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Cancer is the most important acquired risk factor of thromboembolisms. More than 20% of all episodes of venous thromboembolism (VT) or pulmonary thromboembolisms (PT) are cancer related. Cancer patients with VT or PT are treated with low molecular weight heparins (LMWH) during at least 3 months, but nowadays the duration of treatment is not accurately determined. The D-Dimer determination has been used like recurrence predictors after LMWH treatment suspension, but in cancer patients the useful is limited. Phospholipid-dependent microparticles could been used like recurrence predictors in cancer patients and tailored the duration of LMWH treatment for each patient.
This study tested the effects of emotion regulation strategies (reappraisal, reassurance, and empathy) on pain responses in children with cancer. Children with cancer were randomly assigned to one emotion regulation strategy during an experimental pain task (the cold pressor task [CPT]). During the CPT, children rated their pain and provided saliva samples immediately before, after, and then 15 minutes after the CPT. This study examined the influence of emotion regulation on self-reported pain and physiological activity assessed through saliva samples.
Fatigue is a troublesome symptom for breast cancer patients, which might be mitigated with exercise. Cancer patients often prefer their oncologist recommend an exercise program, yet a recommendation alone may not be enough to change behavior. Our study will determine whether adding an exercise DVD to an oncologist's recommendation to exercise led to better outcomes than a recommendation alone.
The aim of this study is to test the efficacy of a brief psychological intervention composed by two therapeutic modules (virtual environments and reminiscence techniques) for the promotion of wellbeing of hospitalized adult cancer patients. Participants are randomly assigned to 2 conditions: intervention condition and control condition.
The aim of this study is to analyze the effect of a brief psychological intervention supported by Information and Communication Technologies, on the subjective well-being of hospitalized cancer patients. Participants are randomly assigned to one of 2 conditions: Intervention condition (4 Virtual reality sessions) and Control condition (waiting list control group).
The Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) is, still today, barely established in the standard practice. Although the different scientific societies recommend a CGA in elderly population affected with cancer at first visit, the evidence regarding its transcendence is limited. On the other hand, the components of this evaluation and the translation of their findings in changes in the clinical practice are not stablished. This project intends to implement a CGA in a group of patients to compare this group with an historical cohort that reflects the standard practice, to evaluate the differences between both approaches. The study also evaluate the feasibility and utility of this CGA. All these questions aims to support the hypothesis that CGA impacts on the cancer treatment for elderly population affected with cancer.
Because of the genetic and traditional commonalities between the underlying causes of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and cancers, we hypothesized that patients with atherosclerotic CVD may have a high incidence of cancers when compared with those with non-atherosclerotic CVD. To address this hypothesis, we investigated longitudinal clinical outcomes in a total of 32,095 consecutive patients with CVD enrolled in the Sakakibara Health Integrative Profile (SHIP) cohort study which was launched in 2006 for the purpose of improving healthy life expectancy in patients with CVD in our institute.
Cancer patients are presented with a lot of information about their diagnosis and different treatment options, which can be confusing. The purpose of this study is to see if a simple video explanation of six words used to describe cancer treatment improves patient understanding of these words.
The Copenhagen City Heart Study is an ongoing cardiovascular population study initiated in 1976 which has examined approximately 25,000 individuals from the general population. The initial sample has been re-invited up to four times and supplemented by younger individuals. The study includes questionnaires, clinical assessment and biomarkers. The population have been followed in a number of outcome registries and more than 900 scientific papers have been published.
Context People with intellectual disability (PWIDs), nearly 1,300,000 adults and children in France, develop as many cancers as persons in the general population. However, their tumors are different by their particular organ distribution, the age of onset, the biological background (2,000 genetic conditions are associated with an intellectual disability) and above all the unusual clinical presentation. These cancers are not well known from physicians, carers and families, and often discovered late. A recent review of the literature shows many inequalities in the prevention, monitoring, screening, diagnosis and treatment of cancer in these patients. Currently, no population study on clinical features and stage at diagnosis of cancer in PWIDs is available. No interventional research study has been conducted on this subject. Hypothesis Investigators hypothesize that inequalities in cancer care of PWIDs do not result from a direct link between intellectual disability and cancer, but are related to diagnosis difficulties of these tumors which are not well known, and to difficulties of communication with these patients who do not express easily their symptoms, particularly pain.