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NCT ID: NCT05423847 Recruiting - Tuberculosis Clinical Trials

Triage UltraSound in Tb Endemic Regions

TrUST
Start date: October 14, 2021
Phase:
Study type: Observational

In Sub-Saharan Africa, lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) and tuberculosis (TB) jointly are the leading cause of overall mortality. There is a need to integrate sustainable triage and management strategies into standard care. The TrUST study investigates the utility of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) for diagnosis and prognosis of LRTIs in TB endemic regions in the outpatient triage setting. Automated interpretation of POCUS by artificial intelligence (AI) may further standardize and improve its predictive utility as well as facilitate its implementation into usual practice.

NCT ID: NCT05409261 Not yet recruiting - COVID-19 Clinical Trials

Evaluation of the Immunogenicity and Safety of COVID-19 Vaccines (Ad26.COV2.S and NVX-CoV2373)

CoviCompMali
Start date: June 2022
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

Phase II, non-randomized, open-label, comparative, national, multicenter trial in Mali, aimed to assess the humoral vaccine immune response induced by Ad26.COV2.S and NVX-CoV2373 vaccines in 400 adults (200 participants for each vaccine), one month after receiving the complete vaccination schedule of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine.

NCT ID: NCT05396664 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Adolescent Development

Adolescent Transition West Africa

ATWA
Start date: December 1, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This trial will serve as an outcome evaluation of 'Adolescent Transition in West Africa' (ATWA), a school-based program in Mali, Burkina Faso, and Niger for adolescents ages 10-19. The overall objectives of the project are as follows: Impact: Improved sexual and reproductive health and rights of 472,180 adolescents. Outcome 1: Improved sexual and reproductive health and rights and gender equality knowledge, intent, and behaviors among 472,180 adolescents. Outcome 2: 500 health facilities offer quality adolescent responsive SRH services that are used by adolescent girls and boys. To evaluate program impact, an external evaluation will be conducted. A pre/post cross-sectional evaluation design will be used across two evaluation years.

NCT ID: NCT05312918 Not yet recruiting - HIV Infections Clinical Trials

Large Scale Transition to a Dolutegravir-based First-line ART in the South: Virological Response and Impact on HIV Drug Resistance in a Real Life Context (DoReaL Study)

Start date: May 2022
Phase:
Study type: Observational

Main objective The main objective of the study is to assess the virological efficacy of a Dolutegravir-based first-line ART in use under real-life conditions in national programs in resource-limited settings in patients infected with HIV-1 and initially under a NNRTI-based first-line, and determine the impact of NRTI resistance on the success of the new strategy. Secondary objectives - Determine the level of virological suppression (HIV-1 RNA <200 copies/ml) at 6, 12 and 24 months after transition from an NNRTI first-line to a DTG first-line. - Determine the level of virological suppression at the WHO threshold (HIV-1 RNA <1000 copies/ml). - To determine the frequency of development of resistance and the profiles of mutations in patients with virological failure (HIV-1 RNA ≥200 copies/ml) and the potential impact on the 2nd line strategies combining DTG and currently recommended by the WHO. - To determine the impact of pre-transition resistance to NRTIs on the virological suppression under DTG first-line and on the development of resistance to integrase inhibitors. - Study pre-transition resistance acquired under DTG first-lines at the thresholds of 20% and 5% of the viral population, respectively using Sanger and Ultra-deep Sequencing (UDS) approaches. Identify program factors associated with virological failure and/or the development of drug resistance.

NCT ID: NCT05312242 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Adherence, Medication

Introduction of MMS to Antenatal Care in Bamako, Mali

MAMAN
Start date: February 10, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The aim of this implementation research is to compare how different implementation strategies influence the acceptability and adherence to antenatal supplement use in pregnancy.

NCT ID: NCT05311891 Not yet recruiting - COVID-19 Clinical Trials

Variants of SARS-CoV-2 Causing COVID-19 in Africa

South-Spike
Start date: September 2022
Phase:
Study type: Observational

The main objective of this research is to identify and characterize the different molecular variants of SARS-CoV-2, emerging and / or circulating in several countries of Sub-Saharan Africa (Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Gabon, Mali, Chad and Republic of Congo) and determine their role in the evolution of the pandemic.

NCT ID: NCT05304611 Recruiting - Malaria Clinical Trials

Anti-malaria MAb in Malian Children

L9LS
Start date: March 18, 2022
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of onetime subcutaneous (SC) or intravenous (IV) administration of monoclonal antibody (MAb) L9LS in healthy Malian adults and one-time SC administration of L9LS in healthy Malian children, as well as its protective efficacy against naturally occurring Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) infection over a 7-month malaria season in healthy Malian children 6-10 years of age.

