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The study will examine the association between omega-3 status and the effects of omega-3 supplementation on changes in tendon structure and recovery from tendon injuries and inflammatory markers in competitive athletes. Half of the participants will receive omega-3 in combination with vitamin E, while the other half will receive a placebo and vitamin E.
Monitoring of inflammatory substances (such as interleukins, CRP, albumine), and markers of organ dysfunction (such as creatinine, proenkephaline, amylase, troponine, IFABP and lactate) during elective liver resection. The study also includes monitoring of hemodynamic parameters, blood loss and postoperative complications. Results are to be used för power calculation for future trials.
More and more evidence confirms the relationship between the gut-brain-microbiota axis and the symptoms of mood disorders. A potential pathway connecting the intestines and the brain in depression is inflammation. Interventions for reducing inflammation and restoring the integrity of the intestinal mucosa are promising approaches in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Gut dysbiosis and the diet containing gluten are potential factors may be factors that negatively affect the communication between intestinal and brain. Gluten has a high immunogenic potential and affinity for the intestinal mucosa layer. In patients with an abnormal reaction to gluten, the elimination diet led to improved mood symptoms. However, the relationship between gluten and depression is still poorly understood. Intestinal microbiota can affect the digestion of gluten and reduce its immunogenic potential. Studies have shown that probiotic supplementation has an anti-inflammatory effect, can lead to changes in intestinal permeability and alleviate the symptoms of depression. This evidence supports the need for co-therapy, including the elimination of gluten and the restoration of intestinal eubiosis to reduce inflammation and modulate the gut-brain-microbiota axis. The objective of the SANGUT study is to determine the impact of interventions concerning the gut-brain-microbiota axis (probiotic supplementation, gluten-free diet and their combination) on the mental state, markers of inflammation and markers of intestinal permeability in adult patients with MDD. The study will last 12 weeks and consist of four visits (V): V0 - Screening (Day 0), V1 - Baseline (up to 1 week after Screening), V2 (six weeks after Baseline), V3 - End of the study (12 weeks after Baseline). The main hypothesis is that probiotic supplementation and/or a gluten-free diet will reduce the symptoms of depression, lower the level of inflammatory markers and favourably affect the integrity of the intestinal mucosal barrier.
Integration of the Vascular Nursing Team of the Department of Haematooncology, University Hospital Ostrava for the needs of all clinical departments of the hospital. Assessment of local signs of inflammation in patients of the Department of Haematooncology and other clinical departments of the University Hospital Ostrava.
In the UK, 25% of the adults are affected by metabolic syndrome (NHS, 2016). Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of different conditions including: hyperglycaemia, insulin resistance hypertriglyceridemia, dyslipidaemia and hypertension. Such individuals also have increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The factors contributing to the development of metabolic syndrome are potentially numerous and understudied in humans, with much of what we think we know coming from animal research. Recent animal studies have pointed towards gut health playing a role in metabolic health. More specifically it has been suggested that changes in the composition of the gut microbiota may drive insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes through a mechanism that is linked to increased gut permeability and the development of metabolic endotoxemia and inflammation. Yet, this link has not been confirmed in humans. This research will look at the relationship between diet, physical activity, sleeping patterns, obesity status and age etc. and measures of gut bacterial composition, gut barrier function and metabolic health. Findings will provide us with new insights on the effect of different physiological and behavioural/ lifestyle variables on gut health and metabolic function.
This is a phase IV, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, three-arm, parallel intervention study including three groups of 25 subjects between 35-65 years of age, treated with either Bend Beauty's Anti-Aging Formula, fish oil control or inert placebo for 90 days, with testing points at baseline, 30, 60, and 90 days.
Deployment of military personnel has been associated with increased respiratory illness likely due, in part, to inhalation of unusual particulate matter (PM), such as from burn pits. Inflammation is a key initial response to inhaled particulates. The researchers have developed a protocol using inhaled wood smoke particles (WSP) as a way to study PM-induced airway inflammation. Exposure to wood smoke particles causes symptoms, even in healthy people, such as eye irritation, cough, shortness of breath, and increased mucous production. The purpose of this research study is to see if an oral steroid treatment can reduce the airway inflammation caused by the inhaled WSP. The exposure will be 500 µg/m³ of WSP for 2 hours, with intermittent exercise on a bicycle and rest. The wood is burned in a typical wood stove and piped into the chamber.
Modern living is associated with an epidemic of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Sleep disturbances such as insomnia or frequent awakenings are strong risk factors for T2DM with several studies indicating a central role of melatonin. Additionally, a certain single nucleotide polymorphism in the melatonin receptor gene, MTNR1B rs10830963, with an allele frequency of 30 %, is associated with increased fasting plasma glucose and T2DM. Due to treatment of, among other things, insomnia, the use of melatonin is increasing rapidly in Denmark with a 100-fold increase from 2007-2012 in children and adolescents. No previous studies have thoroughly assessed changes in glucose and fatty acid metabolism after 3 months of melatonin treatment in patients with T2DM.
The proposal aims to determine if non-invasive vagus nerve stimulation(nVNS) will alter: 1) the peripheral inflammatory biomarker profile, 2) the neural correlates of change in pain stimuli and 3) PTSD symptom severity and 4) life quality and function in Veterans with PTSD. The planned inflammatory biomarker and neuroimaging results can 1) promote knowledge of inflammatory and neurobiological mechanisms that contribute to pain in PTSD, and 2) advance the ability to provide targeted neuromodulation based interventions that support improved life quality and function for Veterans. These goals are consistent with the VA's mission to sponsor research examining variables related to pathogenesis, diagnosis, and(ultimately) treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders.
This study is a Phase IIa, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, 2-way crossover, 2-center (conducted in EU; The Netherlands) study in male and female subjects with stable, mild HDM-allergic asthma. The study will consist of two identical study periods of 12 treatment days each, separated by a washout period of at least 3 weeks (and no more than 7 weeks). Approximately 36 eligible subjects will be enrolled, to yield 32 evaluable subjects who will be treated with both FP-025 (400 mg BID) or matching placebo in a cross-over design from the evening of Day 1 till the morning of Day 12 (22 doses per study period in total).