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Clinical Trial Summary

We will establish a cohort of 570 symptomatic chronic coronary syndrome patients undergoing 15O-water PET and assess their symptoms through repeated questionnaires. Two hundred patients with abnormal perfusion will be randomized to immediate or delayed referral to invasive coronary angiography with concomitant optimization of guideline-directed medical therapy with repeated 15O-water PET and questionnaires at 3 and 6 months. The primary objective is to compare the potential benefit of early invasive coronary angiography (ICA) versus guideline directed medical therapy (GDMT) on symptomatic relief defined as freedom of angina after 3 months following a positive [15O]H2O cardiac PET/CT in patients with symptomatic chronic coronary syndrome.

Clinical Trial Description

BACKGROUND: Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is highly prevalent in Western countries and an emerging disease in developing countries around the globe. While the Danish incidence rate of IHD for both females and males has been declining during the last 15 years, the prevalence has stabilized at 165,000 patients in 2018 due to enhanced survival. Ischemic heart disease is caused by atherosclerotic plaque formation in the epicardial coronary arteries, abnormalities in the coronary microcirculation, spasms in the vessel wall, or a combination thereof. This may result in chest discomfort or dyspnoea leading to frequent primary care consultations and admissions on the suspicion of acute coronary syndrome. To emphasize the chronic nature of the disease, the European Society of Cardiology has replaced the previous nomenclature of stable coronary artery disease with chronic coronary syndrome (CCS) in their latest guidelines from 2019. When cardiac imaging is used to diagnose and select treatment in patients with CCS, guidelines recommend non-invasive functional imaging modalities in patients with an intermediate or high clinical likelihood of IHD or in patients with prior revascularization. In patients with prior myocardial infarction or percutaneous coronary intervention, studies have found higher diagnostic accuracy of [15O]H2O cardiac PET/CT with measurement of absolute quantification of myocardial perfusion to diagnose obstructive coronary artery disease compared with single-photon emission computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Current European guidelines recommend myocardial revascularization in addition to guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) in CCS patients with large areas of ischemia (≥ 10%) in the left ventricle to improve prognosis. Since the publication of these guidelines, a large randomized trial of initial invasive versus conservative strategy in patients with moderate-severe ischemia on stress testing has been published with no observed prognostic benefit of an initial invasive strategy in these patients. However, patients assigned to an initial invasive strategy had a greater improvement in angina-related health status as compared with a conservative strategy, with larger differences observed in patients who were more symptomatic at baseline. The study is limited by the high use of stress ECG (25% of participants) which has a very low diagnostic power and the high proportion of asymptomatic participants at baseline (35%). It is unknown whether the results of MPI with absolute quantification of myocardial perfusion can improve the selection of patients with an additional symptomatic benefit of an initial invasive strategy compared with GDMT. METHODS: Patients with symptomatic CCS referred for clinically indicated [15O]H2O cardiac PET/CT will be included in a prospective cohort and assessed with questionnaires at baseline, 3, 6, 12, 60, and 120 months. Clinical outcomes will be assessed through national registries. Patients with abnormal perfusion and a clinical indication for ICA will undergo coronary CT angiography and a six-minute walking test. Hereafter, they will be randomized 1:1 to immediate referral to ICA or 3 months delayed referral to ICA. Both groups will undergo optimization of GDMT with consultations every two weeks. At 3 and 6 months, both groups will undergo repeated questionnaires, [15O]H2O cardiac PET/CT and a six-minute walking test. Enrollment in the cohort study and randomized trial will continue until 200 randomized patients have reached the 3 months assessment. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05865600
Study type Interventional
Source Gødstrup Hospital
Contact Jacob H Søby, MD
Phone 61659131
Status Recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date May 23, 2023
Completion date September 1, 2025

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