There are about 2205 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Singapore. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Intracranial stenosis is prevalent among Asians and constitute a common cause of cerebral ischemia. While the best medical therapy carries stroke recurrence rates in access of 10% per year, intracranial stenting was associated with unacceptable peri-procedural ischemic events. Cerebral ischemic events are strongly related to the severity of intracranial stenosis, being high in patients with severe intracranial stenosis with poor vasodilatory reserve. Enhanced External Counter-Pulsation (EECP) therapy is known to improve myocardial perfusion by facilitating the development of collateral blood vessels in the heart. The investigators hypothesize that EECP therapy may be useful in patients with severe stenosis of intracranial internal carotid (ICA) or middle cerebral artery (MCA).
Two randomised controlled trials will be conducted to evaluate a virtual reality (VR) simulation designed to reduce stigma against depression. Qualitative interviews will also be carried out to evaluate the VR simulation.
This study will employ a randomized control design. Stroke survivors and family caregivers will be recruited for the study, and randomized either to receive mindfulness-based intervention or health education. Both programs consist of 4 2-hour sessions. Participants of the mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) will be taught and guided in practice of psychosocial interventions that are focused on (1) stress management and coping skills, (2), body awareness and movement, (3) feelings of empathy and compassion and (4) motivation for rehabilitation. Participants of the health education program (HEP) will learn and discuss topics related to self-care and post-stroke management. Measures will be administered prior to and on completion of the intervention, and at 3-month follow-up. They will be used to assess symptoms associated with depression, anxiety, stress, perceived quality of life and participant characteristics such as personality variables.
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) gastritis is a common bacterial infection among the elderly population. H. pylori infection causes chronic progressive gastric inflammation, peptic ulcer disease and gastric cancer. Gastric cancer is a significant contributor of cancer-related mortality. The eradication of H. pylori reduces the incidence of gastric cancer. However, the efficacy of H. pylori eradication has decreased dramatically because of antibiotic resistance. This study aims to (i) compare the eradication rates of H. pylori by triple therapy with vonoprazan for the treatment of H. pylori gastritis) (TTV regimen), with triple therapy with conventional proton pump inhibitor (PPI) (TTP regimen) in a multi-racial Asian cohort, (ii) evaluate the prevalence of antibiotic (klacid/amoxicillin/levofloxacin/tetracycline) resistance in H. pylori infected patients, and (iii) assess the safety of the TTV regimen. Diagnosed H. pylori-infected patients (n=252) will be enrolled and randomized 1:1 to TTV or TTP regimen. Gastric biopsies will be cultured and antibiotic sensitivity evaluated using E-test/agar dilution method. The safety of TTV regimen will be assessed using adverse effect questionnaire. This study may potentially impact on prescribing policies and management of H. pylori infections for improved therapeutic outcome.
The effectiveness of integrated care pathways for hip fractures in sub-acute rehabilitation settings is not known. The study objective was to assess if a hip fracture integrated care pathway at a sub-acute rehabilitation facility would result in better functional outcomes, shorter length of stay and fewer institutionalisations. A randomised controlled trial on an integrated care pathway was conducted for hip fracture patients in a sub-acute rehabilitation setting. The study supports the use of integrated care pathways in sub-acute rehabilitation settings to reduce length of stay whilst achieving the same functional gains.
End-of-life (EOL) care has garnered increasing recognition and acceptance in the field of emergency medicine. Some emergency departments (EDs) in Singapore have instituted or plan to institute EOL care as part of the workflow. However, the EOL protocols are not standardised across all these EDs. The adherence to and quality of EOL care have not been formally measured in all institutions. Hence, gaps to improve the quality of care have yet to be determined. The aims are to systematically measure the current quality of EOL care in three Singapore hospital EDs and identify the quality gaps; formulate interventions to address these gaps and implement the improved EOL care; and measure the improvement post-implementation. The investigators hypothesise that the current quality of EOL care in three EDs is suboptimal and the interventions planned will improve the quality of care provided. The study team plans to conduct an interrupted time series study to detect whether the interventions have an effect significantly greater than any underlying trend over time. The quality of care indicators to be measured are timely identification of patients who require EOL care, adequacy of symptom control based on compliance to prescriptions, opportunities to discuss and develop an individualised care plan, perceived quality of care by healthcare providers and next-of-kin, and cost effectiveness. Planned interventions include refining the protocol with collaboration of content experts in palliative care, education and training of healthcare providers, and addressing specific gaps identified to improve cost effectiveness. The results of this study will form the standardisation and foundation for establishing the national benchmark for quality of EOL care in Singapore EDs.
The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of LNP023 in patients with PNH, showing signs of active hemolysis
The study aims to assess the efficacy of VenaSeal™ Closure System (VCS) for the treatment of lower extremity superficial truncal veins in a real-world clinical setting, in a multi-racial Asian population in Singapore.
The study evaluates the use of a biomimetic stent (SUPERA®) and a drug eluting balloon (DEB - Passeo 18 Lux) for the treatment of recurrent and tight cephalic arch stenosis in patients with brachiocephalic fistulas. All participants will undergo angioplasty with stated devices, and be followed up with over 12 months.
In Singapore, the prevalence of diabetes was approximately 12.8% in 2014 and was projected to rise to 22.7% in 2035. In 2015, the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) reported that Singapore has the second highest proportion of diabetic patients among developed nations. The impact of poorly controlled diabetes on the individual, family and health system is well known. Previous studies have shown that older persons, specifically those with chronic conditions such as diabetes, often lack sufficient knowledge about their condition and thus frequently have poor self-management skills, which is essential for good health outcome. Health education among older persons, particularly those with chronic illnesses, has long been promoted as a priority. Chodosh and colleagues (2005) determined that there were benefits and significant improvement in blood glucose and blood pressure for chronic disease self-management programs for older adults with diabetes and high blood pressure respectively in a meta-analysis study. This project [Self-Care for Older People with Diabetes Mellitus (SCOPE-DM)] was therefore developed to help community-dwelling older patients with type 2 diabetes to effectively manage their disease by reducing diabetes-related risk factors and complications, leading to an improvement in their psychological well-being and health-related quality of life, as well as a reduction in future healthcare requirements from family and society. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of the SCOPE-DM programme in improving the self-efficacy, motivation, medication adherence, health-related quality of life and diabetes knowledge among community-dwelling older adults with type 2 diabetes in Singapore. This proposed study is a prospective, four-group cluster randomized controlled trial. The participants will be followed up for 6 months at the community sites and Hua Mei Clinics of the Tsao Foundation. A set of questionnaires will be used to assess participants' self-efficacy, diabetic self-care activities, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), diabetes knowledge and medication adherence. Process evaluation will also be conducted to assess the acceptability, strengths and weaknesses of the 'SCOPE-DM: Live Well with Diabetes' programme based on the participants' perspectives through the conduct of qualitative interviews.