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The purpose of this research is to determine the effect a spiced-infused baked good has on inflammatory biomarkers in adults who are overweight and/or who has chronic kidney disease. Participants will be involved for 10 days in this research study.
Grounding (Earthing) refers to the practice of contacting the Earth or a properly installed grounding mat with the body. Previous studies on grounding have shown positive effects body-wide inflammation, acute and chronic pain, and immune system response. Prior studies on the inflammatory process of mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and some other dementias have shown connections between immune system dysregulation, inflammatory markers, and severe disease progression. Finding ways to mitigate or turn off the inflammatory response is key to treating mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer's disease. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of sleeping grounded on cognition and personal perceptions in participants with a diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer's disease as evidenced by a battery of assessments using Cogstate's Cognitive Brief Battery and a qualitative questionnaire. We hypothesize that assessment scores will improve with grounding and that perceptions will positively correlate with an increase in scores. Modulation of risk factors like glucocorticoid resistance, SCI, and immune system dysfunction through grounding may lead to an accessible, natural technique for neurodegenerative disease prevention or treatment.
Platelets are primarily known for their central role in primary hemostasis. However, they are increasingly recognized for their participation in various non-hemostatic processes, such as cancer progression and clinical expression. Experimental and clinical data indicate that the involvement of platelets in the pathophysiology of cancer goes far beyond the realm of cancer-associated thrombosis. Several experimental studies have shown that platelets can promote the metastatic process by various mechanisms. However, while it has been shown in vitro that direct contact with platelets initiates tumor cells for metastasis, it remains unclear whether such contacts occur in solid tumors. In addition to their ability to promote metastasis, platelets have been shown to stimulate angiogenesis and play a crucial role in lymphangiogenesis. Considering that blood vessels, lymphatics and immune cells are major components of the tumor ecosystem, our hypothesis is that platelets contribute to the development and / or regulation of the tumor microenvironment. This is because platelets stabilize tumor blood vessels by permanently repairing vascular damage caused by immune cells infiltrating tumors. Targeting platelets destabilizes tumor vessels, causing intra-tumor hemorrhage, which allows intra-tumor accumulation of intravenously administered anti-tumor drugs such as paclitaxel and improves their efficacy. Studies have also reported the role of platelets in several pathogenic mechanisms of cancer: thrombocytosis is a paraneoplastic syndrome which suggests a poor prognosis in patients with solid tumors; a negative correlation between the platelet count and the response to chemotherapy has been reported in several types of cancer; histological analyzes of esophageal cancer suggested a possible association between the presence of platelets in the tumor stroma and the level of tumor lymphangiogenesis and lymphovascular invasion; finally, a recent study reported the expression of one of the main targets of immunotherapies, PD-L1, on the platelets of patients suffering from different types of solid cancers. All of these data support our hypothesis that platelets are components and / or regulators of the tumor microenvironment and therefore potential targets for the improvement of anti-tumor therapies. In this context, the objectives of our project are to determine whether platelets are components of the microenvironment of tumors of the central nervous system, and to study the possible correlations between the intratumoral presence of platelets and the evolution of patients with central nervous system tumors
The aim of this clinical prospective study is to assess structural and functional myocardial changes in patients with liver cirrhosis after implantation of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS).
From the change in self-regulation, memory is inhibited, allowing individuals to suppress or ignore unwanted or outdated associations and thus help to filter information relevant to dietary goals from irrelevant information. Provoking changes in neuroplasticity and cortical excitability contribute to the regulation of neural activity. Both could be modified by applying direct electrical current to the sensorimotor cortex, with polarity/current-dependent results, and their effect would last for hours after the end of stimulation. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS), translated into Portuguese as Estimulação Transcraniana por Corrente Contínua (ETCC) is a neuromodulating tool in which a low-intensity electrical current is applied to the scalp to modulate neuronal activity.
Healthy young and older adults will complete two trials in a randomized crossover counter-balanced order, including resistance exercise and sedentary control. During each trial, blood samples will be collected. The investigators hypothesized that an acute bout of resistance exercise exert different inflammation responses in young and older adults.
A 16 week exploratory, Proof of Concept study to evaluate the effect of Fostamatinib (12 weeks of treatment) upon cutaneous inflammation in Hidradenitis Suppurativa.
This study is a randomized, placebo-controlled, double blinded pilot study to assess the effect of consuming plant sterol or plant stanol esters (3 grams/day) for 6 months on ALT concentrations in subjects with elevated ALT concentrations, i.e. who are at risk to develop NASH.
The objectives were to investigate the effects of whole egg consumption by collegiate female gymnasts on inflammatory markers, mood, and recovery.
People with Crohn's disease often suffer from sleep problems. Long term, sleep problems may lead to more flares of Crohn's disease or other complications. In general, people with Crohn's disease also report that sleep problems can worsen symptoms of Crohn's disease the next day. In people with other medical problems, research has also shown that having sleep problems can make other things worse, such as pain and inflammation. In this study, the researchers want to understand the treatment of sleep problems in people with Crohn's disease, and what else might improve if sleep gets better. This study will use Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) to treat insomnia symptoms. CBT-I is the recommended treatment for insomnia and has been shown to improve sleep problems, pain, and inflammation in other groups of people. If this study is successful, it will contribute to understanding how to treat insomnia in people with Crohn's disease and how sleep impacts pain and inflammation. Long term, this information will be helpful in understanding how best to take care of people with Crohn's disease.