There are about 50 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Albania. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The DigiCare4You project will use digital tools for early screening, prevention and management of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and hypertension (HTN). An implementation study will be conducted, targeting more than 10,000 families in two Middle Income Countries (Albania and Bulgaria) and two High Income Countries (Greece and Spain), considering vulnerable groups. Schools will be used as an entry point to the community. Building on an existing procedure for children's periodic growth assessment, conducted by school nurses or in collaboration with local community health centers, parents/ caregivers will be screened via a non-invasive self-reported digital screening tool. Those identified at high risk for T2D will be referred for glycaemia testing (fasting plasma glucose and glycated hemoglobin, HbA1c), as well as blood pressure (BP) measurements, at local community health centers. Parents/ caregivers confirmed to have pre-diabetes or diabetes (and possibly high BP) will be invited to join a mHealth self-management intervention coordinated by the community healthcare workforce. The goal of this intervention is to involve high-risk adults in the treatment process and decision-making on personalized behavioral goals (e.g. diet, physical activity, smoking, alcohol, medication compliance) that meet their needs, and ultimately improve the health status of parents/caregivers, as well as the lifestyle of the entire family.
Prospective multi centre cohort study examining the clinical presentation, diagnostic tests, and management of adult Emergency Department (ED) patients presenting with Transient Loss of Consciousness (TLOC) either undifferentiated or thought to be of syncopal origin.
The MetaPrint study aims to characterize the metabolic fingerprint of genetic diseases in order to enhance knowledge on the physiological disease status and establish so new tools for diagnosing, monitoring and personalizing treatment of genetic diseases.
Hospital Acquired and Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (HAP/VAP) pose a significant burden to patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Reported incidence ranges from 10-16% in all ICU patients (including HAP and VAP) and around 20-30% in ventilated patients (VAP). Patients with HAP/VAP have a high mortality rate. The estimated attributable mortality of VAP is 6-13%. Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) are the gold standard for evaluating medical interventions, but are difficult to perform in this population. Several preventive and therapeutic treatment options are being developed that will require evaluation in phase-III trials. These trials are challenging due to the relatively low incidence of the outcome (e.g. HAP/VAP) or of the domain under study (e.g. specific antibiotic resistant infections) and the requirement of informed consent in critically ill patients. There is a need for a well-organized and well-trained international RCT network that enables efficient execution of a series of RCTs in this population. The aim of the current study is to set up an infrastructure to prospectively enroll patients at risk of HAP/VAP in ICUs in several European countries. Site personnel will be trained to obtain a GCP (Good Clinical Practice) certification (if not already done), to timely identify and enroll patients at risk of HAP/VAP, to timely identify occurrence of HAP/VAP, collect informed consent forms, collect source data, enter data into a clinical database, and use a dedicated system to reply to queries. Site sample collection, processing, identifying the causative organism, and antibiotic susceptibility testing will be validated and adapted if required where possible. Where site infrastructure and regulations allow, the possibility of automated data collection of included participants will be explored to ensure sustainability of the future platform. Furthermore, collected data will be used to inform future diagnostic, preventive and therapeutic trials. E.g. they may support assumptions in sample size calculations and expected number of enrolled participants, they may help in prioritizing interventions, or they may be used in simulations of adaptive trials to optimize decision rules.
The primary goal of the VIRIONUM project is to analyze the association of clinical, socio-demographic characteristics of patients and their genetic polymorphism, inflammatory and other biochemical markers with disease progression and death in subjects with COVID-19 disease. The research is an observational, cohort study with nested-case control design, including adult, male and female COVID-19 inpatients. Primary dependent variable will be outcome of disease, defined as discharge from the hospital or death. The outcomes and putative risk factors will be analyzed using binary logistic regressions. The proposed multi- and inter-disciplinary study should provide additional scientific evidence about risk factors for the development of severe forms of the disease and the COVID-19-related death.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the COVID-19 vaccine in hospital based HWs in Albania. This will answer critical questions about the real-world performance of COVID-19 vaccines in one of the key target groups for vaccination.
Background: Many people think that people with mental disorders might be dangerous or unpredictable. These patients face various sources of disadvantages and experience discrimination on job interviews, in education, and housing. Mental health-related stigma (MHS) occurs not only within the public community, it is a growing issue among professionals as well. Aim: The investigators designed a prospective, observational, multi-centre, international study of 35 European countries to investigate the MHS among medical specialists and trainees in the field of general adult and child and adolescent psychiatry. Methods: An internet-based, anonymous survey will measure the stigmatizing attitude by using the local version of the Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Health Care Providers. Presentation of the Results: The results of the research will be published in an international peer-reviewed journal. Furthermore, the research team will present the results at national and international conferences.
Introduction: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a new pathology, declared a public health emergency by the World Health Organization, which can have negative consequences for pregnant women and their newborns. It is estimated that 1 in 5 women will develop a mental illness in the perinatal period. COVID-19 pandemic has been associated with anxiety and depression in the population. The current pandemic is a unique stressor with potentially wide-ranging consequences in the perinatal period, but little is known about the impact of COVID-19 on perinatal mental health. Thus, the objective of this study is to explore the experiences of pregnant and new mothers during the current pandemic, particularly its impact on perinatal mental health (including depression, anxiety, PTSD and psychological distress). Methods: The study design is a prospective observational study, with a baseline assessment and three follow-ups: one month; three months; and six months post baseline. This international study will be carried out in 11 European countries (Albania, Bulgaria, Cyprus, France, Greece, Israel, Malta, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom) Chile and Brazil. The study population will comprise pregnant women and new mothers with an infant under six months of age, covering a broad range of women across the perinatal period. Ethics and dissemination: The study and handling of the data will follow all national required data protection standards. Each researcher (or team of researchers) involved will submit the project to their local ethical committee before starting the project. Results from the project will be disseminated in peer reviewed journals and international conferences.
The article presents a protocol of a cross-sectional study of mental health of pregnant women in relation to the COVID 19 pandemic. The primary aim is to compare differences in anxiety and depression scores of pregnant women between countries affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The secondary aim is to assess demographic, economic, and social aspects affecting maternal anxiety and depression scores among pregnant women worldwide in the time of the COVID-19 pandemic. Finally, investigators will be able to compare differences in perception of the different aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic (social distancing, restrictions related to delivery) between countries and according to the epidemic status (number of infected patients, number of reported deaths). The comparisons will also be done according to COVID-19 status of the participants.
A total of 200 participants are predicted to be enrolled for completing questionnaires in relation of visual analogue scale, back pain disability and autonomy in a central rehabilitation center in Tirana, Albania. A feasibility, validate, test-retest reliability and observational design is estimated.