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Liver Cancer clinical trials

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NCT ID: NCT05694949 Not yet recruiting - Liver Cancer Clinical Trials

Main Postoperative Complications After SARS-CoV-2 Infection

Start date: February 1, 2023
Study type: Observational

To explore the relationship between SARS-CoV-2 infection in different time before operation and postoperative main complications (mortality, main pulmonary and cardiovascular complications) 30 days after operation; To determine the best timing of surgery after SARS-CoV-2 infection.

NCT ID: NCT05681234 Completed - Liver Carcinoma Clinical Trials

Clinical Application of 18F-labeled RD2 PET/CT Imaging in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Small Liver Carcinoma

Start date: August 24, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This is a single arm study to evaluate the safety and biodistribution of 18F-labeled RD2 PET/CT Imaging in patients with small liver carcinoma.

NCT ID: NCT05638269 Recruiting - Lung Cancer Clinical Trials

A Multicentre Study on Features of the Gut Microbiota of Patients With Critical Chronic Diseases in China

Start date: March 1, 2022
Study type: Observational

The human gut microbiome has been associated with many health factors but variability between studies limits the exploration of effects between them. This study aims to systematically characterize the gut microbiota of various critical chronic diseases, compare the similarities and differences of the microbiome signatures linked to different regions and diseases, and further investigate their impacts on microbiota-based diagnostic models.

NCT ID: NCT05638048 Active, not recruiting - Breast Cancer Clinical Trials

Effect of Precise Grip Strength Training on PICC Catheter-Related Thrombosis in Cancer Patients

Start date: July 10, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

In this study, color Doppler ultrasound diagnostic instrument and electronic grip device were used to determine the best grip strength of patients with tumor PICC catheterization, formulate precise and standardized grip strength training guidance for them, provide personalized functional exercise health education, and observe the impact of precise grip strength training guidance on Peripheral central venous catheter-associated thrombosis. To provide a reference for clinical prevention of Peripheral central venous catheter-associated thrombosis in the future.

NCT ID: NCT05633342 Recruiting - Breast Cancer Clinical Trials

Project CADENCE (CAncer Detected Early caN be CurEd)

Start date: March 22, 2022
Study type: Observational

With existing evidence showing the difference in miRNA expression levels between non-cancer and cancer groups, the investigators assume that levels of DNA methylation, RNA expression as well as protein concentration will also be dysregulated during disease progression. Combining the power of multi-omic cancer biomarkers, the investigators hypothesize that the sensitivity and specificity of MiRXES MCST can be significantly improved compared to existing multi-cancer diagnostic tests. In this study, the investigators propose to develop and validate blood-based, multi-cancer screening tests through a multi-omics approach.

NCT ID: NCT05622136 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Dose-escalation of Regorafenib in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Start date: January 2023
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

The present protocol (STRAT-aHCC trial) aims to prospectively evaluate the tolerability, quality of life and efficacy of an alternative regimen of regorafenib in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after progression to first-line. Patients will receive increasing dose of regorafenib in the first 2 treatment cycles (initial dose of 80mg, with weekly increments of 40mg up to 160mg in the first 2 treatment cycles). From the 3rd cycle on, the maximum tolerated dose during the first 2 cycles will be maintained. The maximum tolerated dose will be considered the highest dose in which the patient does not present grade ≥3 adverse events. The primary endpoint is the proportion of evaluable patients completing cycle 4. Radiologic response rate, quality of life, time to progression and overall survival will be evaluated as secondary endpoints.

NCT ID: NCT05616039 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

I-FIGS Feasibility Study

Start date: December 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Background: Removal of part of the liver (resection) is performed as a treatment for some cancers in the liver. To achieve the best possible outcomes, it is important that the cancer is removed completely (R0 resection) (1). Up to 30-50% patients develop recurrence within 2 years of surgery which could be due to incomplete removal of the cancer (2). Various techniques are used by the surgeons to identify the cancer tissue from the normal liver during the surgery so that it can be removed completely. These include examining with the naked eye, having a feel of the tumour, and performing an ultrasound scan. Even with these techniques it is difficult to identify the exact extent of the cancer. Also, the interpretation of the ultrasound scan can be subjective (3). A robust, objective, real-time navigation technique is required which can differentiate cancer from normal tissue. Indocyanine green (ICG) is a dye which when given through the veins, is taken up and retained by cancer cells in the liver and they appear as fluorescent areas as compared to normal liver which appears dark. This principle can be used to identify the cancerous tissue accurately during the surgery and remove it completely (Indocyanine green Fluorescence Image-Guided Surgery: I-FIGS). It can also potentially detect additional tumours which were not identified before the surgery or during the surgery with standard techniques (4,5). However, there is a lack of good quality evidence on the usefulness of I-FIGS in liver surgery, so this needs to be tested in a large group of patients having liver surgery before any recommendations can be made. Research Aim: This initial study aims to assess whether a larger trial evaluating the role of I-FIGS in complete removal of the cancer tissue is feasible. Investigators will assess if patients are willing to take part in the study and whether they can gather relevant clinical outcome data from them all. Investigators will also gather patients' views about this novel technique and participating in the study. Design and methods: This study will involve 40 patients having planned liver surgery for liver tumour/s recruited from University Hospitals, Plymouth. Patients will be randomly allocated to have I-FIGS plus standard surgery or standard liver surgery alone. Patients in the I-FIGS group will have ICG injection 2-4 hrs prior to surgery (0.03-0.05mg/kg dose) on the day of surgery. The surgical planning will be carried out as per the standard approach using the naked eye and intra-operative ultrasound examination. Once this is all recorded, ICG cameras will be switched on, and the additional findings and change to surgical plan will be noted. Focus groups will explore participants experiences of being in the study. This will inform the design of the future larger trial. Patient public involvement: Investigators have involved patients who have had or are having liver surgery in the development of the study. Their views on the technique, trial procedures and outcome measures have been incorporated. They will continue to be involved and advise on the study. Dissemination: Results will be available via research journals and conferences.

