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Microvascular inflammation, the hallmark histological criteria of antibody-mediated rejection in kidney transplantation, remains an issue in routine practice, due to a lack of reproducibility in its recognition by pathologists and an incomplete comprehension of its pathophysiology, leading to a poor treatment efficacy. The main objective of this study is to assess the performances of tissue proteic signatures designed for the diagnosis of microvascular inflammation in kidney transplantation, from formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) allograft biopsies analyzed by mass spectrometry-based proteomics.
Investigate systemic inflammation in liver cirrhosis patients
Widely expressed in the sensory nerve endings of the skin, Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) is a receptor that plays an important role in the perception of pain and pruritus but also in skin inflammation, primarily by inducing the local release of several neuropeptides. Although the mechanisms by which TRPV1-sensitizing inflammatory mediators in damaged skin have received considerable attention, the role of TRPV1 in psoriasis has so far been little explored. However, two studies have reported that ablation of sensory nerves expressing TRPV1 reduced psoriasiform skin inflammation, demonstrating the neuronal contribution to inflammation in psoriasis. However, the expression of TRPV1 is not limited to neurons alone. TRPV1 is also expressed by epidermal keratinocytes and skin microvessels. For example, in 2018, transcriptomic analysis of psoriatic patient skins (by definition devoid of neuron nuclei) revealed that TRPV1 expression was increased in the skin of psoriatic patients suffering from itching (pruritus). Regarding human keratinocytes, it is recognized that the activation of TRPV1 present on their surface induces the release of pro-inflammatory factors such as cyclooxygenase-2. In addition, the investigators have demonstrated that TRPV1 has a pivotal role in the keratinocyte production of inflammatory mediators, which is mediated by the protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2). However, the role of vascular TRPV1 in inflammation is not described. The investigators hypothesize that in addition to neuronal TRPV1, non-neuronal TRPV1 receptors of non-neuronal cells (keratinocytes and endothelial cells) may be involved in the vicious circle of the inflammatory process characteristic of psoriasis. Putting TRPV1 at the center of the deregulation of the homeostatic balance including epithelial, neuronal and vascular inflammation in psoriasis is totally innovative.
This is a placebo-controlled study, conducted at US sites to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effectiveness of the study drug letermovir in adults with HIV and asymptomatic cytomegalovirus (CMV) who are on antiretroviral therapy (ART)-mediated suppression. Participants will be randomly assigned to receive either letermovir or placebo, once daily, for 48 weeks, followed by 12 weeks of observation on ART alone.
The purpose of this study is to investigate white blood cells from volunteering donors to support the development of engineered regulatory T cell therapies.
We aimed to investigate the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) risk and respiratory inflammation evaluated by the exhaled breath condensate （EBC）interleukin-6 IL-6 and plasma SP-D, based on the Berlin questionnaire (BQ) screening values in an adult, urban community in Beijing, China. Volunteers aged >40 years were recruited from the Shichahai community of central Beijing. Their general information and disease history were recorded. OSA risk was assessed using the BQ. IL-6 in EBC and plasma SP-D were detected by enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA)through specimens collected on fasting. The differences in IL-6 and SP-D contents between high-risk and low-risk groups for OSA were compared, and the factors affecting their contents were analyzed.
This study will be investigating the effect of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) treatment on glucose tolerance and low-grade inflammation. Almost a century ago, researchers proposed that diabetes (DM) was associated with increased risk of Tuberculosis infection (TB). A more recent systematic review concluded that DM increases the relative risk for TB 3.1 times. Reversely, TB may affect the glycaemic control; TB is in many cases a chronic infection characterised by long term low-grade inflammation and weight loss, and persons with TB are known to be at risk of hyperglycaemia and DM at time of diagnosis. A latent infection with the m.tuberculosis bacteria is "silent" without symptoms. 1,7 billion have LTBI on a global scale. Event though the infected person does not experience symptoms, increased background inflammation has been shown in LTBI patients in previous studies. We also know that an increase in inflammatory markers precedes clinical development of DM, and that subclinical inflammation contributes to insulin resistance. We hypothesise that LTBI contributes to dysregulated glucose metabolism due to increased low-grade inflammation, and that treatment will reduce low-grade inflammation and improve glucose tolerance.
Inflammation is a common factor of chronic periodontitis and diabetes. However, to date, there is no scientific evidence supporting a causal effect of the inflammation created by apical periodontitis on the onset of insulin resistance and on metabolic derangement in the condition of pre-diabetes or diabetes. A case control study has been designed in order to evaluate serum levels of pro-diabetes inflammation factors in a sample of healthy patients between 25 and 55 years of age, with or without apical periodontitis,before endodontic treatment and at 6 and 12 months post-treatment. The aim of the study is to evaluate any relation between the presence of chronic endodontic lesions and pro-diabetes inflammation factors that can promote the onset of insulin resistance, and whether endodontic treatment can reduce these factors, thus preventing a pro-diabetes/diabetes status.
Primary objective: to investigate the efficacy of Mepolizumab 100 milligram (mg) every month compared to placebo in reducing validated Sinonasal Outcome Test -22 score and on reducing endoscopic Nasal Polyp Score. The participants have a triad of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), asthma and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug exacerbated respiratory disease (NERD). The investigators will evaluate whether mepolizumab reduces the need for increased drug dosage (topical corticosteroid or bronchodilator dosage) and improves lung and nasal function more effectively than placebo. This first visit ensures the inclusion and exclusion criteria of the subject. If necessary, NERD will be verified by an ASA challenge test at a second additional visit. Participants have also 6 visits, on four of which subcutaneous injection of the study product is administered. During visits, a clinical examination, airway function tests, and nasal, blood, urine, and stool samples are also taken to elucidate predictive biomarkers of severely symptomatic NERD patients.
The menstrual cycle is one of the most important signs of a functioning reproductive system in women, but sometimes this cycle is associated with signs and symptoms that cause physical and psychological problems for women. Considering the high prevalence of PMS among women and the complications of this syndrome on work performance, social and interpersonal relationships and family, and its role in limiting education, social and economic progress in society, 8 weeks of online yoga exercises given online to female students were helpful in reducing PMS symptoms The aim was to evaluate the efficacy and effect on inflammation parameters. The study was planned as an interventional, single-blind, randomized controlled study. The sample size of this study was calculated based on the latest research available on the effect of exercise on PMS (Kamalifard et al.2017). A power analysis was performed in student PMS scores between exercise and control groups and to expect a difference of 80% strength and α = 0.50 and 30%. 80% power (1 - ß) minimum 18 students for each group, total 36 students will be included in the sample.