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The "CenTEnari" study is a cross-sectional study aiming at suveying the dietary and lifestyle habits of nonagenarians and centenarianss of citizens of the Abruzzo region, Italy.
Objective: Sympathetic activity starts to increase during exercise. At the end of the exercise, while sympathetic activation decreases, parasympathetic activity increases. Sympathetic and parasympathetic excursions achieve homeostasis. Most of the parasympathetic activity effects are vagus code. It is aimed to compare the comparison of exercise and vagus therapy in these healthy individuals.
This investigation aims to explore sleeping habits in patients with haemophilia. These patients often suffer from joint pain, which leads to restricted physical activity. Further, many of the patients suffer from psychological strains, such as depression. Both depression and restricted physical activity can result in sleeping disorders. Thus it is aimed to find out which factors and comorbidities do play a role within sleeping habits in patients with haemophilia.
There are studies investigating the dual-task effect in sitting, standing up without sitting and walking in children with spastic CP. Some of these studies investigated motor-motor, some of them motor-cognitive dual-task states, and children with CP were compared to typically developing children. In all these studies, it is clearly seen that children with CP have more dual-task complexities than their typically developing peers. Some of these studies draw attention to dual-task education in children with CP. However, other than a randomized controlled study and a case report in the literature, we did not find any studies investigating the effectiveness of dual-task training in children with CP. When the literature is examined in detail, there is no study that examines the effect of dual-task exercise programs on walking activities and children's participation in daily life in children with CP. This study has been planned based on this deficiency in the literature. Based on ICF, This study has been planned dual-task training for children with CP.
The PLAY 2 Study is the continuation of an R21 pilot PLAY study. In the R21, we tested the acceptability, feasibility and initial efficacy of three early childhood education setting- based, multi-level interventions to promote preschoolers' physical activity using wearable technology and additional behavior change techniques to engage educators and parents. We have selected one of these 3 as the main intervention for the R33 portion of the grant. The intervention will contain components of teacher wellness, parent engagement, and activity level monitoring.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of non-invasive auricular VNS (Vagus Nerve Stimulation) on sportive performance and physiological parameters in healthy individuals. MATERIAL AND METHOD: 46 healthy young individuals aged 19.2(±1.5) years participated in the study. The participants were randomly divided into 3 groups as Above Threshold Group (n:15; 10 females, 5 males), Under Threshold Group (n:15; 10 females, 5 males) and Control Group (no stimulation) (n:16; 11 females, 5 males) according to the sensation of electrical current on ears. The participants were evaluated 3 times; before the application, after the first and second bicycle exercises. Numerical pain scale (NPS), pulse rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate, and distance travelled during exercise for sportive performance were recorded in kilometers as the evaluation method. The stimulation was done during the first bicycle exercise with 5 minutes of duration. The Kruskal-wallis, mann-whitney u test were used for the quantitative independent data obtained. In the analysis of qualitative independent data, chi-squared test was used.
Both the endocannabinoid system and the microbiome are highly conditioned by nutrition and physical activity, and have an interdependent, bidirectional relationship. We suggest studying the interleaving between the endocannabinoidome-microbiome axis and host metabolism under the combined effect of a diet and physical activity. More specificly, we will study the link between the impact of the diet on the intestinal microbiome and the endocannabinoid reaction after intense exercise.
Background: There is on one hand sufficient evidence showing strong association between resilience and self-rated successful aging. On the other hand, strength training could contribute the cultivation of resilience among older adults. Therefore, the current study aims to examine the effectiveness of resistance training on resilience among Chinese older adults in Hong Kong. Methods: This study will apply a three-group, double blinded (outcome assessors and data analysts), randomized controlled trial (RCT) to examine the effectiveness of the interventions on resilience, functional fitness, and health related quality of life immediately after a 16-week intervention, as well as the residual effects 12 weeks after completion of the interventions. Discussion: It is expected that resistance training is promising or even superior to aerobic training in the improvement of resilience. Given the limited evidence on the literature, it is urgently needed to explore the effects of resistance training on the improvement of resilience in older adults. Findings of the current study can contribute to the development of effective resistant training programs for the promotion of resilience among older adults.
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of changes in foot structure on physical activity level, fatigue and quality of life in COPD patients.
A randomized controlled trial will test the effectiveness of social incentives relative to traditional incentives in promoting walking behavior among college students (N=200). Participants who are rewarded for walking together will be compared to those who are rewarded for walking even when alone. Research participants will download activity tracking apps (Fitbit app and AWARE app) that provide activity and location data. Participants will be consented and then randomized to one of two incentive schemes for walking. Over a 2-week intervention period, the standard incentive group will earn $2 per day when they meet their walking goal regardless of whether they walk alone or with others. The social incentive group will earn $1 per day when they reach their walking goal plus an additional $1 when they walk at least 2000 steps with their walking partner. The incentive scheme will be in place for 2-weeks, preceded by a 1-week baseline period and followed by a 2-week follow-up period.