View clinical trials related to Lymph Node Metastases.Filter by:
The study is designed to investigate the safety and efficacy of central D3 lymphadenectomy in cases of small bowel tumors. Such dissection is under debate; consensus guidelines are vague when it comes to surgical techniques and practice is highly variable.
Background: Despite a favorable prognosis, metastatic cervical lymph nodes (LN), are not uncommon among patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). Current guidelines recommend that a suspicious cervical LN on neck ultrasound (US) should be investigated with fine needle aspiration biopsy for cytology (FNAC) and for thyroglobulin (Tg) measurement (FNA-Tg), using saline washout of the needle content. Since Tg is a protein produced exclusively by thyroid follicular cells, a positive FNA-Tg result establishes the diagnosis of metastatic DTC. Currently, following LN biopsy, a patient must wait days to weeks to receive results, that directly impacts the treatment plan. This delay may be solved by a point of care assay of the washout Tg (POC-Tg), drawn from a suspicious cervical LN. Another potential novel usage of POC-Tg is the evaluation of suspicious LN found during neck surgery for known or suspicious DTC. Here, the POC-Tg may save the time needed for the completion of 'frozen section'. The study product: POC-Tg is a lateral flow immunoassay for Tg, able to detect within minutes Tg at concentration equal to 5 ng/mL and above (the midrange of the accepted cut-off). Methods: The multi-center validation study will include 100 patients in the FNA clinic, and 150 LN (dissected from 50-150 patients) in the operating room (OR). Each LN will be evaluated using both the formal accepted method (in the FNA clinic, the combination of FNAC and FNA-Tg; and frozen section in the OR), and the novel POC-Tg. Clinical decisions will be made according to the formal evaluation only. In a retrospective analysis, the investigators will estimate the sensitivity and specificity of the POC-Tg and the formal accepted method against the reference ('gold') standard (cytology, histology and follow-up US in the FNA clinic setting, and final histology in the OR setting).
Vulvar cancer patients with SN-metastasis > 2mm will receive chemoradiation instead of an inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy.
To evaluate the survival impact of extensive lymphadenectomy as part of debulking surgery in stage IVB ovarian cancer with supradiaphragmatic lymph node metastasis.
To determine if the use of Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen Positron Emission Computer Tomography (PSMA PET/CT) as a selection tool for performing extended lymph node dissection (ePLND) for prostate cancer (PCa) in the primary staging setting results in fewer ePLND procedures and therefore lower overall healthcare costs, lower patient burden in terms of intervention-related complications and morbidity, with comparable disease prognosis, compared to the current European Guideline-recommended standard practice which includes performing ePLND in PCa patients who are candidates for active treatment with a nomogram-calculated lymph node involvement (LNI) risk >5%.
The aim of the study is to evaluate whether lymph nodes draining the region of the carcinoma are located only inside the lines of standard resection or in some percentages are located outside as well. The visualized nodes draining the region of the carcinoma will be correlated to location, fluorescent yes/no and nodal positive/negative. The draining lymph nodes will be visualized using the fluorescent dye indocyanine green. The aim of the study is to evaluate whether lymph nodes draining the region of the carcinoma are located only inside the lines of standard resection or in some percentages are located outside as well. The visualized nodes draining the region of the carcinoma will be correlated to location, fluorescent yes/no and nodal positive/negative. The draining lymph nodes will be visualized using the fluorescent dye indocyanine green.
This research study investigates if SpotTM ink can help breast surgeons retrieve sampled lymph node as well as or better than the standard clip and radioseed guidance methods. The names of the novel study intervention involved in this study is: - SpotTM ink tattooing The names of the standard of care study interventions involved in this study are: - Core needle biopsy and/or fine needle aspiration - Surgical Removal of the Lymph Nodes via clip and radioseed guidance
The data will be obtained from 10 tertiary centers located in Poland (Cracow - coordinating center, Warsaw - 3 centers, Sosnowiec, Szczecin, Bydgoszcz, Lublin, Gdansk, Poznan) and 5 foreign centers. The analyses will include patients with rectal cancer operated on between 2013-2019. A database in MS Excel is prepared that consists of following data: - Type of neoadjuvant treatment (if any) - Time-interval between the end of neoadjuvant treatment and surgery - Type of surgery - Staging of rectal cancer i.e. (y)pTNM - Number of retrieved lymph nodes - Number of lymph nodes with metastases - R classification (R0, R1, R2) - Preoperative medications (metformin, statins, NSAIDs, anticoagulants) - Recurrence date and type (local, systemic, both diagnosed at the same time) - Date of death or date of last follow-up visit The aims of the study are following: 1. Establishing whether neoadjuvant treatment (PSCR or chemoradiotherapy) influences number of retrieved lymph nodes in rectal cancer 2. Establishing whether time-interval between the end of PSCR and surgery influences lymph node yield 3. Establishing the prognostic value of lymph node ratio - validation of the previously calculated cutoff point at the level of 0.41 4. Determining independent prognostic factors in rectal cancer - in particular related to medications taken before the operation, metformin and anti diabetic drugs in the first place
Standard treatment of local or locally advanced prostate cancer is radical prostatectomy (RRP) surgery. During RRP in certain patients extended lymph node dissection (ELND) is recommended. to detect eligible patients for ELND some nomograms based on clinical factors of them is used. The Briganti nomogram is one of them. If the patient has 7% or more probability on Briganti nomogram, then ELND is recommended. But ELND is complicated surgical procedure and may cause labor lost and cost. It is aimed here to show whether the ICG based fluorescence imaging during laparoscopy may yield higher accuracy to detect metastatic LNs than the conventional ELND?
Nodal staging holds both important prognostic and predictive value at colorectal cancer. Regional lymph nodes are located close to the primary tumor in the mesocolon / mesorectum. Current pathology and oncology standards require a separate examination of at least 12 lymph nodes each case to fulfill staging "accuracy" criteria. In order to reach this number of lymph nodes, a precise surgical technique (total mesorectal excision or complete mesocolic excision), as well as a thorough pathological specimen work-up is needed. The aim of the study is to investigate, if ex vivo intra-arterial methylene blue injection by the surgeon can help improving nodal harvesting effectivity of the pathologist, hence leading to a better staging and hopefully even to a better outcome in the long run. In 2014-2015 two surgical centers randomised resected colorectal specimens in 1:1 ratio to methylene-blue injection arm and control (no injection) arm in a total of 200 consecutive cases. Both pathologic and oncologic treatment were led regardless of the injection, reports were just routinely saved in the routine medical documentation. This retrospective study is designed to recall patient-related, surgery-related factors, as well as pathology reports including nodal staging from the medical databases. The investigators aim to find correlation between methylene blue "staining" and lymph node yield. In addition, the investigators plan to crossmatch methylene blue injection, as a process, with long term survival of the patients.