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Pain clinical trials

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NCT ID: NCT06453083 Enrolling by invitation - Pain Clinical Trials

Medrol Dose Packs for Post-Operative Pain Control

Start date: January 13, 2023
Phase: Early Phase 1
Study type: Interventional

The investigators primary purpose of this study is to determine if the addition of a short course use of steroids following surgery for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) will improve post-operative pain management and shorten hospital length of stay.

NCT ID: NCT06453005 Not yet recruiting - Pain Clinical Trials

Comparative Evaluation of SMART Hall Technique vs. Conventional SS Crown in Primary Molars: A Randomized Clinical Trial

RCT
Start date: June 1, 2024
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Dental caries, particularly in primary molars, significantly affects children's oral health and overall well-being. Traditional management with stainless steel crowns (SSCs) involves significant tooth reduction and advanced dental skills. Introduced in the 1970s, the Hall technique offers a less invasive alternative, minimizing tooth reduction compared to SSCs. The SMART Hall technique represents a further evolution, emphasizing atraumatic cavity preparation using hand instruments. It offers advantages like minimal or no tooth reduction, minimized discomfort, improved patient cooperation, shorter treatment times, and cost-effectiveness. Silver Diamine Fluoride (SDF) emerges as a promising non-invasive approach for managing dental caries in primary teeth, though it may cause temporary tooth discoloration. However, comparative evaluation with traditional SSC restorations remains limited. To address this gap, a randomized clinical trial will evaluate the treatment outcomes of the SMART Hall technique versus conventional SSC restoration for managing occluso-proximal carious lesions (ICDAS CODE 3/4/5) in primary molars of young patients. Children aged 3 to 9 years requiring restorations will be included, assessing clinical outcomes, treatment time duration, and radiographical outcomes of both techniques at specific follow-up intervals of 3 months & 6 months. This split mouth study will explore Clinical outcomes, radiographical outcomes, treatment time duration, and patient's pain perception with the chosen treatment modality. The findings will provide insights into the effectiveness and feasibility of the SMART Hall technique compared to the traditional SSC approach, informing evidence-based decision-making in pediatric dentistry and influencing treatment recommendations for preserving the health and function of primary molars in young children.

NCT ID: NCT06448104 Not yet recruiting - Pain Clinical Trials

Virtual Reality in Invasive Techniques in Physiotherapy

Start date: June 2024
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Dry needling is a common physical therapy technique that uses solid acupuncture needles that are repeatedly inserted and removed into the human body. These techniques, despite their benefits, can cause pain. The objective of this study is to analyze the use of virtual reality as a distractor in invasive techniques in physiotherapy. The hypothesis is that the use of immersive virtual reality, evoking relaxation situations, will reduce the sensation of pain during and/or after the technique. To do this, healthy participants will be recruited and the participants will be divided into two groups (experimental and control). Participants in the experimental group will undergo the dry needling technique on latent myofascial trigger points along with the use of immersive virtual reality. The same technique will be performed on participants in the control group but without the use of virtual reality. Pain during and after puncture and strength after puncture will be evaluated.

NCT ID: NCT06445816 Active, not recruiting - Pain Clinical Trials

Does the Level of Pain in Pediatric Oncology Patients Affect the Level of Psychological Resilience in Parents?

Start date: May 1, 2023
Phase:
Study type: Observational [Patient Registry]

Resilience is defined as generating coping strategies for the problems and situations that individuals face throughout their lives and developing these strategies in each new situation. While some individuals become helpless in the face of difficulties and give up the struggle, other individuals recover quickly in the face of difficulties and use coping methods well. Accordingly, these individuals have higher levels of crisis management and coping with stress.

NCT ID: NCT06443060 Not yet recruiting - Pain Clinical Trials

The Effect of Virtual Reality and Buzzy Application on Pain, Fear and Anxiety During Prick Test in Children

Start date: June 15, 2024
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Allergy is a hypersensitivity reaction to a triggering agent. Tests used in allergy are divided into two: in vivo and in vitro. Among the in vivo tests routinely used, epidermal, intradermal and patch tests are used, and the most commonly used is the skin prick test. In order to prevent the negative effects of pain, it is important to be informed about the appropriate approach to children, newborns and babies, and effective pain management, according to their cognitive development levels. Pain management in children should be done appropriately with accurate assessment tools. This will increase the quality of life, reduce hospitalizations, shorten the length of hospital stay and reduce costs. Pain experiences experienced during childhood will cause later pain experiences to be perceived as more severe and cause anxiety and fear. Anxiety is a psychological, physiological and behavioral state that develops in response to a perceived or existing threat. Anxiety, which can also be expressed as worry or anxiety, is a emotional state that can occur in various ways, such as restlessness, tension, easy fatigue, lack of concentration, muscle tension, and sleep disturbance, in which autonomic and somatic symptoms occur in the body, without any reason. Virtual reality provides multi-sensory information as children focus on the simulated world. Virtual reality, one of the cognitive methods; It can create an environment where three-dimensional pictures or animations created on the computer can interact in people's minds. It is also defined as a distraction method created by software, which creates the feeling that users are in the environment even though they are not in the real environment, and can interact with people in the environment. When all these studies were examined, no three-group study was found comparing a distracting method with a physical method for the 7-10 age group. Additionally, there is a study that used virtual reality in the prick test, but there is no method that has been proven to be superior to virtual reality. In this study, it will be investigated whether virtual reality and buzzy applications have a reducing effect on pain, fear and anxiety compared to the control group. Virtual reality and buzzy techniques will also be compared with each other. Since no such study has been found in the literature, it is thought to contribute to the field.

