There are about 2817 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Singapore. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The Promus Premier below-the-knee (BTK) drug-eluting stent (DES) is specifically designed to improve BTK vessel patency rates using a platinum-chromium alloy based stent that elutes the anti-restenotic drug everolimus to inhibit neo-intimal hyperplasia. Although DES stents are considered standard of care for certain BTK lesions, there is a paucity of data on the use of DES in the contemporary BTK chronic limb threatening ischemia (CLTI) population, especially in Singapore. The aim of the Promus PREMIER BTK registry is to collect one year data of the Boston Scientific Promus PREMIER BTK DES in BTK lesions in CLTI patients.
Although most patients have essential (unexplained) hypertension, some patients have a treatable underlying condition. One such condition is phaeochromocytoma, a tumour that produces excessive stress hormones. Left undiagnosed, patients may develop a hypertensive crisis that can be fatal. Measurements of stress hormones (both 24-hour urine collection and morning blood tests) are highly sensitive for detecting these tumours. However, these stress hormones may also be elevated in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) which affects 1 in 5 adults. The investigators hypothesize that in patients with OSA, blood tests will be better than 24-hr urine tests at ruling out a tumour. If this is confirmed, then OSA patients with suspected phaeochromocytoma could be investigated with a morning blood test instead of a traditional urine test, reducing unnecessary additional tests and patient anxiety. In this single site study, the investigators plan to recruit 70 patients undergoing polysomnography. 24hr urine and bloods will be measured. Patients with elevated hormone levels will undergo imaging to rule out a tumour. The primary outcome will be the accuracy of each test in ruling out a tumour. The secondary outcomes will be the relationship between stress hormone level and severity of OSA, which may help to explain the increased cardiovascular risk in patients with OSA, and the change in stress hormone level with treatment for OSA
Aberration of glycosylation is a hallmark of cancer cells, and plays an important role in oncogenesis and cancer progression, including metastasis. One of the markers of aberrant glycosylation (O-linked) is the binding of the lectin Helix pomatia agglutinin (HPA), which has been demonstrated in a wide range of human cancers, especially in tumours with a more aggressive phenotype. Data on the role of HPA within follicular neoplasms of the thyroid gland are currently lacking, therefore we sought to investigate possible changes in cell surface glycosylation associated with this type of neoplasms.
The study aims to explore the clinical utility of circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) in assessing for alterations of anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) primary resistance in RAS and BRAF wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) patients treated with anti-EGFR monoclonal antibodies (cetuximab / panitumumab) in combination with fluorouracil (FU)-doublet chemotherapy.
Beta-cryptoxanthin (BCX) is a naturally occurring member of the carotenoid family, found in a wide range of fruits and vegetables. The unique biological functions of BCX have not been well-established, although BCX, like other members of the carotenoids have antioxidant functions. BCX, may also serve as a precursor of Vitamin A. Vitamin A has a wide range of functions including maintain immunity, vision, growth and development. Whilst not specific for BCX, epidemiological studies indicate that dietary intake of carotenoids may be of benefit in maintaining cognitive health and reducing stress via its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties. This pilot study aims to establish the relationship between supplemental dose and circulating concentrations of BCX and related carotenoids in circulation. Results obtained from this study will provide greater insight of bioavailability and carotenoid metabolism, necessary for larger supplementation in selected target populations.
The objective of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of anti-CD7 CAR T-cells in patients with refractory or relapsed T-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL).
This prospective, single-site, single arm pilot study aims to assess the efficacy of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field (PEMF) exposure in the reduction of the decline in muscle strength, function and bone mineral density (BMD) in osteosarcopenia.
The objective of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of a immunophenotype-adapted approach using CAR T-cells in patients with high-risk, refractory or relapsed B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL).
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer incidence (11.6%) and mortality (18.4%) globally. Development of targeted therapies in the context of precision medicine changed the way lung cancer was diagnosed and treated. Small molecule inhibitors, like tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), are now standard first-line therapy for EGFR-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). First-generation EGFR-TKIs gefitinib and erlotinib bind competitively to the ATP-binding site of EGFR TK domain. This binding in second-generation TKI afatinib is irreversible. These drugs have improved better outcome compared to standard conventional chemotherapy In spite of this, more than half of the patients with an EGFR TKI treatment develop resistance. Deletion in exon 19 and single point substitution L858R in exon 21 accounting for 44% and 41% of all EGFR mutations, respectively are the most common mutations in EGFR gene which cause this resistance in the patients. Asia has the highest prevalence of EGFR mutations (38.4%), followed by America (24.4%) and Europe (14.1%). Median progression-free survival of EGFR mutated NSCLC patients under erlotinib or gefitinib has been around 12 months and 5-year survival was 15%
This is a Phase 1/2, randomized, observer-blind study in healthy adults. The study will evaluate the safety, reactogenicity, and immunogenicity of 3 SARS-CoV-2 self-amplifying RNA vaccine candidates against COVID-19 in adults previously vaccinated and not previously vaccinated against SARS-CoV-2.