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Tetanus-diphtheria vaccine administered to pregnant women may cause pain during and after administration. Due to the pain that may occur, the compliance of pregnant women towards the vaccine may be impaired. Therefore, there is a need for methods that are safe for pregnant women to reduce pain. One of the applications used to reduce pain during intramuscular injection is local mechanical vibration application. With the application of vibration, the tactile receptors are stimulated and the pain is localized in a more limited area. One of the methods used to reduce the pain felt during intramuscular injection is the application of shotblocker applied to the injection site. The protrusions on the Shotbloker temporarily suppress the pain thanks to the pressure it exerts on the skin. Thus, the gates to the central nervous system are closed and pain is reduced. Mechanical vibration and shotblocker procedures applied before injection are non-invasive. Being simple and safe, it is one of the appropriate methods that can be preferred by pregnant women to reduce injection pain. Therefore, in our study, it is aimed to examine the effect of local mechanical vibration and shotblocker application on pain and patient satisfaction before tetenosis-diphtheria vaccine in pregnant women.
This study is carried out to examine the effect of skin-to-skin contact on the pain and stress level of the first intramuscular injection after elective cesarean section. The universe of the research will be women who have had elective cesarean section at Darıca Farabi Training and Research Hospital. The sample size of the study was calculated using the G*Power 220.127.116.11 program. The minimum number of individuals to be included in the sample of this study was calculated by taking G*Power 18.104.22.168, effect size: 1.42 α= 0.05, power: 0.95, and the sample size was determined as at least 14 mothers and their newborns in each group (skin skin-to-skin contact group: 14, non-skin-to-skin contact group: 14). In the study, possible data losses will be foreseen and 60 newborns and mothers, 30 of which will be in the intervention group and 30 in the control group, will be taken. The group of the participants included in the research will be divided into two groups by determining the random number generation program on the website called "Random List". (https://www.randomlists.com/). After obtaining the necessary ethics committee and institutional permissions for the implementation of the study, participants who had a cesarean delivery and who met the inclusion criteria of the study will be interviewed by going to the institution. Those who accept and want to participate in the research will have the Voluntary Consent Form read and their signatures will be taken. Term newborns meeting the criteria will be divided into intervention and control groups. The data will be collected by the researcher working in the delivery room of the hospital through face-to-face interviews. In the study, newborns who received skin-to-skin contact during the first IM injection will be included in the intervention group, and newborns who have been routinely injected intramuscularly in the delivery room will be included in the control group. In the study, all the steps of the intervention and control group newborns before and after the application will be carried out by the researcher.
The goal of this clinical trial is to compare two different pain relief techniques (cooled radiofrequency ablation (CRFA) and hyaluronic acid (HA) injection) for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) over a period of 6 months. The main questions it aims to answer are: - the extent of reduction of pain score and the proportion of subjects ("responders") whose knee pain is reduced by at least 50% from baseline up to 6 months after treatment in the two treatment groups. - the safety of the two treatment modalities. Participants will undergo a nerve block test to determine if they would experience pain relief from blocking of nerve signals. Responders will be randomised to receive one of the two treatments for their knee pain. Researchers will compare the pain intensity of CRFA and HA injection groups at baseline, 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months and 6 months post-treatment using validated questionnaires.
The aim of this project is to develop and test the Helping Educators Learn Pediatric Pain Assessment & Intervention Needs (HELP Pain) program. HELP Pain provides training for school providers (e.g., school nurses, mental health professionals) on strategies to assess and manage pain-related concerns in school children. Participants will learn cognitive behavioral therapy techniques to help school children manage pain, and report on their use of strategies, and child's progress throughout the school year. Follow-up data will be collected in year 2.
The Pain Neuroscience Education (PNE) aims to reconceptualize pain from a marker of tissue damage to a marker of the perceived need to protect body tissue. The purpose of this study is to verify the long-term efficacy (6 months) of a Pain Education treatment in patients with chronic low back pain, compared to a conventional treatment.
Erector spinae plane (ESP) block is an interfacial plane block with visceral and somatic analgesic activity at paraspinal muscles. This study aims to examine the postoperative analgesic efficacy of ESP block after cesarean section (CS) with Pfannenstiel incision under spinal anesthesia.
The purpose of this study is to determine if the use of aromatherapy impacts patient anxiety and pain scores surrounding port access in pediatric oncology patients between the ages of 4 years and 18 years.
The research was carried out as a randomized controlled experimental study in order to examine the effects of the child's pain, fear and parent's satisfaction before and after vascular access with a musical toy-xylophone, which is used as a distraction technique for the preparation of the 3-6 year old child hospitalized in the pediatric clinic.
Different non-pharmacological methods such as virtual reality glasses and music can be applied by nurses within the scope of care interventions for the management of pain and anxiety in burn patients during dressing changes and debridement. In this study, it was aimed to determine the effect of virtual reality and music on pain, anxiety and pain anxiety in burn patient care.
This work will involve conducting a randomized trial that will evaluate preliminary efficacy of "assisted" rate cycling, voluntary rate cycling and psychotherapy for pain individually and in combination as adjunctive treatments on cravings (primary outcome) in adults with an opioid use disorder. The investigators will also evaluate the effects of "assisted" rate cycling, voluntary rate cycling and I-STOP on secondary outcomes including depression, anxiety and sleep.