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This randomized study compares operative techniques in chronic rhinosinusitis with polyposis (CRSwNP) surgery. It aims to evaluate outcomes in asthma and CRSwNP, safety and costs. The investigators want to see if patients with certain clinical and/or genetic predispositions will benefit from extended surgery. They also aim to find biomarkers for detection and management models for of severe airway inflammation and to further develop markers for progressive disease forms.
The complex pathological cascades leading to both Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) involve, at various points, inflammation. Since inflammation is a treatable symptom, understanding how and when it impacts the brain, and where specifically in the brain, would offer important guidance in the development of new treatments, sorely needed in both diseases. Microglia play an important anti-inflammatory role, and produce a substance, mitochondrial translocator protein (TSPO), whose presence can be used as a marker of regional inflammation. GE180 is a newly developed PET ligand which binds to TSPO and hence can be used in imaging studies to analyze regional inflammation in living patients. In prior studies it has shown regional specificity in multiple sclerosis and brain injury. In the current study, the investigators will be using GE180 to analyze regional and global inflammation in the brains of patients with AD and PD at two time points. The results of the current study will provide enriched understanding of inflammation in these conditions, and potentially provide preliminary data to inform design of future interventional trials.
Arterial wall inflammation has been consistently suggested to serve a causal role in promoting atherosclerosis and predisposing to hard cardiovascular outcomes. Therefore, there is a global trend in the pharmaceutical industry to develop safe and effective anti-inflammatory agents that could lessen arterial wall inflammation and prevent its detrimental impact on atheroma growth and instability. To this end, autophagy has emerged as a key regulator of inflammation and dysfunctional autophagy machinery has been consistently reported as a contributing factor to atherosclerosis and inflammation. Trehalose, a natural disaccharide sugar found extensively among miscellaneous organisms, by preventing protein denaturation plays various protective roles against stress conditions. Numerous studies indicated trehalose's ability to induce macrophage autophagy-lysosomal biogenesis and reduce inflammation. Also, intravenous (IV) administration of trehalose showed beneficial effects in the reversal of atherosclerosis in atherosclerotic animals. Therefore, in this study, the investigators will explore the potential efficacy of IV trehalose administration on arterial inflammation by employing an positron emission tomography (PET) with 18F-labeled fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (18F-FDG) and computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) technique which noninvasively characterizes vascular inflammation and atherosclerosis.
This study aims to evaluate whether dietary supplementation with fish oil can protect against the cardiopulmonary effects induced by ozone exposure.
The main objectives of the study are to assess (1) patterns of brain activity/connectivity that confers greater cardio-autonomic/emotion regulation, (e.g., heart rate variability, blood pressure reactivity, inflammatory-immune activation, etc.), during rest, mental stress, and anger-related distress, (2) whether changes in breathing pace mitigate task-based effects on cardio-autonomic-immune regulation, and (3) whether these patterns vary as a function of HIV or pre-hypertensive (HTN) status-related changes to the brain structures underlying cardioautonomic and emotion regulation.
objective: To evaluate the efficacy of the ophthalmic emulsion PRO-145 in the treatment of inflammation and pain after phacoemulsification. Hypothesis: The use of the ophthalmic emulsion PRO-145 is effective in decreasing the inflammatory response evaluated by means of cellularity in the anterior chamber, after phacoemulsification. Methodology: Phase III clinical trial, double-blind, controlled, parallel group, multicentre, randomized. Number of patients: 178 subjects divided into 2 groups (89 subjects per group), who will provide an eye for the evaluation of efficacy. Diagnosis and main inclusion criteria: Diagnosis: Postoperative phacoemulsification and foldable intraocular lens placement in a bag.
The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of adding Vildagliptin versus Glimepiride to Metformin on markers of inflammation, thrombosis, and atherosclerosis in diabetic patients with symptomatic Coronary artery diseases. The pre-specified established biological markers of inflammation, thrombosis, and atherosclerosis will include: Interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta)), hs-CRP, Atherogenic index and coronary risk index, Lipid profile. and adiponectin levels..
An individual's immune and metabolic status is coupled to consumed carbohydrates. Complex carbohydrates that are not digested by human enzymes may influence host biology by impacting microbiota composition and function, or act in a yet-unknown microbiota-independent manner. Prebiotics offer a promising safe route to influence host health, possibly via the microbiota. However, it remains largely unknown to what extent immune function and metabolism can be modulated by prebiotics.
Infraorbital nerve enlargement (IONE) on magnetic resonance imaging is known to be a possible consequence of IgG4-related ophthalmic disease. However this imaging sign can also be found in other conditions causing orbital inflammation. This study aims at comparing the frequency of IONE in patients suffering from IgG4-related ophthalmic disease (IgG4-ROD) versus patients suffering from non-IgG4-related ophthalmic disease (non-IgG4-ROD)
A phase 2, multicentre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group study to evaluate the effect of tezepelumab on airway inflammation in adults with inadequately controlled asthma.