View clinical trials related to Inflammation.Filter by:
In this study, the investigators recruited at-risk individuals (n=26) who were overweight (25.0-29.9 kg/m2) and obese (> 30.0 kg/m2) and likely to exhibit one or more conditions associated with Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). In this 12-week placebo-controlled 2 x 2 crossover dietary intervention, the investigators randomized participants to consume 240 mL (8 ounces) daily of either placebo (artificial cherry-flavored, anthocyanin-free beverage) or TCJ for 4 weeks, followed by a 4-week washout period, then consumption of the alternate beverage for 4 weeks. Subsequently, the investigators determined the effect of TCJ in at-risk participants on markers of uricemia, lipidemia, glycemia, and inflammation.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the largest concerns for patients with Chronic kidney disease (CKD). At present time the investigators do not have proven effective strategies to reduce high CVD related deaths in CKD. This study assesses a novel therapy (hydroxychloroquine, HCQ) for the treatment of CVD in patients with CKD. This is the first human proof-of-concept study and is planned to be conducted among US Veterans, who suffer from both CKD and CVD at a disproportionately greater rates. The outcome of this study has the potential to provide an entirely new line of therapy for the treatment of CVD in CKD.
This is a clinical study that will investigate the occurrence of post-operative discomfort following the use of the Gentlewave System for root canal disinfection and irrigation. Assessment of discomfort level will be via a visualized analog pain scale.
This study evaluates the use of an additional hemoadsorption device in adult patients undergoing veno-arterial extracorporal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) following cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation in respect to its effects on post resuscitation inflammatory syndrome. At implantation of the ECMO the participants are going to be randomized into a treatment and a control group. The first will be outfitted with a polymer-based adsorption device implemented in the extracorporal circulation established by ECMO for 48h, the control group is going to be treated by ECMO and standard intensive care alone. To detect any significant differences in terms of inflammatory response and patient outcome the investigators will regularly determine the blood levels of certain cytokines in fixed intervalls. In addition, the investigators are going to compare secondary clinical outcome parameters like organ disfunction and 30d mortality.
Diet plays a large role in inflammation, oxidative stress and cognition; however, every person's body type, resting metabolic rate, BMI, and inflammation levels vary. Through performing physiological and comprehensive cellular testing through bio-impedance, allows this study to create personalized diet plans for each subject's body type. Cellular repair therapy has also been known to improve cellular health and inflammation. Through decreasing inflammation and improving oxidative stress, cognition in those with MCI and AD could improve.
As the prevalence of obesity is reaching epidemic proportions, the prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), including non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), increases concomitantly and becomes a major global health hazard. Successful pharmacological interventions to treat or prevent NASH are not available and so far only weight loss has clear benefits, but sustained weight-loss is difficult to achieve on the longer-term. We recently demonstrated in mice that plant sterol and stanol ester consumption inhibited the development of liver inflammation, which needs to be validated in humans in a translational approach. In the current proposed pilot study, the effect of consuming plant sterol or plant stanol esters on biopsy proven liver inflammation will be investigated in NAFLD patients. The objective is to assess the effect of consuming plant sterol or plant stanol esters (3 grams/day) for 12 months on biopsy proven liver inflammation in NAFLD patients. This study is a randomized, placebo-controlled, double blinded pilot study with a run-period of 2 weeks, an intervention period of 12 months and a wash-out period of 1 month. The study population consists of 15 patients with biopsy-proven liver inflammation, aged 18-75 years. All subjects will start a run-in period of two weeks during which they consume daily 20 grams of control margarine after which they will be randomly allocated to consume 20 grams control margarine or plant sterol or plant stanol enriched margarine on a daily basis for a period of 12 months. The primary outcome parameter in this study is biopsy proven liver inflammation.
To assess the effect of resistin on neutrophil migration and intracellular bacterial killing
Watermelon is the only food with a unique combination of amino acids and antioxidants that may reduce artery stiffness. However, only 27% of older adults meet the daily recommendation for fruit intake. Because it tastes good and is convenient and easy to consume, watermelon juice is an innovative and impactful intervention to help elders easily meet recommendations for fruit servings. If effective, this intervention would be a simple, inexpensive way to combat cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Results will advance science by providing a better understanding whether four-week consumption of 100% watermelon juice may impact measures of vascular health and inflammation in postmenopausal women.
This clinical trial will test the effects of an n-7 monounsaturated fatty acid known as palmitoleic acid (POA) on a chronic inflammation marker in overweight and obese subjects. The study will enroll male and female subjects with high levels of the inflammatory marker c-reactive protein (CRP). Investigators will then determine over time if palmitoleic acid supplementation can lower circulating levels of c-reactive protein. Investigators will administer palmitoleic acid at two doses in addition to a placebo and conduct a double-blind parallel arm study. Circulating CRP will be the primary endpoint and secondary endpoints are Interleukin 6 (IL-6), Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha, cardio lipid markers, glucose, insulin, leptin, adiponectin, and red blood cell (RBC) and serum fatty acids.
The goal of this project, is to better understand the fluctuation of the level of uric acid in traumatized patients by making serial measurements during their hospitalization in the intensive care unit. In addition, the determinants (e.g. type of trauma, diseases, interventions) of the blood level of uric acid and its association with the development of organ failure will be sought.