There are about 23 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Albania. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
In pediatric age groups communication difficulties very sometimes may present further obstacles in obtaining a detailed injury history and early identification of TBI symptoms. Most emergency management protocols are focused exclusively on the identification of the relatively small number of patients who may require operative intervention, as early surgery is believed to improve outcome.
This study evaluates the efficacy and safety of gabapentin relative to tramadol for the treatment of chronic, neuropathic or mixed pain in the paediatric population. Children from 3 months to less than 18 years of age experiencing moderate to severe chronic pain will receive either gabapentin or tramadol for 15 weeks. The difference in average pain scores between treatment arms at the end of the treatment period will be assessed.
Among antibiotic-resistant organisms, the Gram-negative bacteria are now the most important challenge because of the rapid worldwide spread of mechanisms conferring resistance to multiple drugs. The most recent and worrying problem is the emergence and spread of carbapenemases. Additionally, carbapenem-resistance is known to be very frequent among Acinetobacter baumannii isolates for many years. Overall, the therapeutic options available against carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) and A. baumannii (CRAB) are very limited. The best available treatment (BAT) against CRE is unknown, which is a challenge for therapeutic decisions and also for the design of randomized trials with new drugs. The generic objectives of EURECA are to obtain high‐quality observational data to inform the design of randomized controlled trials for complicated intraabdominal infections, pneumonia, complicated urinary tract infections and bloodstream infections due to Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) and carbapenem-resistant Acinetobater baumannii, and to provide cohort data that could eventually be used as historical controls for future comparisons with new drugs targeting CRE. This will be achieved by a prospective, multinational cohort study of patients with targeted infections due to CRE and CRAB, and by matched case-control-control studies.
Haemoglobinopathies are a group of inherited disorders characterized by structural variations of the haemoglobin molecule. Most of the patients affected require for survival chronic red blood cells transfusions to overcome ineffective erythropoiesis. Unfortunately, all chronically transfused patients become clinically iron overloaded as there is no physiological mechanism for the removal of iron from the body. The pathologic changes and clinical manifestations associated to chronic iron overload are common among all transfusional iron-overload patients, albeit best documented in patients with beta-thalassemia major. The recommended treatment consists in regular blood transfusions combined with chelating therapy to remove the harmful iron accumulation in the body. Currently, in the clinical practice particularly in children and adolescents, the criteria leading to the choice of the chelating agent include also the adherence to therapy, thus favouring the use of oral chelators (Ceci A et al., 2011) DFP (Deferiprone) was the first oral chelator authorised in Europe in 1999 as second line treatment for the treatment of iron overload in patients with thalassaemia major when DFO (Deferoxamine) is contraindicated or inadequate. However, despite a wide experience of DFP with iron overloaded (specifically thalassaemic )patients, limited data are available for younger children. For this reason the need for additional data in younger children is expressively included in the 2009 PDCO (Paediatric Committee) Priority List. The purpose of this study is to assess the non-inferiority of DFP compared to DFX (deferasirox)in paediatric patients affected by hereditary haemoglobinopathies requiring chronic transfusions and chelation. Non inferiority will be established in terms of percentage of patients successfully chelated, as assessed by serum ferritin levels (in all patients) and cardiac MRI T2* (in patients above 10 years of age able to have an MRI scan without sedation).
This study will investigate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of a new formulation of glatiramer acetate administered at 20 mg/0.5 ml daily versus placebo in patients with Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis (RRMS).
This multicenter, two-cohort, non-randomized, open-label study will evaluate the safety and tolerability of assisted- and self-administered subcutaneous Herceptin (trastuzumab) as adjuvant therapy in patients with early HER2-positive breast cancer whose tumour has been excised. Patients will receive Herceptin 600 mg subcutaneously every 3 weeks for 18 cycles, either by an assisted administration using a conventional syringe and needle (vial formulation, Cohort A) or with assisted- and self-administration using a single-use injection device (SID) in selected patients (Cohort B). Anticipated time on study treatment is up to 1 year.
Study assessing cognitive function and physical activity in people with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis.
This multicenter, randomized, open-label, parallel-group study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of subcutaneously administered rituximab in comparison with observation only as maintenance therapy in participants with relapsed or refractory indolent Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). All participants will receive induction therapy with rituximab (375 milligrams per square meter [mg/m^2] intravenously [IV] in Cycle 1, then 1400 mg subcutaneous [SC] every 3-4 weeks) plus standard chemotherapy for 6-8 months; followed by 24 months of maintenance I period with rituximab (1400 mg SC every 8 weeks). Participants completing therapy and showing partial or complete response will be randomized to receive either rituximab (1400 mg SC every 8 weeks) or observation with no treatment during maintenance II period and will be followed for at least 15 months. Anticipated time on study treatment is until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or end of study, whichever occurs first.
Prospective Evaluation of a RIsk Score for postoperative pulmonary COmPlications in Europe (PERISCOPE) is a multi-centre, international observational study of a random-sample cohort of patients undergoing a nonobstetric in-hospital surgical procedure under general or regional anaesthesia during a continued 7-day period of recruitment.
This observational study will assess factors leading to dose reductions/treatment discontinuations and the effect on sustained virological response in patients with chronic hepatitis C receiving a long-acting interferon (e.g. Pegasys/peginterferon alfa-2a) and ribavirin. Data will be collected from each patient for the duration of their treatment and for up to 6 months thereafter.