There are about 2112 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Singapore. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Primary Objective: Assess effectiveness of insulin glargine (U300) in achieving glycemic goal measured by hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). Secondary Objectives: - Assess effectiveness in achieving glycemic goal measured by HbA1c; - Assess effectiveness on change in HbA1c, fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and self-monitored plasma glucose (SMPG) ; - Assess requirement for intensification of therapy by additional antidiabetics. - Assess incidence of hypoglycemia; - Assess other safety endpoints: adverse events (AEs), serious adverse events (SAEs); - Assess change in body weight.
This study is carried out to determine the effect of high and low GI of local foods using Continuous Glucose Monitoring System (CGMS™) on 24 hour blood glucose profiles.
As a person ages, an incidence of mental distress such as depression and anxiety increases while the quality of life decreases. Singapore's population is aging rapidly and older adults may suffer from mental distress and deteriorated quality of life. Recent evidence suggests that good nutrition is essential for mental health and quality of life in older adults. Previous research reported that provision of nutrition education and cooking workshops to people with mental illness for 3 months achieved healthy dietary change and improved mental health. This proposed study aims to further assess the effect of comprehensive dietary counselling on dietary quality, cardio-metabolic, mental health, sleep quality, and quality of life through a 24-wk parallel intervention study in Singapore older adults. The investigators hypothesised that older adults who receive comprehensive dietary counselling will improve dietary quality, cardio-metabolic health, mental health, sleep quality, and quality of life when compared to older adults who do not receive comprehensive dietary counselling.
The importance of good sleep has been gaining interest in critically ill patients as poor sleep is associated with increased rates of delirium, non-invasive ventilation failure and stress to the patient. The use of earplugs and eye masks has been shown to result in longer sleep time and better sleep quality. The primary outcome of this randomized control trial is to evaluate if the use of eye masks and earplugs in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery will lead to improved sleep quality. Secondary outcomes include the level of noise intensity in the various monitored units, incidence of delirium, nursing demand, length of hospitalization and anaesthetic techniques. With these findings, we hope to be able to improve patients' overall satisfaction with the healthcare received.
This randomized controlled trial evaluates the learning effectiveness of three different types of Colposcopy simulators objectively with Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skill (OSATS) and subjectively with self-reported confidence survey. A total of 60 participants, randomly assigned into 3 groups, will learn from Hefler's, Reeve's or authors' simulators. The investigators hypothesize that the proposed simulator affords better learning objectively and subjectively with improved functional fidelity.
This study evaluates the impact of the use of a technology-enabled home blood pressure monitor amongst hypertensive patients in primary care. Half of the patients will receive the blood pressure monitor for home monitoring, while the other half will receive usual care at the polyclinic. The hypothesis is tele-monitoring along with nurse led tele-support and medical review (i.e. tele-treatment) can enhance primary care management of hypertension by improving patient outcomes and reducing health costs.
In recent years, dental implants have gained popularity as the treatment choice for replacement of missing teeth. With this, one of the late biological complications that arise is peri-implantitis. Based on a consensus conference in 2008, peri-implantitis was found in 28% and ≥ 56% of subjects and in 12% and 43% of implant sites (Zitzmann & Berglundh 2008). Detection of peri-implantitis is currently based on clinical parameters like probing depths and radiographic findings of bone loss. There is however no study that assess the variability of clinical probing and radiographic reading in relation to the true outline of the peri-implantitis lesion. The present study will measure variability of clinical probing and radiographs in relation to the true outline of the peri-implantitis lesion, as well as assess the use of 2 different bone substitutes in regenerating the lesions with a barrier membrane.
The primary objective is to examine the feasibility and efficacy of a locally developed brain-computer interface (BCI) based system training for regulating mood in healthy elderly. The investigators hypothesize that elderly who complete the training program will be better at regulating emotions as compared to controls, based on their ratings of the primary outcome measures.
Newly diagnosed Multiple Myeloma patients who are ineligible for a transplant have inferior outcomes to that of the transplant population. This is an area of high unmet need and calls for newer therapies with novel mechanisms of action to improve survival in this non-transplant eligible (NTE) group. Daratumumab is a monoclonal antibody that targets CD38 expressed at high levels on myeloma plasma cells. In phase 1/2 studies, it has demonstrated impressive single agent activity in relapse and refractory myeloma with a very acceptable toxicity profile. This set the stage for combinations with daratumumab to increase efficacy and improve outcomes of patients in both the relapse refractory and newly diagnosed settings. Two large Phase 2 trails using lenalidomide and dexamethasone or bortezomib and dexamethasone along with Daratumumab demonstarted the impressive efficacy of antibody based 3 drug combinations in the relapsed refractory myeloma setting. More recently a large clinical trial using a Bortezomib based 4 drug combination with Daratumumab was reported from Europe in the first-line treatment of transplant ineligible Myeloma patients showing very good survival outcomes. Hence the investigators hypothesize that the combination of Daratumumab with bortezomib and dexamethasone in the NTE population may therefore improve efficacy and clinical outcomes.
Neuraxial ultrasonography has been shown a safe and effective technique to enhance the overall success rate of lumbar puncture and reduce the number of injection attempts. However, the current blind palpation landmark technique is known to be highly inaccurate and may increase the risk of multiple insertion attempts, patient suffering and complication rates such as spinal cord injury. Various clinical studies have confirmed the effectiveness of ultrasound imaging compared with the traditional palpation method. However, none of the present system can achieve real-time guidance. The overall aim of this proposal is to develop an ultrasound guided automated spinal landmark identification with real-time neuraxial needle insertion system to improve patient safety and efficacy of neuraxial procedure needle insertion success. This will be achieved in 2 phases of technology development and clinical trial phases. The investigators will recruit 20 subjects in a prospective cohort study to investigate the spinal needle first attempt success rate as a clinically relevant outcome. The secondary aim is to develop an automated spinal landmark identification algorithm using image processing to identify spinal landmarks in 50 obese patients within 12 months. The investigators have set out objectives for regulatory development, technical disclosure and transfer of developed technology to industry partner at the end of the project.