NCT ID: NCT05600933 Enrolling by invitation - Lung Cancer Clinical Trials

Prospective Procurement of Tumor Tissue to Identify Novel Therapeutic Targets and Study the Tumor Microenvironment

Start date: January 26, 2023
Study type: Observational

Background: Many advances have been made in cancer treatments, but more research is needed. Comparing samples of cancerous tissue to samples of normal, noncancerous tissues may help find differences between them. These differences may help researchers find new ways to treat cancer. Objective: To collect tissues and blood samples from people with known or suspected cancer. The samples will be used to help identify new targets for cancer treatments. Eligibility: People aged 18 years and older with a known or suspected cancer that requires surgery or biopsy. Design: Participants will be screened. They will answer questions about their health. They can do this on the phone or in person. Researchers will collect information from participants medical records. Data may include information about any prior or current cancers. Data about other medical conditions may also be collected. Participants will have blood drawn. Some of the blood will be tested for HIV and hepatitis B and C. Some of the blood will be used for genetic research. Participants will have tissue samples collected during surgeries or biopsies. These are procedures the participants would have had as part of their standard care. No new procedures will be done just for this study. Researchers may also seek out samples from prior procedures the participant had done. Participants will remain in the study for 6 months. They may have blood drawn again. Researchers may also collect tissue samples from any procedures performed during that time.

NCT ID: NCT05598268 Recruiting - Lung Cancer Clinical Trials

A Study of T3011 Administered Via Intravenously in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors.

Start date: March 1, 2022
Phase: Phase 1/Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

This is a multicenter, open-label study conducted in 3 phases: Dose escalation stage: The stage contain 4 cohorts, each cohort divided into 2 groups (group A, single dose and Group B, multiple dose).Dose escalation will use a 3+3 design to evaluate escalating doses of T3011.Cohorts of three subjects will be enrolled at each T3011 dose level with expansion to six subjects, if necessary, to assess toxicity. Total enrollment will depend on the toxicities observed, with approximately 4-24 evaluable subjects enrolled in dose escalation stage. Dose extension stage: The SMC will evaluate the available safety and preliminary efficacy data and initiate dose-expansion studies for the appropriate indications Phase IIa: To explore the safety of intravenous administration and expand the study in other indications. the stage will be carried out gradually based on the data obtained from the phase I study.

NCT ID: NCT05540925 Completed - Liver Cancer Clinical Trials

Vascular Invasion Signatures in cfDNA Support Re-staging of Liver Cancer

Start date: January 1, 2022
Study type: Observational

Tumor staging system based on clinicopathological charactertics has been used to guide treatment decisions. However, therapeutic outcomes of "early-stage" hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) differs significantly, which strongly suggests the requirement for a re-staging of early HCC to inform treatment selection more precisely. Microvascular invasion (MVI) reflects malignant biological characteristics of early HCC, and has a potential role of guiding treatment selection. As such, the objective of this study is to investigate preoperative MVI prediction based on MVI-related genomic signatures of cell-free circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) to establish a re-staging of early HCC. The investigators have detected 37 mutant genes associated with MVI in HCC tumor tissues. In this study, the investigators will design a gene panel based on these mutant genes to perform targeted gene sequencing on preoperatively collected ctDNA to identify genomic signatures associated with MVI. A nomogram to predict MVI before treatment will be generated by incorporating these genomic signatures. Based on a calculated optimal cut-off value of the nomogram, early HCC patients can be re-staged into subpopulations based on the nomogram-predicted risks of MVI. This study will develop a re-staging system of early HCC based on tumor biological charactertics, which is expected to accurately and individually guide treatment decisions and improve long-term survival outcomes.