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NCT ID: NCT03783143 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Lassa Virus Infection

Prevalence and Incidence of Lassa Virus Infection in Southern Mali

Start date: February 20, 2019
Phase:
Study type: Observational

Background: The disease Lassa fever mostly affects people in Western Africa. It is very similar to other diseases that cause fever, like malaria and yellow fever. People get Lassa fever from mice infected with Lassa virus. It can also be spread from body fluids of people with the disease. Researchers want to learn more about this virus in Mali so they can develop better tools to diagnose and prevent it. Objective: To find out how many people in certain areas of southern Mali have ever had Lassa fever and count how many people get the disease every year. Eligibility: People ages 6 months to 99 years who live in certain areas of Mali Design: Women who are could become pregnant will have a urine pregnancy test at each visit. Participants will be asked questions about their age, if they have ever had a fever, and if they have ever seen mice in or around their home. This will take about 20 minutes. Participants will give a blood sample using a needle in a vein in the arm. Young children will give it by pricking a finger or heel with a needle. Patients with a fever illness will have a medical history and physical exam. They will give blood and nasal swabs 3 times over 21 days. Participants may be asked to come back 1 time each year for up to 3 more years to take another sample of blood and answer more questions.

NCT ID: NCT03589768 Recruiting - Tetanus Clinical Trials

Study on the Safety and Immunogenicity of Boostrix Vaccine in Pregnant Malian Women and Their Infants

Start date: January 24, 2019
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

This is a phase II, randomized, double-blind, active-controlled study to evaluate the safety, immunogenicity, and effect on infant immune responses of a single dose of Tetanus diphtheria acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap) in pregnant women in Mali. 200 healthy pregnant women, ages 18 through 39 years, inclusive, who meet all eligibility criteria will be randomly allocated in a 2:1 ratio to receive either Tdap (BOOSTRIX) or Tetanus diphtheria toxoid (Td) at 14 0/7 weeks through 26 6/7 weeks estimated Gestational Age (GA). For the fetuses of pregnant subjects, GA will be established by ultrasound, whenever possible, in combination with date of last menstrual period (LMP), when available, and fundal height. Study duration is 21 months: approximately 2 months in the start-up period, 6 months enrolling subjects, and 13 months (3-7 months while pregnant and 6 months postpartum) from last subject vaccinated until she and her infant complete follow-up. The primary objectives of this study are: 1) to assess the safety and tolerability of a single 0.5 mL intramuscular injection of BOOSTRIX in pregnant women; 2) to assess the safety of a single maternal BOOSTRIX vaccination on the fetus and infant; 3) to assess the level of Pertussis Toxin (PT) antibody at birth among infants whose mothers received a single dose of BOOSTRIX or Td while pregnant.

NCT ID: NCT03510481 Recruiting - Malaria Clinical Trials

Safety, Immunogenicity, and Protective Efficacy of Two Regimens of Radiation Attenuated Plasmodium Falciparum NF54 Sporozoites (PfSPZ Vaccine) During Natural Transmission Season in Healthy African Adults in Mali

Start date: February 20, 2019
Phase: Phase 1
Study type: Interventional

Background: The disease malaria affects many people in Mali and other parts of Africa and the world. It is caused by germs spread by mosquito bites. Malaria may be mild. But it can also be serious or lead to death if it is not treated promptly. Researchers want to find a safe vaccine that prevents malaria. Objective: To study how safe and tolerable the malaria vaccine called PfSPZ Vaccine is for healthy adults. Eligibility: Healthy adults: - ages 18-35 in Ou(SqrRoot)(Copyright)less(SqrRoot)(Copyright)bougou, Mali - not infected with HIV, Hepatitis B, or Hepatitis C - for females, not pregnant or breastfeeding and must use reliable birth control during the study Design: Participants will be screened with questions about malaria and will undergo blood, urine, and heart tests. Participants will be randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups. They will get injections of either the PfSPZ vaccine or a salt-water placebo. They will not know which one they get. One vaccine group and one placebo group will get an injection 3 times over 4 weeks. They will be followed for 7 months for a total of 26 visits. The other two groups (vaccine group and placebo) will get an injection 3 times over 16 weeks. They will be followed for 11 months for a total of 34 visits. All participants will be treated with an antimalarial medication prior to the third injection. At vaccine visits, female participants will have a pregnancy test before injection. All participants will have an arm cleaned and the vaccine injected in a vein. They will be watched for 30 minutes. At non-vaccine visits, participants will have a physical exam and be asked how they are feeling. They will usually have blood tests.

NCT ID: NCT03459157 Recruiting - HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials

Access to PrEP for MSM: Acceptability and Feasibility in Community-based Clinics in West Africa (CohMSM-PrEP)

CohMSM-PrEP
Start date: November 20, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This demonstration project will assess the acceptability and feasibility of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for men who have sex with men (MSM) as part of a comprehensive HIV prevention package in community-based clinics in West Africa. An interventional, open label, multidisciplinary and multicentre cohort study will be performed in Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, and Togo. All MSM enrolled will benefit from a comprehensive HIV prevention package including quarterly clinical examinations, screening and treatment of STIs, screening of HIV, PrEP (daily or on-demand, according the participant's choice), immunisation against hepatitis B, individualised peer-led support (for adherence and prevention), group discussions, condoms, and lubricants.

