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Alveolar osteitis (AO; syn. dry socket) is one of the most frequent complications following tooth removal and it is defined as presence of severe postoperative pain in and around the extraction site, which increases in severity at any time between one and three days after extraction, accompanied by a partially or completely disintegrated blood cloth within the alveolar socket, with or without halitosis, and at the same time excluding any other cause for the pain (Blum 2002). To enhance standard treatment of AO, which consists of curettage of the dry socket, rinsing with saline solution, and inducing bleeding from the exposed alveolar bone walls, numerous products have been tested. One of them is hyaluronic acid (HY). The aim of the present study is to investigate the potential effect of HY gel application in the treatment of AO. Specifically, the application of HY only (HY test group; n = 20) or the combination of HY and an absorbable collagen sponge (HY+C test group; n = 20) will be compared to standard treatment (blood clot; control group, n=20). Clinical and patient related outcome parameters will be recorded for up to 14 days after treatment. A more stable blood clot and thus improved wound healing with faster pain reduction is expected through the use of HY.
The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of CGF and Ozone in the treatment of alveolitis and to develop a new treatment protocol that can enable a quick and effective solution of this clinical problem, which significantly affects patients' comfort of life.
The aim of the study is to evaluate the influence of PRF application in case of alveolar osteitis.
The aim of this prospective study was to assess the effectiveness of concentrated growth factors (CGFs) in preventing the development of alveolar osteitis (AO) after the extraction of partially-erupted mandibular third molars. This study was designed as a randomized controlled clinical trial. In each case, one socket received CGFs and the other served as a control. The predictor variable was the CGFs application and the sides were categorized as 'CGFs' and 'non-CGFs'. The outcome variable was the development of AO during the first postoperative week. Also, demographic variable included age and gender was noted.
Alveolar Osteitis (AO) is a complication following extraction of a tooth. AO manifests by localized pain in and around the extraction site where the postoperative blood clot has been disintegrated. The aim of this study was to determinate if there are any concerns of use of a pharmacological drug composed of an octenidine and lyophilized hyaluronic acid in a treatment of AO. The tested drug is a sponge-like material composed solely of fully absorbable medicaments. It was designed to serve as non-toxic, slow-dissolving antiseptic which adheres to mucosa and so obturate the wound. The treatment was considered effective when the pain subsided to < 20mm VAS in < 8 days of treatment.
Background: Alveolar osteitis is one of the most frequent complications after lower third molar extraction, and is usually accompanied by inflammation, pain and poor wound healing. Several local interventions have been used to reduce these complications with limited effectiveness. Purpose: To clinically evaluate the use of propolis extract, nanovitamin C and nanovitamin E gel for the prevention of surgical complications related to impacted lower third molar extraction. Methods: A randomized, triple-blind, split-mouth, pilot study is being performed in patients needing bilateral lower third molar extraction with similar surgical difficulty. Surgical extractions are randomly being performed and NBF gingival gel (TG) or placebo (PBG) are randomly being applied inside postextraction sockets by a blinded surgeon. The patients are being instructed to apply it 3 times/day in the surgical wound for 7 days. One month later, the contralateral wisdom tooth is being extracted and the opposite gel is being applied. Alveolar osteitis (AO) is being diagnosed following Blum's criteria. Swelling is being assessed by measuring the facial perimeter. Wound healing is being evaluated with a semi-quantitative scale as good, satisfactory or insufficient. Postoperative pain is being recorded using a visual analog scale (VAS) for 7 days. Analgesic pill intake is being recorded by each patient. Variables are being registered by a blinded researcher to 3M extractions at one, two, three and seven postoperative days.
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the efficacy of 0.2 % digluconate chlorhexidine mouthwash in the prevention of alveolar osteitis following third molar extraction and to evaluate the safety and local tolerability.
Despite over 50 years of antibiotic use and multiple clinical investigations (>50), no definitive studies exist to confirm or refute the use of systemic antibiotics to prevent postoperative inflammatory complications after third molar (M3), aka "wisdom teeth" removal. Among patients having M3s extracted, does the administration of systemic prophylactic antibiotics when compared to placebo, decrease the rate of postoperative inflammatory complications? The first specific aim of the study is to implement a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial to determine if systemic prophylactic antibiotics, when compared to placebo, decrease the rate of postoperative alveolar osteitis (AO) after M3 extraction. For this proposal, postoperative AO is the primary outcome variable. The second specific aim is to implement a pilot study using a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial to determine if systemic prophylactic antibiotics, when compared to placebo, decrease the rate of postoperative infection after M3 extraction. For the purposes of this proposal, postoperative infection is a secondary outcome variable. Based on sample size estimates, we believe it will be necessary to implement a multi-year trial to address the second specific aim definitively. As such, we will use the experience and preliminary results derived from this clinical trial to develop and implement a future large scale clinical trial. The third specific aim is to identify risk factors associated with postoperative inflammatory complications in order to develop a model to predict if the prophylactic administration of antibiotics will prevent the postoperative inflammatory complications of alveolar osteitis and infection following the removal of M3's. The long-term goal of this project is to provide compelling clinical evidence to support recommendations regarding the use of systemic antibiotics in this setting and alter clinical practice based on the results of a well-done, definitive clinical investigation.