Alveolar Osteitis Clinical Trial
Effect of Concentrated Growth Factors on Frequency of Alveolar Osteitis Following Partially Erupted Mandibular Third Molar Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Study
The aim of this prospective study was to assess the effectiveness of concentrated growth
factors (CGFs) in preventing the development of alveolar osteitis (AO) after the extraction
of partially-erupted mandibular third molars.
This study was designed as a randomized controlled clinical trial. In each case, one socket received CGFs and the other served as a control. The predictor variable was the CGFs application and the sides were categorized as 'CGFs' and 'non-CGFs'. The outcome variable was the development of AO during the first postoperative week. Also, demographic variable included age and gender was noted.
The investigators designed and implemented a randomized single-blind clinical
trial.Randomization was performed by simple coin toss to select the side of CGFs fibrin gel
placement before the commencement of third molar surgery. In this way, the sides in each
patient were randomly divided into 2 study groups:
Group I (test) - with CGFs placed in the extraction socket Group II (control) - without CGFs placement All operations were performed under local anesthesia by the same surgeon. An envelope flap was raised to provide access. Bone removal was done with the help of stainless steel burs. Constant irrigation with saline was used while removing bone to prevent thermal necrosis. Third molar was luxated with the help of straight elevator and then extracted with the help of third molar forceps. After extraction, any remains of the dental follicle were removed and the extraction sockets were irrigated with 60 mL of sterile saline. To prevent the flap laceration, bone contouring was also performed under sterile saline irrigation. CGFs fibrin gel was then randomly placed into one socket and the opposite side was considered as the control. Finally, wound closure was completed with silk suture.
The primary outcome variable was AO, classified as present or absent.It is characterized by postoperative pain in and around the extraction side, which increases in severity within first week after the extraction, accompanied by a partially or totally disintegrated blood clot within the alveolar socket, with or without halitosis. Other defining symptoms that have been reported in the literature are radiating pain towards the temporal region and ear, inflamed gingival margin, ipsilateral regional lymphadenopathy and, less commonly, low-grade fever. ;
|Start date||January 2, 2018|
|Completion date||July 30, 2018|
|Not yet recruiting||
|Enrolling by invitation||
|Active, not recruiting||