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Based on the follow-up data of patients who underwent hepatectomy for HBV-related HCC at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University. patients who met the enrollment criteria were screened for tumor recurrence and survival for statistical analysis to understand the prognosis of patients and analyze the risk factors affecting their prognosis.
Based on the follow-up data of elderly donation after cardiac death(DCD) donor liver transplant recipients from the CLTR, a database and official website for national data gathering. patients who met the enrollment criteria were screened for postoperative complications and survival for statistical analysis to understand the prognosis of patients and analyze the risk factors affecting their prognosis.
Surgery is one of the major treatment methods for patients with solid organ cancer. And, alone with the ageing process, more and more elderly patients undergo surgery for cancer. Evidence emerges that choice of anesthetics, i.e., either inhalational or intravenous anesthetics, may influence the outcome of elderly patients undergoing cancer surgery. From the point of view of immune function after surgery and invasiveness of malignant tumor cells, propofol intravenous anesthesia may be superior to inhalational anesthesia. However, the clinical significance of these effects remains unclear. Retrospective studies indicated that use of propofol intravenous anesthesia was associated higher long-term survival rate. Prospective studies exploring the effect of anesthetic choice on long-term survival in cancer surgery patients are urgently needed.
For patients with de novo stage IV breast cancer, the current debate is whether local surgery can improve the survival of patients. There is no clinical study on the classification after systemic treatment of de novo stage IV breast cancer patients. In fact, the clinical stage of tumor can change with the change of treatment. For example, the stage Ⅲ of locally advanced breast cancer can down-staging to the stage Ⅱ after systemic treatment. Similarly, patients with stage Ⅳ can down-staging to stage Ⅱ or stage Ⅲ after systemic treatment. At this time, the patient can receive surgical treatment. Therefore, this study is to first treat de novo stage IV breast cancer patients with systemic treatment, according to the response after systemic treatment to give different treatment measures（surgery or continued systemic treatment）. The investigators hope that this study will provide new ideas for the treatment of de novo stage IV breast cancer and other de novo stage IV cancers.
Various factors determine the long term survival in this non-uniform cohort of incidental gallbladder cancer. Timing of re-intervention is suggested to play an important role in the outcome. Few centers are proponents of early surgery in order to prevent dissemination, while others have suggested an intentional delay of 3 months to filter out cases with aggressive pathology. In the present study, investigators intend to evaluate the factors affecting survival in incidental Gallbladder Cancer (IGBC) with special reference to timing of re-intervention.
Real-world studies on long-term prognosis in patients who underwent anti-tumor treatments during hospitalization from a hospital-based cancer registry in china.
This study assessed whether transanal TME in patients with rectal cancer is superior to open, laparoscopic, and robotic TME (abdominal TME (abTME)) regarding oncological outcome, postoperative morbidity and 90-day mortality.
Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide. It is estimated that approximately 55,000 Canadians are surviving with brain tumors. It is projected that around 3000 persons will be diagnosed with brain and spinal cord tumors, and approximately 75 percent patients will not survive. Out of all brain cancers, high-grade gliomas [Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM)] impose highest morbidity and mortality. Therefore, it is important to explore ways in which Investigators can improve and prolong the lives of patients suffering from brain cancers, particularly high-grade glioma, which is the most common and aggressive primary brain tumor. So far the Investigators know that the surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are the three corner stones management options for these patients, and majority of the research have been conducted on these three major domains. Therefore, it is imperative to explore the other variables those may impact survival characteristics. One of the integral variables of the brain cancer surgery is anesthesia. Interestingly, the role of anesthetics was explored in some other non-brain solid organ tumor surgeries. It is observed that out of the two main types of anesthesia [one is through intravenous (propofol) and other one is gaseous (sevoflurane)], intravenous based anesthesia maintenance regime may delay the cancer progression and prolong the recurrence free period. In addition, two very large retrospective studies with approximately 11,000 and 18,000 patients respectively, showed that as compared to gaseous (volatile anesthetics) based, intravenous (propofol) based anesthesia conferred some protection against cancer progression and was also associated with lesser overall mortality. The exact nature of these protective mechanisms is not known but in animal and other laboratory-based experiments, propofol seems to inhibit cancer formation steps, delays inflammation and provide protection from cancer cell growth. This is a feasibility study for knowing various aspects of workflow; recruitment characteristics of participants and various obstacles in implying anesthesia based protocols so that the Investigators can conduct a well-designed multicenter international randomized study.
Effect of Inactivated COVID-19 Vaccine (Sinovac) on survival in intensive care unit, Single Center Experience
The treatment of distant metastasis is a key challenge for nasopharyngeal carcinoma because of poor outcomes, among which, chemotherapy is the cornerstone. However, many studies reported the use of different chemotherapy regimens to prolong the survival of metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma, while few of them focused on how to reduce the side effects of chemotherapy or improve the life quality of patients. Blocking the immune checkpoint is one of the effective strategies of tumor immunotherapy. Thus, we sought to find a proper chemotherapy regimen combined with PD-1 antibody JS001.