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This pilot study aims to explore and refine the trial procedures that will be implemented in a larger-scale clinical trial scheduled to commence in March 2024 (NCT05944926). As part of this study, 60 patients with moderate to severe depression will be randomized to either psychotherapy based on behavioral activation called the Healthy Activity Program (HAP) or antidepressant medication. The pilot study has two primary objectives: 1. Evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the study 2. Collect essential outcome data in preparation for the larger trial
In this triple-blind randomized controlled trial, we ask if targeting intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) based on individual resting state connectivity improves treatment outcomes in major depressive disorder (MDD). For the trial, we will recruit 210 patients with major depressive disorder. Each patient will undergo a 30-40-minute MRI scan, after which they will receive a 6-week standard iTBS treatment. Participants will be randomized to receive iTBS either to the standard neuronavigated target (a technique for treatment location targeting, based on group-average connectivity) or to a personalized connectivity-guided target selected based on individual functional connectivity scans. The main outcome of this trial is response rate as determined by ≥ 50% reduction in Grid HRSD-17 scores. Secondary outcomes include remission rate, change in depression, anxiety and anhedonia symptoms, quality of life, and biological measures of heart rate variability, objective sleep measures and daily activity as a proxy of anhedonia - defined as a reduced ability to experience pleasure.
Depression in people living with HIV is associated with worse care engagement, drug adherence, and higher rates of pre-mature mortality. The prevalence of depression is three times greater in those with HIV than comparable controls. While antiretroviral therapy (ART) enables immune reconstitution, those with depression do worse clinically than those without depression even when controlling for HIV stage. However, treating depression in HIV-infected persons is challenging. Even among those virologically suppressed on ART, a significant percentage are resistant to standard pharmacotherapy or psychotherapy for depression. The reasons for this are complex and poorly understood. An emerging body of evidence indicates that inflammation may perpetuate depression. Given people with HIV have ongoing increased inflammation, this could help explain part of why depression rates are so high in people with HIV. Treatments for HIV-associated depression would likely be more effective if they were anti- inflammatory in nature. One possible treatment is exercise. Exercise is acutely pro-inflammatory due to catabolism but in the long term is anti-inflammatory. However, few studies have investigated exercise as a treatment for HIV-associated depression. The study objective is to perform a feasibility study to evaluate a larger trial evaluating the efficacy of exercise as an intervention for depression in people with HIV.
The purpose of this study is to understand the effects of mindfulness and fantasizing in reducing perseverative cognition underlying vulnerability for depression.
The goal of this study is to evaluate the use of ecological-momentary-assessment (EMA) as a method for scheduling maintenance treatments for patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) who responded to an initial acute course of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS). To assess symptom re-emergence and severity over time, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 item (PHQ-9) will be administered weekly via a prompt with a link send to a participants' smart phones. Adaptive algorithm software will monitor each participant's PHQ-9 scores over time and determine when a threshold increase in symptoms has occured and maintenance TMS sessions should be offered. Participants in this study will be randomized to either receive weekly EMA (monitoring only) or weekly EMA with maintenance TMS sessions (scheduled as indicated by the EMA algorithm). Participation for each subject will last for one year, with maintenance TMS offered as an adjunct to ongoing treatment as usual (TAU) for depression, i.e., ongoing pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy.
Disturbed sleep occurs in almost all patients in psychiatric inpatient care, and although it is well known that comorbid sleep disorders in depression often persist after treatment of depression and also increase the risk of new depressive episodes, the availability of effective, evidence-based treatments for sleep disorders in hospitalised patients is very limited. The overall goal of the current project is to translate, adapt and evaluate an acute psychological sleep treatment based on cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) for patients hospitalized with depression and comorbid sleep problems in the specialized psychiatric inpatient care in the Stockholm Region. The main hypothesis for the study is that acute psychological sleep stabilization (APS) reduces self-reported sleep complains compared to care as usual reinforced with sleep hygiene advice, and secondary hypotheses are that APS also leads to reduced depressive symptoms and earlier discharge. The project includes a pilot study, which will be followed by a randomized, controlled trial of APS compared to care as usual with structured sleep hygiene (minimal active control) and treatment effect is evaluated every three days during the hospital stay and 1,2,4 and 12 weeks after randomization. APS will be performed by existing staff in the department with the support of a psychologist.
VOICES Veterans Socials (VS) support Veterans in the community through weekly social groups. Veterans socials have the potential to improve social functioning, mental health symptoms, and create lasting social support. This project aims to evaluate and improve Veterans Socials to help older Veterans with depression by adapting materials, interviewing VS attendees, and collecting questionnaires. The goal is to improve the program based on the results for future use and research.
The acute and chronic effects of VNS stimulation on various on the autonomic nervous, cardiovascular, immune, and metabolic systems will be compared from noninvasive and minimally invasive physiological recordings and blood draws at various time points throughout the study. These interventions and assessments will be performed in individuals 18 years of age and older who are implanted with a VNS device, which consists of patients who have been diagnosed with drug resistant epilepsy or major depressive disorder. The REVEAL study is not a treatment study; its primary objective is to scientifically investigate the contributing roles of efferent versus afferent vagus nerve modulation of multiple peripheral organs and their dependence on stimulation parameters, in which participants are those who have been implanted with a VNS device be receive standard of care treatment for their epilepsy or depressive disorder.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a mental disorder that may develop in people who have been exposed to a traumatic event, including actual or threatened death, serious injury, or sexual violence. Exposure to a traumatic event is defined as directly experiencing the event, learning about the event, or repeated exposure to details of the event. PTSD is often accompanied by other psychiatric and physical comorbidities, both of which are associated with elevated healthcare costs. Depression, psychosis and suicide rates are consistently reported in greater proportion of PTSD patients. Despite the overwhelming impact of PTSD and comorbid depression, there is a shortfall of effective treatments with few side effects that target the broad range of symptoms, including depression. Psilocybin has been studied for the treatment of depression, anxiety, tobacco and alcohol use disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, end of life depression and anxiety, demonstrating safety and efficacy for a variety of indications, with no significant adverse events occurring during the course of treatment and follow-up. Notably, in a participant group distinguished by long-standing, moderate to severe major depressive disorder, two doses of psilocybin-assisted therapy were found to be as effective in antidepressant effects as 6 weeks of daily escitalopram, a commonly used SSRI. Promising results found in these studies have led to psilocybin recently receiving breakthrough designation from the US FDA for its potential therapeutic effect in the treatment of depression. Based on previous research, psilocybin has demonstrated a favorable safety profile and has shown preliminary efficacy against depression as well as other symptoms that typically affect patients with PTSD. Unlike traditional SSRIs which are associated with treatment-resistance and addiction, psilocybin requires few doses to improve a wide-range of symptoms and has not been linked with physical dependence. Furthermore, the effect of other psychedelics can vary greatly and may potentially exacerbate existing conditions.
Currently, domestic and international research on dexmedetomidine as well as anxiety and depression is more focused on basic research. In terms of clinical research, dexmedetomidine is more often used in pediatrics, short surgeries, intensive care units, etc., for sedation and analgesia; while less research has been done for the relief of anxiety and depression. At present, on the one hand, the number of oncology patients is on the rise both at home and abroad, and on the other hand, anxiety and depression account for an increasing proportion of healthcare in the world. Tumor patients, as a high prevalence group of anxiety and depression, their prognosis and regression are also more complicated. Therefore, exploring the role of intranasal administration of dexmedetomidine in relieving perioperative anxiety and depression in oncology patients has a very strong practical basis and clinical significance.