There are about 54 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Guadeloupe. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Heart failure is defined as the inability of the heart to provide sufficient output to meet the needs of the body. It can occur in the course of a myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, hypertension, etc. Its frequency increases with age. It is a major public health problem. Heart failure first appears during exercise, then at rest. Initially, the heart tries to adapt to the loss of its contraction force by accelerating its beats (increase in heart rate), then it increases in volume (thickening of the walls or dilation of the cardiac cavities). This extra workload for the heart eventually leads to heart failure. Cardiac amyloidosis is a possible cause of the disease in the West Indian population. Cardiac amyloidosis is a rare disease related to our own proteins that will accumulate and cluster together to form abnormal protein deposits that will eventually lead to heart failure. Cardiac amyloidosis particularly affects West Indians, due to the high frequency in this population of a genetic anomaly associated with the disease: the Valine 122 Isoleucine (Val122l) mutation of the transthyretin gene (protein transthyretin in which isoleucine is substituted for valine at position 122 (Ile 122)). Early detection of amyloidosis appears essential for the implementation of appropriate therapies and therefore for an improvement in patient survival. For this it seems important to better specify the frequency of cardiac amyloidosis in heart failure in the French West Indies.
The aim of the present research is to set up a large multicentric, prospective cohort of family members of patients admitted to intensive care. The data collected will concern the patients and their family members, the caregivers and the functioning of the services during the collection period. This cohort will allow: 1. to carry out a quantitative evaluation of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a large number of family members, to determine the risk factors in relation to the characteristics of the family members, and to define a predictive model of PTSD in this population 2. to determine the factors related to the operating conditions of the resuscitation services that favor the occurrence of PTSD in the family members, 3. to create a biological bank from blood samples taken from family members, 4. to carry out a qualitative study allowing a psychological and sociological analysis of the experience of the family members concerning the hospitalization in intensive care of their loved one.
Microsporidia are pathogenic fungi mainly responsible for profuse watery diarrhea, requiring management in immunocompromised patients. The main immunocompromised population affected by these infections consists of solid organ transplant recipients (SOT), mainly kidney (~70% of cases in immunocompromised patients). In this population, the infection is severe, and becomes chronic in the absence of appropriate care, the species Enterocytozoon bieneusi being found in more than 95% of these cases. Reducing immunosuppression (adjustment of immunosuppressive therapy) can sometimes be enough to eliminate the pathogen. However, in some cases, specific treatment is necessary. The only molecule whose efficacy has been proven to date to treat infections caused by E. bieneusi is fumagillin (FLISINT®), however its production has been stopped for almost 2 years. Due to the therapeutic impasse, the use of nitazoxanide (ALINIA®) to treat E. bieneusi microsporidiosis is becoming common, despite the lack of proof of its efficacy. It seems important and urgent to evaluate the relevance of the use of nitazoxanide, particularly in SOT, for the treatment of intestinal microsporidiosis due to E. bieneusi.
This is a specimen collection study intended to generate a biological specimen repository of samples from severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) naïve adults and adolescents ≥12 years old who will receive locally authorized or licensed COVID-19 vaccines. Approximately 1,000 participants will be enrolled. Plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cell samples will be obtained either by venipuncture, or by leukapheresis. Serum, RNA, and DNA samples will be obtained by venipuncture. Specimens for mucosal antibody assessments will be collected by nasal swabbing. Biological specimens will be collected from study participants at Baseline prior to the COVID-19 vaccine dose and at timepoints aligned with the study participant's vaccination schedule for a period of up to 1 year following receipt of the initial COVID-19 vaccination.
This study is perform to study the effect of psychological and psychosocial factors associated with resilience to the self-stigmatization of people living with HIV
This project will promote the development of transdisciplinary analyses. Neuropsychological disorders will be explored with the usual appropriate tests done by psychologists and neuropsychologists regularly involved in the management of sickle cell disease affected children. For the social sciences' component, various methods will be used: Measure of the Life habits (MHAVIE), Measure of Environmental Quality (MQE) and semi-guided interviews will complete the collection of qualitative data. The expected results concern the identification of the barriers or facilitators the sickle cell patients might face in their social participation, whether they are affected or not by neurological disorders.
As safety information pertaining to the long-term use of HU remains incomplete in spite of the first safety study (ESCORT-HU), an extension of the latter is proposed. ESCORT-HU Extension study aims at evaluating the long-term safety of Siklos® focusing on some questions regarding its safety when used in current practice in adults and paediatric patients treated with Siklos® and followed for up to 5 years. The study will focus on the following concerns : occurrence and incidence of malignancies, leg ulcers, male fertility impairment and serious unexpected AEs causally related to Siklos®.
Nursing homes are a recent occurrence in Guadeloupe, and little is known about the characteristics of their residents. In Guadeloupe, in the French West Indies, nearly 1200 dependent older people are cared for in nursing homes. The aim of the KArukera Study of Aging in Nursing Homes (KASEHPAD) is to study the care pathways of dependent elderly people in nursing homes in Guadeloupe over a year. The main objective will be to obtain the annual rate of hospitalisation in this setting. The secondary objectives will be to assess hospitalisations costs, the incidence of mortality, the prevalence of geriatric syndromes, as well as the quality of life of residents and professional caregiver burnout. Ultimately, these results will be compared to a similar study in nursing homes, the KASAF study (for Karukera Study of Aging in Foster Families).
Foster care for dependent older people could be a viable alternative to nursing homes. While this type of accommodation appears to be less expensive than living in a geriatric institution, few scientific studies have been able to assess its effectiveness and efficiency. In Guadeloupe, in the French West Indies, nearly 300 dependent older people are cared for by foster families. The aim of the Karukera Study of Ageing in Foster Families (KASAF) is to study the care pathways of dependent elderly people in foster care over a year. The main objective will be to obtain the annual rate of hospitalisation in this setting. The secondary objectives will be to assess hospitalisations costs, the incidence of mortality, the prevalence of geriatric syndromes, as well as the quality of life of residents and foster caregiver burnout. Ultimately, these results will be compared to a similar study in nursing homes, the KASEHPAD study (for Karukera Study of Aging in Nursing Homes).
Cardiac amyloidosis is an increasingly contributor of degenerative cardiac diseases. However, its frequency remains underestimated, and diagnosis is often realized at late stages of the disease. A larger use of clinical and echographic Red Flag signals during routine echocardiographic examination may enhance the identification of early stage of the disease.