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Background: To face cancer-related stress, patients and caregivers activate individual and dyadic coping responses. Opened communication, adequate involvement, reciprocal supportive roles, self-disclosure and responsiveness enhance dyadic coping. Nevertheless, little is known about the optimal content of dyadic interventions designed to improve dyadic communication. Methods: A randomized controlled trail was designed to assess the efficacy of a dyadic intervention centered on a cancer-related communication reinforcement. Patient-caregiver dyads are randomly assigned to either an intervention group or a waiting list group. Patients and caregivers complete self-reported scales that assessed emotional distress, individual coping, cancer-related dyadic communication frequency, satisfaction, self-efficacy and coping at baseline and post-treatment (intervention group), or 6 weeks after baseline (waiting list group). This dyadic communication reinforcement intervention (DCRI) consists of a weekly 4-session intervention. This intervention includes specific communication tasks aiming the improvement of some cancer-related dyadic communication competencies such as concerns disclosure and request for support. Discussion: DCRI would lead to improvements in cancer-related dyadic communication self-efficacy, cancer-related dyadic communication satisfaction and dyadic coping.
Cancer patients and their caregivers often experience difficulties in coping with the cancer diagnosis and the treatment that follows. Creative art therapy could support cancer patients and their caregivers in coping with these issues by using their creativity and self-expression. The aim of this study for the investigator's research team is to create a clear image of what cancer patients and their caregivers expect of supportive care to help them coping with cancer diagnosis, cancer therapy and life after cancer. This is a prospective, interventional study. Cancer patients and their caregivers will be approached to participate in this study. They will be asked to complete a questionnaire about their satisfaction with the current support they get to help them coping with cancer diagnosis, cancer therapy and life after cancer and whether they would like to participate in an art therapy program, which art therapy forms they would like to participate in, how they would like them to be organized, etc.
The growing incidence of cancer associated to an aging population represents an epidemiologic reality that requires questioning access to care and prognosis in elderly with cancer, for which disparities have been highlighted. However, generally speaking, studies are limited in that they overlook geriatric-specific factors. The aim of this work was to study sociodemographic, socioeconomic and clinical determinants of access to care (cancer stage, cancer treatment) and prognosis (functional decline, survival) in elderly cancer patients.
Overview of response rate published in recent oncology phase I trials
The effectiveness of the analgesic and anti-nausea prevention techniques of the investigators justifies being evaluated regularly in order to adapt the management strategy to the specificities of each surgical act. A first evaluation took place in June 2016 and allowed to identify a category of patients (partial breast surgery with or without axillary gesture) not benefiting from an ideal algological management because justifying in 30% of the cases of a level 3 analgesic remedy in the postoperative recovery room. This use of morphine results in a significant incidence of postoperative nausea and prolonged recovery time before return home harmful to the patient. With their experience in locoregional anesthesia technique in complete breast surgery (total mastectomy) and aware of the effectiveness of this type of anesthesia on the management of immediate and chronic pain, the investigators have extended their indications of ALR to partial breast surgery in ambulatory.
The Move for Your Health Pilot Study is a 16-week study in older cancer survivors to replace and break-up sedentary activity with short bouts of light physical activity.
This is a pilot study with the primary objective to validate the use of advanced minimally invasive hemodynamic monitoring with the PreSep™ Central Venous Oximetry Catheter, the Vigileo™ monitor, and FloTrac™ sensor for perioperative fluid management in Hepatobiliary and Pancreas Surgery. All of these devices and monitors are FDA approved devices and routinely used in the perioperative setting for these cases.
Caregiver education and training programs that specifically target caregiver informational and training needs during the survivorship period have been limited. In recognition of families' direct involvement in health care decision-making, health advocacy and care provision, programs are needed that can maximize families' caregiving abilities and skills and provide them with the information and resources they may need to identify and address elderly cancer patients' post-treatment symptom management. The goal of this study was to implement and evaluate the efficacy of a short-term problem-solving skills training program (relative to participating in a caregiver support group) for familial caregivers to lower income older (55+) post-treatment cancer patients.
Oral nutritional supplements (ONS) are often prescribed for malnourished patients to help improve nutritional status. Commonly in cancer patients taste and smell alterations and side effects of treatment can affect the palatability and compliance to ONS. A variety of flavours and styles are available of ONS however research of the palatability of these in cancer patients is limited. This study aims to evaluate specific flavours created based on the taste changes occuring during treatment. We aim to evaluate the patient liking and evaluation of 5 flavors in 3 different types of flavour-sensations: - Warming/spicy sensation: to trigger the senses and bring new sensations - Cooling/fresh sensation: to have a fresh mouthfeel and lighter base perception - Neutral: to avoid that patients experience additional flavour and let them the opportunity to mix it with other food
Polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocytosis (ET), and myelofibrosis (MF) are chronic Philadelphia negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) that are characterized by clonal proliferation of hematopoietic stem cells, intramedullary fibrosis, and splenomegaly. While disease manifestations may vary amongst the spectrum of MPNs, quality of life considerations including fatigue, concentration difficulties, pain, sleep disturbance, and depression are negatively affected in most MPN patients. Inflammation has been suggested to be involved in the development of disease-related symptoms. Specific pro-inflammatory cytokines (e.g., IL-1, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α) have been associated with particular patient-reported symptoms, including fatigue, abdominal complaints, microvascular symptoms, and constitutional symptoms. Pharmacologic therapy can positively impact MPN related symptoms, specifically with JAK inhibition, however, these treatments often come with negative side effects (e.g., anemia, thrombocytopenia). Much opportunity remains for improving MPN symptoms (i.e., fatigue, insomnia, loss of muscle mass, and debilitation) and quality of life. Yoga, a gentle form of meditative exercise, has been shown to improve symptom management and quality of life parameters in cancer patients and may be effective in improving MPN-related symptoms. Here we propose a study evaluating the efficacy of an online yoga intervention comparing a yoga group to a wait-list control group for improving symptom burden and quality of life in MPN patients. Secondarily, we plan to evaluate the feasibility of collecting potential biomarkers that are related to MPN disease-related activity, such as fatigue (i.e., cortisol and serum cytokines).