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Parents and education staff who work with children with intellectual disabilities (ID) are known to be at a higher risk of experiencing psychological distress. This study evaluates whether a therapeutic group for parents and education staff who work with children with ID is effective in reducing psychological distress and if so, how it does this and who it works for. The group will include two components: an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) section and a section about positive behaviour support (PBS). ACT is a psychological therapy, the aim of which is to help people to live their lives based on what matters to them, whilst learning new ways of managing difficult thoughts and feelings. The PBS section aims to help participants to learn how to use positive strategies to reduce challenging behaviour. Both interventions have been shown to be effective on their own, but this study will examine if combining the two is helpful. Parents of children with ID and education staff who work closely with children with ID attending chosen schools or learning disability child and adolescent mental health services in NHS Lothian will be invited to participate in the study. The group will take place on three half days. Participants will complete questionnaires on the first and last day of the group and six weeks after it has finished. The questionnaires will be about psychological distress, confidence in caring for children with ID and seeing if the group changed how they cope with thoughts and feelings. Participants will also be invited to a focus group, which will think about if the intervention was helpful, and if so how it helped. If the group is effective, the investigators would hope to research the intervention in more depth with the aim of it being offered more widely in the future.
The main purpose of the pragmatic multicenter RCT is to investigate acceptance and commitment therapy groups in treatment of distress in parents to children with disabilities.in a clinical disability services context. Participants in the study are parents reporting symptoms of depression, anxiety or parenting stress due to parenting a child with disability. The participants have a child/children (0-17 years) currently enrolled in the disability services in Sweden.
This is a feasibility study examining the feasibility and acceptability of a novel psychotherapy intervention on lung cancer patients who are experiencing stigma.
Eating Disorders (ED) constitute a serious public health issue that affects predominantly women and appears typically in adolescence or early adulthood. ED are extremely difficult to treat as these disorders are ego-syntonic and many patients do not seek treatment. As ED are associated with significant adverse medical and psychological consequences, it is vital to focus on the development of successful prevention programs. Even though, in the last two decades significant steps have been made over the development of efficacious and effective ED prevention programs, there is room for improvement in regards to effect sizes. Prevention programs for ED to date have focussed on either reducing the pursuit of the thin ideal or on disputing and replacing unrealistic thoughts with regard to food, body and weigh. There is a growing body of evidence supporting the functional relationship between ED symptomatology and control of emotional states either by avoiding or inhibiting emotional responses. The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness and acceptability of a digital Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) based prevention program in comparison to a wait-list control group for young women identified to be at risk for ED. The goals of the study were to describe the development of the AcceptME protocol and digitalized program, assess participants' feedback and the acceptability of the program, and examine the effectiveness of the ACT-based prevention program compared to a wait-list control group. This prevention program has several innovations: a) it is based on ACT theory and practices; b) it uses gamification principles to create a program appealing to adolescents; c) it targets behaviour change in individuals via helping a digital character overcome difficulties in the digitalized program.
The aim of the study is to investigate and compare two strategies of portion control in toddlers aged 24 to 59 months (snack replacement and snack reduction). The investigators aim to compare the effect of these strategies on habitual dietary intake (total energy intake (kcal), sugar intake (g), intake of fruits and vegetables, and intake at a test meal provided in the home (total energy intake (kcal) and intake of each component of the meal, e.g. intake of vegetables). Outcome measures will be compared to baseline within strategies and also between strategies to explore which portion control strategy might be most effective.
Research suggests that individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) experience low motivation for change (Skodal, Buckley, & Charles, 1983). Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT; Linehan, 1993) includes commitment strategies that are designed to improve motivation. No studies have examined the effectiveness of these strategies. The proposed study will evaluate the efficacy of a brief DBT intervention consisting of commitment strategies plus skills training for people who self-harm. Participants will be randomly assigned to either a single orientation session of (1) commitment strategies plus psychoeducation or (2) psychoeducation. Immediately following their orientation session, all participants will be enrolled in a 90 minute group skills training session. Primary outcomes include autonomous motivation and frequency of self harm behaviours. Assessments will be conducted at six time points: baseline, after the initial orientation session, after the skills training group session, and at one week, one month, and three month follow-up