There are about 10 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Guadeloupe. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The purpose of this study is to provide a surveillance system to monitor changes in the rate of mother to child HIV transmission and preventive practices in France and especially to identify the occurrence of toxicity in children exposed perinatally to antiretroviral drugs.
This study will estimate the cumulative incidence of Zika infection at the end of the first epidemic in the French West Indies in a sample of patients followed for HIV infection.
This is a multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of a 2 injection vaccine Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and virus like particle vaccine (CHIKV VLP) in healthy adults.
Patients are recruited at diagnosis or at relapse of ATLL-HR in French Caribbean islands and Guyana. They all receive Zidovudine and Pegylated Interferon (ZPI). For patients younger than 65 years old, an allogeneic donor is searching out. Patients included at relapse and with lymphoma clinico-biological subtype also receive chemotherapy (CT). Responses are assessed during ZPI+/-CT and eligible patients (depending on age, comorbidities and response criteria) receive allogeneic transplant. Patient follow-up is planned for 3 years old
Many conditions and cardiovascular diseases (including stroke) are better managed with regular exercise training. The expected effects are partial reversal of adverse effects on heart and blood vessel structure and function, improved glycemic, tension and weight control. Physiologically, the aorta maintains low left ventricular after-load, promotes optimal sub-endocardial coronary blood flow, and transforms pulsatile into laminar blood flow. Increased aortic stiffness may ultimately contribute to left ventricular dysfunction. Regular exercise training is likely to decrease the pulse wave velocity (a measure of the aortic compliance). Some subjects seem more responsive than others, and they may not expect the same benefit of exercise training. To the best of our knowledge, this has not been explained yet.
This study is designed to etablish the effects of spironolactone in comparison to placebo on the composite endpoint of nonfatal Myocardial Infarction (MI) and acute coronary syndrome, hospitalization for heart failure, nonfatal stroke or cardiovascular-induced death. The primary endpoint will be the time to onset of the first incident.
Dengue is an infectious disease most prevalent in the world. This disease is endemic in the Caribbean, with an increase in seasonal rains. Several outbreaks have been observed in recent years, in 2001, 2005 and 2007, during which further particularly virulent serotypes have emerged. The clinical expression of dengue fever is variable, ranging from no symptoms to a classical form with fever, and even of severe or lethal bleeding. With the possible existence of silent forms of the disease, there are no data identifying the current level of protection of the population in Martinique / Guadeloupe.
Arbovirus is term used to refer to a group of viruses that are transmitted by blood-feeding arthropods. The word arbovirus is an acronym (Arthropod-Borne virus). There are hundred which have been shown to cause disease in humans. The incubation period is short usually limited between 1 and 15 days. Among case in which symptoms do appear, the most common clinical features of infection are 4: algo-eruptive (dengue, chikungunya, Zika virus disease...), hemorrhagic fever (dengue, yellow fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever), neurological (West Nile virus disease, Zika virus disease, Japanese encephalitis.) or arthritic afflictions, (Chikungunya, O'nyong nyong…). Dengue is a mosquito-born viral disease caused by four different serotypes of dengue virus (DENV). Dengue fever (DF) is defined by the sudden onset of fever associated with non specific constitutional symptoms, recovery occurring spontaneously after three to seven days. The infection can sometimes progress to dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), a disease characterized by a transient increase in vascular permeability provoking a plasma leakage syndrome. DHF can be complicated by shock and internal hemorrhage. Other rarer but potentially life-threatening complications include encephalitis, hepatitis, rhabdomyolysis, and myocarditis. There is currently no way of predicting the outcome of DF or DHF, and the World Health Organisation (WHO) classification lacks sufficient sensitivity and specificity to recognize and guide the management of severe forms of dengue. The pathophysiology of these severe forms is also poorly known, but it involves both host characteristics (immunological facilitation in case of new infection by a different serotype, and genetic factors), and viral factors. . Since the early 2000s, the French West Indies and French Guiana have become hyperendemic for dengue, with simultaneous circulation of the four serotypes, regular large outbreaks, and severe dengue including fatalities. Chikungunya is a re-emerging alphavirus causing massive epidemics in Africa, in the Indian Ocean, and Southeast Asia. The first autochthonous cases of chikungunya were described in French Antilles in November 2013. The disease typically consists of an acute illness like dengue fever, characterized by abrupt onset of a high-grade fever, followed by constitutionals symptoms, poly-arthritis and skin involvement. Usually, the illness resolves within à few weeks: four to six weeks. However, severe clinical forms in early stage (encephalopathy, exacerbation of previous complaints..) may appear and chronic forms such as incapacitating arthralgia which affect 40 to 60% of patients with confirmed chikungunya. In France, others arboviruses may cause severe emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases like Zika or West Nile. In non-immunized population these emerging diseases may cause outbreaks with specific severe clinical complications from each arbovirus (polyradiculoneuritis for Zika virus infection, encephalitis for West Nile virus infection…) West Indies- French Guiana French interministerial mission on emerging infectious diseases, coordinated by Professor Antoine Flahault, recommended such studies and underlined the excellent situation of Guyana for this type of study, and as an interface for clinical and basic research. This epidemiological situation calls for large prospective multicenter cohort studies to characterize severe forms of arbovirus infections, to seek predictive factors, and to investigate the pathophysiology of the diseases .
The purpose of this study is to determine different risk factors of thromboembolic disease. Different points will be studied 1. do different types of thromboembolic disease (distal Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT), proximal DVT, Pulmonary Embolism (PE) and DVT, PE without DVT) have the same clinical significance (risk factors and prognosis) ? 2. Is it necessary to obtain a detailed history of thromboembolic disease ? 3. Do older patients have particular risk factors ? 4. Do preventive treatments modify the level of risk factors and the clinical signs of thromboembolic disease ? 5. Do predictive clinical scores have the same performance for both in and outpatients ? 6. Can patients with a potential high level of thromboembolic risk (surgery, pregnancy) but no clinical thromboembolic symptoms, develop a low risk ? 7. The evolution of the disease in patients with negative or positive Venous ThromboEmbolism (VTE) exploratory tests.
The purpose of the study is to compare time to progression and overall survival after treatment with Taxotere plus cisplatin versus cisplatin plus 5-FU (PF treatment group) in the first line treatment of patients with recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.