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The world prevalence of obesity in adult population in 2014 was nearly 13% while in Indonesia, it has reached 32.9% in the same year. Obesity is an established risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. A large proportion of people who had succeeded to reduce body weight failed to maintain it (weight cycling). Studies were inconclusive about the best composition in the diet for such people to have a better life quality and reduce risk factors from non-communicable disease. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the body composition changes, Inflammation marker and oxidative stress marker changes resulted from low calorie high protein and standard protein diet programme in obese people with history of weight cycling. This is an open-randomized clinical trial of weight loss program as a part of a larger study researching the effect of low calorie high protein diet to body composition, oxidative stress, inflammation marker and metabolic syndrome in obese with weight cycling. Subjects were assigned to low calorie diet and were randomly distributed into two intervention groups, namely high protein group (22-30 % of total calories intake) and standard protein group (12-20%). Anthropometry, body composition data, and blood sample (for inflammation marker (HsCRP) and oxidative stress (malondialdehyde and glutathione)) were taken at baseline and at the end of the study. Subjects were followed up to 8 weeks with daily reminder and weekly counselling
Cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has been reported to be an effective treatment approach for peritoneal cancer, however, the stress response to HIPEC is major neuroendocrine and cytokine response, which has been considered as the homeostatic defense mechanism. Recently, dexmedetomidine has been suggested to exhibit anti-inflammatory properties. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of perioperative administration of dexmedetomidine on inflammation response and postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) cytoreductive surgery.
In this manuscript, we investigated the effect of resistance training (RT) on body composition, functional capacity, inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers in sarcopenic obesity elderly women, using a randomized controlled trial.
Septic shock is associated with substantial burden in terms of both mortality and morbidity for survivors of this illness. Pre-clinical sepsis studies suggest that mesenchymal stem (stromal) cells may modulate inflammation, enhance pathogen clearance and tissue repair and reduce death. Our team has completed a Phase I dose escalation and safety clinical trial that evaluated mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in patients with septic shock. The Cellular Immunotherapy for Septic Shock (CISS) trial established that MSCs appear safe and that a randomized controlled trial (RCT) is feasible. Based on these data, the investigators have planned a phase II RCT (CISS2) at several Canadian academic centres which will evaluate safety, signals for clinical efficacy, and continue to examine potential mechanisms of action and biological effects of MSCs in septic shock.
Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease affecting 415 million people worldwide, 90% of cases are type 2 which is frequently associated with obesity and a sedentary lifestyle. In healthy individuals, insulin stimulates increased cell surface expression of a glucose transporter (GLUT4) in muscle and fat tissue. This prevents blood sugar levels becoming dangerously high by taking sugar into the muscle and fat cells. Loss of this response ('insulin resistance') frequently occurs before the development of type 2 diabetes. Understanding the cell biology of insulin resistance is necessary to develop more effective treatments for this condition and prevent further cases of type 2 diabetes. Previous work showed that this movement of GLUT4 is dependent on a small protein called Rab3 which is downregulated in insulin resistance. Rab3 protein levels are also sensitive to inflammation, a state that is exacerbated by obesity. In order to examine whether Rab3 is an early biomarker of insulin resistance, we aim to measure the levels of this protein and its interactors in fat and muscle samples from insulin resistant individuals. It has been shown that insulin sensitivity can be improved with an intervention as short as three weeks when net energy intake is sufficiently reduced. Therefore, by taking the same measurements before and after this three week intervention we can observe any improvements in Rab3 expression and insulin sensitivity at a cellular level. There is also evidence for an effect of the gut microbiome on insulin sensitivity so we will measure any changes that take place in the gut microbiome following this intervention, which can be determined from faecal samples taken before and after the three weeks.
The aim of this study is to examine the correlation between the severity of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis/non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NASH/NAFLD) in naïve and hepatitis C (HCV) positive patients and the amplitude of alpha-defensin immunohistochemical staining in liver biopsy.
To find out which instrument can be much better for laparoscopic gastrectomy among Harmonic scalpel, Ligasure Maryland, Thunderbeat comparing postoperative CRP level in each group
The objective for this project is to determine whether how certain behavioral and health functions change in persons with heavy drinking when they stop (or reduce) drinking for 30 days, and whether changes continue for up to 90 days. The study will also identify barriers and facilitators related to drinking reduction. The project will focus on clinical comorbidities including HIV disease control, cognitive and brain function, liver abnormalities, and chronic inflammation. The study teams propose to enroll 140 HIV+ and 40 HIV- adults with heavy drinking, and then use Contingency Management (CM) with financial incentives to encourage participants to maximally reduce alcohol consumption for 30 days. Participants will be required to wear an ankle biosensor (SCRAM monitor) at all times, which is used to monitor participants' drinking behavior. At 30 days, participants will complete a full day of follow-up, including cognitive testing, neuroimaging, blood testing, liver Fibroscan, and questionnaires. At 30 days, participants will participate in a motivational interview to discuss perceived benefits and obstacles to drinking reduction, and most participants will continue CM to 90 days (but can opt out at this point). Participants will complete another full-day assessment at 90 days, at which point persons may choose to drink or not on their own (no more CM). A final assessment will be conducted at 12 months. This A-B-A design will enable us to clearly identify whether alcohol effects on cognition and brain function are reversible in the context of HIV, and analyze specific cerebral and systemic pathophysiological factors contributing to these effects. The inclusion of HIV- adults will enable subgroup comparisons of alcohol reduction effects in the context of HIV vs. no-HIV. These HIV-negative participants will be recruited from the same settings as our HIV+ participants, and will include a similar proportion by age, race, and gender as the HIV+ participants. The study team will use information from the MI data and our other assessments to elucidate factors that predict both short term (during CM) and long-term (1-year) alcohol reductions, and study how changes in alcohol consumption affect important HIV clinical outcomes that will be monitored over time.
Researchers are trying to understand how chronic inflammation affects muscle function and responses to exercise.They are also trying to determine if suppressing chronic inflammation using omega-3 fatty acids (n3-PUFA) restores skeletal muscle function and exercise responsiveness in older adults.
This study evaluates the addition of glycyrrhizin to entecavir in the treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis B in China. Half of participants will receive magnesium isoglycyrrhizinate followed by oral diammonium glycyrrhizinate and entecavir in combination, while the other half will receive a placebo and entecavir.