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There are consistent evidences through epidemiologic studies in different places, reinforced by occupational asthma records studies, that cleaning workers have a high risk in developing asthma. These risk determinants are not totally known. The air around the worker may have some higher and lower molecular weight with different concentration peaks from removed dust of the cleaning process and volatile substances from cleaning products. Cleaning activities may occur in different places. Although the relationship between rhinitis and asthma is already established, there are not many studies about occupational rhinitis-related work place. This study aimed to investigate airway inflammation and respiratory symptoms of cleaning workers from different workplaces.
A total of 126 premenopausal women (42 lean, 42 obese with central obesity, 42 obese with peripheral obesity) will be recruited. Anthropometric measurements and body composition using DEXA will be collected. Overnight fasted subjects will be asked to give baseline blood samples before consuming a meal containing 6 mg 57Fe in the form of FeSO4. Subjects will return after 14 days and a blood sample will be collected for measurement of isotopic enrichment into red blood cells, serving as well as a baseline for the OGTT. Subjects will then be asked to ingest a solution of glucose (50g) containing 100 mg of iron in the form of sodium ferrous citrate (SFC), after which blood samples will be collected 2 hours post iron and glucose load. All three blood samples collected at baseline, 2 weeks post labeled iron load, and 2 hours post glucose/iron load will be analyzed for their levels of iron, glycaemia and inflammatory parameters.
Although Cystic Fibrosis is a complex genetic disease affecting many organs, lung disease is the primary cause of mortality. The objective of this study is to determine the safety and tolerability of SNSP113 in healthy subjects and subjects with stable cystic fibrosis.
Aortic valve stenosis (AS) shows high and increasing prevalence in Western civilizations and leads to high morbidity and mortality. 15 years ago Alain Cribier performed the first catheter-based transfemoral aortic valve replacement at the University of Rouon. This historical step initiated a dramatic shift in the treatment of AS with more than 50% of patients being treated interventionally instead of the surgical approach, today. Comorbidities are major determinants of cardiovascular events and clinical outcome in aortic valve stenosis but little is known about psychiatric comorbidities or frailty in these patients. Data from our group suggest an inflammatory trigger for depression and potentially other psychiatric diseases and aortic valve stenosis as well as aortic valve replacement are associated with considerable changes in the inflammatory state of the patients. However, no study has prospectively examined the interaction of these inflammatory markers and mood disorders, yet. In addition, frailty is a key aspect of many of TAVR patients clinically, however, scientifically there is only emerging data with half of all PubMed-indexed publications being less than 18 months old and clinical use of various scores still under discussion. The " Effect of interventional aortic valve replacement on emotional status, quality of life, frailty and inflammation"-study is designed to fill these gaps in evidence. It will be a prospective epidemiological cohort study to recruit 102 patients with symptomatic severe aortic valve stenosis within 18 months. All of these patients will undergo standardized cardiologic, psychiatric and frailty assessment as well as a sophisticated laboratory analysis focussing on the inflammatory state. The study aims to integrate these interdisciplinary findings to optimize patient treatment.
Presently, the only method available to monitor disease activity in Eosinophilic Esophagitis (EoE) is endoscopy with pathological review of biopsies. The overall goal of this study is to determine the ability of the Esophageal String Test (EST), a minimally invasive capsule based technology, to measure disease activity in children with EoE. Additionally, to determine esophageal distensibility in children presenting with EoE by using the EndoFLIP (functional luminal imaging probe) device during endoscopic procedures.
The investigators will develop a radiomics signature for immune checkpoint-induced pneumonitis in 40 patients with a pulmonary event under anti-PD1 or anti-PD-L1 (cases) and 40 patients without a pulmonary event under anti-PD1 or anti-PD-L1 (controls). On the basis of the case-control study of patients treated with anti-PD1 or anti-PD-L1, they will further optimise the model using reinforcement machine learning. The model will then be validated in 300 prospective patients.
To study of a novel, therapeutic Human Cells, Tissues, and Cellular and Tissue-Based Product (HCT/P) in the treatment of severe dry eye disease that is failing conventional treatments. This pilot study will carefully observe and monitor each qualifying and willing individual for response to treatment, signs of toxicity and adverse effects from the treatment, and for ability of the treatment to improve comfort and restore vision.
This is study is to assess pulmonary and systemic effects of exposure to wood smoke. Healthy volunteers will be expose under two different occasion to wood smoke and filtered air under two separated occasions with an interval of 3 weeks in-between. The aim of this study was to determine whether exposure to wood smoke from incomplete combustion would elicit airway inflammation in humans.
Dysfunction of adipose tissue in obesity, inflammation and aging: mechanisms and effects of physical exercise and omega-3 fatty acids.
This study is a pilot study to examine the effects of acute inflammation on cognition and emotion in healthy participants using a between-subjects, randomized, double-blind design.