NCT ID: NCT03457519 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Acute Respiratory Infection

Children's Automated Respiration Monitor (ChARM) for Child Pneumonia Diagnosis by Community Health Workers in Mali

Start date: March 5, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The primary objective of this study is to estimate the impact of a self-monitoring tool (ChARM), used as a teaching/monitoring device, on the CHWs respiratory rate counting accuracy when assessing children under the age of 5 years with suspected pneumonia symptoms.

NCT ID: NCT03352986 Recruiting - Sickle Cell Disease Clinical Trials

Substudy of CADRE: for People With Extreme Phenotype: BIOCADRE

BIOCADRE
Start date: May 15, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

BIOCADRE is a CADRE substudy and aims to characterize more precisely the sickle cell patients with extreme phenotype.

NCT ID: NCT03334747 Recruiting - Malaria Clinical Trials

Safety of KAE609 in Adults With Uncomplicated Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria.

Start date: November 16, 2017
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

KAE609 will be evaluated primarily for hepatic safety of single and multiple doses in sequential cohorts with increasing doses. This study aims to determine the maximum safe dose of the investigational drug KAE609 in malaria patients.

NCT ID: NCT03304704 Recruiting - Malaria Clinical Trials

Community Dynamics of Malaria Transmission and Mosquito Feeding in Bancoumana, Mali

Start date: February 20, 2019
Phase:
Study type: Observational

Background: Half of the world's population is at risk of malaria. Malaria is a disease that affects many people in Mali and other parts of Africa. It is caused by germs spread by mosquito bites. Malaria may be mild. But it can also be serious or can lead to death if it is not diagnosed and treated promptly. Researchers want to learn more about the disease so they can develop new approaches to malaria control. Objective: To collect data on how mosquitoes spread malaria and how many people get malaria in the community by comparing different areas, seasons, and years. Eligibility: Residents of a certain area of Mali who are of any age Design: Participants will be screened with a physical exam and medical history. All participants will have at least 1 visit. They will answer questions about their health and malaria. They may have a physical exam. They will have blood collected. Some participants will have 1 visit every month for 3 years. They will repeat the procedures above. These participants will have mosquitoes collected in their home monthly. They may be able to catch some of the mosquitoes alive or may need to use a spray to kill the mosquitoes. Participants in this part of the study can be up to 65 years old. Some participants will also have about 60 mosquitoes directly feed on their arm or leg for 15-20 minutes each month. These participants must be 5-65 years old.

NCT ID: NCT03304691 Enrolling by invitation - Malaria Clinical Trials

Molecular Basis of Erythrocyte Invasion by Plasmodium Vivax Into Duffy-Negative Erythrocytes in Children in Bandiagara, Mali

Start date: February 20, 2019
Phase:
Study type: Observational

Background: Malaria is caused by parasites carried by some mosquitos. When the mosquitos bite people, the parasites can infect them. One of these parasites is Plasmodium vivax (P. vivax). Some children have P. vivax in their blood. They did not have malaria symptoms, but some also had a blood problem called anemia. This can make people feel tired or weak. This could have been caused by P. vivax. Researchers want to know how P. vivax infects these children, and if it affects their health. Objective: To collect blood, stool, and urine monthly from children to look for infections with P. vivax, worms, and other parasites. Eligibility: Children between 6 months and 10 years old Design: For screening, the study will be explained to the participant s parents or guardians, who will provide consent. Participants will have a visit once a month for about 3 months, from November to January, and then for about 6 months from June to November 2018. Visits include: Questions about their health Medical history Physical exam Blood draw by pricking the finger tip Urine and stool collection. They may collect these at home and bring them back. If participants have P. vivax in their blood, them may need to come back to the clinic within 3 days. They will have blood taken from their arm using a needle. If participants feel ill during the study, they can go to the clinic for an exam and blood tests. If participants develop malaria while on the study, they will be treated. Participants samples will be stored for future research studies.

NCT ID: NCT03303963 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant

DIAgnostics for Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis in Africa

DIAMA
Start date: May 4, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

Recent advances in molecular diagnostics of tuberculosis, especially the GeneXpert Mycobacterium tuberculosis/Rifampicin test have reduced the time to diagnose Rifampicin Resistant Tuberculosis (RR-TB) but only rifampicin resistance is diagnosed, leading to presumptive diagnosis of resistance to isoniazid and maybe other drugs. Thus in low and middle income countries, most drug sensitivity testing relies on phenotypic drug resistance testing, which takes up to 4 months. In addition, currently, culture on monthly sputum samples is recommended by the World Health Organization for follow-up of Rifampicin Resistant Tuberculosis patients under treatment. Unfortunately, culture is often not locally available and samples need to be transported from field to culture laboratories. The associated transport delays lead to high rates of contamination and false negative culture, particularly in laboratories in low resource settings. Many gaps for the diagnosis and management of RR-TB patients still need to be addressed and the DIAMA project (DIAgnostics for Multidrug resistant tuberculosis in Africa) study aims to address some of them.