptive (OC) containing norethindrone (NE) and ethinyl estradiol (EE) (ORTHO-NOVUM® tablets: 1 mg NE + 0.035 mg EE) in female subjects with solid tumors. The study will determine PK interaction between trametinib and the components of combination oral contraceptives that would compromise the effectiveness of the contraceptives. The study will also evaluate the repeat dose PK of trametinib and its metabolite M5 using a validated assay. The study will enroll approximately 24 subjects. Each subject will participate in the study for approximately up to 13 to 15 weeks which will consist of a 30 day screening period, followed by 2 treatment periods (Period 1: 28 days and Period 2: ranging from 12 days to up to 21 days), and a transition visit or post-treatment follow-up visit. In Period 1, subjects will take one active tablet from the ORTHO-NOVUM® tablet 1/35 dial-pack once daily at approximately the same time each day for 21 days (Days 1 through 21), followed by one inert (referred to as placebo) tablet once daily at approximately the same time each day for 7 days (Days 22 through 28). In addition, subjects will take trametinib 2 mg (1 tablet) once daily at approximately the same time each day for a total of 17 days (Days 12 through 28). In Period 2, subjects will take one active tablet from the ORTHO-NOVUM® tablet 1/35 dial-pack once daily at approximately the same time each day for 11 days (Days 1 through 11). In addition, subjects will continue taking trametinib 2 mg (1 tablet) once daily at approximately the same time each day for 11 days (Days 1 through 11). ORTHO-NOVUM® is a registered trademark of Ortho Pharmaceutical Corporation.
At present, there are no established treatments for depression or anxiety in adolescents with cancer, creating an important clinical and research gap. Fortunately, there is now substantial evidence documenting the efficacy of psychotherapy in the treatment of depressed and anxious adolescents in the general population.
Recently an automated test for measuring cancer cell death in the presence of chemotherapy has been developed. This test has been called the MiCK assay during the ten year development phase and is now called Correct Chemo. CorrectChemo provides the medical community and patients a way to determine the effects of different chemotherapies on individual cancer cells. MiCK assay has been proven to have clinical usefulness in two studies. In one study using multiple types of cancer, physicians used the MiCK assay in 63% of the patients. If the physician used the results to prescribe the chemotherapy treatment, the patients' response rate, time to the disease getting worse, and overall survival were all significantly better compared to patients whose physicians did not use the results. In another study of breast cancer patients, physicians used the MiCK assay in 74% of patients. If the results were used when planning chemotherapy, response rate and time to the disease started getting worse were all significantly better compared to patients whose physicians did not use the results of the MiCK assay The purpose of this study is to compare the outcomes of patients who have had the MiCK assay (CorrectChemo) with tumor types, physician attitudes towards the test, and how the physicians used the test. This study will be gathering this data by reviewing medical charts.
Foretinib (GSK1363089) is an investigational, oral, multikinase inhibitor involved in invasion, migration, and angiogenesis. This is a phase II, open label, uncontrolled, parallel, multi-cohort, multicenter 2-stage study to assess the safety and efficacy of foretinib and erlotinib combination therapy and foretinib monotherapy in genomic subpopulations of Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) subjects.
The purpose of this clinical trial is to compare a non-pharmaceutical intervention (Integral Attention Program or PAI) versus standard palliative chemotherapy treatment plus PAI in patients with advanced cancer who have already received at least a first course of chemotherapy but had proven therapeutic failure. The study hypothesis is that palliative chemotherapy offers no clear benefits in relation to quality-of-life-adjusted survival compared to a comprehensive care program.
This is a non-randomized, non-interventional pilot observational study designed to follow high-risk patients through their surgical and hospital stay. The investigators will collect 2 4ml vial's of blood (total of 8ml) prior to surgery to assess CV biomarkers - inflammatory, metabolic, hypercoagulable and platelet.
The purpose of the study is to test the safety of an experimental drug called OSI-906 when combined with pemetrexed at different dose levels and to find out the optimal doses of the two drugs that can be given as a combination. Pemetrexed has been widely used for treatment of certain solid organ tumors and is effective and approved for use in treatment of lung cancer and mesothelioma.