NCT ID: NCT06442644 Not yet recruiting - Pain Clinical Trials

Live Music in the Intensive Care Unit

Start date: September 2024
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The goal of this quasi-experimental pre- post test study is to test a patient-tailored live music intervention's effect on stress and pain reduction in adult, critically ill patients admitted to the intensive care unit. The main question it aims to answer is: • Does live music reduce stress and pain in adult intensive care patients? In the pre-post test design, the patients will be their own control. There will be no randomisation. Researchers will compare measurements of heartrate, respiration rate, heartrate variability, blood pressure and pain before and after the live music intervention to see if live music effects these vital parameters. Participants will listen to live music in their room in the intensive care unit for 5 to 15 minutes.

NCT ID: NCT06442514 Not yet recruiting - Pain Clinical Trials

Pain and Smoking Study - Interactive Voice Response

PASS-IVR
Start date: December 1, 2024
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

PASS2 aims to expand upon the recently completed study (PASS intervention), which tested the telephone delivery of a cognitive behavioral intervention (CBI). This study will use Interactive Voice Response (IVR) to optimize the intervention's effectiveness for smoking cessation among Veteran smokers with chronic pain.

NCT ID: NCT06439121 Not yet recruiting - Pain Clinical Trials

The 4-7-8 Breathing Technique on Pain and Nausea-Vomiting

Pain
Start date: June 3, 2024
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This study is planned as a randomized controlled trial to determine the effect of the 4-7-8 breathing technique applied to patients after bariatric surgery on pain and nausea and vomiting. The research will be conducted on 60 patients who underwent bariatric surgery between 05.2024-12.2024. Randomization will be ensured for students who meet the inclusion criteria, and they will be divided into two random groups: the experimental group (n=30) and the control group (n=30). After obtaining consent with the "Informed Consent Form," patients who agree to participate in the study will have the "Patient Introduction Form" filled out by researchers, and they will be provided with training on the 4-7-8 breathing technique. Patients will be instructed to practice the 4-7-8 breathing technique once per hour (4 breaths) post-surgery. Pain and nausea-vomiting will be monitored at 0, 2, 6, 12, and 24 hours during their 24-hour hospital stay. The control group, after consenting with the "Informed Consent Form" the day before surgery, will have the "Patient Introduction Form" filled out by researchers, and their pain and nausea-vomiting status will be monitored at the same intervals during their hospital stay. No interventions will be made for the control group; they will receive routine nursing care during their hospital stay.

NCT ID: NCT06439004 Not yet recruiting - Pain Clinical Trials

The Use of QST to Characterize Somatosensory Functionality

Start date: June 2024
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Pain has a significant impact on quality of life and poses an enormous burden on the healthcare system. The subjective nature of pain complicates its mapping and treatment. Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) aims to characterize the somatosensory phenotype using calibrated stimuli and subjective thresholds. This set of procedures enables quantification of the somatosensory function in small fibers (thinly myelinated Aδ and unmyelinated C), as well as large fibers (thickly myelinated Aβ). In this way, sensory loss (hypoesthesia, hypoalgesia) or sensory gain (hyperesthesia, hyperalgesia, allodynia) can be detected. In this study, the inter-period reproducibility of thirteen QST parameters will be determined on the dominant hand, right forearm, right flank and lower back of 20 healthy volunteers.

NCT ID: NCT06438731 Recruiting - Pain Clinical Trials

Comparison of Two Methods in Pain Caused by Orogastric Tube Placement in Preterm Newborns

Start date: March 29, 2024
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Aim : This study will be conducted to determine the effect of breast milk and knitted octopus in reducing pain caused by routine orogastric tube insertion in preterm newborns. Method : This study was planned as a randomized controlled trial. The study group will consist of 66 preterms with a gestational age of 32-34 weeks fed by orogastric tube. Informed Consent Form, Preterm Newborn Introduction Form, Physiologic Parameters Measurement Form and Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP) will be used in the study. The research will be conducted in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a university hospital in Denizli province. Newborns in the breast milk group will be given oral breast milk before the procedure. Newborns in the knitted octopus group will be provided with the octopus touching various parts of their bodies as a tactile stimulation before the procedure. No intervention will be performed on newborns in the control group. Data will be obtained by the researcher from camera recording and patient file. In evaluating the data, continuous variables will be given as mean ± standard deviation and categorical variables will be given as number and percentage. Parametric and non-parametric tests will be used to examine the differences between groups. Hypothesis: It is expected to contribute to the development of a new approach in the pain management of preterm newborns by evaluating the effectiveness of breast milk and knitted octopus in reducing the pain caused by orogastric tube insertion in preterm newborns.