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The purpose of this study is to develop, implement and undertake a preliminary evaluation of a psychoeducational intervention for managing a cancer-related symptom cluster including pain, fatigue and sleep disturbance experienced by Vietnamese cancer patients.
Vitamin D deficiency is common among otherwise healthy pregnant women and may have consequences for them as well as the early development and long-term health of their children. However, the importance of maternal vitamin D status has not been widely studied. The present study is divided into a societal experiment (1) and a case-cohort study (2): 1. The present study includes an in-depth examination of the influence of exposure to vitamin D early in life and during critical periods of growth for development of type 1 diabetes (T1D), type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia, obesity, asthma, arthritis, cancer, mental and cognitive disorders, congenital disorders, dental caries and bone fractures during child- and adulthood. The study is based on the fact that mandatory fortification of margarine with vitamin D, which initiated in 1937, was terminated in 1985. Apart from determining the influences of exposure prior to conception and during pre- and postnatal life, the investigators examined the importance of vitamin D exposure during specific seasons and trimesters, by comparing disease incidence among individuals born before and after the fortification. 2. Additionally, a validated method was used to determine neonatal vitamin D status using stored dried blood spots (DBS) from individuals who develop the aforementioned disease entities as adults and their time and gender-matched controls. Unparalleled, the study will help determine the effects of vitamin D exposure during critical periods in life. There are a sufficient number of individuals to verify any effects during different gestation phases and seasons of the year. The results, which will change our current understanding of the significance of vitamin D, will enable new research in related fields, including interventional research designed to assess supplementation needs for different subgroups of pregnant women. Also, other health outcomes can subsequently be studied to generate multiple new interdisciplinary health research opportunities involving vitamin D.
Regional anesthesia of the abdomen significantly reduce postoperative pain, spare the systemic opioids and decrease postoperative nausea and vomiting. Multiple regional techniques can be performed at the neuro-axis (epidural), the nerve root (paravertebral) and the peripheral nerve (transversus abdominis plane). Quadratus lumborum (QL) block is an addition into the league of truncal nerve block techniques that has been found to provide analgesia for abdominal surgeries. Several case reports have shown that local anesthetic injection around the quadratus lumborum muscle is effective in providing pain relief after various abdominal operations and in patients with chronic pain. The study hypothesis is that quadratus lumborum block in single shot may be more superior to transversus abdominus plane block as regard intra-operative and the post-operative analgesia.
The current study aimed to develop and assess an easy-to-use, highly accessible mobile and web-based application intervention to reduce sedentary behavior and increase physical activity in the hope of reducing the side effects of treatment and improving quality of life for the 13,000 or more prostate cancer survivors who are prescribed ADT each year in Canada. The study was conducted in two phases, where Phase one was focused on finding out about the attitudes and perceptions of sedentary behavior and the use of mobile applications among prostate cancer survivors using semi-structured interviews. Together with professional experts and a group of men who were diagnosed with prostate cancer, we developed RiseForTx - an application that is used on a smartphone or tablet to reduce time spent in, and to change patterns of, sedentary behaviour each day (Phase two). Part of the intervention was also focused on increasing daily steps to improve physical activity. We tested the intervention to examine (i) how the application works, (ii) if prostate cancer survivors like it and use it; and (iii) if sedentary behaviour and physical activity can reduce the impact of the side effects for treatment and improve quality of life among men on ADT.
This study aimed to compare the efficacy of music therapy and midazolam 0,02 mg/kgBW in reducing preoperative anxiety on patients undergoing brachytherapy with spinal anesthesia
Phase 1 Phamacokinetic and metabolism study of BMS-986205 in healthy males
The aim of the current study was to clarify the relationship between protein intake and health by using a very large, general population cohort study, UK Biobank, to study the associations between reported protein intake (expressed in g/day, g/kg/day and % of total energy intake) and three health outcomes (all-cause mortality, incidence CVD and cancer).
Cardiovascular disease and malignancies account for more than 70% of all causes of mortality and morbidity in Italy. There is a subtle balance between genetic determinants and lifestyle, that often defines the line between health and sickness. So far studies aiming at identifying risk factors have mainly come from Northern Europe and the USA. It was to understand this balance between genetics and environmental determinants better, and to tailor appropriate preventive strategies for Italian and other Southern European populations, that the Moli-sani study was launched, transforming a small Italian region into a large scientific laboratory: the "Molise lab". Each participant received a thorough medical check-up at no cost to either him/her or the national health service, resulting in thousands of hours of free public health care. With a completely computerized system, Moli-sani is a "paperless" study, in which researchers and participants communicate using recently developed technologies such as mobile phone text messages (SMS). The biological data bank (the "MoliBank") is one of the largest in Europe. Paying particular attention towards innovation and new technologies, the Moli-sani study has placed itself at the cutting edge of a new paradigm crossing research and prevention
The primary purpose of the study is to obtain sample clinical images that are evaluated by physicians in support of regulatory submissions. Additionally, the study will provide data for current and future product development and it will provide clinical images and data for marketing use.
Cancer is the most important acquired risk factor of thromboembolisms. More than 20% of all episodes of venous thromboembolism (VT) or pulmonary thromboembolisms (PT) are cancer related. Cancer patients with VT or PT are treated with low molecular weight heparins (LMWH) during at least 3 months, but nowadays the duration of treatment is not accurately determined. The D-Dimer determination has been used like recurrence predictors after LMWH treatment suspension, but in cancer patients the useful is limited. Phospholipid-dependent microparticles could been used like recurrence predictors in cancer patients and tailored the duration of LMWH treatment for each patient.