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The primary aim of this study is to investigate and test whether the use of combined indocyanine green (ICG) lymphography and ultra high frequency ultrasonography can correctly identify lymphatic vessels and venoles in close proximity to each other, for identification prior to lymphovenous anastomosis (LVA) surgery.
Sarcopenia or the loss of skeletal muscle is highly prevalent in many diseases, including short bowel syndrome (SBS). While adaptation is more likely in SBS patients with a colon-in-continuity, the consequences and underlying mechanisms are unclear. An overabundance of fecal Lactobacillus was found but not yet linked to adaptation or sarcopenia. The objectives are to study the evolution of sarcopenia and the link with intestinal adaptation in SBS.
The purpose of this study is to describe and compare the kinematic deficiencies specifically associated with each of the 3 main clinical phenotypes of patellofemoral pain syndrome. The prevalence of patellofemoral pain is high with a high rate of chronicity and recurrence and an overrepresentation of young, athletic and female populations. There are multiple classifications of patellofemoral pain syndrome. A pragmatic classification distinguishes 3 main clinical phenotypes of patellofemoral pain syndrome: with objectively displaceable patella, with extra-patellar alignment problems and without alignment problems. The pathophysiology of patellofemoral pain syndrome is multifactorial involving static and dynamic dysfunctions of the hip, knee and foot, which remain incompletely elucidated to date. The links between the clinical and biomechanical aspects are still unclear and the kinematic and neuromuscular deficiencies associated with the 3 main clinical phenotypes are poorly understood. A validated non-invasive device allows the 3D evaluation of femorotibial rotations during walking.
Complicated alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS) increases morbidity and mortality of hospitalized, medically ill patients. The Psychosomatic Medicine Service is commonly consulted to assist in the management of these patients when admitted to medical/surgical units. During the last 15 months, the investigators have implemented a benzodiazepine-sparing management approach with very positive clinical outcomes. The BZDP-sparing protocol consists of a combination of alpha-2 agonist and/or anticonvulsant agents; all currently being used for the management of other medical conditions. This project intends to collect and analyze the data of all subjects managed with this approach to better understand its effectiveness and assess for potential adverse effects.
Patients suffering from facet-joint-syndrome associated with lower-back pain will be treated with MRI-guided High Intensity Focused Ultrasound thermal therapy for pain relief.
This will be a randomized, double-blind study to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and pharmacological effect of SPI-62 in subjects with hypercortisolism related to a benign adrenal tumor.
Inherited bone marrow failure syndromes (IBMFSs) are a diverse collection of genetic illnesses characterized by various degrees of peripheral cytopenias due to defective single-lineage or multi-lineage hematopoiesis, it can manifest itself at birth or later in life.
Carpal Tunnel (CT) syndrome is a collection of characteristic symptoms and signs that occurs following compression of the median nerve within the CT. In Trigger Finger / trigger thumb (TF), one of the most common causes of hand pain and disability, the flexor tendon causes painful popping or snapping as the patient flexes and extends the digit. In case of failure of non-operative treatments, patients with CT syndrome or TF are operated. Clearly any improvement in surgical device design would be of great advantage to the patient and the surgeon. Spirecut's single use, pre-CE Sono-Instruments (SI) allow the percutaneous treatment of Carpal Tunnel (CT)syndrome and Trigger Finger/thumb (TF) under sonography (instead of open or endoscopic approach). Two models will be assessed in this clinical investigation: 1. The Carpal Tunnel Sono-Instrument® (CT-SI), for CT syndrome release, by progressively cutting the transverse carpal ligament. 2. The Trigger Finger Sono-Instrument® (TF-SI), for TF release by progressively cutting the A1 annual pulley. Using those SI, surgical procedures can be performed without endangering adjacent structures (e.g. median nerve and branches, ulnar pedicle, superficial carpal arch, digital pedicles, flexor tendons).
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a growing health concern affecting up to 60 % of population with cardiovascular disease. Despite the high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality associated with this syndrome, the substantial inconvenience and cost of polysomnography recordings may delay routine evaluation. Polysomnography (PSG) is the gold standard for diagnosis. However, this is a costly and time-consuming examination. Sympathoadrenergic balance obtained from the routine Holter monitoring suggesting the presence of OSAS, can enable patients to be guided and their PSGs to be primarily held.Abnormalities in nocturnal cyclical heart rate (HR) variations have previously been described in sleep-related breathing disorders. Compared with PSG, holter electrocardiogram has the advantages of pervasion, lower cost, no need for overnight hospitalization, greater similarity to normal conditions, and good compliance. The observation of changes in heart rate associated with apneic events has a potential to be used as an alternative technique for identification of subjects with OSAS. In regard to the feasibility of screening OSAS by HRV analysis by holter electrocardiogram monitoring, it has already been reported that a 24-h electrocardiographic monitoring might be useful to diagnose OSAS. It became a more feasible technique to use following the development of a convenient recorder for OSAS screening by analyzing changes in heart rate.
Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS) is a disease that weakens the connective tissues (i.e. tendons and ligaments) in the human body. EDS can make the joints loose and alter skin and wound healing. It can also weaken blood vessels and organs. Many EDS patients are referred for investigation of bleeding symptoms. Although most patients will have mild symptoms such as bruising, many will experience significant bleeding that can be life-threatening. The physiological reason behind this has not been identified and therefore, treating this is challenging. In addition, patients with EDS frequently require major surgery due to complications from their connective tissue disease. These surgery carries a significant risk of catastrophic bleeding which is further magnified in this group of patients. The specific reason of clinical bleeding in patients with EDS is likely multifactorial, including skin and blood vessel fragility leading to increased bruising and poor wound healing, coagulopathies related to factor deficiency, acquired vonWillebrand disease (VWD), and notable platelet dysfunction. Despite compelling preliminary evidence, there is limited data on the diagnosis and management of platelet dysfunction in EDS patients. Therefore, in this study we will characterize hemostasis, the medical term which refers to the process of stopping blood flow, across the three most common subtypes of EDS.we will also determine the burden of illness of pathologic bleeding in patients with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS) using validated patient reported tools.