NCT ID: NCT05260879 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2

Potential Effectiveness of the Diabetes Prevention Program in the Peri-urban Area of Bamako, Mali

PPD-Mali
Start date: November 26, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The proposed research is an innovative adaptation of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Diabetes Prevention Program "Power to Prevent" program, which will be developed and piloted in the low-income peri-urban neighborhoods of Bamako, Mali. This program is well-suited to delivery by the city's community health workers already supporting families in improving maternal and child health outcomes. First, it will use participatory research methods to engage them and community residents in making adaptations to the community health worker's guidelines and tools for recommended activities so that they are linguistically and culturally appropriate, including guidelines for food consumption using locally available foods. These adaptations will use more graphics and photographs, so they are appropriate for low-literacy participants. Second, another key innovation is the explicit orientation to couples, where only one may have a diagnosed cardiovascular disease. This adaptation will provide tools the women can use in negotiating for changes to the family's meals and her daily routine. Third, investigators will conduct a comparative effectiveness study at 6 community health centers with high rates of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD), recruiting adults recently diagnosed with diabetes or hypertension. Based on the random allocation of their community health center, participants will be assigned to one of three groups of 150 each: Couples, with at least one meeting the eligibility criteria; Individuals, men and women, both eligible; Comparison, men and women with CVD. Trained community health workers and diabetic peer educators will use the adapted Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) materials with the Couples and Individuals groups over a period of 6 months. At the conclusion of this pilot investigators will assess the levels of adoption of recommended cardiovascular risk reduction behaviors and changes in obesity, hypertension, and diabetes control, comparing differences in outcomes between the three groups. It will enable Mali to incorporate diabetes and hypertension risk reduction into their already deployed networks of community health workers. The Malian DPP adaptation will also be suitable for Francophone West Africa, where customs and lifestyles are similar among the millions of families confronting the burdens of cardiovascular disease.

NCT ID: NCT05248516 Not yet recruiting - Underweight Clinical Trials

ComPAS Low-WAZ RCT Mali

Start date: April 2022
Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

Admissions criteria which treat children with only low mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) or children with low weight-for-height z-score (WHZ) are not aligned with the evidence on which children are at risk of mortality. An analysis of community-based cohort data from Senegal found that a combination of weight-for-age z-score (WAZ) and MUAC criteria identified all children at risk of near-term death associated with severe anthropometric deficits. This finding has led to the suggestion that WAZ<-3 could be added as an independent admissions criterion for therapeutic feeding programs currently admitting children with MUAC<125 mm. However, there is little evidence to inform the debate about whether children with MUAC ≥125 mm and WAZ<-3 would benefit from treatment and, if so, what treatment protocol should be used. This study will address whether children with WAZ <-3 but MUAC ≥125 mm benefit from therapeutic feeding and whether a simplified protocol is at least as effective as the more complicated weight-based standard protocol for this population. The study will be a prospective, multi-center, individually randomized controlled trial (RCT). Children aged 6-59 months presenting with MUAC ≥125 mm and WAZ<-3 will be randomized to one of three study arms. The primary objective of this study is to assess whether therapeutic feeding with a simplified protocol (1 sachet RUTF/day) results in superior nutritional outcomes compared to no therapeutic feeding AND non-inferior nutritional outcomes compared to the WHZ and weight based dosing regimen currently used in CMAM treatment 2 months after diagnosis among children aged 6-59 months with MUAC ≥125 mm and WAZ<-3 . The primary outcome is the mean WAZ of children. Secondary outcomes include a) proportion of children with WAZ <-3, b) mean MUAC of children, c) proportion of children with MUAC < 125 mm, d) mean WHZ, mean HAZ, e) proportion of children with WHZ<-3 or HAZ<-3, f) change in WAZ, MUAC, WHZ, HAZ from enrolment to endpoint g) mean skinfold thickness measure.

NCT ID: NCT05197751 Recruiting - Malaria,Falciparum Clinical Trials

MSP3-CRM-Vac4All/ Alhydrogel® Malaria Vaccine

MSP3CRMV4All
Start date: December 1, 2021
Phase: Phase 1
Study type: Interventional

First-in-Human, Randomised, Dose-Finding Single Center Study to evaluate three dose levels of a novel malaria vaccine, MSP3-CRM-Vac4All/ Alhydrogel® : 3 µg, 10 µg and 30 µg