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Clinical Trial Summary

By inducing endogenous neuroprotection, hypoxic post-conditioning following stroke may represent a harmless and efficient non-pharmacological innovative neuro-therapeutic modality aiming at inducing neuroplasticity and brain repair, as supported by many preclinical studies. The investigators thus hypothesize that hypoxic post-conditioning represents a safe therapeutic strategy post-stroke. The investigators further hypothesize that hypoxic conditioning could enhance neuroplasticity and function in combination with conventional rehabilitative care. The primary study endpoint will be safety. Safety will be assessed through the clinical review of the adverse events over the duration of the study, every 48 hours by a trained evaluator, blinded for the therapeutic intervention. The investigators will further investigate the potential functional benefits of such a therapeutic approach on motor function, gait, balance, and cognition. The neurophysiological substrates of hypoxic conditioning-triggered neuroplasticity at a subacute delay post-stroke will also be investigated, based on biological and imagery markers.


Clinical Trial Description

Stroke is the second leading cause of death and the third leading cause of disability-adjusted life-years worldwide. If acute stroke therapy has decreased mortality, more than 50% of stroke survivors are left with sensorimotor and cognitive deficiencies. Recovery and rehabilitation treatments, aiming at inducing neuroplasticity, maximizing function in unaffected brain areas or implementing compensatory strategies to improve overall function, benefit from an extensive time window that ranges from days to months. Their development is urgently needed. Several endogenous neuroprotective mechanisms are spontaneously engaged following stroke to achieve neuroprotection and stimulate brain repairing processes. Conditioning the central nervous system can trigger endogenous mechanisms of neuroprotection. Conditioning refers to a procedure by which a potentially deleterious stimulus is applied near to but below the threshold of damage to the organism. While hypoxia is well recognized as a common underlying mechanism of many pathological conditions, experimental data indicate that exposure to specific doses of hypoxia (by breathing a hypoxic gas mixture) can be neuroprotective. Preconditioning is defined as the exposure to the conditioning stimulus before injury onset, to induce tolerance or resistance to the subsequent injury. Postconditioning refers to the application of the conditioning stimulus after injury or damage, to stimulate tissue reparation or neuroplasticity. As stroke is an unpredictable event, translating hypoxic preconditioning to clinical practice seems difficult. However, developing postconditioning strategies seems of clinical and rehabilitative relevance. Thus, an increase in neuronal salvage and neurogenesis, along with an increase in brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression and a reduced neuroinflammation were shown in murine models of hypoxic conditioning following ischemic stroke. By inducing endogenous neuroprotection, hypoxic conditioning may represent a harmless and efficient non-pharmacological innovative neuro-therapeutic modality aiming at inducing neuroplasticity and brain repair, as supported by many preclinical studies. The main working hypothesis is that hypoxic postconditioning may represent a safe therapeutic strategy post-stroke. The investigators further hypothesize that hypoxic conditioning could enhance neuroplasticity and function in combination with conventional rehabilitative care. The primary study endpoint will be safety. Safety will be assessed through the clinical review of the adverse events over the duration of the study, every 48 hours by a trained evaluator, blinded for the therapeutic intervention. All adverse events will be evaluated and quoted in accordance with National Institute of Health Common Criteria for Terminology for Adverse Events 5.0 (NIH CCTAE) recommendations, particularly with respect to Sub-sections "Cardiac disorders ", "Nervous system disorders" and "Vascular Disorders". Safety assessments will be performed every 48 hours, throughout the 8-week conditioning period, in addition to the conventional clinical follow-up performed in the rehabilitation unit. The potential functional benefits of such a therapeutic approach on motor function, gait, balance, and cognition will also be further investigated. The neurophysiological substrates of hypoxic conditioning-triggered neuroplasticity at a subacute delay post-stroke will be investigated, based on biological (serum inflammatory markers, growth and neurogenesis biomarkers) and imagery markers (morphological MRI sequences, functional connectivity (resting state), and brain vascularization). ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05210088
Study type Interventional
Source University Hospital, Grenoble
Contact Sébastien BAILLIEUL, MD, PhD
Phone 0623574355
Email [email protected]
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase Phase 1/Phase 2
Start date September 1, 2022
Completion date December 31, 2025

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